Table of content

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences

مجلة كربلاء لعلوم التربية الرياضية

ISSN: 23041471
Publisher: Kerbala University
Faculty: Athletic Eduction
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Periodic scientific journal specialized court issued by the College of Physical Education/University of Karbala .
The first issue was released in early 2012
Second edition was issued in 2012

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Contact info

ks.magazine@uokerbala.edu.iq

Table of content: 2018 volume:4 issue:3

Article
الحمل والرياضة

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Abstract

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Article
التربية الخاصة

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Article
The biorhythm pattern and its relation to the level of fitness for the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences students
نمط الإيـقـاع الحيــوي وعلاقته بمستوى اللياقة البدنية لطلاب كليــــة التـربــيـــــة البدنيـــــة وعلـــــوم الــريــاضـــة

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Abstract

There are many natural variables (genetic and acquired) that affect human life during the stages of the age passing by these variables, some of them appear regularly on a daily, weekly, monthly, annually since the first creation and it is noted that some of them linked to the environment of the internal biological and others through the effects The surrounding external environment that affects and affects it and through the continuous regularity in some physical, emotional, mental and extreme changes called cycle cycles Biochemistry. The problem is that the process of taking advantage of the natural, physiological, psychological, mental and physical variables in the development of education and skillful performance requires teachers and trainers to invest in these phenomena. Human physical efficiency varies throughout the day, which is high during 10 am and falls at 12 noon to evening. It is worth mentioning that this pattern does not apply to all individuals. There are more active individuals during the first half of the day and others are more active in the evening. Hence, the researchers noted that a problem that needs to be addressed is that most teachers and administrators organize their units equally throughout the daily exercise Teachers and trainers are now required to learn about biorhythm pattern in order to control the learning process in light of their vital patterns. The research aims to identify: the types of biorhythm pattern for the sample, the levels of fitness according to the patterns for the sample, and the relationship between the biorhythm pattern and the level of fitness of the research sample.

Keywords

هنالك العديد مـن المتغيـرات الطبيـعية (الوراثية والمكتسبة) التي تؤثر في حياة الإنسان خـلال مراحله العمرية التي يـمر بها وهذه المتغيرات يظـهر بعضهـا بشــكـل منتـظم يـوميا --- أسبـوعيا --- شـهريـا --- سـنويا ومــنذ الـخليـقة الأولـى والمــلاحظ مـن ذلـك أن بعـضها مـرتبط بالـبيئـة الداخلــية ألـحيوية والـبـعض الآخـر مـن خلال مؤثـرات الـبيئة الخارجــية الـمحيطة التي تؤثر فيـه ويؤثر فيهـا ومـن خلال الانـتظام المـــستمر فــي بــعـض الـمتـغيــرات البــدنـية والانـفـــعالية والـــعـقـلية والحـــدســيـة التــــي يـــطـلق عـــليــها دورات الإيقـــاع الـحيــوي ((Biorhythm)) --- There are many natural variables (genetic and acquired) that affect human life during the stages of the age passing by these variables --- some of them appear regularly on a daily --- weekly --- monthly --- annually since the first creation and it is noted that some of them linked to the environment of the internal biological and others through the effects The surrounding external environment that affects and affects it and through the continuous regularity in some physical --- emotional --- mental and extreme changes called cycle cycles Biochemistry.


Article
Describe the physical condition and its relation to the performance of some physical and motor attributes and abilities of students
وصف الحالة البدنية وعلاقتها بأداء بعض الصفات والقدرات البدنية والحركية للطلاب

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In view of the importance of physical and motor attributes and abilities and their obvious effects in improving the physical, motor and athletic performance of individuals, especially athletes, it has certainly become a wide area for specialists and researchers to study and research, whether for problems or development. As a teacher in the college of physical education and sports sciences, the researcher noticed that there is little interest in knowing how the athlete describes his / her physical condition (which reflects part of his / her own concept) by the medium he belongs to, and the relationship he described to him with his physical and motor performance. This research shows the importance of self-description in the field of physical education and mental health. Therefore, the current research aimed to: Identifying the physical condition of the research sample, and identify the results of the performance of some physical and motor attributes and abilities of students. The researcher used the descriptive method ( survey and correlative studies) to suit the nature of the problem. The research population was fourth year students in the faculty of physical education and sports sciences at Babylon university for the 2015-2016 academic year (115) students, while the sample size was (50) Randomly and by lot (43.48%). However, the researcher concluded that: There was a significant correlation of the physical and motor attributes and abilities of students.


Article
Program of strategies for the regulation of emotions for the Olympic Champion School players' in Nineveh province
برنامج استراتيجيات تنظيم العواطف لدى لاعبي مدرسة البطل الاولمبي في محافظة نينوى

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The aims of the current study was to: - Building a program of strategies to regulate emotion for the regulation of emotions for the Olympic Champion School players' in Nineveh province. - Recognition of the degree of emotional intelligence among the students of the Olympic Champion School players' in Nineveh province. - Identify the effect of using strategies to regulate emotions in the development of emotional intelligence of the Olympic Champion School players' in Nineveh province. - Identify the differences in the post-test in the emotional intelligence between the experimental and control groups. However, the researchers used the experimental approach (Equal groups design) with pre and post-tests. The research population involved the students of the Olympic Champion School in Nineveh province, totaling (40) players between( 13-17) years. The main sample of the research was (20) students, as (10) students represented the experimental group and (10) students represented the control group. Nevertheless, the research results showed: - The effect of using strategies to regulate emotions in the development of emotional intelligence of the Olympic Champion School players' in Nineveh province. - There were a differences in the post-tests between the two groups and for the experimental in the emotional intelligence of the Olympic Champion School players' in Nineveh province.


Article
A comparative study of some of the basic offensive skills of handball between the players of the faculty of basic education according to various centers of play
دراسة مقارنة لبعض المهارات الهجومية الأساسية بكرة اليد بين لاعبي منتخب كلية التربية الأساسية وحسب مناطق اللعب المختلفة

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The aim of the research was to identify the differences in some basic offensive skills between the various centers of play in the handball (sides, center, etc.). The researcher used the descriptive method in the method of causal comparison. The sample consisted of (24) players who represented the faculty of basic education in handball, and were tested of some basic offensive skills (dribbling, passing, and scoring), and the researcher used a suitable statistical laws. The researcher concluded that: 1. There was a Convergence in skill level of the players according to their various centers of play (sides and center) in the basic offensive skills (dribbling, passing, and scoring). 2. The preponderance of the midfield players on both sides in some of the basic offensive skills of handball.


Article
The effect of teaching methods using exercise (intensive, distributor) in learning shooting from jumping and blocking in handball
تأثير أساليب تدريسية باستخدام التمرين ( المكثف , الموزع ) في تعلم مهارتي التصويب من القفز وحائط الصد بكرة اليد

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The aims of the research was to: Identify the effect of teaching methods using exercise (intensive, distributor) in learning shooting from jumping and blocking in handball. Identify the best style in learning shooting from jumping and blocking in handball. However, the researchers used the experimental approach (Equal groups design) with pre and post-tests. The research sample involved(40) students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Science-Kerbala University. Eight students in six groups. Nevertheless, the research results showed: Preponderance the group that used the common style - distributor in learning shooting from jumping in handball and preponderance the group that used the reciprocal style - intensive in learning blocking in handball.


Article
A comparative study of some physiological variables between students of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences Al - Muthana University
دراسة مقارنة لبعض المتغيرات الفسيولوجية بين طالبات كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة جامعة المثنى

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The study aimed to: Identify some physiological variables of the students of the Faculty of Physical Education at Al-Muthana university, and to identify the differences of some physiological variables of the female students of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences Al-Muthana university. The researcher used the descriptive approach ( survey) style to suit the nature of the research problem. The sample included students of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences of Al-Muthana University (30) students in hall stages (except the first stage). Adaptation to the heart muscle by practical lessons led to an increase in the efficiency of the oxygen maximum as well as a decrease in heart rate during rest. The continuous repetition of the practical lessons has a positive effect on the expansion of the rib cage, especially the elasticity of the muscles between the ribs and increase the volume of the lungs as well as the opening of blood vessels, and practical lessons have a positive effect in the development of the function of cells towards the absorption of oxygen to the maximum level.


Article
The effect of special exercises according to some biomechanical variables and the foot scan index in the development of the most important physical abilities and performance of the full-length rear-end upright airbag at the Junior Jumping Table
تأثير تمرينات الخاصة وفقاً لبعض المتغيرات البايوميكانيكية ومؤشر ماسح القدم في تطوير أهم القدرات البدنية وألاداء المهاري للقلبة الهوائية الخلفية المستقيمة المتبوعة بلفة كاملة على طاولة القفز للناشئين

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The study aimed to prepare special exercises according to some biomechanical variables and the foot scan index in the development of the most important physical abilities and performance of the full-length rear-end upright airbag at the junior jumping table, and identifying the effects of special exercises according to some biomechanical variables and the foot scan index in the development of the most important physical abilities and performance of the full-length rear-end upright airbag at the junior jumping table. However, the research hypothesis no statistically significant differences between the pre - and post – test of the effects of special exercises according to some biomechanical variables and the foot scan index in the development of the most important physical abilities and performance of the full-length rear-end upright airbag at the junior jumping table. The sample included players of the Iraqi national team of junior people in the technical gymnastic (6) players. Finally, the researcher concludes that: the positive effects of the special exercises according to some biomechanical variables and the foot scan index in the development of the most important physical abilities and performance of the full-length rear-end upright airbag at the junior jumping table.


Article
The effect of mental- skillful exercises in the development of Concentration attention according to the (VTS.s system) for some players in Al-Sahbab volleyball club
تأثير تمرينات ذهنية مصاحبة للتمرينات المهارية في تطوير الانتباه المركز وفق منظومة (VTS.s) لدى بعض لاعبي نادي الشباب للكرة الطائرة

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The study aimed to prepare an mental- skillful exercises in the development of Concentration attention according to the (VTS.s system) for some players in Al-Sahbab volleyball club. However, the researchers used the experimental approach (Equal groups design) with pre and post-tests. The research sample involved Alshabab volleyball players. The researchers explained the importance of the electronic VTS system used to measure focused attention and details of the main experiment to the statistical methods used.


Article
The effect of a training course using swimming (free, back) in the strength of some muscles and lower back pain for ages (35-45) years
أثر منهج تأهيلي باستخدام السباحة (الحرة ، الظهر) في قوة بعض العضلات وآلام أسفل الظهر للأعمار (35-45) سنة

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The researchers pointed to the clear and influential role offered by exercise in general and swimming in particular in the treatment of many diseases and injuries and rehabilitation in most countries of the developed world. The problem of research is the large number of employees with back pain, as this category issue on the use of computer and sitting for long times, lack of mobility, and lack of exercise that lead to muscle weakness around the spine which cause of back pain. However, The study aimed to: 1. Preparing a training intervention using (free, back style) swimming in the strength of some muscles and lower back pain for ages (35-45) years. 2. Identify the effect of the rehabilitation intervention using free swimming in the strength of some muscles and lower back pain for ages (35-45) years. 3. Identify the effect of the rehabilitation intervention of using back-lift in the strength of some muscles and lower back pain for ages (35-45) years. 4. Identify the affectivity of using swimming (free, back) in the strength of some muscles and lower back pain for ages (35-45) years. The researchers used the experimental approach .The research population involved the staff of Karbala University patients with chronic low back pain of (26) employees, and therefore the sample was selected in the form of 10 employees and were divided equally into two experimental groups each group of (5).


Article
Effect of special exercises for development of skeletal muscle mass depending on level of urinary creatinine and metabolic rate of handball players muscle
أثر تمرينات خاصة لتطوير كتلة العضلات الهيكلية اعتمادا على مستوى الكرياتينين البولي ومعدل الأيض العضلي للاعبي كرة اليد

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The research problem included the researcher's observation of the large number muscular injuries and the inability of the player to work for a long time and unable to overcome the fatigue muscle, which may appear very significantly in the competition phase and the lack of research to measure the important biochemical variables associated with the muscle mass such as ( Metabolic rate, which is a very important indicator to indicate the parity between them and the size of muscle mass on the one hand, and the incidence of muscle injuries and muscle fatigue during overloading, on the other), leading to a large number of muscle injuries and inability to continue T pace one, as well as through access to many sources of scientific research, as well as the researcher noted the lack of presence of research directly to these two variables that could allow workers to know their work functionally and advance through measurement and processing errors training and muscular imbalance and to avoid injuries muscle. The objectives of the research included the preparation of special exercises to develop the skeletal muscle mass of handball players, to recognize the effect of special exercises in the development of the skeletal muscle mass based on the level of urinary creatinine for handball players, to identify the effect of special exercises in the development of muscle mass structure based on the rate of muscle metabolism For handball players, and the researcher used the experimental method of the two groups. The conclusions - the exercises have a positive effect on the development of the skeletal muscle mass of handball players, the exercises have a positive effect on the improvement of creatinine ratio Polycarbonate in handball players, exercise has a positive effect on improving the metabolic rate of handball players.


Article
Effect of exercises using the Fartemex in development of activity of most important muscles working on shoulder joint and ankle of young handball players
أثر تمرينات باستخدام جهاز (الفارتمكس) في تطوير نشاط أهم العضلات العاملة على مفصلي الكتف والكاحل للاعبي كرة اليد الشباب

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The use of modern equipment and tools in this game is an important and important role in the sports activity, which is an important factor focused on the training process. Hence the importance of research using modern devices such as the Vartemex, which uses rubber in a standardized manner, And to give them exercises prepared for this purpose and know the impact on the activity of the most important muscles working on the shoulder joint and ankle for young handball players, and the goal of the research to: - Preparation of exercises using the device in the development of activity of the most important muscles working on the shoulder joint and ankle for young handball players - Identify the effect of exercises using the device in development of activity of the most important muscles working on the shoulder joint and ankle for young handball players The researchers identified the research community of Karbala club players in the youth category (ages 17-19) with 12 players without goalkeepers. Six players were chosen randomly as a sample for research. The sample used exercises using the Vartemex. Using the appropriate statistical means to find differences between the research group, the researchers came out with the following conclusions: - The most important muscles working on the shoulder joint are the muscle (frontal varicose, middle varicose, posterior dorsal, great pectoris). - The most important muscles working on the ankle joint is the muscle (long slit, twin manic and brutal, insole). - The exercises of the Vartemex device have a positive effect on the development of activity the most important muscles working on the shoulder joint and ankle for young handball players.


Article
Effect of diet program accompanied by special exercises in weight gain and muscle growth of bodybuilding players
اثر برنامج غذائي بمصاحبة تمرينات خاصة في زيادة الوزن والنمو العضلي للاعبي بناء الاجسام

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In the introduction to this research, the researcher pointed to the importance of increasing muscle mass and muscle growth through the development of a diet program accompanied by special exercises for effectiveness. In addition to the training component, the food program has an effective role in achieving achievement. The researcher used the experimental method to suit the problem of the research. The purpose of this study is to study the effect of a diet program accompanied by special exercises in weight gain and muscular development of the muscles of the arms and chest of the two young players for building objects in the Hashemite Sports Club and the aim of the research to develop a diet program accompanied by special exercises for young players to build And to find out the effect of the proposed program on increasing muscle growth and weight for the muscles of the arms, chest and legs of the sample. The study sample consisted of (5) players of the youth club of Al-Hashimiya Sports Club. The players were selected in a deliberate manner. The proposed program was implemented for eight weeks. The researcher took into consideration the correlation of some foods that fit the physiological characteristics of the players. After the researcher collected the data for the tests, (Weight - muscle circumference) and processed statistically, he reached a number of conclusions, the most important of which: 1. The program prepared a positive effect in weight gain. 2. The program has a positive effect in increasing the growth of the arms (humerus) and the circumference of the chest and legs. The researcher recommended a number of recommendations: Use of the program designed to gain weight for bodybuilding players.


Article
Design and adjustment of two tests of explosive power and force speed for armed arm of advanced Foil players
تصميم وتقنين إختبارين للقدرة الإنفجارية والقوة المميزة بالسرعة للذراع المسلحة للاعبي المبارزة المتقدمين بسلاح الشيش

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The research aims to: 1. Design of two tests to measure the explosive power and the force speed power of armed arm with the Foil players of Iraq clubs applicants. 2. Standardize the two tests and find the appropriate standard grades. The descriptive approach was adopted by the survey method to suit the nature of the problem and the objectives of the research. To achieve these objectives, the research society was chosen in a deliberate manner by the players of the Karbala and Maysan (57). The sample was divided by (10) sample players for the experimental (47) sample of the main experiment (create), and sample (47) as a sample for standardization. The validity of the tests and the achievement of their scientific characteristics (honesty, consistency and objectivity), as well as their ability to distinguish the sample of the research, the appropriate statistical treatments were conducted. The study reached the following conclusions: In light of the results of the study, the following conclusions were reached: 1. Two tests to measure the explosive power and the force speed according to scientific bases and steps. 2. Classes (standard modified by relay) were developed for two tests with explosive power and speed-up force with the armed arm of Foil players.


Article
Effect of water-exercises in developing some physical abilities of young football players
تأثير تدريبات بالوسط المائي في تطوير بعض القدرات البدنية للاعبي كرة القدم للناشئين

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The researcher use a new training method, which is the application of different payment exercises in the style of plaumetric against the body weight of the two young football players in a water to develop some physical variables related to this activity. The importance of the research is to highlight the importance of using these exercises in a new way to distinguish the different resistors according to the parts of the body and the speed of mobility, in which the values of resistors from the physical exercises Playmtrk used by the two men without the integration of these exercises, For all parts of the body according to its different motor paths according to skill performance (to develop explosive power) and (fast power) and the ability of the junior football players. The researcher prepared training exercises in the water by 24 training units and applied the research on (18) A young football player for the Al-Karh team, which ranged in age from 16 to 15 years, was randomly divided into two groups by 9 and 9. The tests were conducted according to the variables (age, body length, jump test and 60 meters). The tests were determined by jumping from stability and testing a 3 kg medical ball as far as possible and running 60 meters. The waterway has an effect on improving some physical abilities (strength, speed, and instantaneous strength). There has been a positive effect in improving the functioning of the muscles working in their physical and performance abilities.


Article
Impact of ballistic method of training in development of explosive ability and speed of legs and the accuracy of scoring in football halls players
تأثير منهج تدريبي بالأسلوب الباليستي في تطوير القدرة الانفجارية والمميزة بالسرعة للرجلين ودقة التهديف لدى لاعبي كرة القدم الصالات

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Explosive ability and speed characteristic of legs is one of the most important physical abilities associated with the performance of most of the skills in the game of football halls and since the modern style of play is characterized by strength and speed and the way to play in defense and attack throughout the game, so it is imperative to pay attention to developing these capabilities and using exercises to be effective In the development of this development, and after the researcher learned a lot of studies and research and through watching the Premiership it became clear that there is weakness in the explosive ability and speed characteristic of players, which reflects the cause of low and poor performance of And thus the negative impact on the outcome of the game, which is an obstacle in the performance of some skills with the speed and strength required and special skill scoring as the border between winning and loss, so the researcher considered the study of this problem through the establishment of exercises in the method of ballistic training in a standardized and using scientific means Through which the development of physical abilities (explosive ability and speed characteristic) and their impact in the development of skill scoring football clubs. The aim of the research to: 1. Preparation of a training curriculum in the form of ballistic training to develop the explosive ability and speed legs and the skill of scoring for football players. 2. Identify the explosive and distinctive speed of legs and the skill of scoring for football halls players. 3. Knowledge about impact of ballistic training method in developing explosive ability and speed of legs and skill of scoring for football players. The researcher used the experimental method. The research community defined the clubs of Al-Qasim and Al-Mahdahiyah as football clubs. The class of applicants is 28 players and a randomly selected sample of (20) players were selected and divided into two groups. The main conclusions were: 1. The training curriculum of the control group has improved the explosive capacity and speed of legs and skill of scoring for football halls players. 2. The ballistic training curriculum prepared for the experimental group had the advantage in developing the explosive ability and speed of legs and skill of scoring for football players. 3. explosive ability and speed advantage of legs have a positive impact to develop the skill of accuracy of scoring for football halls players.


Article
Effect of different feedback’s time using audiovisual aids in development of some of basic handball skills
تأثير أزمنة مختلفة للتغذية الراجعة باستخدام الوسائل السمعية والبصرية في تطوير أداء بعض المهارات الأساسية للأشبال بكرة اليد

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The learning of basic skills is the most important and difficult stage to pay attention to. Therefore, the researchers felt that the use of audiovisual aids in providing feedback to players at different times helps to reduce individual differences. Each player is different from the other in the speed of receiving the information provided by the trainer. This helps in developing the basic skills to gain time and effort. An effective tutorial used by trainers to achieve the best results. 1. recognize the impact of feedback at different times using audio and visual aids in learning some of the basic handball skills. Research hypotheses There is a positive effect of feedback’s time of in learning some of basic handball skills. The most important conclusions The use of times (10, 20, 30 seconds) to provide feedback of all kinds has a positive impact on learning the basic skills of handball and the three groups. One of the most important recommendations The need to use feedback at all times because of the direct impact in learning process.


Article
Emotional arousal and its relation to accuracy correction of jump calculated three points in basketball for young players aged 16-18 years
الاستثارة الانفعالية وعلاقتها بدقة التصويب من القفز المحتسب بثلاث نقاط بكرة السلة لللاعبين الشباب بأعمار 16- 18 سنة

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Psychologically preparation of player is necessary tasks of coach because of its role in influencing rest of preparation aspects of other player, so the nature of training and the owner of the preparation well qualified to face emotional excitement that may performance and affect the skill of team. And that the offensive skills in the game of basketball need to prepare physical and skill, both plans and psychological and this preparation must be used to serve the nature of skilled performance in basketball, and focused the problem of research that some trainers only on physical preparation, skill, plan and leave the psychological preparation and thus will lead to a malfunction in skill performance. The aim of the research is to identify the emotional arousal of young basketball players aged (16-18) years. And to identify the type of relationship between emotional arousal and the accuracy of three-point jump in basketball for young players (16-18) years. The sample of the research team players Babil province basketball youth category ages (16-18) years. The researchers reached the following conclusions: 1. possession of young basketball players excited emotional high. 2. There is an inverse relationship between the emotional arousal and accuracy of correction of basketball jump to the sample of the study.


Article
Impact of integrated strategy in the motivation of learning and the accuracy of performance handling skills and correcting football students
اثر الاستراتيجية التكاملية في دافعية التعلم ودقة اداء مهارتي المناولة والتصويب بكرة القدم للطلاب

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Teaching is the process that aims to instill educational values in the short term and to establish them in the long term, in which the transfer of experiences and knowledge from one person to another and using different methods and different methods of teaching and provide a range of activities, steps aimed at the teacher through delivery of goal to the student, or through the teacher a series of steps sequential and interrelated in order to reach the goal to them. Also rapid developments in the modern era imposed on us a vital requirement in the process of learning and education, And the importance of their role and their positive role in the educational outputs through the selection of the teacher and the use of appropriate educational means to reach the goal, the researchers noted that these lessons are presented to all students in the same way and at the same time in a manner often specific and repeated in all educational situations, without taking into account the individual differences between students and their tendencies and attitudes and desires and thus create an atmosphere of boredom and weakness of wish that drives them to learn and therefore there is a greater effort, offset by the loss of more time in learning and wasting effort together, so the goal of the current research to use researchers experimental method and the sample of the research (40) students. Students of the first stage in the Faculty of Physical Education at the University of Dhi Qar. The sample was divided into two groups with 20 students per group. The experimental group is studying the integrated strategy and the congruent group according to the strategy followed. And to use the appropriate statistical means in order to arrive at the results, analyze them and discuss them in order to know the best of these strategies in order to increase the motivation to accurately perform the skills and analyze them and discuss them according to the research objectives. The researchers found a number of conclusions, including: The use of the strategy has a direct impact on the performance of students, which led to increased motivation to learn the skills of students well. The researchers recommended the adoption of an integrated strategy in study of football schools of physical education because their positive impact in development and learning of basic skills.

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