research centers


Search results: Found 12

Listing 1 - 10 of 12 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by

Article
Acute Bacterial Meningitis Among Children under Five Years of Age in Baghdad.

Author: Huda S. Al-Rawazq
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 3 Pages: 312-315
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: The periodic review conducted of acute bacterial meningitis in children younger than 5 years of age in Baghdad to reflect changes in the epidemiological pattern of this infection. Patients and Methods: Sixty patients with signs and symptoms suggestive of meningitis who were admitted to Central Teaching Hospital in Baghdad City were included in a prospective study started from the 1st October till the 30th of December 2009. By bacteriological study, biochemical and cytological study in the laboratory, WBCs in the blood with differential count was done to support the diagnosis of bacterial meningitis.
Results: Present study revealed that from (60) patients (6) cases (10.0 %) showed positive and (54) cases (90.0 %) negative cultures to CSF patients.
Conclusions: The administration of antibiotic before lumber puncture associated with false negative CSF culture. Most cases of meningitis were under one year of age occurred in male more than female with bottle feeding. Fever was the most common presenting symptom followed by vomiting and convulsion.


Article
Proportion and Determinants of Incomplete Vaccination among Children Aged Less than Two Years in Baghdad City

Authors: ,Faris Al-Lami --- Loai S. Fadil
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 169-173
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Immunization is the most important public health advance of the 20th century and the most cost-effective and a life-saving intervention. The public health initiative is to get 90% of the nation's children adequately immunized before their third birthday. OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion and determinants of incomplete vaccination among a sample of children aged less than two years in Baghdad city. Design: A cross sectional study. Setting: A random sample of 11 Primary Health Care Centers in Baghdad city. Data Collection time: Feb/1st-May/31st / 2008 SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A systematic random sample of 562 children aged less than two years, living in Baghdad city, and attended the selected Primary Health Care Centers for various health complaints apart from immunization. Vaccination status of children was verified for their age and according to the national Expanded Program of Immunization. RESULTS: The proportion of incomplete vaccination was18.8%; 0.5% were completely non-vaccinated. The proportion of incomplete vaccination increased with increasing age (P=0.000). Males showed higher proportion of incomplete vaccination (24.1%) than females (14.2%) (P =0.003). The major proportion of incomplete vaccination was among children of illiterate mothers (43%) (P =0.000). The main causes of incomplete vaccination were immigration problem (46.23%), security problem (29.25%), and parent’s related problem (15%), and other causes (9%). CONCLUSION: Around one of every five children aged less than two years in Baghdad was incompletely vaccinated; immigration and security obstacles were the main causes of incomplete vaccination


Article
Environmental Risk Assessment in Baghdad City by Determination of Lead Level in Soil Samples

Author: Hussian Hassan Kharnoob حسين حسن
Journal: Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: ISSN: 19918941 Year: 2010 Volume: 4 Issue: 3 Pages: 21-25
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract :The concentration of lead has been determined in different sites of Baghdad during summer season 2008.Analysis was carried out using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer technique (FAAST) at wavelength 217 nm and air-acetylene flame. The lead level was found in a particulate fraction in some soils of AL-Karkh is more than in AL-Rusafsa sites of Baghdad. The levels approach the hazardous limits in most sites as a result of industrial activities and exhaust cars which are very crowded in Baghdad streets.


Article
A study in campaign for commensal rodents control in Baghdad area
دراسة في حملة لمكافحة القوارض الداجنه في منطقة بغداد

Author: Raad Hammodi Hasson
Journal: AL-TAQANI مجلة التقني ISSN: 1818653X Year: 2010 Volume: 23 Issue: 5 Pages: 14-19
Publisher: Foundation of technical education هيئة التعليم التقني

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Rodents control methods gives possibility to reduce rodent's populations & parasitic diseases. Baited trap method with poisons of zinc phosphide 2.5% crushed wheat grains mixture for single day then substituted with Brodifacoum 0.005% for one month, were used in campaign lasted about one & half year in 21 districts chosen randomly in Baghdad area during 1988-1990. Results showed statistically significant decline p > 0.05 in the rodent's total mean density 32.92 ± 4.18 (1st. screening test) to 8.61 ± 2.12 (2nd. screening test) i.e. about 75.69 % general reduction percentage ; Reduction in Rattus norvegicus & Rattus rattus means was associated with statistically significant p > 0.05 increasing in mean of Mus musculus in 2nd. screening test ; Weak correlations between means ; Not statistically significant p < 0.05 regression between pre-post treatment means were recorded. Given parameters maybe useful for application in control campaigns in various cities of Iraq

توفر عمليات السيطرة على القوارض إمكانية في تقليل مجاميعها السكانية وأمراضها الطفيلية. استخدمت طريقة المصائد ذات الطعوم بسموم خليط فوسفيد الزنك 2.5 % مع جريش الحنطة لمدة يوم واحد والمستبدلة بسموم بروديفاكوم 0.005 % الجاهزة لفترة شهر , أثناء حملة مكافحة القوارض التي استمرت لحوالي سنة ونصف في 21 محلة اختيرت عشوائيا في منطقة بغداد. أظهرت النتائج انخفاض ملحوظ إحصائيا بمستوى معنوي 0.05 > للمعدل الكلي لكثافة القوارض 32.92± 4.18 ( اختبار الكشف الأول ) إلى 8.61 ± 2.12 ( اختبار الكشف الثاني ) و بنسبة مئوية عامة ( % 75.96 ) ; كما سجل تناقص في معدلي الجرذ النرويجي و جرذ السقوف رافقهما ارتفاع ملحوظ إحصائيا بمستوى معنوي 0.05 > بمعدل الفأر المنزلي مع ارتباط ضعيف بين المعدلات وكذلك حدوث انحدار بين معدلي قبل – بعد المكافحة غير ملحوظ إحصائيا بمستوى معنوي 0.05 < . المؤشرات المقدمة لها أهمية في إجراء مخيمات لمكافحة القوارض في مختلف المحافظات العراقية وبداية لدراسات مستقبلية أخرى تهتم بالصحة العامة في بغداد والمدن الأخرى


Article
Density of commensal rodent species in Baghdad area
كثافة أنواع القوارض في منطقة بغداد

Author: Raad Hammodi Hasson
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 4 Pages: 314-320
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Commensal rodents are important medically & economically in human life.Estimation of commensal rodent species densities in districts of Baghdad area. Baitedtrap/night method campaign lasted about 4 months in 1988 ; density equation & soft warestatistical analysis programs were applied.Density means were 30.16 ± 4.2 , 2.067 ± 0.989 ,0.695 ± 0.548 & 32.92 ± 4.18 for Rattus norvigecus , Rattus rattus , Mus musculus & the summeans of rodents respectively ; Only Rattus norvigecus & the sum of means have normaldistribution (A-D normality test) . R. norvigecus, R. rattus, M. musculus & the sum of means,in addition to the negative Correlations between the three species were not significant at 0.05levels respectively. Differences between R. norvigecus and each of R. rattus & M. musculusor between R. rattus & M. musculus density means were significant at 0.05 level; where theR. norvigecus mean was the highest.Species densities varies among Baghdad's districts ,where the R. norvigecus mean was the highest then R. rattus & finally M. musculus . Givenparameters are useful for rodents control and minimizing its transmissible diseases

القوارض مهمة طبيا واقتصاديا في حياة الإنسان. تقدير l كثافة أنواع القوارض في بعض المناطق من بغداد. استمرت حملة اصطاد طريقة فخ / ليلة نحو 4 أشهر في عام 1988؛ استخدمت برامج التحليل الإحصائي وكانت الكثافة للجرذ norvigecus ،30.16 ± 4.2 2.067 ± 0.989، 0.695 ± 0. المعلومات مفيدة للسيطرة على القوارض والتقليل من الأمراض التي تنتقل بها.


Article
Zoonotic &Nonzoonotic Endoparasites of Rodents from Some Districts in Baghdad

Author: Raad Hammodi Hasson
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 102-112
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A survey for zoonotic and nonzoonotic endoparasites of rodents carried out at some highly infested districts of Baghdad. A total of 186 rodents of three species was examined , comprising of 89 R. norvegicus , 62 Rattus rattus and 35 Mus musculus . Fourteen species belonging to twelve genera were identified. The most prevalent species of rodents was R. norvegicus in which zoonotic H. diminuta (24%) , H. nana (10.7%) and Cysticercus fasciolaris ( 9%) were the most prevalent species of protozoan and helminth parasites respectively. Zoonotic protozoa T. lewisi and Sarcocystis sp. in R. norvegicus were most prevelnt than B.microti in R.rattus .Nonzoonotic endoparasites Vampirolepis sp. ,M. rodentium, S. obvelata , Trichuris sp. and T. musculi were recorded with wide variation prevalence in the rodents species under study. New records of B. microti , new host for T. lewisi and C. fasciolaris (Strobilocercus) Hydatigena type larval infection of Taenia sp. of rodents species in Baghdad area under study.


Article
Molecular Characterization of beta-Thalassemia Mutations in Baghdad
التحديد ألجزيئي للطفرات الوراثيه لبيتا-ثلاسيميا فى بغداد

Author: Waleed Abdelaziz Omer د. وليد عبد العزيز عمر
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2010 Volume: 23 Issue: 2 Pages: 90-95
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: There are currently more than 200 known mutations in the beta globin gene that cause thalassemia syndrome in the world and each ethnic population has its own unique and frequency of beta globin mutations. Delineation of the beta-thalassemia mutations in specific community is a prerequisite for implementation of preventive program in that community.Aim of the study is to characterize the spectrum of beta globin gene mutations in Baghdad patients.Patients and methods: thirty one thalassemic patients were included; they were transfusion dependent and they were diagnosed and registered in thalassemia centers in Baghdad. After DNA extraction from venous blood and PCR based DNA amplification, the allele's characterization was achieved by reverse hybridization to specific oligonucleotide probe designed to detect 22 beta-thalassemic mutations.Results: Eleven alleles causing beta-thalassemia in Baghdad were identified, and these alleles with their frequencies were:IVS 2.1 (GA)29.03% , IVS 1.110 (GA)17.74% , cod 44 (-C)14.51%, IVS 2.745 (CG)11.29% , cod 5 (-CT)9.67% , IVS 1.6 (TC)4.83% , IVS 1.5 (GC)3.22% , IVS 1-25 (25 bpDEL)3.22%, cod 8 (-AA)3.22%, cod 39 (CT)1.61% and cod 8/9 (+G)1.61%. Twenty three (74.19%) patients presented as thalassemic patient during the first year of life. Twenty five (80.64%) patients have homozygous alleles.Twenty two (75.86%) families have consanguineous relation between the parents and eleven (37.93%) families have more than one affected individual, Conclusions: 1- Eleven β-globin alleles causing β-thalassemia syndrome in Baghdad were characterized; most of these mutations are of Mediterranean type and few are of Kurdish and Asian Indian types.2- Most of the patients are homozygous, and of severe (βo) Thalassemia, and showed consanguineous relation between their parents.3- The characterization of the most common beta-thalassemia mutations provides a foundation for prenatal genetic counseling that will be part of a thalassemia prevention program in Baghdad.Key words: thalassemia, beta globin genes mutations, Baghdad, oligonucleotide, reverse hybridization

الملخص: -تمهيد: - تم اكتشاف ما يزيد عن 200 نوع من الطفرات الوراثيه التي تحصل في جين بيتاكلوبين والتي تؤثر على تصنيع سلسلة بيتا كلوبين في عدة مراحل من التصنيع وبالتالي تؤدي الى انماط سريريه متعدده لمرض الثلاسيميا. في كل مجتمع يوجد انتشار لعدد محدد من هذه الطفرات . ان عملية تحديد انواع الطفرات التي تؤدي الى فقر دم البحر المتوسط في مجتمع ما هي المرحله اللازمه الاولى لانشاء برنامج السيطره على المرض. الهدف من الدراسه:- تحديد انواع الطفرات الوراثيه المسببه لمرض فقر دم البحر المتوسط في بغداد.المرضى وطرق العمل: شملت هذه الدراسه 31 مريضا ، وكل مريض مسجل فى مركز الثلاسيميا في محافظة بغداد على انه مصاب بالثلاسيميا الكبرى ويتم له اجراء نقل الدم بشكل متكرر.بعد استخلاص الحامض النووي(الدنا) من الدم الوريدي للمريض، تم اجراء تفاعل البلمره المتسلسل للحامض النووي(الدنا) ، وبعد ذلك تم تحديد نوع الطفره فى الحامض النووي بطريقة التهجين العكسي مع مسبارات خاصه مكونه من عدد من القواعد النتروجينيه مخصصه للكشف عن 22 طفره مسببه للثلاسيميا نوع بيتا.النتائج:- تم تحديد 11 نوع من الطفرات التى تسبب فقر دم البحر المتوسط نوع بيتا في المرضى العراقيين، وهي كما يلي:IVS 2.1 (GA)29.03%, IVS 1.110 (GA)17.74%, cod 44 (-C)14.51%, IVS 2.745 (CG)11.29%, cod 5 (-CT)9.67%, IVS 1.6 (TC)4.83% , IVS 1.5 (GC)3.22%, IVS 1-25 (25 bpDEL)3.22%, cod 8 (-AA)3.22%, cod 39 (CT)1.61% and cod 8/9 (+G)1.61%. وجدت علاقة قرابه بين الوالدين في 22 عائله (75.86%).تم تشخيص المرض في السنه الاولى من العمر في 23 (74.19%) مريضا.خمسة وعشرون(80.64%) مريضا يحملون الليلات متجانسةاحد عشر عائله (37.93 %) يوجد فيها أكثر من مصاب.الاستنتاجات:- ان الاحدى عشرة طفره التي تم تحديدها في هذه الدراسه اظهرت ان الانواع السائده في بغداد هي من انواع البحر المتوسط مع بعض الانواع الكرديه والهنداسيويه.اظهرت الدراسه ان الجزء الاكبر من المرضى يحملون النوع الشديد من الطفرات وان معظمهم يحملون الليلات متجانسه ومن عوائل توجد فيها علاقة قرابه بين الوالدين .ان تحديد الانواع الشائعه من الطفرات في مرضى الثلاسيميا نوع بيتا سيسهم في ايجاد قاعده اساسيه للاستشارات الوراثيه والتشخيص قبل الولاده والتي تشكل جزءا اساسيا من برنامج السيطره على المرض.


Article
Saprolegniasis on the eggs of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) with the occurrence of micropredators at Al-Wahda fish hatchery, south of Baghdad
الاصابة الفطريةsaprolegniasis في بيوض اسماك الكارب الاعتيادي (Cyprinus carpio L.) وعلاقتها بتواجد المفترسات الصغيرة في مفقس الوحدة المركزي للاسماك في قضاء الصويرة، جنوب بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The aim of the present study is to find out if the occurrence of the zooplankton with the incubated eggs of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) could increase the fungal infection causing saprolegniasis in the main fish hatchery in Iraq during the artificial propagation from April to June 2009. Four eggs treatments were used, the highest hatching rate was 85.8 % in treatment no. 2 in which filtered water was used to incubate the eggs and lowest hatching rate was 21 % in the negative control according to the availability of zooplankton and the absence of fungicidal treatment. Crustacea identified were: Bosmonia, Cyclops, Daphnia, Moina, Nauplii and aquatic insects were: Chironomas, Notonicta, Culex.

تمت هذه الدراسة خلال عملية التكثير الاصطناعي لاسماك الكارب الاعتياديCyprinus carpio في مفقس الوحدة المركزي الواقع في قضاء الصويرة وسط العراق للمدة من شهر نيسان لغاية حزيران 2009 لاثبات ان تواجد الهائمات الحيوانية مع البيوض يزيد من نسبة الاصابة الفطرية saprolegniasis للبيوض وحيث ظهرت فروق معنوية بين المعاملات الاربعة اذ ان اعلى نسبة فقس بلغت 85.8 % في المعاملة رقم اثنان واقل نسبة فقس كانت 21 % في السيطرة السالبة. اما الهائمات لحيوانية المشخصة شملت القشريات والحشرات المائية، وكانت القشريات تضم :Bosmonia وCyclops و Moina وDaphnia ويرقات مجذافية الاقدام Nauplii والحشرات المائية:Chironomas وNotonicta والطور اليرقي Culex.


Article
Alcoholism among male patients attending emergency units, Baghdad, Iraq

Author: Mushtaq T. Hashism
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 4 Pages: 416-418
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: The problem of excessive alcohol consumption is a major cause of public health concern in most countries of the world today. Royal Colleges of Physicians and Psychiatrists recommended that every inpatient should be screened with a questionnaire for alcohol related problems. Therefore, this work was carried out to report on alcoholism in the emergency unit in two general hospitals in Baghdad, Iraq.
Methods: The study was carried out in Al-Sader general hospital (Al-Sader city, Baghdad) and Baghdad teaching hospital (Baghdad) for the period 1st July 2008 to 1st May 2009. Data collection was two days per week. Version of 25 items Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) and semi-structured schedule based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) criteria for alcohol dependence were used. Males aged 16 – 70 years attended emergency units were included in the study.
Results: There were 11% had alcoholism. Alcoholism was significantly associated with age > 40 years, married, low educated and employed (p= 0.02, 0.002, 0.03, respectively). Alcohol dependence was significantly associated with younger age (< 40 years), single, low educated, early onset of drinking (< 30 years) and positive family history of alcoholism (p=0.006, 0.004, 0.004, 0.004, 0.005, respectively). Sensitivity and positivity of MAST were 86.7% and 60.7%, respectively.Conclusion:


Article
A study of health comprehension about the cholera among a slice of University of Baghdad employee
دراسة الوعي الصحي حول مرض الكوليرا عند شريحة من الموظفين في جامعة بغداد

Authors: Sinai Waleed سناء وليد --- Maysaa Kadhdom مايسه كاظم
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 286-291
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A total of 98 person that participate in this survey (study group), 79% of them were female and only 21% were male, they were divided into two age groups; 81% of them were among 20-40 year and 19% were 41-60 year; meanwhile the control group recorded 73% female and 27% male, there were 73% of them in the first age group and 27% in second age group In this study, the risk factors were divided into three major points: routes of the disease transmission, symptoms of the disease and the causative agent . According to the route of transmission they were divided into Three routes: via water which is consider the main source of the disease transmission, through food and through both (water and food) which considered the second likely possible rout of transmission, only 37% of the study group criminated water meanwhile 62% of the answers were directed towards both (water and food). As far as concern the control group answers; 33% criminated water and 54% considered that the disease transmission is through water and food. The symptoms of the disease: they were divided into three symptoms: fever and chills; which they are general signs for many diseases, bloody diarrhea; an important feature for parasitic infection and watery diarrhea; a characteristic sign of cholera infection. 72% of the study group chooses the watery diarrhea and amazingly that 90% of the control group know the significant sign of the disease. The causative agent were divided into bacteria, virus, and parasite; 56% of the study group chooses bacteria as the cause of infection, meanwhile 47% of the control group considered the disease causes by bacteria. Both groups (study and control) had recorded relatively same answers regarding the virus as causative agent (28% and 30%) respectively

شارك 98 شخص في هذه الدراسة 79%منهم كانوا واناث و21% كانوا ذكور .قسموا الى مجموعتين حسب العمر ,81% كانو بعمر 20-40 سنة و19% كانوا بعمر 41-60 سنة ,كذلك استعملت السيطرة نسبة 73% اناث و27% ذكور .37% من العينة اختاروا الماء كسبب للانتقال و62% اختاروا الماء والغذاء كسبب للانتقال قسمت المسببات الى بكتريا وفايروسات وطفيليات ,56% منهم اختاروا البكتريا كمسبب في حين 47%من مجموعة مسيطرة اختاروا البكتريا

Listing 1 - 10 of 12 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (12)


Language

English (12)


Year
From To Submit

2010 (12)