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Uthman Bin Isa AL-Balti AL-Mosuli (died in 599 H)His life and the study of his poetry
عثمان بن عيسى البلطي الموصلي (ت 599هـ)حياته و تحقيق ما تبقى من شعره

Author: Ahmad Hussein Muhammed AL-Sadani احمد حسين محمد الساداني
Journal: Mosoliya studies دراسات موصلية ISSN: 18158854 Year: 2005 Issue: 10 Pages: 73-106
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

AL-Balti، who was born in mosul in one of the most prominent figures of his time. He traveled to AL-Sham and settled in Eygpt during the time of Salah AL-Din bin Yousif. He was favoured by AL-Qadhi AL-Fadhil. He continued teaching in Cairo till his death.AL-Balti tried to imitate prominent poest and succeded in that. His poetry was characterized by simplicity،easiness and rhetorical craftsmanship. His poetry which was collected from printed and handwritten materials is considered of the most truthful and important documents of his time.

يعد البلطي المولود في الموصل من الاعلام البارزين في عصره، انتقل إلى الشام ثم استقر في مصر ايام صلاح الدين بن يوسف، ثم نال عطف القاضي الفاضل، وقد استمر البلطي بالتدريس في القاهرة حتى وفاته.
اشتهر البلطي بتدريس علوم القرآن والنحو، كما الف العديد من الكتب: الدينية والبلاغية والعروضية والنحوية والادبية وغيرها واعتمد عليه المؤرخون في توثيق تراجم واشعار العديد من الشعراء، كمااشتهر البلطي بنظم الشعر والاجادة فيه، خاصة انه كان من الرواد الذين نظموا الموشحات بعد نقلها إلى المشرق من الاندلس، و برزت قصيدته الطويلة (الحرباوية) التي يحسن في قوافيها الرفع والنصب والخفض والسكون، وظهرت اجادة الشاعر في مختلف الموضوعات الشعرية من مدح وغزل ووصف وهجاء وحكمة.
حاول البلطي محاكاة الشعراء البارزين واجاد في ذلك، وامتاز شعره بسهولته وبساطته وتاثره بالصنعة البلاغية، ويعد ما تبقى من شعره الذي تم جمعه وتحقيقه من المراجع والمصادر المطبوعة والمخطوطة من الوثائق الصادقة والمهمة لعصره.


Article
The Language of Islamic Poetry Between Bedouinison and Civilization
لغة الشعر الإسلامي وتطورها بين البداوة والحضارة

Author: Ali Kamal Al-Din Al-Fshhadi علي كمال الدين الفهادي
Journal: Adab AL Rafidayn اداب الرافدين ISSN: 03782867 Year: 2005 Issue: 40 Pages: 147-166
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

With the advent of Islam the Arabic Language started to improve and develop thanks to the Glorious Quran. People’s life began to change from bedouinism to urbanism. This included poets who neglected the various Arabic dialects and used the Quraish dialect: the language of the Glorious Quran. The public taste improved too, thus ignoring the strange austere bedouin words and embracing many foreign words due to the cultural contact between Arabs and foreign nations.Ancient critics like Ibn Sallam, Al-Jurjani, Ibn Qutayba, Ibn Rashiq and Hazim Al-Qartajanni (Qartaji?) were aware of this change in their writings as Arabic adopted new words related to Islamic terminology as well as lexes of philosophy, art and science. The use of the bedouin dialect, consequently disappeared from Arbic poetry and was restricted to the description of the desert and its animals.


Article
The Human Body in Pre-Islamic Arabic Poetry
الجسد( ) في الشعر العربي قبل الإسلام

Author: Mo’yad M. S. Al-Yozbaky مؤيد محمد صالح اليوزبكي
Journal: Adab AL Rafidayn اداب الرافدين ISSN: 03782867 Year: 2005 Issue: 40 Pages: 167-184
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This paper tackles the concept of the human body from a philosophical point of view and traces back the origins of human consciousness regarding the body as expressed in the Babylonian epic of Gilgamish in which the strength of the body was the basis of heroism.The paper focuses on the dimensions of the human body in pre-Islamic Arabic poetry which occupied a considerably important place of poetic consciousness before Islam where stature and biological performance in the different activities of life assume aesthetic dimensions epitomised in particular in the image of the knight hero. To add, this poetry attached great importance to the woman’s body taking it as an epitome of beauty expressing the taste of the age.This paper shows that the Arab in his search of immortality through such traits like chivalrousness and heroism immortalizes the vitality of the human body and its embodiment in the consciousness of society.


Article
The phenomenon of ruins in the pre-Islamic Arabic poetry
ظاهرة الأطلال في الشعر العربي قبل الأسلام

Author: Dr . Ahmed Abdul Hussein Ithawi الدكتور أحمد حسين عبد العيثاوي
Journal: Research and Islamic Studies Journal مجلة البحوث والدراسات الاسلامية ISSN: 20712847 Year: 2005 Issue: 1 Pages: 29-59
Publisher: Directorate of Research and Studies / Sunni Endowment دائرة البحوث والدراسات /ديوان الوقف السني


Article
The impact of Islam in the development of the Arab geographer thought
اثر الإسلام في تطور الفكر الجغرافي العربي

Author: Saa'dun Shalal سعدون شلال
Journal: Journal of Research Diyala humanity مجلة ديالى للبحوث الانسانية ISSN: 1998104x Year: 2005 Issue: 19 Pages: 127-140
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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