Table of content

Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics

المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية

ISSN: 18132065 23091673
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques
Faculty:
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics (IJAP) is a peer reviewed journal of high quality devoted to the publication of original research papers from applied physics and their broad range of applications. IJAP publishes quality original research papers, comprehensive review articles, survey articles, book reviews, dissertation abstracts in physics and its applications in the broadest sense. It is intended that the journal may act as an interdisciplinary forum for Physics and its applications. Innovative applications and material that brings together diverse areas of Physics are particularly welcome. Review articles in selected areas are published from time to time. It aims to disseminate knowledge; provide a learned reference in the field; and establish channels of communication between academic and research experts, policy makers and executives in industry, commerce and investment institutions. IJAP is a quarterly specialized periodical dedicated to publishing original papers, letters and reviews in: Applied & Nonlinear Optics, Applied Mechanics & Thermodynamics, Digital & Optical Communications, Electronic Materials & Devices, Laser Physics & Applications, Plasma Physics & Applications, Quantum Physics & Spectroscopy, Semiconductors & Optoelectronics, Solid State Physics & Applications, Alternative and Renewable Energy, Computers Networks and Applications.

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Contact info

P. O. Box 55259,
Baghdad 12001,
Iraq
Website: www.iraqiphysicsjournal.com
Email: admin@iraqiphysicsjournal.com
Email: editor_ijap@yahoo.co.uk

Table of content: 2014 volume:10 issue:1

Article
Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics

Authors: Editorial Board
Pages: 1-2
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Abstract

The Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics (IJAP) is a peer reviewed journal of high quality devoted to the publication of original research papers from applied physics and their broad range of applications. IJAP publishes quality original research papers, comprehensive review articles, survey articles, book reviews, dissertation abstracts in physics and its applications in the broadest sense. It is intended that the journal may act as an interdisciplinary forum for Physics and its applications. Innovative applications and material that brings together diverse areas of Physics are particularly welcome. Review articles in selected areas are published from time to time. It aims to disseminate knowledge; provide a learned reference in the field; and establish channels of communication between academic and research experts, policy makers and executives in industry, commerce and investment institutions. IJAP is a quarterly specialized periodical dedicated to publishing original papers, letters and reviews in: Applied & Nonlinear Optics, Applied Mechanics & Thermodynamics, Digital & Optical Communications, Electronic Materials & Devices, Laser Physics & Applications, Plasma Physics & Applications, Quantum Physics & Spectroscopy, Semiconductors & Optoelectronics, and Solid State Physics & Applications.

Keywords


Article
Nuclear Green Energy

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Abstract

After 1950, began to appear nuclear fission plants. The fission energy was a necessary evil. In this mode it stretched the oil life, avoiding an energy crisis. Even so, the energy obtained from oil represents about 66% of all energy used. At this rate of use of oil, it will be consumed in about 40 years. Today, the production of energy obtained by nuclear fusion is not yet perfect prepared. But time passes quickly. We must rush to implement of the additional sources of energy already known, but and find new energy sources. In these circumstances this paper comes to proposing possible new energy sources.


Article
Evaluation of Some Atomic Coefficients for Elements Carbon-Copper-Silver by Using Beta Particles

Authors: Sabah M. Amanallah
Pages: 15-20
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Abstract

The purpose of this research is determination of some atomic parameters such as: mass attenuation coefficient, particle range, radiation length, both radiative and collisional stopping powers and the total stopping power for beta particles in the energy range 0.15MeV to 0.764MeV in elements carbon, copper and silver by using different empirical equations. The most obtained results are compared with other pervious works shows good agreement and proved a dependence mostly on the beta particle energy and atomic number of target material.


Article
Non-Ablative Tattoo Removal Using Fundamental and Second Harmonic Nd:YAG Laser (Tattoo Ink Clearance Response)

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Abstract

The quantitative and qualitative analysis of ink constituents were performed using Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy, equipped with a transmission electron microscope to recognize any unwanted photo-reaction, unusual tattoo darkening, or allergic effects after exposure to 10 ns laser pulses. 7-11.4 J/cm2 laser fluences using single- and triple-pulse irradiation were experimented. Green tattoo ink demonstrated low absorption for both 1064 nm and 532 nm wavelengths, which explains the absence of darkening during the laser treatment. Tattoos containing more ink required more treatment sessions before clearing. The 1064nm laser revealed a reduction of the black tattoo pigments in different degrees due to the different quantities of ink particles injected into rabbit's skin and different laser conditions. High laser fluences (below the damage threshold) enhanced black tattoo ink removal with smaller number of laser treatment sessions. Intracellular steam formation introduces a sudden change in scattering properties of the incident laser, manifested clinically as whitening of the irradiated skin. For brown ink, the use of moderate fluence sessions at 532 nm indicated better tattoo clearance because of the higher absorption coefficient at this wavelength. The 1064nm laser effectively targeted black and brown tattoo pigments. The 532 nm wavelength showed lower clearance efficiency for black tattoo but effectively cleared brown and red pigments.


Article
Effect of Adding Nitrogen to the Gas Mixture on Plasma Characteristics of a Closed-Field Unbalanced DC Magnetron Sputtering System

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Abstract

In this work, the role of adding nitrogen gas to the discharge gas mixture containing argon was studied by introducing the electrical characteristics of plasma generated between two closed-field unbalanced magnetron electrodes. This role was also related to the presence and absence of magnetron at the electrodes in the fundamental design of such sputtering system. The role of nitrogen gas added to the gas mixture was reasonably observed by enhancing the electrical characteristics of the glow discharge plasma generated between the dual CFUBM electrodes. Adding nitrogen caused to increase the concentration of the charged particles produced by collisional ionization in discharge volume as the mean free path of primary discharge electrons was reduced. A relative reduction in electron temperature was observed as a result of adding nitrogen with increase in electron and ion densities while no observed difference was observed in the ion temperature due to their larger masses compared to those of electrons.


Article
2014 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology

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Abstract

The 15th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology (ICEPT 2014) will be held in Chengdu, China, from August 12 to 15, 2014. The ICEPT 2014 is organized by Electronic Manufacturing and Packaging Technology Society (EMPT) of Chinese Institute of Electronics (CIE) and co-organized by University of Electronic Science and Technology of China. As one of the most famous international conferences on electronic packaging technology, the conference has received strong support from IEEE CPMT and active involvement from IMAPS and iNEMI, and was highly appreciated by CIE and China Association for Science and Technology (CAST).


Article
Computer Aided Design of a Magnetic Lens Using a Combined Dynamic Programming and Artificial Intelligence Technique

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Abstract

A computer aided design (CAD) by using optimization methods for design magnetic lens by mixing the dynamic programming procedure and artificial intelligence technique. CADION package has been designed and written in Java expert system shell (JESS 6.1) and Visual Basic 6 (VB6) for optimizing and analyzing full calculation processes. The optimized axial magnetic flux density according to constraints has been used in design of pole piece.


Article
THE DESIGN OF THE UNIVERSE

Authors: George Smoot
Pages: 38-38
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Abstract

The search for dark matter is about more than explaining discrepancies in galactic mass calculations. The missing matter problem has people questioning the validity of current theories about how the universe formed and how it will ultimately end.


Article
IJAP Copyright Form 2014

Authors: Editorial Board
Pages: 39-39
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Abstract

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