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Article
A Histological study of Ureter in the Local Mature Goats in Holy Karbala Slaughter house
دراسة نسيجية للحالب في الماعز المحلي البالغ في مجزرة محافظة كربلاء

Author: Asst.Instructor. Muhammed Wisam Haider م.م محمد وسام حيدر المحنّا
Journal: KARBALĀʾ HERITAGE Quarterly Authorized Journal Specialized in Karbalāʾ Heritage مجلة تراث كربلاء ISSN: 23125489 24103292 Year: 2015 Volume: 2 Issue: 4 Pages: 190-198
Publisher: Shiite Endowment ديوان الوقف الشيعي

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Abstract

AbstractThe present study was conducted on (20) of mature malegoats (one year and half old) from ablotoir of boly of Karbalagovernment، The present study revealed that the ureterwas composed of three histological layers Mucosa lined bytransitional epithelium supported by lamina properia from themucosal layer many folds which extended the second layerwas muscular layer which consisted of smooth muscle fibersbundles، arrangement in circular form. So the third histologicallayer of goat ureter was represented by adventitia thatconsisted of collagenous and elastic fibers bundles that formthe outer layer of ureter. The present study revealed that theureter wall in local goats through histological examination arehomologous in all investigated by internal layer of transitionalepithelium supported by lamina propria and muscular layersurrounded by tunica adventitia، This study proved to be thefirst conducted locally .

م.م محمد و


Article
The killing ،Attractive and Repellent Impact of Some Plant Powders on carpet moth (Tineola bisselliella) in Holy Kerbala (Al-Hussaini Holy Shrine)
التأثير القاتل والجاذب والطارد لبعض المساحيق النباتية ليرقات عثة السجاد (Tineola bisselliella) في كربلاء المقدسة (العتبة الحسينية)

Author: Asst. Instructor. Lina Qasim Idan Al-Kinany م.م.لينا قاسم عيدان الكناني
Journal: KARBALĀʾ HERITAGE Quarterly Authorized Journal Specialized in Karbalāʾ Heritage مجلة تراث كربلاء ISSN: 23125489 24103292 Year: 2015 Volume: 2 Issue: 4 Pages: 201-221
Publisher: Shiite Endowment ديوان الوقف الشيعي

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Abstract

AbstractThe moth carpet pests (Tineola bisselliella) seriously attack carpetsin the stores and their larvae cause damage. Due to the lack of studieson this insect and the method of control and spread dramaticallyin the carpet stores this study was conducted. This study includedknowing the impact of the deadly powder of three medicinal plantssuch as seed powder black pepper Piper nigrum powder ،tobacco leafNicotianatabacu powder and lavender flowers Lavandula sp. Influenceand knowledge of attracting and extruder plants mentioned، wereused as powders (black pepper، tobacco، lavender) with three volumeseach (3، 5، 7) g and treated larval harmful insect and compared withthe control treatment. The results showed that powders plant used inthe study outweigh the tobacco powder on the rest of the powders inquantities of the three، as the superiority of tobacco powder when thequantity 3 g morally and gave the rate stood at 4.5 larvae on each ofblack pepper and lavender as the number of larvae dead for each ofthe two 4.167 larvae، and the results showed quantitative 5 g outweightobacco powder morally and gave the rate stood at 4.5 larvae while theaverage number of larvae dead each of black pepper and lavender،respectively (4.167،4.333 larvae)، while the results of quantitative 7g outweigh the tobacco powder morally and gave the rate stood at5 while the average number of dead insects per black pepper andlavender، respectively (2.667،4.333 larvae). While the results showedattraction and expulsion of the powders of the three (black pepper،tobacco، lavender) that tobacco has a repellent effect on the larvae ofinsect mites، ahead of all of Alkmetin (5،3) g evenly on the quantity 7 g،and record the highest repellent effect when the quantity 3 grams ofpowder lavender Tlha quantity 7 g، while the lowest rate was expelled .

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Article
The Effect of Harmel peganum and Eucalyptus Extracts on Microscopic Biologisms (Bacteria) causing Pyorrhea and Teeth Inflammation Diagnosed (Detected ) by X-ray in the Holy karbala province .
تأثير مستخلصات نبات الحرمل والايوكالبتوز في الاحياء المجهرية (البتكريا) المسببة لالتهاب اللثة والاسنان والمشخصة X-ray في محافظة كربلاء

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Abstract

AbstractA study was conducted to investigate the microscopic biologisms(bacteria) causing pyorrhea and teeth inflammation diagnosed byX-ray. A sample of inflammed teeth and gum anointment (touch)after being diagnosed by the X-ray for patients of the private clinicsin the holy Karbala province for the period February،2010-December،2011،231 samples were investigated with being aware whether suchpatients had taken any antibiotic or not.Investigations were carriedout by macroscopic (ocular) and X-ray investigations.The teeth samples were investigated using the direct anointment(touch) method with isolating the bacteria causing pyorrhea and teethinflammation by agricultural milieu .Thy study showed that there were some types of bacteria isolatedfrom the gum and the teeth ; these were as follows :Streptococcus pyogen. Staphylococcus spp. Proteus vulgaris.The study also showed that the extract of the mixture of harmelpeganum and eucalypus had an effect on the bacteria which causedpyorrhea and teeth inflammation and the concentration of 1000mg of the mixture had more effect on the isolated bacteria and thencomes the aquatic extract of the eucalyptus. The harmel peganumextract had the least effect on the isolated bacteria causing pyorrheaand teeth inflammation .Bases on the statistical test using X2 it was noticed that therewere abstract differences (under the level 0،01 and 0،05 ) equal to adiametre of the inhibitive area of the isolated bacteria which causedpyorrhea and teeth inflammation with the different concentrations ofthe botanical and aquatic extracts .

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Article
Molecular characterization of Beta- thalassemia Mutations in Holy Karbala
الكشف الجزيئي عن الطفرات المسببة لفقر الدم البحري (بيتا) في كربلاء المقدسة

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Abstract

AbstractBeta- thalassemia is autosomal recessive disease that spread inhigh percentages around the world. the importance of the presentstudy was in evaluating the disease in holy Kerbala، Iraq using moleculartechniques.A total of 36 of blood samples were collected from beta- thalassemiamajor patients، 20 samples intermedia thalassemic patients fromthalassemia center- AL-Hussain medical city in holy Kerbalagovernorate، and 20 samples from apparently healthy individuals as acontrol group.The DNA molecules were extracted from all samples for molecularcharacterization of four β- thalassemia mutations are [IVS1-110(G>C)،CD8/9(+G)،-87(C>G)،CD41/42(-TCTT)] using PCR basedtechnique called Amplification Refractory Mutation System (ARMS).The results revealed that IVS1-110 is the common mutation70%) in the studied samples، the CD8/9(+G) mutation was ) 14diagnosed for first time in holy Kerbala 2(10%)، the -87(C>G) wasdiagnosed for the first time in Iraq in percentage 4(20%) and finally theCD 41/42 was not diagnosed in the studied samples.Geographical distribution of diagnosed mutations were studied thedistribution of mutations within Kerbala regions، the results showedthat the city center was more affected with diagnosed mutations.Finally، results also revealed that heterozygotes were the moregenotypic patterns 20(74.07%) of mutations in comparison withhomozygotes with were 5(18.52%)، and the compound cases were2(7.41%) of studied mutations.Key words: Thalassemia، ARMS-PCR، Mutations، IVS1-110(G>C)،CD8/9(+G)،-87(C>G)،CD41/42(-TCTT)، Kerbala.

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Article
Investigation of some aquatic snails infection with digenean larvae, in Alheinadah creek / holy city of Karbala
التحري عن اصابة بعض القواقع المائية بطفيليات ثنائية المنشأ في جدول الهنيدية/ مدينة كربلاء المقدسة

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Abstract

AbstractThis study was conductedto investigate the snail infectionwith digenean larvae، in Alheinadah creek in the holy city ofKarbala. 1112 of the snail Melanopsisnodosa and 604 fromMelanoidestuberculata and 423. Lymenaeaauricularia. wereexamined. The results showed that different rates of infectionwith digenean larvae from snail to another was the highestpercentage of infectin in M.nodosa 707 (63.58%)، while thelowest infection in Lymenaeaauricularia 89 (21.04%). Tentypes of Cercariae isolated from snails mentioned above andas follows: Cercariae number (1،4،6،9،10) of M.nodosa، eitherCercariae number (2،6،7،10) of M. tuberculata while Cercariaenumber (3،5،8) of L. auricularia. The results revealed jointinfections of certain different types of snails for such infectionCercariae number (6.10) in each of the M.nodosa andM.tuberculata.

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Article
Detection of Anatomical variations in mandibular canal and its relation to the mental foramen using Panoramic Radiography in holy karbala

Author: Asst. Instructor. Sameer H. Abdul Haleem
Journal: KARBALĀʾ HERITAGE Quarterly Authorized Journal Specialized in Karbalāʾ Heritage مجلة تراث كربلاء ISSN: 23125489 24103292 Year: 2015 Volume: 2 Issue: 4 Pages: 18-31
Publisher: Shiite Endowment ديوان الوقف الشيعي

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Abstract

Abstract:Objective : The purpose of the present study is to detect theanatomical variations in mandibular canal and its relation to themental foramen using panoramic radiograph at Kerbala provinceMaterial and Methods: The visibility of mandibular canalaccording to the age and gender & the relation betweenthe mandibular canal and the mental foramen on panoramicradiography in 266 samples panoramic images of Iraqi subjectswere evaluated carefully and the radiographic finding wasrecorded when identified .Literature was selected through asearch of PubMed.Keywords used for search were mandibularcanal, mental foramen, and panoramic radiography.Results: For the whole sample (266) radiographs , we foundthat there are (130) visible which represent (48.87 %) of thesample; also( 101) radiographs appear moderately visible whichrepresent (37.96 % )of the sample while the poor visibility foundin(31) of the sample which represent (11.65 %)of the sample,and only (4) radiographs the mandibular canal was invisiblethat represent (1.5 % ) of the whole sample for the relation ofthe canal to the mental foramen found that (139) of the sampleshows that the mandibular canal appear separated from themental foramen that represent (52.25%) of the sample , and thecontinuous form found in(104)radiographs , that represent(39.09% ) of the sample .the diffuse form of the mandibular canal foundin (19)radiographs represent( 7.14 %) of the sample ,only in (4)radiographs the mandibular canal was not identified (1.5 %) ofthe sample.Conclusions: Examination of the mandibular canal is veryimportant specially in implant therapy and other surgicaloperations carried in the posterior mandible; Recognition ofthese variations is important in preventing the intra and postOperative complications in certain dental procedures.Keywords:mandibular canal; mental foramen; panoramicradiography; dental implants.

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Article
Design and Implementation of Iraqi Virtual Library
تصميم وتنفيذ المكتبة العراقية الافتراضية

Authors: Jalal B. Raouf جلال باسم رؤوف --- Mohammed Najm Abdulla محمد نجم عبد الله --- Bahaa I. Kazem بهاء ابراهيم كاظم
Journal: Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal مجلة الخوارزمي الهندسية ISSN: 18181171 23120789 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 4 Pages: 52-61
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

In developing countries, individual students and researchers are not able to afford the high price of the subscription to the international publishers, like JSTOR, ELSEVIER,…; therefore the governments and/or universities of those countries aim to purchase one global subscription to the international publishers to provide their educational resources at a cheaper price, or even freely, to all students and researchers of those institutions. For realizing this concept, we must build a system that sits between the publishers and the users (students or researchers) and act as a gatekeeper and a director of information: this system must register its users and must have an adequate security to ensure that only the affiliated students are able to access its services. It also needs to have security and trust mechanisms built-in for commercial partners to accept their connections. This paper describes the work done on the design and implementation of the IVL (Iraqi Virtual Library).

في الدول النامية لايتمكن اغلب الطلاب والباحثين من تحمل التكاليف الباهضة للتسجيل في دور النشر العالمية مثل (JSTOR, ELSEVIER) من اجل الحصول على المصادر العلمية الموجوده فيها. لهذا تسعى حكومات وجامعات هذه الدول من اجل الحصول على تسجيل جماعي لطلابها وباحثيها في دور النشر العالمية ليتمكنوا من الحصول على المصادر العلمية مجانا او باسعار مخفضة. لتحقيق هذا المسعى فان ذلك يتطلب بناء نظام يكون موقعة بين دار النشر و المستخدم (الطالب او الباحث) ويعمل هذا النظام كبوابة و موجة للمعلومات, ويجب ان بقوم هذا النظام بتسجيل المستخدمين كما يجب ان يحتوي على نظام امني موثوق لكي يضمن ان تكون خدمات النظام متاحة فقط للطلاب والباحثين التابعين لتلك الجامعة. يطلق على هذا النظام اسم المكتبة الافتراضية. هذا العمل يركز على تصميم المكتبة العراقية الافتراضية.


Article
The Effect of Using PDEODE Strategy on the Achievement and Science Operations in Science for the Students of First
اثر استخدام استرتيجية بديودي على التحصيل و عمليات العلم في مادة العلوم لدى طالبات الصف الأول متوسط

Author: Amal Mahdi Jabur أمل مهدي جبر
Journal: Psychological Science العلوم النفسية ISSN: 1816/1970 Year: 2018 Issue: 28 Pages: 229-270
Publisher: Ministry of higher education and scientific research وزارة التعليم العالي والبحث العلمي

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Abstract

The current research aims to identify the effect of using PDEODE strategy on achievement and the enhancement of science operations. The sample of the study consisted of randomly chosen (88) female students divided into two groups. The researcher matched between the two groups in age, previous achievement and intelligence test and the testing of science operations. The experiment lasted for 8 weeks. The experimental group was taught by using PDEODE strategy, whereas the control group was taught by using the traditional method. At the end of the experiment the two research tools were applied on the two groups .The results were analysed by using the T-test for two independent samples of equal number and Pearson correlation coefficient .The results of the study were as follows: 1-There were statistically significant differences for the experimental group that were taught by using PDEODE strategy according to the achievement variable;2- There were statistically significant differences for the experimental group that were taught by using PDEODE strategy according to the science operations variable.

هدفت الدراسة الحالية الى معرفة أثر استخدام إستراتيجية بديودي على التحصيل وتنمية عمليات العلم وتكونت عينة البحث من (88) طالبة وقد تم اختيارهن بطريقة عشوائي . وكافأت الباحثة بين مجموعتي البحث في العمر الزمني واختبار التحصيل السابق والذكاء اختبار عمليات العلم .طبقت التجربة التي استمرت (8) أسبوعا وخضعت المجموعة التجريبية إلى التدريس باستخدام إستراتيجية بديودي إما المجموعة الضابطة فقد تم تدريسها بالطريقة التقليدية وفي نهاية التجربة تم تطبيق أداتي البحث على المجموعتين وحللت النتائج باستعمال الوسائل الإحصائية المناسبة من الاختبار التائي لعينتين مستقلتين متساويتين بالعدد ومعامل ارتباط بيرسون وقد أسفرت الدراسة عن النتائج الآتية 1-توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية لصالح المجموعة التجريبية التي درست باستخدام إستراتيجية بديودي حسب متغير التحصيل الدراسي . 2-توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية لصالح المجموعة التجريبية التي درست باستخدام إستراتيجية بديودي حسب متغير عمليات العلم .


Article
Derivationof Mathematical Equations to Calculate the Geographical Coordinates ofUnknown Position SituatedataDistance from the Observer Position Using GPS Data
اشتقاق معادلات رياضية لحسابالإحداثيات الجغرافية لموقع مجهول موضوع بمسافة عن موقع الراصد باستعمال بيانات GPS

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Abstract

This research introduced the derivation of mathematical equationsto calculate the Cartesian and geographical coordinates of a site situated at a far distance from the observer position by using GPS data.The geographical coordinates (obs.,  obs.,hobs.) for observer position were transformed to Cartesiancoordinates(X obs., Y obs., Z obs.) of observer position itself.Then the Cartesian coordinates of unknown position mathematicallywere calculated from these calculated equations, and its transformedto geographical coordinates of (unk.,unk.)position.

قدم البحثاشتقاق معادلات رياضية لحساب الإحداثيات الديكارتية والجغرافية لموقع مجهول الإحداثيات بعيد عن موقع الراصد وذلك باستعمال بيانات GPS. اذ حولت الإحداثيات الجغرافية (hobs.,obs., obs) لموقع الراصد إلى إحداثيات ديكارتية(Yobs,Zobs. ,Xobs) لموقع الراصد نفسه.بعد ذلك حسبت الإحداثيات الديكارتية للموقع المجهول ((Xunk.,.Yunk., Zunk مـــن خــــلال المعــادلات المحسوبة،ومن ثم تحويلها إلى إحداثيات جغرافية للموقع(unk., unk.).


Article
Relationship perceived competence to perform straight punch to the students of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science
علاقة الكفاءة المدركة بأداء اللكمة المستقيمة لطلاب كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة

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Abstract

Characterized by sport and its appearance within one manifestation of the progress of societies and their interest in building a human, and to search the properties and variables of perceived competence and skill of the straight punch.The problem manifested itself in the search to identify the perceived efficiency and performance of the straight punch, and the message also aimed to:1. identification of the perceived level of efficiency and performance of the straight punch to the second phase of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science students.2. to identify the correlation between the perceived efficiency and punch straight to the second phase of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science students.The areas of research have included the human field on the second phase students Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science and Wasit University, has been conducting the test and the preparation and application of the scale within the courts and halls of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science University of Wasit. The researchers used the descriptive survey style and relations connectivity and predictive while included research community on the second phase of the Faculty of Physical Education students and sports science Wasit University's (113) exploratory sample (15) students and the number of main the respondents (98) student, in order to achieve the objectives of the study Researcher sought to prepare the perceived efficiency measure in accordance with the scientific foundations and steps, using statistical Pouch (SPSS) with some statistical laws in the processing of data and extract the results.Data were presented, analyzed and discussed through what was produced by statistical treatments that enable the researcher to achieve the goals of the research and test his hypothesis. And he has reached several conclusions and recommendations including: -1. There is a positive relationship between the perceived efficiency and boxing punch straight to the second stage students of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science University of Wasit.2. devise predictive equation for skill straight punch in terms of the perceived competence of the second phase of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science students Wasit University.Based on these results, the researcher recommended the following:1. the perceived need for efficient development of the students of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science and players of boxing because of its high correlation in the performance of the skill of the straight punch.2. Use of equations to predict the performance of a skill straight punch to the students of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science.

تتميز الرياضة وظهورها ضمن احدى مظاهر تقدم ورقي المجتمعات واهتمامها ببناء الانسان, والى خصائص ومتغيرات البحث المتمثلة بالكفاءة المدركة ومهارة اللكمة المستقيمة.وتجلت مشكلة البحث في التعرف على الكفاءة المدركة واداء اللكمة المستقيمة, وكما هدفت الرسالة الى:1-التعرف على مستوى الكفاءة المدركة واداء اللكمة المستقيمة لدى طلاب المرحلة الثانية كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة.2-التعرف على العلاقة الارتباطية بين الكفاءة المدركة واللكمة المستقيمة لدى طلاب المرحلة الثانية كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة.اما مجالات البحث فقد شمل المجال البشري على طلاب المرحلة الثانية كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة جامعة واسط, وقد تم اجراء الاختبار واعداد وتطبيق المقياس ضمن ملاعب وقاعات كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة جامعة واسط. ولقد استخدم الباحث المنهج الوصفي بأسلوب المسحي والعلاقات الارتباطية والتنبؤية في حين اشتمل مجتمع البحث على طلاب المرحلة الثانية كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة جامعة واسط والبالغ عددهم(113) العينة الاستطلاعية(15) طالب وعدد افراد العينة الرئيسية(98) طالب, وبغية تحقيق اهداف الدراسة سعى الباحث الى اعداد مقياس الكفاءة المدركة وفق اسس وخطوات علمية, مستخدما الحقيبة الاحصائية(spss) مع بعض القوانين الاحصائية في معالجة البيانات واستخراج النتائج.وتم عرض البيانات وتحليلها ومناقشتها من خلال ما افرزته المعالجات الاحصائية التي تمكن الباحث من تحقيق اهداف البحث واختبار فرضيته. وعليه فقد توصل الى عدة استنتاجات وتوصيات اهمها:-1-هناك علاقة موجبة بين الكفاءة المدركة ومهار اللكمة المستقيمة بالملاكمة لدى طلاب المرحلة الثانية كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة جامعة واسط.2-استنباط معادلة تنبؤيه لمهارة اللكمة المستقيمة بدلالة الكفاءة المدركة لدى طلاب المرحلة الثانية كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة جامعة واسط.وبناء على هذه النتائج، أوصى الباحث بما يلي:1-ضرورة تنمية الكفاءة المدركة لدى طلاب كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة ولاعبي الملاكمة لما لها من علاقة ارتباطية عالية في اداء مهارة اللكمة المستقيمة.2-استخدام المعادلات للتنبؤ بأداء مهارة اللكمة المستقيمة لدى طلاب كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة.

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