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Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering

المجلة العراقية للهندسة الكيمياوية وهندسة النفط

ISSN: 19974884
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 2000 by the College of Engineering of the University of Baghdad. The Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering receives citations in the category of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering and relevant subjects.

Aims
The Iraqi journal of chemical and petroleum engineering is Open Access journal dedicated to publishing peer-reviewed research articles with respect to the subjects in fields of chemical and petroleum Engineering. In particular, petrochemical, biochemical, water treatment, electrochemical, petroleum and natural gas production and technology, and environment are the major interest of the journal. The journal aims to provide a free platform for the researches all over the world to share diverse types of knowledge and discuss the recent developments in the subjects related to the journal interest.

Objective
Objective of the journal is to promote the researches in the engineering subjects covered by journal to dissemination their intellectual products to the global community free of restriction. That achieves by making all of published articles available free of cost for all researcher through adopting Open Access publication model.

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Contact info

Aljadreah, Baghdad
Iraq
P.O Box: 47024
Phone: +964-1-7781506
Email: ijcpe@coeng.uobaghdad.edu.iq
ijcpe@yahoo.com

Table of content: 2018 volume:19 issue:4

Article
Biosorption of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution Using Mixed Algae
امتزاز صبغه المثيل الزرقاء من المحلول المائي باستخدام الطحالب المختلطة

Authors: Aya Abbas Najim --- Ahmed A. Mohammed
Pages: 1-11
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Abstract

A mixture of algae biomass (Chrysophyta, Cyanophyta, and Chlorophyte) has been investigated for its possible adsorption removal of cationic dyes (methylene blue, MB). Effect of pH (1-8), biosorbent dosage (0.2-2 g/100ml), agitated speed (100-300), particle size (1304-89µm), temperature (20-40˚C), initial dye concentration (20-300 mg/L), and sorption–desorption were investigated to assess the algal-dye sorption mechanism. Different pre-treatments, alkali, protonation, and CaCl2 have been experienced in order to enhance the adsorption capacity as well as the stability of the algal biomass. Equilibrium isotherm data were analyzed using Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin models. The maximum dye-sorption capacity was 26.65 mg/g at pH= 5, 250 rpm, 89µm, 25˚C, and 50 mg/L as initial concentration. Four kinetic models were tested, pseudo first order, pseudo second order, intra- particle diffusion and Elovich model. Taking into account the analysis of the (SSR and X2), the data were best fitted to Temkin isotherm model. The pseudo-second order with higher coefficient of determination fitted the data very well. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔG0, ΔH0, ΔS0, Ea and S*) at temperature ranges of 293–313 K demonstrated that biosorption is an endothermic, spontaneous reaction and higher solution temperature favors MB removal by adsorption onto algae biomass. Results show that adsorption- desorption process lasts for five cycle before losing its efficiency and the recovery efficiency increased up to 80.52%.


Article
Treatment of Waste Extract Lubricating Oil by Thermal Cracking Process to Produce Light Fractions
معالجة المتبقي من مستخلص زيوت التزييت باستخدام التكسير الحراري لإنتاج مقاطع خفيفه

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Abstract

This work deals with thermal cracking of three samples of extract lubricating oil produced as a by-product from furfural extraction process of lubricating oil base stock in AL-Dura refinery. The thermal cracking processes were carried out at a temperature range of 325-400 ºC and atmospheric pressure by batch laboratory reactor. The distillation of cracking liquid products was achieved by general ASTM distillation (ASTM D -86) for separation of gasoline fraction up to 220 ºC from light cycle oil fraction above 220 ºC. The comparison between the conversions at different operating conditions of thermal cracking processes indicates that a high conversion was obtained at 375°C, according to gasoline production. According to gasoline production, noticed that sample (3) was the best due to their high gasoline product at thermal cracking, so another distillation will occur to obtain other composition and its volume present. Gasoline and kerosene conversion was 19 % and for light cycle oil 81% for the best one (sample 3).


Article
Prediction of penetration Rate and cost with Artificial Neural Network for Alhafaya Oil Field
تخمين معدل الحفر والكلفة بواسطة الشبكة العصابية الصناعية لحقل الحلفاية النفطي

Authors: Kadhim Hmood Mnati --- Hassan Abdul Hadi
Pages: 21-27
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Abstract

Prediction of penetration rate (ROP) is important process in optimization of drilling due to its crucial role in lowering drilling operation costs. This process has complex nature due to too many interrelated factors that affected the rate of penetration, which make difficult predicting process. This paper shows a new technique of rate of penetration prediction by using artificial neural network technique. A three layers model composed of two hidden layers and output layer has built by using drilling parameters data extracted from mud logging and wire line log for Alhalfaya oil field. These drilling parameters includes mechanical (WOB, RPM), hydraulic (HIS), and travel transit time (DT). Five data set represented five formations gathered from five drilled wells were involved in modeling process.Approximatlly,85 % of these data were used for training the ANN models, and 15% to assess their accuracy and direction of stability. The results of the simulation showed good matching between the raw data and the predicted values of ROP by Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model. In addition, a good fitness was obtained in the estimation of drilling cost from ANN method when compared to the raw data.


Article
Estimating of Pore Pressure Gradient in Lower Fars Formation
تقدير تدرج الضغط المسامي في تكوين الفارس الاسفل

Authors: Neaam F. Hussain --- Faleh H. M. Al Mahdawi
Pages: 29-38
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Abstract

In petroleum industry, the early knowledge of “pore pressure gradient” is the basis in well design and the extraction of these information is more direct when the pore pressure gradient is equal to normal gradient; however, this matter will be more complex if it deviate from that limit which is called “abnormal pore pressure”, if this variable does not put in consideration, then many drilling problems will occur might lead to entire hole loss. To estimate the pore pressure gradient there are several methods, in this study; Eaton method’s is selected to extract the underground pressure program using drilling data (normalized rate of penetration) and logs data (sonic and density log). The results shows that an abnormal high pressure is observed in Lower Fars formation started from Mb5 member as a transition zone and increase gradually until reach the Mb4 member and continuous to Mb3 and Mb2 then begin to decrease from Mb1 which is consider a transition zone between high pore pressure zone and sub-pressure zone represented by Jeribe-Euphrate and Upper Kirkuk formations and back to normal pore pressure at Middle-Lower Kirkuk formation. The dc-exponent method has been selected in estimating pore pressure gradient and considers the best one compared with logs data methods.


Article
Removal Of Dissolved Cadmium Ions from Contaminated Wastewater using Raw Scrap Zero-Valent Iron And Zero Valent Aluminum as Locally Available and Inexpensive Sorbent Wastes
ازالة ايونات الكادميوم من مياه الفضلات الملوثة باستخدام مخلفات برادتي الحديد والالمنيوم الصفر التكافؤ كملوثات مازة متوفرة محليا ورخيصة

Authors: Hayder M. Rashid --- Ayad A.H. Faisal
Pages: 39-45
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Abstract

The current study was to examine the reliability and effectiveness of using most abundant, inexpensive waste in the form of scrap raw zero valent aluminum ZVAI and zero valent iron ZVI for the capture, retard, and removal of one of the most serious and hazardous heavy metals cadmium dissolved in water. Batch tests were conducted to examine contact time (0-250) min, sorbent dose (0.25-1 g ZVAI/100 mL and 2-8 g ZVI/100 mL), initial pH (3-6), pollutant concentration of 50mg/L initially, and speed of agitation (0-250) rpm . Maximum contaminant removal efficiency corresponding to (90 %) for cadmium at 250 min contact time, 1g ZVAI/ 6g ZVI sorbent mass ratio, pH 5.5, pollutant concentration of 50 mg/L initially, and 250 rpm agitation speed were obtained. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were presumed to fit the batch kinetics data for the sorption of Cd(II) onto ZVAI and/or ZVI and found that Langmuir (I) was the most representative model type with coefficient of determination R2 greater than 0.9115. Kinetics data for the sorption of Cd(II) onto ZVAI/ZVI mixture and due to the good agreement between the fitted and the experimental results; the data was found to obey the pseudo second order model. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for the ZVI and ZVAI was conducted before and after the sorbent-liquid reaction and revealed distinct morphological changes in the sorbent surface due to the contaminant saturation and pore channel blockages that ceased the sorption process.

Keywords

Cadmium --- ZVI --- ZVAI --- Langmuir --- SEM --- Equilibrium


Article
Analysis of Stuck Pipe Incidents in Khabaz Field
تحليل إستعصاء أنابيب الحفر في حقل خباز النفطي

Authors: Nazaneen Said Amin --- Ayad A.Alhaleem
Pages: 47-53
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Abstract

There are many events which causes nonproductive time (NPT) in the drilling industry. The mostly effective in this NPT is pipe sticking event. A considerable amount of time and resources can be spent in efforts to free a stuck pipe. In addition, Unsuccessful fishing operations results in costly alternatives including side-tracking. The drilling in Khabaz oil field poses many operational challenges among of them stuck pipe , lost circulation, flow of salt water during drilling, and hole caving. Stuck pipe can be considered the quite difficult problem in Khabaz oil field due to associated incidents which lead to NPT activities. Well Khabaz -34 was selected to study the problem of stuck pipe in this field. An analysis of stuck pipe events was made by using the graphical analysis software Easy View. The results were then discussed to identify the causes of stuck pipe. Finally, recommendation to select proper type /drilling fluid rheology properties, optimize casing seat design to reduce probability of stuck pipe.

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