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Article
Trends in the diagnosis and follow up of hypertension in elderly population in samara and Al-Ramadi cities
نمطيات تشخيص ومتابعة فرط ضغط الدم عند المسنين في مدينتي الرمادي وسامراء

Author: Salah N. Dalli Ali صلاح الدلة علي
Journal: Al- Anbar Medical Journal مجلة الأنبار الطبية ISSN: PISSN: 27066207 / EISSN: 26643154 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-4
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Objective : To study the trends of diagnosis and follow up hypertension in elderly subjects in Samara and Al – Ramadi city . Patients and methods: Between 1994 – 2002 , 1782 elderly hypertensive patients , their age ≥ 65 year, in Samara and Al- Ramadi cities were interviewed about the way of diagnosis and follow up of their hypertension . Results : The study shows that 84.9% of patients were diagnosed in the 1 '' visit and received a prescription for it, 6.3% were diagnosed and treated initially by internist, while the remaining patients were ( 94.7 %) diagnosed and treated by non – internist (only 0.9% of them were referred to internist ). None of the above patients had their blood pressure checked in standing position at diagnosis . Only 1.1% have an investigation done at diagnosis Only 13.1% were followed by a internist after diagnosis , and only 27.1% of patients were attending regularly for checking their blood pressure . Conclusion : None of the elderly hypertensive was scientifically diagnosed and only a minority of them were followed up in an acceptable way .

خلال الاعوام 1994 – 2002 تمت دراسة 1782 مريضاً في مدينتي سامراء والرمادي أعمارهم 65 سنة او اكثر مصابين بفرط ضغط الدم . شخص المرض فيهم خلال السنتين الاخيرتين تم الاستفسار منهم عن كيفية تشخيص فرط ضغط الدم فيهم , من شخص المرض , وعن المتابعة الطبية للمرض . أظهرت الدراسة ان 84.9% من المرضى شخصوا وأعطوا العلاج خلال اول زيارة 6.3% فقط شخصوا من قبل طبيب اختصاص بالأمراض الباطنة بينما شخص الباقي من قبل أطباء ليس اختصاصهم الأمراض الباطنة او من الكوادر الطبية المساعدة (أحيل منهم 0.9% الى طبيب اختصاص باطني ) . لم يفحص ضغط دم المريض في وضع الوقوف عند التشخيص . اجريت فحوصات طبية للمرضى المشمولين بالدراسة في 1.1% فقط عن التشخيص . تمت متابعة ضغط الدم 13.1% فقط من قبل طبيب اختصاص باطني . كان هناك 27.1 من المرضى المشمولين يتابعون قياس ضغط الدم بصورة دورية . يستنتج من هذه الدراسة انه لم يشخص اي مريض مسن بفرط ضغط الدم بصورة علمية صحيحة وكانت المتابعة لفرط ضغط الدم بصورة دورية منتظمة عند اقلية من المرضى .

Keywords

hypertension --- elderly --- Iraq


Article
HLA ANTIGENS OF ARAB CHRISTIANS IN IRAQ

Author: Batool M. Mahdi* د. بتول مطر مهدي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2005 Volume: 47 Issue: 2 Pages: 145-155
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

SummaryBACKGROUND: Iraq had more than twenty-four millions inhabitants of populations. This nation is one of the most populated countries in the world. It is difficult to define Iraqi populations genetically (HLA polymorphism) because they are structured of a mixture of many groups. HLA phenotype frequencies that encoded by many closely linked genes that are responsible for a variety of cell surface alloantigen proteins that are responsible for differences in different ethnic groups. Arab Christians in Iraq, accounting for more than three millions inhabitant mostly the northwest and other parts of Iraq. This raised the need for a preliminary study of the HLA trend in this population. Aim of study:1-Estimating the gene frequency of HLA class I (A, B, Cw) and class II (DR and DQ) alleles in Iraqi Arab Christians.2-Assessing the genetic relationship between Iraqi Arab Christians and other Arabian, Asian and European populations.Materials and Methods: A total of unrelated 568 Iraqi Arab Christians (AC) healthy volunteers and individuals referred to Immunology and Tissue Typing Center in Al- Karamah Teaching Hospital for organ transplantation and Forensic medicine) were examined for HLA polymorphism using complement dependent cytotoxicity test from June-2003 to April-2004.Results and conclusions: The phenotypes of all loci of (AC) were in agreement with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. In case of HLA-A locus, three variants dominate this locus Al(0.123), A2 (0.149) and A3(0.134) which showed some similarities with Arabian , Asian and European people in the world. A3 had been found to be associated with Hereditary Hemochromatosis (HH) but the risk increased when there is a linkage disequilibrium between A3/B14. Fortunately, BI4 allele had a low frequency in this group and common allele was B35(0.154) and 851(0.128) which had an association with Behqet 's syndrom. So one can predict high incidence of this disease in this group of population. Last locus was studied in class I was Cw4 that had a higher rate (0.173) in HLA -Cw loci.In case of class II, it was done on small number of persons and the common allele was DR2(53.84%) which is protective from insulin dependent diabetes mellitus disease while DQ1 is common allele in HLA-DQ loci.HLA typing of (AC) had some similarity with Arabian people because of their same ancestry and also had some similarity with Caucasoid Europeans because of outbreading and intermixing with those populations due to migration.Key wards: HLA, Christian, Arab, Iraq.

Keywords

HLA --- Christian --- Arab --- Iraq.


Article
The first recording of leaf blight disease Defla in Iraq
اول تسجيل لمرض لفحة اوراق الدفلة في العراق

Authors: Khaled Abdul-Razaq Habeb خالد عبد الرزاق حبيب --- Kamel S.Jber كامل سلمان جبر
Journal: Baghdad Science Journal مجلة بغداد للعلوم ISSN: 20788665 24117986 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 23-27
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The results showed the spread of disease blight leaves caused by injury fungus Alternaria in different areas of cultivation in the city of Baghdad where he was recording the highest rate and the severity of the disease of 100% and 80%, respectively, in the Abu Ghraib area and the least of 20% and 12% respectively in the Amiriya district results showed test pathogenicity of the fungus pathogen emergence of symptoms of the disease superficial discoloration Authority of black paper when wound areas and yellowing of leaves about race as centrist and leaky latest country clear شحوبا on Central race after 48 hours ....

اظهرت نتائج الدراسة انتشار مرض لفحة اوراق المتسبب عن الاصابة بالفطرAlternaria في مناطق متفرقة من زراعته في مدينة بغداد حيث تم تسجيل اعلى نسبة وشدة اصابة بالمرض مقدارها 100%و80% على التوالي في منطقة ابو غريب واقلها 20%و12% على التوالي في منطقة العامرية بينت نتائج اختبار القدرة الامراضية للفطر الممرض ظهور اعراض المرض بهيئة تلون سطحي للورقة باللون الاسود عند مناطق الجرح واصفرار عام للاوراق حول العرق الوسطي كما واحدث راشح القطر شحوبا واضحا حول العرق الوسطي بعد 48 ساعة....

Keywords

leaf --- iraq --- sunburn


Article
The Iraq - France relations (1963-1968)
العلاقات العراقية -الفرنسية (1963-1968)


Article
LEAD POSONING IN CHILDREN

Authors: rezzaq A.AL-Taee --- Qusay A. Al-Rahim* FRCP, FRCPCH, DCH(L) Rezzaq A. Al-Taee** DCH د.قصي عبد الرحيم
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2005 Volume: 47 Issue: 2 Pages: 105-108
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Lead is one of the first metals to have served mankind. It was among the earliest metals used by man and was known to the early Egyptians and Hebrews.Objectives: To study the epidemiology of Lead poisoning regarding age, sex, areas of distribution, type offeeding, clinical manifestations, laboratory findings and the outcome. Methods: Fifty patients with lead poisoning were studied in Al-Mansour (Children's welfare Teaching Hospital), Medical City, Baghdad, were included in the study.Results: Forty five (90%) children were under one year of age. Twenty nine (58%) children were males. Forty four (88%) children were from Anbar Governorate. Thirty five (70%) were from rural areas. Six (12%) infants were solely breast fed. Forty (80%) children presented with convulsions. Twenty six (52%) children their haemoglobin levels were (5.1 - 9)g/dl. Basophilic stippling seen in (38%) and urinary delta ALA were raised >4mg/L in all children. Lead lines were seen in (54%) of the children wrist X-rays.Conclusions: Lead poisoning is a major problem in Al-Anbar Governorate, especially Qaeem region, so infants and children in this area should be screened. Estimation of lead levels at different sites of the river and other water sources, soil, animals, agricultural products and all types of alkohl. Lead poisoning should be suspected in any infant with unexplained encephalopathy and particularly if resident in Al-Anbar Governorate and all members of the family of the affected baby should be screened for lead poisoning.Keywords: poisoning, lead, children, Baghdad, Iraq.

Keywords

: poisoning --- lead --- children --- Baghdad --- Iraq


Article
Chemistry of Atmospheric Wet Deposition in Southern Iraq During Winter 2001 – 2002.

Author: Wesal F. Hassan, Amaal A. Mahmood &Faris J. M. Al-Imarah
Journal: Journal of Basrah Researches (Sciences) مجلة ابحاث البصرة ( العلميات) ISSN: 18172695 Year: 2005 Volume: 31 Issue: 2A Pages: 12-16
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

For the period of Dec. 2001– Jan. 2002, wet samples of rain water were collected fromdifferent sites covered the industrial sites of petrochemical company in southern Iraq. Thesamples were analysed for pH, conductivity, chloride, sulphate, calcium, magnesium,bicarbonate and phosphate concentrations. Lower pH recorded were 6.5 in the petrochemicalcompany while maximum value recorded was 7.6 in the atmosphere of paper and millcompany. For chloride lower value recorded was 35.45 mg/l in Shuaiba site and maximumvalue was 106.4 mg/l in Umm Qaseer. These values were accompanied with electricconductivity of 0.02 mS/cm in Shuaiba and maximum value of 0.72 mS/cm in Umm Qaseer .Calcium and magnesium ranged between 0.1-2 mg/l and 0.0 – 1.16 mg/l respectively.Sulphate ranged from 16.4 mg/l in petrochemical company to 11.93 mg/l in Basrah city.Bicarbonate was high and ranged between 61.0 mg/l in Shuaiba and 109.8 mg/l in Zubairtown. For phosphate values were low and ranged from 0.50 μg at.P-PO4P3-P/lP Pin BasrahP Pcity to1.26 μg at.P-PO4P3-P/lP Pin Petrochemical company. Wet precipitation in southern Iraq showedmoderate values of pH with slight acidity due to industrial emissions of N and S, and slightbasic due to the dust from the land of basic characteristics.


Article
Blood lead level Among Children in Al-Anbar Governorate, Iraq
مستوى الرصاص في دم الاطفال في محافظة الانبار – العراق

Authors: Jawad K.A. Al-Diwan --- Adnan M.H. Al-Hamwandi عدنان الهموندي
Journal: Al- Anbar Medical Journal مجلة الأنبار الطبية ISSN: PISSN: 27066207 / EISSN: 26643154 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 10-13
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Background: Several cases with lead poisoning were admitted to Al- Anbar maternity and children hospital during last decades . This study was carried out , therefore , to study lead poisoning among children in Al-Anbar governerate .Materials and Methods: Two districts (AL-Hathba and Al- Matheeq ) were included in the study . 128 blood samples were collected from children and their mothers . 44samples from water , soil and kuhil were, also, taken . Lead was estimate in the samples . Results: Lead toxicity was noticed in 93.8% and 100% of children from Al- Hathba and Al-Matheeq , respectively . Age of children was significantly associated with blood lead levels Pica , also, was associated with blood lead levels .Conclusion : There is a high prevalence of lead toxicity among children in Al-Anbar governerate .

الخلفية : العديد من حالات التسمم بالرصاص تم معالجتها في مستشفى النسائية والاطفال في الرمادي فكانت الغاية من هذا البحث دراسة مستوى الرصاص في دم الاطفال في الانبار .طريقة البحث : تم اختيار الهضبة (غرب الانبار ) والمضيق (شرق الانبار) لأجراء الدراسة . تم فحص 128 عينة دم من الاطفال والامهات و44 عينة من التربة والماء والكحل لقياس نسبة الرصاص فيها . النتائج : التسمم بالرصاص كان لدى 93.8% و100% من اطفال الهضبة والمضيق على التوالي . مستوى الرصاص بالدم ذا علاقة احصائية معنوية مع عمر الاطفال . مستوى الرصاص في الماء وكذلك pica ذات علاقة احصائية معنوية مع مستوى الرصاص في دم الاطفال . الاستنتاج : التسمم بالرصاص ذا انتشار عالي لدى الاطفال في الانبار .


Article
The growing and development of civil society concept in iraq
نشأة وتطور مفهوم المجتمع المدني في العراق


Article
The relation of the state with civil society institutions
علاقة الدولة بمؤسسات المجتمع المدني


Article
Iraq’s position In ContemporaryAmerican Strategy
موقع العراق في الاستراتيجية الأمريكية المعاصرة

Author: ibrahim k. Al-allaf إبراهيم خليل العلاف
Journal: Regional Studies دراسات اقليمية ISSN: 18134610 Year: 2005 Issue: 4 Pages: 1-24
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

يخطئ من يظن أن مصالح الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية في العراق، ترتبط بحقبة معينة أو حدث معين، فأية عودة إلى ملفات التاريخ، تكشف لنا حقيقة مهمة وهي أن هذه المصالح، ترجع إلى أواخر القرن التاسع عشر. ففي سنة 1889 قررت الحكومة الأمريكية تعيين قنصل لها في بغداد. ومنذ ذلك الوقت يحتل العراق مكانة متقدمة في الاستراتيجية الأميركية حتى أنه يعد في الوثائق السياسية الأمريكية بلداً أساسيا ًومفتاحاً مهماً Key country من مفاتيح الشرق الأوسط. وقد تحقق للأمريكيين وحلفائهم من البريطانيين وغيرهم في التاسع من نيسان 2003 احتلال العراق وتفكيك جيشه ومؤسساته الأمنية والإدارية والاجتماعية.
ان هذا البحث محاولة لتوضيح موقع العراق في الاستراتيجية الأمريكية المعاصرة ابتداءاً من أواخر القرن التاسع عشر، ومروراً بسنوات الحربين العالميتين الأولى والثانية وما بعدهما حتى بدء السنوات الأولى من القرن الحادي والعشرين.

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