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Article
Classify the level of using Computers in Construction Companies of Iraq
تصنيف مستوى استخدام أجهزة الكمبيوتر في شركات البناء في العراق

Author: HASSAN ISSA ABDUL-KAREEM حسن عيسى عبد الكريم
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Information Technology المجلة العراقية لتكنولوجيا المعلومات ISSN: 19948638/26640600 Year: 2017 Volume: 7 Issue: 3 اللغة الانكليزية Pages: 31-43
Publisher: iraqi association of information الجمعية العراقية لتكنولوجيا المعلومات

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Abstract

Large amount of documents and information generated in construction work imposes the need for using computers, therefore, the construction management under the pressure of using the newest applications and technologies of computes. This study conducted to classify the level of using computers in construction work of Iraqi construction companies. The current research adopted the questionnaire survey as a method of quantitative study. 150 questionnaire forms have been distributed. Within six months, the incomplete questionnaire forms have been ignored, thus only 80 collected completed and usable data. However, the responding rate is about 53% which represents more than half of the respondents. The research revealed that all the construction works in construction companies depending on computers for documentation and applying engineering software, but not all of them having internal network. However, good percentage of construction works established with assistance of internet network. Accordingly, it is possible to classify the level of using computers in construction work of construction companies at full use of computers (basic and applications) with internet applications.

كمية كبيرة من الوثائق والمعلومات التي يتم إنشاؤها في أعمال البناء تفرض الحاجة لاستخدام الكمبيوتر، وبالتالي فإن إدارة الإنشاءات تحت ضغط باستخدام أحدث التطبيقات والتقنيات. تهدف هذه الدراسة تصنيف مستوى استخدام الكمبيوتر في أعمال البناء في شركات المقاولات العراقية. اعتمد البحث الحالي الاستبيان كوسيلة من وسائل الدراسة الكمية. تم توزيع 150 استمارة استبيان خلال ستة أشهر، تم اهمال الاستمارات غير مكتملة، وبالتالي 80 استمارة فقط من الاستمارات التي تم جمعها كانت كاملة وبياناتها قابلة للاستخدام. على اية حال، معدل الاستجابة حوالي 53٪ وهو ما يمثل أكثر من نصف المستبينين. كشف البحث أن جميع أعمال البناء في شركات البناء تعتمد على أجهزة الكمبيوتر للتوثيق وتستخدم البرامج الهندسية، ولكن ليس جميعها تستخدم شبكة داخلية. على كل حال، نسبة جيدة من أعمال البناء تستند على استخدام الإنترنت. وفقا لذلك، من الممكن تصنيف مستوى استخدام الكمبيوتر في أعمال البناء لشركات البناء بالاستفادة الكاملة من أجهزة الكمبيوتر (الأساسية والتطبيقات) مع تطبيقات الإنترنت.


Article
Comparative Study of Computer Vision Syndrome and Smart Devices among the Employers and Students in College of College of health and Medical Technique of University of Al -Furat Al-Awsat Techniques. Kufa

Authors: Shukria shadhan chyada --- Atheer Hussein zyara --- Saad Saleem Raheem --- Ahmed Takleef Al-Hasanid
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2018 Volume: 26 Issue: 8 Pages: 29-40
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Objectives Survey about numbers of students and employers that they were influenced by recurrent using of computers and smart devices, in addition to that, the comparative study performing by knowing of relation ship with different and effect on them. Materials And Methods This study was executed on individuals of students and emploees during 1 year only (from January 1st 2016 to August 15th 2017) in the college of Health and Medical Technology /kufa in province of Al-Najaf . It is included the relation between frequent using of computers and smart devices and other risk factor. Results The results shown significant differences in student’s users of computers and smart devices in which there were little numbers of visions influencing among them in different ages and genders. Utilizing for long periods during days in different purposes yet didnt have greater effect on users in case of computer vision syndrome according to the employer’s users. Since the preparation of students were having medical glass in male and female and the letter has rates more than the male. In other hand the ages at about (24-32) the using of computers and smart devices was, and the more risk factors among all of them had have greater rates of correlation with the glass wearing in a group of students that they have eye allergy in comparison with the time user. Also these results were shown the superiority of male in comparison with female in using these devices So, from the results mentioned above the convergence in numbers of students that they have vision affects due to employing of these devices in such of ages about [(19-23), (24-32)] in male and female, but the first ages have slightly higher rates than other)] by percentage (50%) of the students that suffer from computer vision syndrome from all proportion, whereas 2nd group of another ages has low significant differences in comparison with previous by the percentage closely (36.36%). The employer’s users of computer and smart devices have significant differences (p< 0.05) from the previous results, where it was noticed large numbers of users suffer from problems in their vision due to profuse utilization for long periods of these advices. At the ages (31-40) using for different purposes whether (science, entertaining or both of them) has close correlation with hitting of employers by vision syndrome, where this factor has significant differences in comparison with other risks (p<0.05), while utilizing of these devices under different lights numbers appeared affect lower than it , also these results were shown no significant differences with regard to employer’s users that they were utilized optical glass after they had using these devices, also effect of this factor ( light numbers) on the putting of eyeglass and presence of significant differences (p<0.05) in comparison with the individuals of users that laying screen protection . We found significant differences (p< 0.05) in numbers of employers were wearing eyeglass after utilizing these appliances and these demonstrate the vulnerability of devices users and the percentage was (58.14%). Conclusions : Using of computers and smart devices of students more than employers. Appearing different enfluencing of eye glass wearing of students and employers that utilizing different computers and smart devices with some of risk factors according to others. It is Found assuring correlations among different risk factors , but shown in employers greater than students.

ألاهداف: الاستقصاء حول اعداد المستخدمين من الطلبة والموظفين المتأثرين بالاستخدام المتكرر للحاسبات والاجهزة الذكية, بالاضافة الى ذلك اجراء دراسة مقارنة بينهم من خلال معرفة العلاقة مع مختلف العوامل الخطرة وتأثيرراتها عليه. المواد وطرائق العمل: نفذت هذة الدراسة على أفراد قد تم تقسيمهم الى مجموعتين, المجموعة الاولى تضمنت [(117 students; male 48, female 69)] لثلاثة مراحل من الكلية, اما المجموعة الثانية كانت [(60 individuals; 40 male, 20 female)], وجميعهم استخدموا الحاسبات والاجهزة الذكية خلال سنة دراسية واحدة (from January 1st 2016 to August 15th 2017). هذة الدراسة تضمنت بحث العلاقة الاستعمال المتعدد والمتكرر للحاسبات والاجهزة الذكية مع مختلف العوامل الخطرة. تلك البيانات تم تحليلها احصائيا ً بواسطة(ANOVA- analysis of variance - two ways analyze; Mean + SE). القيمة المعنوية (p) اقل أو تساوي 0.05 كفرق معنوي .النتائج : اظهرت النتائج فروقات معنوية في الطلبة المستخدمين للحاسوب والاجهزة الذكية حيث كانت هنالك اعداد قليلة من المستخدمين قد عانوا من التأثر بالرؤية وبمختلف الاعمار والاجناس. ان الاستخدام المطول للاجهزة ولمختلف الاغراض لم يكن له اي تأثير فيما يخص تأثر العين للمستخمين من الطلاب. لوحظ بان ارتداء النظارات الطبية في الذكور كان اكثر من الاناث. من جانب اخر ان الاعمار التي تتراوح مابين (24-323) حصلت فيها اعلى معدلات في استخدام الحاسوب والاجهزة الذكية, وكذلك فان لحساسية العيون تأثير اكبر من بين العوامل الخطرة مقارنة بعدد اوقات الاستخدام ذات المعدلات القليلة . بينت هذة النتاىج تفوق الذكور بالمفارنة مع الاناث في مجال استخدام الاجهزة المتنوزعة, لذا ومن خلال التنوع في اعداد الطلبة التي تمت ملاحظتها وخصوصا التاثير في رؤية العين ولك عند الاعمار (19-23), (24-32), لكن الاعمار الاولى من المستخدمين حضيت باعلى المعدلات اكثر من البقية وبنسبة 50% من التاثير في مجال الرؤية للمستخدمين الطلبة, في حين المجموعة الثانية من الاعمار بلغت تقريبا ( 36.36 % ). ان النتائج التي وجدت للموظفين الذين كانوا قد استخدمواالحاسوب والاجهزة الذكية اظهرت فيها فروقات معنوية ((p< 0.05 بالمقارنة مع النتائج السابقة للطلبة, حيث لوحظ اعداع كبيرة منهم كانوا يعانون من التأثر الرؤية لديهم نتيجة الاستخدام المفرط للاجهزة المختلفة. ان المستخدمين من الموظفين الذين لديهم اعمار تتراوح (31-40) ولاغراض مختلفة (علمية, ترفيهية او كلاهما) كانت لهم علاقة ذات تأثير معنوي مع احداث الضرر فيما يخص الرؤية لدى المستخدمين بالمقارنة مع العوامل الخطرة الاخرى, بينما كان الاستخدام من قبل الموظفين تحت اعداد مختلفة من مصادر الاضوية اظهرت تأثير اقل, وكذلك لم تكن هنالك اي تاثير معنوي لارتداء النظارات الطبية من قبل المستخدمين للاجهزة, وان تأثير هذا العامل الاخير على مجمل اعداد الموضفين الذين يرتدون النظارات الطبية كان لها تاثير معنوي ((p< 0.05 بالمقارنة مع الافراد من المستخدمين المستخدمين للمادة الواقية للشاشة. كذلك هنالك فروقات معنوية ((p< 0.05 في اعداد المرتدين للنظارات الطبية من الموظفين المستخدمين للحاسبات والاجهزة الذكية على حد سواء وهذة تدل عل مدى استخدام الجهزة وضراوتها عليهم والتي كانت بنسبة (58.14). الاستنتاجات: ان استخدام الحاسبات والاججهزة الذكية من قبل الطلاب كان أكثر مقارنة ̋بالموظفين. هنالك علاقة وثيقة ارتداء النظارات الطبية مع مختلف العوامل الخطرة التي يتعرض لها المستخدمون من الطلاب والموظفين. ان العلاقة الوثيقة للتأثيرات التي وجدت بين مختلف العوامل الخطرة كانت أكثر في المستخدمين الموظفين بالمقارنة مع الطلاب.


Article
Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics
المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية

Author: THE IRAQI SOCIETY FOR ALTERNATIVE AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES & TECHNIQUES (I.S.A.R.E.S.T.) الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2014 Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 1-2
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة

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Abstract

The Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics (IJAP) is a peer reviewed journal of high quality devoted to the publication of original research papers from applied physics and their broad range of applications. IJAP publishes quality original research papers, comprehensive review articles, survey articles, book reviews, dissertation abstracts in physics and its applications in the broadest sense. It is intended that the journal may act as an interdisciplinary forum for Physics and its applications. Innovative applications and material that brings together diverse areas of Physics are particularly welcome. Review articles in selected areas are published from time to time. It aims to disseminate knowledge; provide a learned reference in the field; and establish channels of communication between academic and research experts, policy makers and executives in industry, commerce and investment institutions. IJAP is a quarterly specialized periodical dedicated to publishing original papers, letters and reviews in: Applied & Nonlinear Optics, Applied Mechanics & Thermodynamics, Digital & Optical Communications, Electronic Materials & Devices, Laser Physics & Applications, Plasma Physics & Applications, Quantum Physics & Spectroscopy, Semiconductors & Optoelectronics, Solid State Physics & Applications, and Computers and Networks.


Article
IRAQI JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS
المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية

Author: Editorial Board هيئة التحرير
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2014 Volume: 10 Issue: 4 Pages: 1-2
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة

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Abstract

The Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics (IJAP) is a peer reviewed journal of high quality devoted to the publication of original research papers from applied physics and their broad range of applications. IJAP publishes quality original research papers, comprehensive review articles, survey articles, book reviews, dissertation abstracts in physics and its applications in the broadest sense. It is intended that the journal may act as an interdisciplinary forum for Physics and its applications. Innovative applications and material that brings together diverse areas of Physics are particularly welcome. Review articles in selected areas are published from time to time. It aims to disseminate knowledge; provide a learned reference in the field; and establish channels of communication between academic and research experts, policy makers and executives in industry, commerce and investment institutions. IJAP is a quarterly specialized periodical dedicated to publishing original papers, letters and reviews in: Applied & Nonlinear Optics, Applied Mechanics & Thermodynamics, Digital & Optical Communications, Electronic Materials & Devices, Laser Physics & Applications, Plasma Physics & Applications, Quantum Physics & Spectroscopy, Semiconductors & Optoelectronics, Solid State Physics & Applications, and Computers and Networks.


Article
Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics
المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية

Author: Editorial Board هيئة التحرير
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2015 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-2
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة

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Abstract

The Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics (IJAP) is a peer reviewed journal of high quality devoted to the publication of original research papers from applied physics and their broad range of applications. IJAP publishes quality original research papers, comprehensive review articles, survey articles, book reviews, dissertation abstracts in physics and its applications in the broadest sense. It is intended that the journal may act as an interdisciplinary forum for Physics and its applications. Innovative applications and material that brings together diverse areas of Physics are particularly welcome. Review articles in selected areas are published from time to time. It aims to disseminate knowledge; provide a learned reference in the field; and establish channels of communication between academic and research experts, policy makers and executives in industry, commerce and investment institutions. IJAP is a quarterly specialized periodical dedicated to publishing original papers, letters and reviews in: Applied & Nonlinear Optics, Applied Mechanics & Thermodynamics, Digital & Optical Communications, Electronic Materials & Devices, Laser Physics & Applications, Plasma Physics & Applications, Quantum Physics & Spectroscopy, Semiconductors & Optoelectronics, Solid State Physics & Applications, and Computers and Networks.


Article
Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics
المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية

Author: Editorial Board
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2015 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 1-2
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة

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Abstract

The Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics (IJAP) is a peer reviewed journal of high quality devoted to the publication of original research papers from applied physics and their broad range of applications. IJAP publishes quality original research papers, comprehensive review articles, survey articles, book reviews, dissertation abstracts in physics and its applications in the broadest sense. It is intended that the journal may act as an interdisciplinary forum for Physics and its applications. Innovative applications and material that brings together diverse areas of Physics are particularly welcome. Review articles in selected areas are published from time to time. It aims to disseminate knowledge; provide a learned reference in the field; and establish channels of communication between academic and research experts, policy makers and executives in industry, commerce and investment institutions. IJAP is a quarterly specialized periodical dedicated to publishing original papers, letters and reviews in: Applied & Nonlinear Optics, Applied Mechanics & Thermodynamics, Digital & Optical Communications, Electronic Materials & Devices, Laser Physics & Applications, Plasma Physics & Applications, Quantum Physics & Spectroscopy, Semiconductors & Optoelectronics, Solid State Physics & Applications, Alternative and Renewable Energy, and Computers and Networks.


Article
Where you can know about IJAP?
أين يمكنك أن تجد المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية؟

Author: Editorial Board
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2015 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 3-4
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة


Article
Subject and Author Index 2005-2015
فهرس المواضيع والمؤلفين للمجلة 2005-2015

Author: Editorial Board
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2015 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 22-32
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة


Article
IJAP Copyright Release Form
استمارة نقل حقوق النشر والتوزيع للمجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية

Author: Editorial Board
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2015 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 33-33
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة


Article
Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics
المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية

Author: Editorial Board
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2016 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-1
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة

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Abstract

The Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics (IJAP) is a peer reviewed journal of high quality devoted to the publication of original research papers from applied physics and their broad range of applications. IJAP publishes quality original research papers, comprehensive review articles, survey articles, book reviews, dissertation abstracts in physics and its applications in the broadest sense. It is intended that the journal may act as an interdisciplinary forum for Physics and its applications. Innovative applications and material that brings together diverse areas of Physics are particularly welcome. Review articles in selected areas are published from time to time. It aims to disseminate knowledge; provide a learned reference in the field; and establish channels of communication between academic and research experts, policy makers and executives in industry, commerce and investment institutions. IJAP is a quarterly specialized periodical dedicated to publishing original papers, letters and reviews in: Applied & Nonlinear Optics, Applied Mechanics & Thermodynamics, Digital & Optical Communications, Electronic Materials & Devices, Laser Physics & Applications, Plasma Physics & Applications, Quantum Physics & Spectroscopy, Semiconductors & Optoelectronics, Solid State Physics & Applications, Alternative and Renewable Energy, and Computers and Networks.

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