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Article
A Profile on Health‑Care Services for Old in Baghdad

Authors: Esraa Tariq --- Riyadh Lafta
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2018 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 52-56
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: The world is aging with people living longer and fewer children being born; the number of old people is increasing, and thusthe aging of populations demands a comprehensive public health response. Objective: The objective of this study was to shed light on thehealth‑care services for old people in age‑friendly primary health‑care centers (PHCCs) in Baghdad city in respect with its availability,accessibility, and utilization. Methods: This is a descriptive cross‑sectional study that was conducted in 22 age‑friendly PHCCs in Baghdad.The evaluation was based on the WHO age‑friendly PHCCs toolkit. The checklist comprises a list of questions related to clinical services.Results: Wheelchairs were present in 100% of the centers, 85.7% of centers in Al‑Karkh and 62.5% of centers in Al‑Russafa have clearemergency exits, and all the centers have essential equipment and investigations. Free services for the elderly were not present in any of thecenters; the referral system was weak with no feedback. Computerized health information system was present in only quarter of the centers.Conclusion: All the age‑friendly PHCCs lack a special unit for the elderly. Most of the centers do not have a suitable source of drinking water. There are some criteria that comply with the WHO instructions, but there are other essential services that should be available to improve the health services and utilization of these services.


Article
Inpatients’ satisfaction toward nursing services in the medical and surgical wards of Rizgary Teaching Hospital, Erbil, Iraq
رضا المرضى عن الخدمات التمريضية في الأجنحة الطبية والجراحية في مستشفى رزكاري التعليمي، أربيل، العراق

Author: Namir Ghanim Al-Tawil Ibrahim Hassan Mustafa
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 1349-1355
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Patients’ satisfaction toward nursing care is an important indicator of the quality of nursing services. This study aimed to assess patients' satisfaction with nursing services provided in Rizgary Teaching Hospital and to find out the factors that are associated with levels of satisfaction. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Rizgary Teaching Hospital in Erbil city, starting from January 17th, 2014 to March 11th, 2015. A convenience sampling method was used to recruit 200 patients (100 males and 100 females) from medical and surgical wards. Patients aged ≥15 years, who were admitted to medical and surgical wards for ≥48 hours were included. A structured questionnaire designed by researchers was completed through direct interview. Chi-square test of association (or Fisher’s exact test) was used to compare proportions. A P value of ≤0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The study showed that 40.5% of patients were highly satisfied with the nursing services, only 20.9% of those with secondary education or higher were highly satisfied (P = 0.005), and 80% of those with high income were highly satisfied (P = 0.001). There was no significant association between patients' satisfaction and patients’ age, marital status, occupation, residence, the length of stay, and type of ward. A relatively poor rate of satisfaction (20.5%) was observed regarding the information provided by nurses before the medical care or drug administration. Conclusions: Less educated patients were more satisfied with nursing services. The majority of patients were unsatisfied with the information provided by nurses before medical care or drug administration.


Article
Utilization of Antenatal Care in Primary Health Centers in Mosul City
استخدام الرعاية الصحية ما قبل الولادة في مراكز الرعاية الصحية الأولية بمدينة الموصل

Author: Thanoon Mohammed Thanoon ذنون محمد ذنون
Journal: Mosul Journal of Nursing مجلة الموصل للتمريض ISSN: 23118784/26630311 Year: 2015 Volume: 3 Issue: 2 Pages: 103-108
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Background and aim: most women enter pregnancy period in apparent good health and achieve a normal pregnancy, and birth without complications. For a few women, however, suffer in the course of the pregnancy for reasons that are usually unclear antenatal care aims at preventing complications. The study aims to utilize health care services for pregnant women in primary health centers.Materials and method: a cross sectional study was conducted and adopted in Al - Quds and Al – Hadbaa' primary health care centers, the data started to be gathered from 1st of Jan 2010 - 10th March 2011. To achieve the adjectives of the study, Accidently sample consist from (400) pregnant women were selected, the data were collected through using constructed checklistwhich consist from four parts ,the first is dealing with the pregnant information registration that include (5 item) , the second part is related to laboratory test which consist of (12 item), while the third part is about health education which include (13 items) and finally the last part is dealing with high risk problem that consist of (8 items). The validity and reliability test was done to ensure the consistency of study tool which the correlation coefficient is (86.4) with standard deviation about ( 0.43).Results: the results of the study indicated the health services that introduce to pregnant women who attending to primary health care centers is applied in these centers ,the implementation of chart is highly performance with some variance of some result that related to investigation property and availability, finally the differences between two centers show significance by the health education in dealing with risk factor.Conclusion: the present study concluded that there is a good implementing almost all aspects of the pregnant women health services management.Recommendation: the researcher can conclude that the utilization of the pregnant women chart and application in strict way had the high impact on preventing pre and antenatal problem in pregnancy and training practice on it.Keywords: pregnant women, health services, primary health care centers

خلفية البحث والأهداف: معظم النساء يدخلون فترة الحمل في صحة جيدة واضحة وتحقق الحمل الطبيعي، والولادة من دون مضاعفات. الا أن قلة من النساء يعانين أثناء الحمل لأسباب غالبا ما تكون بسبب قلة الرعاية السابقة للولادة والتي تهدف إلى منع حدوث تلك المضاعفات. تهدف الدراسة إلى تقييم الاستفادة من خدمات الرعاية الصحية للنساء الحوامل في مراكز الرعاية الصحية الأولية .منهجية البحث: أجريت دارسة مقطعية في مراكز الرعاية الصحية الأولية مركز القدس ومركز الحدباء في مدينة الموصل، وتم جمع البيانات من 1كانون الثاني 2010إلى 10أذار2011. ولتحقيق هدف الدراسة،تم جمع البيانات من خلال استخدام قائمة تدقيق الخدمات الصحية وتكونت من أربعة أجزاء، الجزء الأول هو تسجيل المعلومات عن الحوامل وتتضمن(5) بنود، أما الجزء الثاني فيتعلق بالاختبارات والفحوصات المختبرية (12) مادة، أما الجزء الثالث فيتعلق بالتثقيف الصحي والذي يتضمن(13) مادة وأخيرا الجزء الأخير ويتناول المشاكل عالية الخطورة وتكون من (8) فقرات. و تم إجراء اختبار الصلاحية والموثوقية ولضمان اتساق أداة الدراسة وبلغ معامل الارتباط (86.4) النتائج: أشارت نتائج الدراسة إلى أن الخدمات الصحية التي تقدم للحوامل اللواتي يراجعن مراكز الرعاية الصحية الأولية تطبق في هذه المراكز، حيث أن اشار الرسم البياني الى أداء عالي مع بعض التباين في بعض النتائج ، وأخيرا تظهر النتائج وجود بعض الاختلافات بين المركزين ويعود ذلك الى أهمية التثقيف الصحي في التعامل مع عوامل الخطورة.الاستنتاجات: خلصت الدراسة الحالية إلى وجود تطبيق جيد لجميع جوانب الرعاية الصحية للنساء الحوامل في مراكز الرعاية الصحية


Article
The Shortest Path to the Health Services in Baghdad Using the Improved Dijkstra Algorithm on mobile device
الطريق الاقصر للخدمات الصحيه في بغداد باستخدام خوارزميه دايكسترا المحسنه على جهاز الموبايل

Authors: Dena Kadhim Muhsen دينا كاظم محسن --- Rihab Flaih Hassan رحاب فليح حسن
Journal: JOURNAL OF MADENAT ALELEM COLLEGE مجلة كلية مدينة العلم الجامعة ISSN: 2073,2295 Year: 2019 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 132-146
Publisher: City College of Science University كلية مدينة العلم الجامعة

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Abstract

Shortest path problem is very significant in the study of transportation and communication network. Travelling is important part of daily life. Therefore the optimal shortest path (SP) to the particular destination becomes inevitable to reduce costs, losses in productivity, pollutions, and risks etc. An appropriate algorithm is used to find the shortest path between two known vertices is Dijkstra’s algorithm which is submitted by the famous Dutch computer scientist Edsger W. Dijkstra, which was recognized as the optimal algorithm that can be applied to obtain the shortest path from a vertex (node) to any other vertex. In this paper design an android application based on improved Dijkstra algorithm which used constraint function and develop this algorithm by using priority queue and determine the source by GPS .This Application assist to find the shortest path to hospital from user location, time, distance, all hospital information related (like hospital name, contact number, e-mail, and specialization). It is helpful in terms of reducing transition time, effort, and cost. Android mobile's application considered as a guide for users toward the hospitals in Karada region from many locations within Baghdad city.

مشكلة المسار الاقصر جدا مهمه في دراسة التنقل وشبكة الاتصالات. التنقل هو جزء مهم في حياتنا اليوميه. لذلك السبب, اصبح المسار الاقصر الامثل لهدف معين لا مفر منه لتقليل الكلف , الخسائر بالانتاج , التلوث,والمخاطر ...الخ. الخوارزميه الملائمه لايجاد المسار الاقصر بين قمم او عقد معروفه هي خوارزميه الدايكسترا و التي قدمت من قبل عالم الحاسوب الهولندي المشهور اديسكير والذي عرفها كافضل خوارزميه التي من الممكن تطبيقها لايجاد المسار الاقصرمن عقده الى اي عقده اخرى . في هذا البحث تم تصميم تطبيق اندرويد يعتمد على خوارزميه دايكسترا المحسنه التي تستخدم الداله الشرطيه وتطوير هذه الخوارزميه باستخدام الطابور المعتمد على الاولويه وتحديد المصدر بواسطه GPS . التطبيق يساعد في ايجاد الطريق الاقصر الى المستشفى من موقع المستخدم ،الوقت ,المسافة ، وجميع المعلومات المتعلقة بالمستشفى (مثل اسم المستشفى، ورقم الهاتف، البريد الألكتروني، والتخصصات)، مفيد من حيث التقليل من وقت التنقل، الجهد، والتكلفة. يعتبر هذا التطبيق دليلا للمستخدمين للتوجه نحو المستشفيات في منطقة الكراده من مواقع عديده داخل مدينه بغداد.

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