Table of content

Adab AL Rafidayn

اداب الرافدين

ISSN: 03782867
Publisher: Mosul University
Faculty: Arts
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

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approved scientific periodical issued by college of arts /university of mosul . the research offered to periodical then will send expert to inspect it.

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EMAIL: adabarafidayn@yahoo.com

Table of content: 2013 volume: issue:66

Article
" The Grammatical semamtig upon Arab Grammarians"
الدلالة النحوية عند النحاة العرب

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Abstract

This study deals with the concept of the grammatical semiotics of the grammarians, in old and modern studies, and the effect of syntacs on the analysis of semiotics, in its theoretical and applied aspects and other relating topics.


Article
AL-Zamakhs havi's stand for AL-Sabi'yo Reading in AL Kashshaf -Astady in Al-Sabi' AL-Mathanee and Long sura -
موقف الزمخشري من القراءات السبعية في الكشاف - دراسة في السبع المثاني والسور الطوال

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It has been found out that Al-Zamakhshary in his book 'Al-Kashaf' prefers some recitations and considers others weak. As the seven recitations are agreed upon, comparison is not allowed. It is our aim here to explore these phenomena in this study untitled (Al-Zamakhshary's attitude tot he seven recitations in 'Al-Kashaf': a study of the opening chapter (Al- Fatiha) and the long surus. The first long sura is Al-Baqara (The Cow), and the last one is Al-Tawba (Repentance). The study gives Al-Zamakhshary's opinion and others' who agreed with him. Then we give the scientific evidence to prove him wrong, and that the two recitations are agreed upon and that both were used by the prophet.


Article
The Recitations Principles in Hafs's narration mentioned in Al-Shatibia and Al-Tayseer: collecting and guiding approach
أُصُولُ القِرَاءَاتِ في روايةِ الإمامِ (حَفْصٍ عَن عَاصِم ) مِنْ طَريق الشاطبيّة والتّيسير - جَمْعٌ وتوجيهٌ -

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Abstract

This research done for get the Guerdon from Allah and showing the beautiful things of the Arabic langue. This research very important to al- Tajweed students who reading in prefect way. the Holy Qur'an this research appear the number of principle in the the reading of hafs which is thirty three but this subject need more search and additions.


Article
The Modernizing in the Structure of Contemporary Islamic poetry
التحديث في بنية الشعر الإسلامي المعاصر

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This research includes a call for modernizing the structure of the contemporary Islamic poetry which has four basic elements: topic ،language ،imagery and rhythm in order to make this poem goes along with its period, changes and recent that took place in all of the fields of life From which poetry can not be isolated.As a creative process ،poetry should not stop at a certain strict border yet ،poetry ought to be distinguished By renovation, flexibility and modernization, Poetry represents one of the basic elements in the theory of Islamic literature. Poetry is the most impressive genre on the receiver due to its especial standing in the Islamic culture particularly the language.Hence the basic aim of the research. Hence, the desire of conservation this standing beside activating the role of poetry in performing it’s a esthetic ، emotional and communicational functions is one of most important call of this research for modernization. This process in order to be completed ،it is necessary to make another modernization which goes a long with it. This means to modernize the literary theory and its technical and critical dimensions with protecting, at the same time, the ideological substantial stabilities which have its deep root down in its intellectual ground. This research may represent a participation in this trend.


Article
Arabicized and Foreign words in Tahtheeb AL-Lugha by AL-Azhari -Descriptive Study-
المعرب و الدخيل في كتاب تهذيب اللغة للأَزهري - إحصاء و وصف -

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The present study deals with the topic (Arabicized and Foreign word) It is one of the linguistic subject that was attended to by the linguist and grammarians in the past and present It is one the crossroads at which Arabic language meets with other languages. Most linguists agree that the term ( Arabicized means that a foreign word used in Arabic but it is subjected to some modification such deletion, additions or phonological substitution in order to be used correctly in terms of the Arabic rules. Some other linguists call it (Loaning).Whereas (Foreign word), for the linguists, means that the word in used in Arabic without any change made on it. It is used in Arabic as it was in the origin language.


Article
The Semantics of Verbs Assoeiated With Hellfire in the Glorious Quran
دلالة الافعال المقترنة بذكر النار في القران الكريم

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Abstract

Undoubtedly, the Book of Allah, Glorious Qur’aan in its inimitable style defies the minds and hearts. Both “Fire” and “Heaven” are mentioned as a binary connoting arousal of an interest in the case of reward and terrifying in the case of punishment, respectively. There is a phenomenon which attracts our attention in the Glorious Qur’aan as far as the address of terrifying is concerned. This is represented in the coupling of some verbs with the term “Fire” which is, in turn, set as a residence for unbelievers in Dooemsday. This, the present study, we aim at explaining the semantics of such a binarity. The study is divided into two major sections: section١ deals with the semantics of the verbs related to movement, and section ٢ deals with the verbs related to torture. Such a division covers all the verbs coupled with the term “Fire” as mentioned in the Glorious Qur’aan.


Article
AL-Tariq Sura A Rhetorical- Analytical study
سورة الطارق - دراسة بلاغية تحليلية

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This paper deals with a chapter of the glorious Quran that is AL- Tariq chapter to investigate its miracle and the rhetoric of its structure despite of its short verses, it contains different rhetoric arts covers the type of Arabic rhetoric the chapter is based on objective division rather than the traditional rhetoric one. The paper is divided into three aspects. ١- swearing by heawn and its stars. ٢- showing the creation of man. ٣- discussing the holly Quran and the prophets, miracle. This paper is concluded by the following the significance of swearing by the Quran. the importance of questioning and its influence on the receiver.


Article
Architectural Aspects In The Andalusian City Of Marda From Its Conquest Until Its Fall (٩٤-٦٢٨ A.H/٧١٣ – ١٢٣٠ A.D)
المظاهر العمرانية في مدينة مَارِدَة الأندلسية من الفتح حتى السقوط (94-628 هـ/ 713- 1230م)

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Abstract

This research tackles the urban aspects of an Andalusian city, which is known for its geographical location and the strength of its defensive reinforcements. This city is Marda which was the capital of the west Andalusian, and its represented a living evidence of the Arabi-Islamic civilization. S o, it acquired a prestigious status in architecture and the elegance of construction which reached a high degree of prosperity and development although the roots of the city date back in deep history old ages. Yet, it is considered as an architectural product for the buildings constructed in it, and the architectural arts were diversified and prospered and that indicate its cultural value and the interest of its inhabitants in this respect.


Article
The Social and Political Role of Zubaida, Al-Rashid's Wife
الدور السياسي والاجتماعي للسيدة زبيدة زوج الخليفة العباسي هارون الرشيد

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Abstract

The Abbasid era is obviously considered one of the most prosperous eras in the Islamic history politically, culturally, and economically. During that era, many prominent women figures were famous. Among them was Madam Zubeidah. Zubeidah was the wife of the Abbasid Caliph, Haroon Al- Rasheed. She had a little interest in politics, especially her attempt to make she son, Al-Ameen, to assume power after his father. Also, she produced effective literary works since she took the wives of the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a perfect example. It was known about her to adopt honoring attitudes in different situations. The study patently shows these attitudes and other contributions of this well-known women in various aspects. The greatest achievement made by Zubeidah was providing Makka with portable water to be used by the people and pilgrims, and still we can observe, in our time, the remains of that giant project.


Article
Ethnic, Racial and National Diversity and Its on the Impaet on the Iraqi Political Arena
التنوع الإثني والعرقي والقومي وأثره في الساحة السياسية العراقية - دراسة تحليليلة من منظور اجتماعي

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Find out targeted ethnic, ethnic, and national diversity and its impact on the Iraqi political arena, because the ethnic composition since the founding of the Iraqi state in ١٩٢١ has become a big problem affects stability of the Iraqi state policies because of political elites to power in Iraq. It reflected the importance of this research from the current circumstances through which Iraq where his future will depend on the extent of harmony and adaptation between these groups and sub-cultures. The researcher adopted a deductive approach and inductive and deductive approach in addition to the historical themes in the analysis of the subject. The researcher has come up with a number of conclusions, the most important that the standard of citizenship and good governance, decentralization and representative of the benefits and efficiency and ability, integrity and affiliation to the homeland and loyalty is a alternative or the best solution out of the crisis and to address our problems in a spirit of consensus and harmony between the social components in Iraq and the keenness of the Constitution to control the debugging the past and achieve national unity.


Article
Facebook as New Field for soeial interaction - A field study in mosul city Assist
الفيس بوك ميدان جديد للتفاعل الاجتماعي - دراسة ميدانية في مدينة الموصل -

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Abstract

During the past decade the world has witnessed many interrelated and complex changes such as the stride leap in communication and media. Using the internet ،mobile phones and satellite channels is an indication of human development in any country. The various applications and tasks these services offer turned them to a source of attraction to the teens and young people. Some of the most attractive applications are the famous social networks including Facebook and My Space. They have become an integral part of life in many societies that the number of subscribers have swelled tremendously. The Arab world is more and more fascinated by facebook which holds many personal information of the users such as private parties photos ،and much more about their interests and attitudes. Therefore ،it is believed that this part of people's life should be given more care in researches and studies not only in electronic applications ،but in social studies as well. These networks are truly affecting the society and its traditional institutions. Facebook is one of the manifestations of communication revolution ،it is an interaction tool that may give social reality a new dimension ،it a has positive and negative effects depending on the users themselves. The aim of this study is investigating interaction patterns resulting from using modern communication devices. To show the effect the facebook has on these patterns ،to identify the reasons behind its popularity ،and to unveil the social outcomes associated with this pattern. This study has adopted a fieldwork that included ٥٠ young test-subjects who have accounts on facebook. The study has come up with the following: ١- Facebook is a modern phenomenon that has appeawed showed up in our society and has rapidly spread and became an essential part of young peoples lives. ٢- The test-subjects ،the young in particular ،try to establish new friendships and to broaden their relations with others. ٣- Young people try to find lost space of social and political freedom in their societies ،and to express their opinions. ٤- Test-subjects attempt to make changes in their societies by spreading and looking for new ideas on facebook. Finally ،we would like to offer the following recommendations: ١- Guiding people towards an optimum use of social sites in a way that best serve our own Arabic culture. ٢- Consolidating self control and consciousness among young people. ٣- Internet is a public service and not a private one ،therefore we are supposed to behave in a way that suits such public service. Moreover its important to remember the consequences of what we may post or publish in networks and to be aware of what is being written or read of photos and texts. ٤- Strengthening and encouraging our own institutions including the family, by supporting constructive dialogue among its members, and given them more freedom to express their political, social and cultural ideas that make them stay away from other sources.


Article
Information Illiteracy in the Academic community
أمية المعلومات السائدة في المجتمع الأكاديمي : كلية الآداب جامعة الموصل أنموذجاً

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The study deals with the concept of Information Illiteracy in the academic community. It deals with the reasons of Information Illiteracy and tries to recognize the types of Illiteracy prevailing in the academic community (the College of Arts as a sample) through a questionnaire of six questions dealing with the concept of Information Illiteracy. The questionnaire was distributed to (25%) of the study community as sample making (72) faculty members. The study concludes that the Illiteracy at the College community is a technical, computer , Internet and Information Illiteracy with different percentages. The study discussed the necessary requirements needed by the academic community if it intended to abolish Illiteracy in it. The study contains nine charts and one table.


Article
Architectural Planning of in Mosul during the Islamic Age to the End of Ottoman One
دور الإمارة في الموصل وتطورها خلال العصور العربية والإسلامية

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Abstract

Establishing (Government) and planning them are considered of the first architectural works that accompanied the spread of Islam in and out of the Arabian Peninsula. Thus، they became one of the most significant axes of planning the Islamic city and expanding its architectures. As it was first planning the mosque and then establishing office at a neighbor place in the city centre at a distinct and fortified locations. It has taken its name (castle of Government) since the early Islamic era and it has been known as (Qasr Al-Emarah) since the era of the ٢nd caliph Omar bin Al-Khattab to be a followed as tradition at all cities and countries as a result of the Islamic Liberations and that expanded to free Yemen، Levant and Egypt besides all Iraqi cities، especially Mosul city (the subject matter) in which establishing and planning them drew a great attention since the beginning of the Islamic liberation in (١٦ A. H. – ٦٣٧A. D.) at the era of Omar bin Al-Khattab who established، in which، the first at the Islamic era was near the mosque on the hill of Qulaia’at over looking at Tigris. It witnessed a considerable development in its architectures and the style of their planning during the following Islamic eras. Thus its role increased greater and its area expanded. Its name diversified with its locations. In which، houses and palaces were established to perform the functions and tasks of office of government which took the characteristic and name of the palace (Qassr). Its remains are still observed with its unique location at the west bank of Tigris، at the eastern north of old Mosul city near the old castle of Mosul (Bashttabya) and shrine of Imam Hassan. The political and administrative role of this castle increased during the Arab and Islamic eras to represent the house of the governor (Wali)، his family، entourage and relatives beside being the official headquarter of state administration، records and staff of all civil، political and military tasks. Its role increased after the fall of Arab caliphate and the appearance of foreign governments، especially at the era of Ottoman state .


Article
Mosques A Rostrum Hamo Al-Qadu and Sheikh Abdal in Mosul
منبرا جامعي حمو القدو والشيخ عبد ال في الموصل

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Abstract

A is considered as an absolute Islamic invention and a necessary religious idea as a stage which a speaker stands to perform his speech. Historic resources mentioned that a rostrum was introduced in mosques since the Prophet Mohammed (Peace and blessings be upon him) time in (7H/628G) when he was standing on atree-trunk and then they replaced it by a rostrum made from wood and equipped with two stairs and chair. After that in the age of Al-Rashidun Caliphs as it was developed into many kinds and shapes and mobile rostrums. In the Abbasid age , a kind of fixed rostrums were have been as that one in Abi Dalaf Mosque (245A.H/859A.G) which was made of bricks and chalk (kinde of limestone) and the rostrum of Al Amadiya Mosque (548/1153) which was made of woods. As for the city of Mosul in the Ottoman dynasty, the researchers divided that age into three eras: the time of Ottoman rulers , the time for local (Al Jalili rule) , as for third time which is point of this research , it was the time of this central administration which had been well-Known by the work of its men to seek the national independence. This seeking affected the city badly causing a recession in the architectural fields. However, those platforms embodies part of the legacy of Architecture, for that era, marked by the development of large it worked and marble-sized, as the the case with the rostrum Hamo Al-Qadu and Sheikh Abdal, so it was a matter of selection of these rostrums is not studied in a scientific integrated in terms of the investigating the scientific elements. It studies geometric element and and technical analysis whereas floral motifs and written inscription required archaeological studies, especially Islamic ones, as we will see in the pages of our search is.


Article
Assimilation in Classical Arabic( )
المماثلة في اللغة العربية الفصحى

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Abstract

تعدّ المماثلة ظاهرة صوتية لها دور مهم في تطوير حقل اللغات العالمية، ويعود السبب الرئيس وراء هذا التغيير هو ميل المتكلم إلى تسهيل المنطق أو الاقتصاد في الجهد أو الاثنين معاً، أي أنَّه عند أداء الأصوات اللغوية هناك ميل لدى المتكلمين نحو إعطاء أقصى قدر من المعلومات بأقل جهد ممكن . وهدف الدراسة التوصل إلى أنماط المماثلة في اللغة العربية الفصحى وتقسم هذه الأنماط استناداً إلى العوامل الآتية: 1. درجة التأثير. 2. اتجاه التغيير والصفات المتأثرة (أي الجهر ومخارج الأصوات ونوعها بالإضافة إلى التفخيم)، إذ للتفخيم دور كبير في النظام الصوتي للغة العربية. (أنظر: رحيم 1980: 187 وما يليها) إذ أنَّه يميز بين الكلمات ذات المعنى المختلف. ويقدم البحث المماثلة السياقية لا المماثلة التاريخية . وتبين النتائج أن العربية الفصحى تستعمل المماثلة التامة أكثر من المماثلة الجزئية، وفيها حالات من المماثلة التراجعية، وتكاد تخلو من حالات المماثلة التقدمية. ومن الاستنتاجات الأخرى أن العربية الفصحى تخلو من أيَّة حالات للماثلة الاندماجية.


Article
THE USE OF MODALS IN REQUESTS: A COMMUNICATIVE STUDY
استخدام الأفعال المساعدة في صيغة الطلب : دراسة تواصلية

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Abstract

يهدف هذا البحث إلى دراسة كيفية انعكاس التنوع الاجتماعي في اللغة الانكليزية في استخدام صيغ الطلب وذلك باستخدام الأفعال المساعدة (Modal auxiliaries) .وهذا يتطلب دراسة اللغة في سياقها الواسع الذي يتجاوز السياق اللغوي أي النظر إليها في سياقها التواصلي الذي يشمل سياق الحالة الشامل وسلوك المتحدث والمستمع أثناء الكلام . إذ يتضمن السياق التواصلي Communicative Competenc عوامل شخصية واجتماعية عدا اللغة ومن هذه العوامل الحدس أو البدهية والعاطفة وحالة المتكلم الكاتب والتي لها أهمية كبيرة في الدور التواصلي للسلوك اللغوي . فالجملة الواحدة على سبيل المثال قد تعبر عن مواقف مختلفة للمتكلم كالعادة ، الغضب ، العاطفة ... وحسب طبقة الصوت والتنغيم.


Article
A Suggested Method for Teaching English Descriptive Composition to First Year Students of the College of Physical Education
طريقة مقترحة لتعليم كتابة الإنشاء الوصفي لطلبة المرحلة الأولى في كلية التربية الرياضية بجامعة الموصل

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Abstract

عرض البحث الصعوبات التي تواجه طلبة المرحلة الأولى في كلية التربية الرياضية في كتاباتهم للإنشاء، إذ لاحظنا أنَّهم لا يستطيعون التعبير في كتاباتهم لضعف قابليتهم في التعبير عن أفكارهم باللغة الانكليزية. لذا يهدف البحث إلى تحسين قابليتهم من أجل السيطرة على المهارات الأساسية لكتابة إنشاء جيد، ولتجهيزهم بالمعلومات عن مقوماته؛ افترضت الباحثتان، التداخل مع اللغة العربية هي الصفة المميزة في أداء الطلبة، إذ كانت النتائج الأولية سلبية. واستندت الإجراءات المتبعة مع هذا البحث إلى إخضاع (26 ) طالباً لكتابة إنشاء وصفي، وبعد الاختبار عرّفنا الأخطاء وفق تحليل إحصائي. فأشارت النتائج إلى أنَّ أعلى نسبة للأخطاء تمثلت في مهارات الكتابة تلتها أخطاء في تركيب الجمل ثم أخطاء أسلوبية.


Article
Investigating EFL University Students' Learning Styles
تقصّي أساليب التعلُم لدى طلبة الجامعة المختصين في اللغة الإنكليزية

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Abstract

هناك جملة عوامل تكتنف عملية تعلم أية لغة أجنبية. ويقال عن هذه العوامل أنّها تؤثر على أداء المتعلمين وتحدد الطرق المختلفة التي يتبناها المتعلمون للغة الجديدة. يتمثًل أحد هذه العوامل بوسائل التعلُم والتي تعد واسعة الانتشار في مجال التربية عموما ومجال تعليم وتعلُم اللغات الأجنبية بشكل خاص. تشير وسائل التعلُم إلى الطرق المختلفة التي يستعين بها المتعلمون في اكتساب و حفظ واستعادة المعلومات الخاصة باللغة . وعلية يهدف البحث الحالي إلى تحديد مستويات تفضيل طلبة الجامعة المتخصصين في اللغة الإنكليزية لوسائل التعلُم المختلفة من خلال الافتراض (1) عدم وجود فوارق بين طلبة الجامعة المتخصصين في اللغة الإنكليزية من الذكور والإناث فيما يتعلًق بتفضيلهم لوسائل التعلُم المختلفة، و(2) عدم وجود فوارق بين طلبة الجامعة المتخصصين في اللغة الإنكليزية من الذكور والإناث فيما يتعلق بتفضيلهم لأساليب تعلُم معينة رئيسة أو ثانوية دون أخرى. ولتحقيق أهداف البحث والتحقق من فرضياته تم توزيع أستبانة تضم فقرات تمثِل أساليب التعلُم المختلفة على عينة من الطلبة المذكورين في أعلاه. أظهرت النتائج (1) عدم وجود فوارق ذات دلالة بين طلبة الجامعة المتخصصين في اللغة الإنكليزية فيما يتعلق بتفضيلهم لأغلب أساليب التعلّم، باستثناء أسلوب واحد و (2) عدم وجود فوارق ذات دلالة بين تفضيل الطلبة الذكور والإناث لأكثر أساليب التعلُم الرئيسة بأستثناء 1 من بين 6، وكذلك أساليب التعلُم الثانوية باستثناء 3 من بين 12. ينتهي البحث ببعض الاستنتاجات والتوصيات والمقترحات لدراسات مستقبلية.


Article
A Syntactic-Semantic Study of Demonstratives in the Glorious Qur’an and their Realization in English
أسماء الإشارة دراسة تركيبية ودلالية في القرآن الكريم مع الإشارة إليها في اللغة الإنكليزية

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Abstract

استقصت الدراسة أسماء الإشارة في القرآن الكريم وفضلى الوسائل الكفيلة بترجمتها إلى اللغة الإنكليزية. فدرست الجوانب النحوية والدلالية لأسماء الإشارة في اللغتين الإنكليزية والعربية بغية الوصول إلى معرفة الاختلافات بينهما. فقد تبينّ أن الترجمة الحرفية هي الطريقة الأنجح لترجمة أسماء الإشارة من القرآن الكريم إلى اللغة الإنكليزية، وأن معرفة الجوانب النحوية والدلالية لأسماء الإشارة مطلب أساسي لترجمتها.


Article
Definiteness in English, French and Arabic: A Contrastive Study
التعريف في اللغات الانكليزية و الفرنسية و العربية

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تناول البحث دراسة أدوات التعريف في ثلاث لغات: ( الإنكليزية والفرنسية والعربية)؛ وذلك من الإشارة إلى استعمالاتها في هذه اللغات الثلاث و إظهار أوجه التشابه والاختلاف بينهم. وبهذا تحاول الدراسة إثبات أن استعمال أدوات التعريف في هذه اللغات غير متشابه وذلك تبعاً لميزات ووظائف محددة للأسماء التي تليها. إذ أظهرت الدراسة وجود اختلافات عديدة بين هذه اللغات الثلاث تبعاً لاستعمالها لأدوات التعريف .


Article
Tarih Boyunca TÜrk Dilinin Gelişmesi
تطور اللغة التركية على امتداد التاريخ

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Abstract

إنَّ اللغة التركية غنية بمقدراتها ودورها التاريخي وموقعها بين اللغات العالمية؛ لذا قام الباحث في دراسته باستعراض شامل للغة التركية بين الماضي و المستقبل، مبيناً فروع عائلة اللغات التي تنتمي إليها. فضلاً عن ذكر كثير من المصادر المتخصصة باللغة التركية في ثنايا البحث .


Article
İsim Tamlamalarının ve İyelik Grubunun Arasındaki Ortak ve Ayrı Noktalar
النقاط المشتركة والمختلفة بين الإضافات الاسمية ومجاميع التملك

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Abstract

إنَّ اللغة التركية شأنها شأن اللغات الحية، غنية بمفرداتها اللغوية ... وتعد الإضافات الاسمية ومجاميع التملك الأكثر استعمالاً في لغة المحادثة ولغة الكتابة... وفي كتب النحو التي أشرنا إليها في أوَّل البحث نلاحظ تسمية الإضافات الاسمية بمجاميع التملك، أو تسمية مجاميع التملك بالإضافات الاسمية. وعلى الرغم من ذلك، نرى أن هناك نقاطاً مشتركة ومختلفة بين الإضافات الاسمية ومجاميع التملك. ولأهمية الموضوع أصبح هدف البحث هو توضيح هذه النقاط المشتركة والمختلفة. إذ تطرَّق البحث إلى النقاط المشركة والمختلفة من ناحية البناء والمعنى. وإِنَّ من المفيد جداً توضيح هذه النقاط المشتركة والمختلفة بتناول هذا الموضوع في مجال اللغة والتدريس.

Table of content: volume: issue:66