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Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering

المجلة العراقية للهندسة الكيمياوية وهندسة النفط

ISSN: 19974884/26180707
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 2000 by the College of Engineering of the University of Baghdad. The Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering receives citations in the category of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering and relevant subjects.

Aims
The Iraqi journal of chemical and petroleum engineering is Open Access journal dedicated to publishing peer-reviewed research articles with respect to the subjects in fields of chemical and petroleum Engineering. In particular, petrochemical, biochemical, water treatment, electrochemical, petroleum and natural gas production and technology, and environment are the major interest of the journal. The journal aims to provide a free platform for the researches all over the world to share diverse types of knowledge and discuss the recent developments in the subjects related to the journal interest.

Objective
Objective of the journal is to promote the researches in the engineering subjects covered by journal to dissemination their intellectual products to the global community free of restriction. That achieves by making all of published articles available free of cost for all researcher through adopting Open Access publication model.

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Contact info

Aljadreah, Baghdad
Iraq
P.O Box: 47024
Phone: +964-1-7781506
Email: ijcpe@coeng.uobaghdad.edu.iq
ijcpe@yahoo.com

Table of content: 2011 volume:12 issue:4

Article
Energy Generation from Static Water Head Developed By Forward Osmosis

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Abstract

In this work, the possibility of utilizing osmosis phenomenon to produce energy as a type of the renewable energy using Thin Film Composite Ultra Low Pressure membrane TFC-ULP was studied. Where by forward osmosis water passes through the membrane toward the concentrated brine solution, this will lead to raise the head of the high brine solution. This developed static head may be used to produce energy. The aim of the present work is to study the static head developed and the flux on the high brine water solution side when using forward and reverse osmosis membranes for an initial concentration range from 35-300 g/l for each type of membrane used at room temperature and pressure conditions, and finally calculating the maximum possible power generated from developed static head.

Keywords


Article
Laminar Free Convection in Three Dimensional Inclined Porous Annulus with Fins on the Inner Cylinder

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Abstract

An experimental and numerical study was carried out to investigate the heat transfer by natural convection in a three dimensional annulus enclosure filled with porous media (silica sand) between two inclined concentric cylinders with (and without) annular fins attached to the inner cylinder under steady state condition. The experiments were carried out for a range of modified Rayleigh number (0.2 ≤Ra*≤ 11) and extended to Ra*=500 for numerical study and for annulus inclination angle of (δ = 0˚, 30˚, 60˚ and 90˚). The numerical study was to give the governing equation under assumptions that used Darcy law and Boussinesq’s approximation and then it was solved numerically using finite difference approximation. It was found that the average Nusselt number depends on (Ra*, Hf, δ and Rr ). The results showed that the increasing of the fin length increases the heat transfer rate for any fin pitch unless the area of the inner cylinder exceeds that of the outer one; then the heat will be stored in the porous media. A comparison was made between the results of the present work and those of other researches for the case without fins and excellent agreement was obtained.أجريت في هذا البحث دراسة عملية ونظرية لإنتقال الطاقة الحرارية بالحمل الحر في فجوة حلقية ثلاثية الأبعاد مملؤة بوسط مسامي(رمل) بين أسطوانتين مائلتين متحدتي المركز بوجود (وعدم وجود) زعانف متصلة بالإسطوانة الداخلية تحت شروط حالة الإستقرار. أجريت التجارب العملية لمدى عدد رالي المعدّل (0.2 ≤ Ra* ≤11) ولمدى Ra*= 500 في الجزء النظري ولزاوية ميل (δ = 0˚, 30˚, 60˚ and 90˚). تم كتابة المعادلات الحاكمة في الدراسة النظرية تحت فرضيات قانون دارسي وتقریب بوسنسك وتحويلها الى معادلة بدلالة الجهد المتجه والتي بدورھا حلت عدديا باستخدام طریقة الفروق المحددة. تتضمن إمكانية الحل العددي حساب الجهد المتجه ودرجة الحرارة وعدد نسلت الموقعي والمتوسط. بينت النتائج أن عدد نسلت المتوسط يعتمد على عدد رالي المعدّل وطول الزعنفة وزاوية ميل الأسطوانة ونسبة الأقطار, بينت النتائج أن زيادة طول الزعنفة لأي خطوة زعنفة يسبب زيادة في أنتقال الطاقة الحرارية إلا في حالة زيادة المساحة السطحية للأسطوانة الداخلية على تلك التي للأسطوانة الخارجية فإن ذلك يتسبب في خزن الطاقة الحرارية في الوسط المسامي. قورنت النتائج للبحث الحالي مع نتائج بحوث أخرى في حالة عدم وجود زعانف وأعطت توافق جيد.


Article
Extraction of Valuable Metals From Spent Hydrodesulfurization Catalyst By Two Stage Leaching Method

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Abstract

Spent hydrodesulfurization (Co-Mo/γ-Al2O3) catalyst generally contains valuable metals like molybdenum (Mo), cobalt (Co), aluminium (Al) on a supporting material, such as γ-Al2O3. In the present study, a two stages alkali/acid leaching process was conducted to study leaching of cobalt, molybdenum and aluminium from Co-Mo/γ-Al2O3 catalyst. The acid leaching of spent catalyst, previously treated by alkali solution to remove molybdenum, yielded a solution rich in cobalt and aluminium.


Article
Improved Method to Correlate and Predict Isothermal VLE Data of Binary Mixtures

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Abstract

Accurate predictive tools for VLE calculation are always needed. A new method is introduced for VLE calculation which is very simple to apply with very good results compared with previously used methods. It does not need any physical property except each binary system need tow constants only. Also, this method can be applied to calculate VLE data for any binary system at any polarity or from any group family. But the system binary should not confirm an azeotrope. This new method is expanding in application to cover a range of temperature. This expansion does not need anything except the application of the new proposed form with the system of two constants. This method with its development is applied to 56 binary mixtures with 1120 equilibrium data point with very good accuracy. The developments of this method are applied on 13 binary systems at different temperatures which gives very good accuracy.ايجاد طريقة لحساب توازن البخار و السائل دائما تحتاج. قدمت طريقة جديدة لحساب توازن البخار مع السائل وكانت باسلوب سهل جدا" وأعطت نتائج جيدة جدا" مقارنة مع الطرق التي أستخدمت سابقا" بدون الحاجة الى اي خاصية فيزياوية لأي من المركبات . ما عدا الحاجة الى ثابتان اثنان فقط يمثلان ذلك الخليط. بالأضافة الى انه هذه الطريقة ممكن تطبيقها لحساب توازن البخار مع السائل لأي خليط ثنائي بأي قطبية و من أي مجموعة على عكس الطرق السابقة. ما عدا الخلائط التي تكون مركبات ايزوتروبية. هذه الطريقة قد طورت لتشمل شكل جديد بحيث تغطي مدى من درجات الحرارة. هذا المدى لايحتاج خلال التطبيق سوى ثابتين فقط. وقد تم تطبيق المعادلة المقترحة على 56 مركب عند درجات حرارة مختلفة لـ 1120 نقطة توازن مختبرية وكانت النتائج جيدةجدا". بينما تطوير الطريقة طبق على 13 مزيج ثنائي عند درجات حرارة مختلفة واعطت نتائج جيدة جدا".

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