Table of content

Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering

المجلة العراقية للهندسة الكهربائية والالكترونية

ISSN: 18145892
Publisher: Basrah University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

Iraqi Journal for Electrical and Electronic Engineering ISSN 1814-5892 (Print), ISSN 2078-6069 (Online) is a peer-reviewed Journal that its objective is to discuss, through papers, new theoretical developments and techniques in the field of Electrical and Electronic Engineering and their application to real world problems. The journal is the official journal of the ministry of higher education in this field.

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Contact info

College of Engineering , Universtiy of Basrah , Basrah , Iraq
P.O.Box 801
Fax: 040410574
Telephone: 413828
E-mail: editor@ijeee.org

Table of content: 2011 volume:7 issue:2

Article
Solving the Near-Far Problem in Dynamic Frequency Hopping-Optical Code Division Multiple Access using Power Control

Authors: Wamidh J. M. ALgalbi
Pages: 88-93
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Abstract

In this study, a distributed power control algorithm is proposed for Dynamic Frequency Hopping Optical-CDMA (DFH-OCDMA) system. In general, the DFH-OCDMA can support higher number of simultaneous users compared to other OCDMA techniques. However, the performance of such system degrades significantly as the received power does lower than its minimum threshold. This may obviously occur in a DFH-OCDMA network with near-far problem which consist of different fiber lengths among the users, that resulting to unequal power attenuation. The power misdistribution among simultaneous active users at the star coupler would degrade the Bit Error Rate (BER) performance for users whose transmitting signals with longer fiber lengths. In order to solve these problems, we propose an adaptive distributed power control technique for DFH-OCDMA to satisfy the target Signal to oise Ratio (SR) for all users. Taking into account the noise effects of Multiple Access Interference (MAI), Phase Induced Intensity oise (PII) and shot noise, the system can support 100% of users with power control as compared to 33% without power control when the initial transmitted power was -1dBm with 30 simultaneous users


Article
Adaptive Noise Cancellation for speech Employing Fuzzy and Neural Network

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Abstract

Adaptive filtering constitutes one of the core technologies in digital signal processing and finds numerous application areas in science as well as in industry. Adaptive filtering techniques are used in a wide range of applications such as noise cancellation. Noise cancellation is a common occurrence in today telecommunication systems. The LMS algorithm which is one of the most efficient criteria for determining the values of the adaptive noise cancellation coefficients are very important in communication systems, but the LMS adaptive noise cancellation suffers response degrades and slow convergence rate under low Signal-to- Noise ratio (SNR) condition. This paper presents an adaptive noise canceller algorithm based fuzzy and neural network. The major advantage of the proposed system is its ease of implementation and fast convergence. The proposed algorithm is applied to noise canceling problem of long distance communication channel. The simulation results showed that the proposed model is effectiveness

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Article
Improvement of AODV Routing on MANETs Using Fuzzy Systems

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Abstract

most of routing protocols used for mobile Ad hoc network (MANET), such as Ad hoc on demand distance vector (AODV)routing, uses minimum hops as the only metric of choosing a route. this decision might lead to cause some nodes become congested which will degrade the network performance. this paper proposes on improvment of AODV routing algorithm by making routing decisions depend on fuzzy cost based on the delay in conjunction with number of hops in each path. our simulation was carried out using OMNeT++ 4.0 simulator and the evaluation results show that the proposed fuzzy multi-constraint AODV routing performs better than the original AODV in the terms of average end to end dealy and packet delivery.


Article
Building an HMI and Demo Application of WSN-based Industrial Control Systems

Authors: Ali A. Abed --- AbdulAdhem A. Ali --- Nauman Aslam
Pages: 107-111
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Abstract

In this paper we present the details of methodology pursued in implementation of an HMI and Demo Temperature Monitoring application for wireless sensor-based distributed control systems. The application of WSN for a temperature monitoring and control is composed of a number of sensor nodes (motes) with a networking capability that can be deployed for monitoring and control purposes. The temperature is measured in the real time by the sensor boards that sample and send the data to the monitoring computer through a base station or gateway. This paper proposes how such monitoring system can be setup emphasizing on the aspects of low cost, energy-efficient, easy ad-hoc installation and easy handling and maintenance. This paper focuses on the overall potential of wireless sensor nodes and networking in industrial applications. A specific case study is given for the measurement of temperature (with thermistor or thermocouple), humidity, light and the health of the WSN. The focus was not on these four types of measurements and analysis but rather on the design of a communication protocol and building of an HMI software for monitoring. So, a set of system design requirements are developed that covered the use of the wireless platforms, the design of sensor network, the capabilities for remote data access and management, the connection between the WSN and an HMI software designed with MATLAB.

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Article
Simulation & Performance Study of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) Using MATLAB

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Abstract

a wierless sensor network consists of spatially distributed autonomous sensor to cooperatively monitor physical or environmental conditionsm such as tempreture, sound, vibration, pressure, motion or pollutants. diffirent approaches have used for simulation and modeling of SN (sensor network) and WSN. Traditional approaches consist of various simulation tools based on different languages such as C, C++ and Java, In this paper , MATLAB (7.6) Simulink was used to build a complete WSN system. Simulation procedure includes building the hardware acchitecture of the transmitting nodes, modeling both the communication channel and the receiving master node architecture. Bluetooth was chosen to undertake the physical layer communication with respect to different channel parameters (i.e. signal to Noise ratio, Attenuation and Interference). the simulation model was examined using diferent topologies under various conditions and numerous results were collected. this new simulation methodology proves the ability of the simulink MATLAB to be a useful and fexible approach to study the effect of diferent physical layer parameters on the performence of wierless sensor network.


Article
Performance Evaluation of Downlink WiMAX System in Vicinity of UWB System

Authors: Maan A. S. Al-Adwany
Pages: 120-124
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Abstract

In this paper, we evaluate the performance of WiMAX downlink system in vicinity of UWB system. The study is achieved via simulating a scenario of an office building which utilizes from both WiMAX and UWB appliances. From the simulation results, we found that WiMAX system is largely affected by the UWB interference. However, in order to overcome the interference problem and achieve reasonable BER (Bit Error Rate) of 10-4, we found that it is very necessary to raise the WiMAX transmitted power in relative to that of UWB interferer. So, the minimum requirements for WiMAX system to overcome UWB interference are stated here in this work

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Article
A Performance Study of Wireless Broadband Access (WiMAX)

Authors: Maan A. S. Al-Adwany
Pages: 125-129
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Abstract

WiMAX (worldwide interoperability for microwave access) is one of the wireless broadband access technologies which supplies broadband services to clients, but it surpasses other technologies by its coverage area, where one base station can cover a small city. In this paper, WiMAX technology is studied by exploring its basic concepts, applications, and advantages / disadvantages. Also a MATLAB simulator is used to verify the operation of the WiMAX system under various channel impairments and for variety of modulation schemes. From the simulation results, we found that WiMAX system works well in both AWGN and multipath fading channels, but under certain constraints that are addressed in this paper.

Keywords

WiMAX --- IEEE 802.16 --- simulation


Article
Energy-Efficiency of Dual-Switched Branch Diversity Receiver in Wireless Sensor Networks

Authors: Ghaida A. AL-Suhail
Pages: 130-137
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Abstract

In this paper, we develop an analytical energy efficiency model using dual switched branch diversity receiver in wireless sensor networks in fading environments. To adapt energy efficiency of sensor node to channel variations, the optimal packet length at the data link layer is considered. Within this model, the energy efficiency can be effectively improved for switch-and-stay combiner (SSC) receiver with optimal switching threshold. Moreover, to improve energy efficiency, we use error control of Bose-Chaudhuri-Hochquengh (BCH) coding for SSC-BPSK receiver node compared to one of non-diversity NCFSK receiver of sensor node. The results show that the BCH code for channel coding can improve the energy efficiency significantly for long link distance and various values of high energy consumptions over Rayleigh fading channel


Article
Mosul University WLAN Security: Evaluation, Analysis and Improvement

Authors: Omar Ahmed Hachum
Pages: 138-143
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Abstract

In this paper, Mosul University Wireless Local Area Network (MUWLAN) security will be evaluated. The evaluation was made to test the confidentiality, integrity and availability of the MUWLAN. Addressing these issues will help in ensuring tighter security. After the evaluation, serious security pitfalls were found that can allow any attacker to have access to the MUWLAN and uses their internet service. Based on the obtained results, suggestions for improvement were made to tighten the security of Mosul University wireless local area networ


Article
Evaluation of Electric Energy Losses in Kirkuk Distribution Electric System Area

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Abstract

Correct calculations of losses are important for several reasons. There are two basic methods that can be used to calculate technical energy losses, a method based on subtraction of metered energy purchased and metered energy sold to customers and a method based on modeling losses in individual components of the system. For considering the technical loss in distribution system included: transmission line losses, power transformer losses, distribution line losses and low-voltage transformer losses. This work presents an evaluation of the power losses in Kirkuk electric distribution system area and submit proposals and appropriate solutions and suggestions to reduce the losses . A program under Visual Basic was designed to calculate and evaluate electrical energy losses in electrical power systems.


Article
Statistical Predictions of Electric Load Profiles in the UK Domestic Buildings

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Abstract

This paper presents a method of generating realistic electricity load profile data for the UK domestic buildings. The domestic space features have been investigated excluding the heating and hot water systems. A questionnaire survey was conducted and the feedback were collected from a number of occupants at different intervals of times on daily bases in order to establish the probabilistic record of the estimated use of electrical appliances. The model concept of this study also considers the results of previous investigations such as that available in public reports and statistics as input data elements to predict the global domestic energy consumption. In addition, the daily load profile from individual dwelling to community can be predicted using this method. The result of the present method was compared to available published data and has shown reasonable agreement.


Article
Weakest Bus Identification Based on Modal Analysis and Singular Value Decomposition Techniques

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Abstract

Voltage instability problems in power system is an important issue that should be taken into consideration during the planning and operation stages of modern power system networks. The system operators always need to know when and where the voltage stability problem can occur in order to apply suitable action to avoid unexpected results. In this paper, a study has been conducted to identify the weakest bus in the power system based on multi-variable control, modal analysis, and Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) techniques for both static and dynamic voltage stability analysis. A typical IEEE 3- machine, 9-bus test power system is used to validate these techniques, for which the test results are presented and discussed


Article
Reliability & Sensitivity Analysis of IKR Regional power Network

Authors: Asso Raouf Majeed
Pages: 163-168
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Abstract

This paper presents a developed algorithm for reliability sensitivity analysis of engineering networks. . Reliability Modeling is proposed for the Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Power Network (IKRPN) using Symbolic Reliability function of the model. The written Pascal code for the developed algorithm finds efficiently path sets and cut sets of the model. Reliability and Unreliability indices are found. The sensitivity of these indices are found with respect to the variation of the network’s elements reliabilities


Article
Magnetic Pulse Welding Technology

Authors: Ahmad K. Jassim
Pages: 169-179
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Abstract

In this paper, the benefits of using Magnetic Pulse machine which is belong to Non-conventional machine instead of conventional machine. Magnetic Pulse Technology is used for joining dissimilar metals, and for forming and cutting metals. It is a non contact technique. Magnetic field is used to generate impact magnetic pressure for welding and forming the work piece by converted the electrical energy to mechanical energy. It is enable us to design previously not possible by welding dissimilar materials and allowing to welds light and stronger materials together. It can be used to weld metallic with non metallic materials to created mechanical lock on ceramics, polymers, rubbers and composites. It is green process; there is no heat, no radiation, no gas, no smoke and sparks, therefore the emissions are negligible


Article
Estimation of the Consumer Peak Load for the Iraqi Distr ibution System Using intelligent Methods

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Abstract

The drastic increase of residential load consumption in recent years result in over loading feeder lines and transformers for the Iraqi northern area distribution system especially in the city of Mosul. Solution for this problem require up to date research consumers load study to find the proper solution to stop excess overload in the transformers and the feeders. This paper include the regional survey for samples of consumers representing typical types of different standard of living and energy consumption by distributing questioners contain list of information such as load type in daily use. Also current readings are recorded for the individual consumer for the months of the year 2006. In addition to those readings, energy consumption is recorded once every two months. The registered readings are used in conjunction with the list of questionnaires to find a sample (for different loads) that coincide with the list of questionnaires for current and energy readings. Resulting in the feasibility of using the sample to know the peak value of current for any consumer even if he is not included in the list of questionnaires and for any new consumer, since it become possible to decide the size of the transformers and feeder lines, to overcome the problem of overloading in any part of the distribution system. The Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is used in this paper to find the above mentioned sample.


Article
Using Water Energy for Electrical Energy Conservation by Building of Micro hydroelectric Generators on The Water Pipelines That Depend on The Difference in Elevation

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Abstract

In this research we study the elevations of cities and the water resources specially at the dams reservoirs and the distance between them(dams & cities), we use the Google Earth program to determine these elevations and calculate the difference between the average level (elevation) of water at the dam and the average level of cities, which we want to supply it by water, in order to save electrical power by using the energy of supplied water through pipe line from dams to the cities, the pressure of supplied water must be calculated from the difference in elevations(head). The saving of energy can be achieved by two ways. The first is the energy saving by reduce the consumed power in the pumping water from river, which is used for different purposes. The second is the hydroelectric power generated by establishing a micro hydroelectric generator on the pipe line of the water supplied

Table of content: volume:7 issue:2