Table of content

Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum

مجلة متحف التاريخ الطبيعي العراقي

ISSN: Print ISSN: 10178678, Online ISSN: 23119799
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Iraq Natural History Research Center and Museum
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

Bulletin of Iraq Natural History Museum is peer-reviewed one of the Scientific Ranking in Iraq, it's recommended for scientific grading in Iraqi Universities.

This journal was established in 1961 as still publishes scientific papers and Articles. The aim subject of this journal is Natural History inside and outside Iraq through the Biological survey, classification, Environments and Natural conservation.

Bulletin of Iraq Natural History Museum is wildly distributed in the scientific libraries and Research center and institutes inside and outside Iraq.

Also, this journal is wildly exchanged with other International journals for developers the library of our museum.

This journal is established tow issue per years.

Information about the journal:
Journal name: Bulletin of Iraq Natural History Museum.
Issuer: Iraq Natural History Research Center and Museum-University of Baghdad.
Competence: Biology and Geology.
Journal type: Scientific Journal.
Language: English.
Print ISSN: 1017-8678.
Online ISSN: 2311-9799.
Date of issuance of Journal: 1961.
Contact us: telephone (director: +964-781-639-5600, Information: +964-781-639-5600).
Email: bnhm@nhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq, editoribnhm@gmail.com

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Contact info

Iraqi Natural History Research Center & Museum
الموقع الرسمي للمجلة والصفحة الالكترونيه
http://jnhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq

P.O. Box: 59037 - Iraq - Baghdad - Bab-Al-Madham

Tel.: +964-1-4165790

email: editorbinhm@gmail.com

Table of content: 1996 volume:8 issue:4

Article
INSECT PESTS INFESTING ANIMAL MUSEUM COLLECTIONS IN IRAQ

Authors: M. S. Abdul-Rassoul
Pages: 1-7
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Abstract

Studies were conducted from 1980 to 1989 to determine the insect pests infested animal museum collections in Iraq. Twelve species of Coleoptera were recovered, eleven belonged to the Dermestidae, and one to the Tenebrionidae. Of these Anthrenus coloratus Reitt. and Phradonoma nobile (Reitt.) were the most commonest and widely distributed species. Trogoderma bactrianum Zhant. and Orphilus niger (Rossi) were recorded here for the first time in Iraq.

Keywords

INSECT PESTS


Article
SOME CHRYSOMELIDAE ( COLEOPTERA ) FROM IRAQ

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Abstract

An annotated list based both on personal collections and on literature records, is presented for twenty species and subspecies of Chrysomelinae from Iraq. Eight of which are newly recorded, bringing the total number of species and subspecies for Iraq to 25. Localities and host data are given for most species.


Article
SOME ECTOPARASITCES OF THE HEDGEHOG HEMIECHINUS AURITUS GMELIN (INSECTIVORA, ERINACEIDAE ) CENTRAL IRAQ
بعض الطفيليات الخارجية على القنفذ طويل الاذن في وسط العراق

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Abstract

Specimens of the hedgehog Hemiechinus auritus Gmelin. which were trapped in two places on the Eastern shores of the Tigris River, some 50 and 60 Km, south of Baghdad. central Iraq. were searched for ectoparasites. They revealed the following parasites: One species of Anoplura: polyplex spinulosa (Burm.), family Hoplople uridae, two species of fleas: Synostrnus pallidus (Tasch.) and Ctenocephalides felis (Bouche), family pulicidae, One mite species: Ornithonyssus bacoti (Hirst), family Macronyssidae and two tick species: Rhipicephalus leporis and R. turanicum family Ixodidae. All these ectoparasite species are new records on this hedgehog in Iraq.جرى فحص افراد من القنفذ طويل الاذن كانت قد اخذت من منطقتين على شاطىء دجلة، حوالي 50كم و 60كم جنوب بغداد، بحثاً عن الطفيليات الخارجية كانت النتيجة ان هذه الافراد من القنفذ كانت مصابة يالطفيليات الخارجية التالية: نوع واحد من القمل هو polyplex spinulosa (Burm.),من العائلة (Hoplopleuridae)، نوعان من البراغيث هما Synostrnus pallidus (Tasch.) و Ctenocephalides felis (Bouehe) وكلاهما من العائلة (pulicidae) نوع واحد من الحلم هو Ornithonyssus bacoti ( Hirst ) lن العائلة (Macronyssidae) ونوعان من القراد هما Rhipicophalus leporis و R. turanicumوكلاهما من العائلة Ixodidae كل هذه الانواع من الطفيليات الخارجية تسجيلات جديدة، على هذا القنفذ في وسط العراق.


Article
NOTES ON SCOLECOPHIDIANS (BLIND SNARES) REPT1LIA SERPENTES, OF IRAQ
ملاحظات حول الحيات العمياء في العراق

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Abstract

This work includes the geographical distribution variation and notes for the habitat of Iraqi blind snakes Leptotyphlops macrorhynehus. Typhlops braminus, and Typhlops vermicularis. A key was also given for the identification of these three snakes.يتضمن هذا البحث دراسة للحيات العمياء الثلاثة المسجلة في العراق Leptotyphlops macrorhynehus. Typhlops braminus. Typhlops vermicularis. من ناحية التغاير والتوزيع الجغرافي مع اعطاء بعض الملاحظات عن البيئة ومفتاح تصنيفي للأنواع الثلاثة.


Article
ACUPALPUS WLESOPOTAMTCUS SP. NOV. (COLEOPTERA: CARARIDAE) FROM IRAQ

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Abstract

A new species of the family Carabidae, subfamily Harpalinae was introdIle7: (1 or a Acupalpus mesopota¬micus on the basis external morphology and male genctalia. The specimens were compared with a world collection of Acupalptis of the British Museum (N. H.) Holotype was kept at the Iraq Natural History Museum. Other 12 specimens were kept in Iraq Natural History Museum.


Article
PATHOGENIC FUNGI IN PEAT MOSS AND SOIL AND THEIR IMPACTION ON COVERED FARM VEGETAB¬LE CROPS
اهمية الفطريات الممرضة الموجودة في البتموس والتربة على زرعة الخضر المغطاة

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Abstract

Identification of pathogens and locating their inocul¬um source (S) are the first strategies toward successful disease management program the pretransplating seedl¬ing damping - off problem on vegetable crops was found to be caused by Pythium aphanidermatum and Rhizocto¬nia solani. Both fungi were isolated from peat (moss) for the first time in Iraq. In addition, considerable num¬ber of pathogenic fungi was found as contaminants in soil samples from Alrashidiah vegetable covered farming station. Among the isolated fungi were: Pythium apha¬nidermatum, Rhizoctonia solani, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium solani phialophora spp., Cephalisporium spp Rizopus stolonfier and Botrytis cine¬rea, in addition to several of other folair pathogens Econo¬mic important diseases such as vascular wilt, stem and root rots, blight and fruit rots were found to be caused by those fungi on tomato, cucumber, cucurbit, eggplant and pepper plants that were grown at Alrashidiah. The results suggest that chemical, physical and / or biological treatments should be urgently applied for profitable vegetable growing at this station.التعرف على مسببات الامراض ومصادر العدوى هو اول ستراتيجية برنامج الادارة المتكاملة الناجحة، فلقد وجد ان مشكلة هلاك البذور والدايات المبكر يتسبب عن الفطرين: Pythium aphanidermatum و Rhizocto¬nia solaniالملوثين لرسط البتموس المستخدم في انتاج الدايات. كما اكد قياس عينات التربة الزراعية للبيوت الزجاجية في الراشدية انتشار فطريات اخرى اضافة للنوعين السابقين اهمها: Pythium apha¬nidermatum, Rhizoctonia solani, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium solani phialophora spp., Cephalisporium spp Rizopus stolonfier و Botrytis eine¬rea لقد تكشفت امراض مختلفة خلال الموسم الزراعي مرتبطة بوجود الفطريات المذكورة انفا منها: الذبول الوعائي، تعقن الجذور وقواعد السيقان، اللفحة وتعفن الثمار في عدد من محاصيل الخضر كالطماطة والخيار والقرع والباذنجان والفلفل المزروعة في البيوت الزجاجية – الراشدية. ولكي يتحقق انتاج مربح في هذه المزرعة لابد من اجراء معاملات سريعة متكاملة للوقاية من هذه الامراض كاستخدام المبيدات، المعاملات الفيزياوية والبايولوجية للوسط العضوي والتربة الزراعية.


Article
TWO PRIMITIVE ORIBATIDS: FIRST RECORD IN IRAQ

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Abstract

Cosmochthonius reticulatus Grandjean, 1947 (Acari: Oribatei: Cosmochthoniidae) and Rhysotritia ardua ardua C. L. Koch, 1841 ( Acari : Oribate : Euphthiracari¬dae), are two species of oribatids mites first recorded in Iraq from a woodland in the central part of Iraq. The two species are described and illustrated.سجل النوعان: Casmochthonius reticulatus Grandjean, 1947 (Acari Oribatei: Cosmochthoniidae) و Rhysotritia ardua ard.ua C. L. Koch, 1841 ( Acari: Oribate: Euphthiracaridae) لاول مرة في العراق، جمعت النماذج من غابات تقع في وسط العراق. وصفت هذه الانواع لتوضيح اهم الصفات المورفولوجية لهذين النوعين.

Keywords

ORIBATIDS


Article
THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF NEMATODE POPULATION DENSITIES ON SEED GERMINATION PERCENTAGE AND SEEDLING CHARACTERISTICS OF SEVERAL CROPS

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Abstract

Labrotary experiment was conducted to study the effect of different levels of nematode population densities of Meloidogyne spp on seed germination percentage and seedling characteristics of Vigna sinensis, Ahelmoschus esculentus, Cicer arietinum, Helianthus annuus and Rap-hanus sativus. Four different levels of nematode populat-ion densities ranged from 1 to 4 prepared from radish in-fected roots and used as inoculating agent to infect all seed types in the experiment Seed germination percentage of Vigna sinensis and Ablemoschus eseulentus were highly reduced (at 0.01 level of significance) with increased nematode population level from 1 to 4. Seedling length of the remaining seed types were significantly reduced (at 0.01 level of significanca) by increased nematode population densities. Moreover se¬edling color were yellow and paler as population density of nematodes increased from level 1 to level 4.


Article
SOME ACARINE ECTOPARASITES ON BATS IN MIDDLE IRAQ
بعض انواع القراديات المتطفلة خارجياً على الخفاش في وسط العراق

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Abstract

A total of 61 bat specimens belonging to three species were collected from four distinct sites in the middle of Iraq. Five species of acarine ectoparasites on bats were found. These were: Steatonyssus periblepharus Kolenati, Spinturnix acuminatus (C. L. K.). Cheletonella sp. Rhizoglyphus sp., and Argas sp. Three of the recorded species were new to Iraqi fauna. The abundance and accurence of each parasite was varied from one species to another. S. periblepharus aria S. acuminatus were the most common species found in this study لقد شملت هذه الدراسة 61 خقاش تنتمي الى ثلاثة انواع مختلفة تم جمعها من اربعة مناطق مختلقة في وسط العراق. ومن خلال هذه الدراسة تم تسجيل خمسة انواع من القراديات المتطفلة خارجيا على الخفافيش وهذه الانواع هي كما يلى: Steatonyssus periblepharus Kolenati, Spinturnix acuminatus (C. L. K.). Cheletonella sp. Rhizoglyphus sp., and Argas sp. ثلاثة انواع منها اعتبرت تسجيل جديد للعراق.


Article
INTESTINAL HELMINTHES PARASITES OF THE ROCK PARTRIDGE, ALECTORIS GRAECA IN G'ARA AREA, WEST OF IRAQ
الديدان الطفيلية المعوية في طير القبح في منطقة الكعرة - غرب العراق

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Abstract

This work deals with the reporting of four helminthes in the rook partridge Alectoris graeca collected in G'ara area west of Iraq. The infection rates of the cestodes, Raillietina alectori and R. tetragona and the nematode. Hartertia gallinarum, and the trematode. Postharmostomum gallinum were 6.38%, 40.43%, 10.63%, and 10.63% respectively. The host relationships were discussed.اثناء مسح 47، نموذجا من طيور القبج جمعت من منطقة الكعرة، غرب العراق خلال حزيران 1987 الى ايلول 1989 تم العثور والتعرف على اربعة ديدان واحدة خيطية Hartertia gallinarum ودوتين شريطتين Raillietina alectori و R. tetragona والدودة المثقوبية Postharmost¬omum gallinum ويعتبر تسجيل P. gallinum الاول في العراق وكانت نسبة الاصابة هي 63 و 10%، 38 و 6%، 43 و 40%، 63 و 10% على التوالي كما تم مناقشة العلاقة البيئية بين الطفيليات و المضيف.


Article
HAEMOPROTEUS BURHINUSA NEW SPECIES FROM THE STONE CURLEW, BU RHINUS OEDICN EMUS SAHARAE (REICHENOW) IN IRAQ
وصف نوع جديد من طفيليات الدم في طير الكروان الصحراوي في العراق

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Abstract

Haemoproteus burhinus is described from the stone curlew, Burhinus oedicnemus saharae (Reichenow) from Al-Attariya, 45 km SE Baghdad city middle of Iraq. It is related to but differs from H. peireci in that it hypertrophied the erythrocyte and the erythrocyte nucleus is always laterally displaced in microgametocytes.تم وصف نوع جديد من طفيليات الدم Haemoproteus burhinus sp. n. من طير الصحراوي الذي جمع من منطقة العطارية (وسط العراق). أن هذا النوع الجديد يشابه النوع H. peireci ولكن يتميز بأنه يضخم حجم الكرية الدموية الحمراء المصابة ويزيح نواة الكرية الحمراء دائما الى الجانب ذي الامشاج الذكرية.


Article
NOTES ON CHRYSOMYA BEZZIANA VILLENEUVE (DIPTERA, CALLIPHORIDAE) FIRST RECORD FROM IRAQ

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Abstract

The Old World Screwworm Fly Chrysomya bezziana is a new insect pest on cattles and other domestic recor¬ded for the first from Iraq. It was first observed in cow's vagina in September of 1996 in Shaikh Hammed (Tarmiya), near Baghdad city. Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve is well known as one of the most important insect pests of livestock. Its larvae infest living tissues by causing myiasis. In a wide range of worm-blooded host species (Spradbery and Vanningham, 1980; Spradbery and Kirk. 1992). It is widely dist¬ributed species over an extensive area of tropical and subtropical Africa, the Arabian Gulf countries, Iran. Indian subcontinent. South-East Asia. Indonesia, and as far east as Papua New Guinea (Zurapt, 1965; Djalayer et al. 1978; loft et al. 1981; Spradbery et al. 1992 and 1995).

Table of content: volume:8 issue:4