research centers


Search results: Found 94

Listing 1 - 10 of 94 << page
of 10
>>
Sort by

Article
Gingival recession, gingival bleeding and dental calculus in Iraqi adults and the gingival recession correlation with periodontal disease break down.

Author: Maha A. Abdul Aziz مها عبد العزيز
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 76-80
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: This cross sectional study describes the prevalence of gingival recession, gingival bleeding and dental calculus in Iraqi adults covering the age range from 20-70yrs, and to evaluate the relation between gingival recession and periodontal break down use furcation involvement and tooth mobility as explanatory variables for periodontal diseases.Materials and Methods: The study groups consist of 132 subjects (72 males and 60 females) who attended the college of Dentistry for routine dental treatment, gingival recession , gingival bleeding and dental calculus were assessed at all teeth excluding the third molar.Results: There was an abundant amount of calculus in the lower arch in males especially because of smoking and this long standing calculus has a highly significant correlation coefficient with gingival recession and gingival bleeding. Gingival inflammation also is a common finding especially in males which is may be due to heavy amount of calculus and smoking where there was a highly significant correlation coefficient between gingival bleeding and smoking. It was also clear that females showed less gingival recession than males and that gingival recession tends to increase with age and it is more often on the lower anterior teeth due to calculus also there was a highly significant correlation coefficient between gingival recession and gingival bleeding, on the other hand a highly significant correlation was found between gingival recession and periodontal breakdown.Conclusion: Gingival recession, gingival bleeding and dental calculus are common in Iraqi adults. Gingival recession also is associated with destructive periodontal diseases.


Article
Factors and Principles of Foreign Language Learning

Author: Nizar Hussein Wali
Journal: Al-Fatih journal مجلة الفتح ISSN: 87521996 Year: 2005 Volume: 1 Issue: 24 Pages: 243-251
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The art of language teaching is a highly skilled activity which needs a lot of attention to achieve success and get good results .There is an interest throughout the world concerning foreign language study . Many conferences are held every year in different places studying the fundamental aspects for improving teaching process . Language teaching is an activity which is done by the teacher in his interaction with his pupils in the classroom . Class management is a matter of how teachers work to make conditions suitable for different learning activities . The absence of class management will lead to many problems and frustrations facing teachers in the classroom . There are various factors and principles of class management and language learning at the primary stage . Each one of these factors and principles has an impartment role in the process of language learning. These factors and principles can be divided as follows :- 1- Human factors .2- Non-Human factors .3- The psychological principles, and 4- The educational principles . This paper will discuss in detail all these aspects to provide useful information to those who work in the field of language learning and teaching


Article
ADDICTION AND ANAESTHESIA

Authors: Salam N Asfar --- Nawfal A Mobark --- Jasim M Salman
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2005 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 73-82
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Significant numbers of patients are seen for surgery and anesthesia with a history of chronic substance abuse. However, little is known about how these substances influences anesthetic physiology and pharmacology.Abuse of substances may involve a socially acceptable drug (e.g., alcohol, tobacco), a medically prescribed drug (e.g., diazepam), or an illegal substance (e.g., cocaine). Knowledge of a patient�s substance abuse prior to administration of analgesia or anesthesia may prevent adverse drug interactions, predict tolerance to anesthetic agents, and/or facilitate the recognition of drug withdrawal.As the neurobehavioral effects of cocaine may increase the likelihood that a user will receive violent fatal injuries and is more prone to have emergency surgery, so we stressed here on this substance. Cocaine abuse is associated with multi-target organ involvement, including the cardiovascular, respiratory, neurologic, and hematological systems. Its use during pregnancy is also an independent contributor to the risk of placental abruption, preterm labor and stillbirth.


Article
ASSOCIATION OF MULTIPLE NEUROLOGICAL DISEASES IN YOUNG FEMALE: CASE REPORT
مزاملة لعدد من الأمراض العصبية لفتاة صغيرة السن: حالة مسجلة

Authors: Abdul-Kareem A.M عبد المطلب عبد الكريم --- Hasan A. Al-Hamdani حسن عزيز الحمداني
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2005 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 111-114
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A 20-year-old female was diagnosed as a case of epilepsy since 1995. The patient was diagnosed as a case of myasthenia gravis in April 2002. Since 1999, her complaint became more announcing over two years. Until April 2002, when the patient consulted a neurologist, she was diagnosed as case of Myasthenia gravis. The patient diagnosed as a case of multiple sclerosis then after. The key to the clinical criteria for the diagnosis was lesions disseminated in space and in time. This case may represent an association of multiple neurological diseases of dysimmune reaction.Key worlds: Multiple Sclerosis, Myasthenia and epilepsy

الحالة لفتاة تبلغ من العمر عشرون عاما" شُــخصت إصابتها بمرض الصرع سنة 1999 و كان نوع الصرع، صرع أكبر بدون علا مات بؤرية.في نيسان 2002 شُــخص للمريضة أصابتها بمرض وهن العضلات الوبيل. فمنذ سنة 1999 حيث بدأت المريضة تعاني من علامات تزداد شـدة بشـكل مسـتمر متمثلة بازدواج النظر، هطول الأجفان، صعوبة في المضغ و البـلـع و صعوبة في صعود السـلم و تمشـيط شـعـر الـرأس. العلامات كانت أكثر وضوحا" عند المسـاء. و قد أثبِت وجود المرض بواسطة الفحـص الكهروفسلجي و بواسطة ملاحظة الاستجابة لعقار النيوستكمين وريديا". و قد وصِــف العلاج بواسطة عقار النيوستكمين عن طريق الفم و أظهرت المريضة تحســن ملحوظ.في حزيران 2002 أدخلت المريضة إلى المسـتشـفى بعد ظهور أعراض جديدة مختلفة عن السابق متمثــلة باضطراب التوازن و صعوبة القيام بالأعمال الدقيـقـة بواسـطة اليد و صعوبة في المشي. أدخلت المريضة مرة أخرى إلى المستشفى في تشـرين الأول نتيجـة حصول شـلل في الجهة اليسـرى من الجسم مع خدر في نفس المنطقة. العلا مات كانت تزيد شـدة أثناء تواجدها في المسـتشـفى.أظهر الفحص السـريري وجود شـلل في العصب السـابع للجهتـين ذا منشأ حركي علوي مع نشـاط لردود الأفعال الوترية في جهتي الجسـم مع ضعف حركي ذا منشأ علوي بالأضافة إلى اعتلال في المخيخ مع اضطراب في الجهاز الحسـي خصوصا" في إحساس التذبذب.أظهر فحص العصب البصري المثار على وجود زيادة في الاسـتثارة لكلا العينين. فشـخص الإصابة بمرض تصلب الأعصاب المنتشر على أساس كون الحالة تمثل انتشـار الضرر في المكان و الزمان للجهاز العصبي المركزي. أعطي عقار مثيل بردنيزولون للمريضة و أظهرت اسـتجابة واضحة.الأستنتاج: هذه الحالة قد تمثل مزاملة لعدة أمراض عصبية كأوجه مختلفة للاضطراب المناعي.


Article
REFERENTIALITY AND IDENTITY APRAGMATIC STUDY

Author: Wasan Noori Fadhil
Journal: Al-Fatih journal مجلة الفتح ISSN: 87521996 Year: 2005 Volume: 1 Issue: 23 Pages: 10-19
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This paper aims at presenting a pragmatic study of reference. Reference is a kind of relation that holds between linguistic forms and what they stand for in the universe of discourse. Two types of reference are distinguished: exophoric and endophoric reference. The linguistic forms, which are used in the process of exophoric or endophoric reference, are called referring expressions. These referring expressions take various forms. They can be proper nouns, noun phrases that are either definite or indefinite, and pronouns. They have different identities. The identity of a referring expression is determined on the basis of the co-text in which they occur. Finally, successful reference can occur only in case we pay a special attention to the role of inference on the part of the listener.


Article
Folk and Fairy Tales in Children's Literature as Illustrated by Cinderella and Little Snow White

Author: Luma Ibrahim Al-Barazenji
Journal: Al-Fatih journal مجلة الفتح ISSN: 87521996 Year: 2005 Volume: 1 Issue: 24 Pages: 225-231
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

At a time when many of our children are over-scheduled and over-stressed , we must ask ourselves what roles literature can play in their lives ? For many years , modern realistic fiction has been considered the most popular genre among young readers , perhaps because it was closer to the lives they know and , therefore , easier to read . such realistic fiction whether regional or historical provides opportunities for people to live vicariously in times and places they cannot experience any other way . Yet , sometimes many of the classic stories for children exist in the realm of fancy because of the timeless quality of such tales . Things that are most real in life can best be conveyed through fancy . Those who care about children and their literature have an obligation to inform themselves of the best and the latest thinking about the constellation of topics that will enable them to bring the two together most successfully . Writers usually believe in the vision of peace we offer our children insisting that violence , a brutal expediency and war are inevitable to get maturity . Apparently , it seems that it is nice to talk to children , to sing to them and to write fancy books feeding their imagination with dreaming tales of their futurely lives . Children want to feel some good tales to enhance highest ideals and purest dreams , then we expect our children to outgrow what we have taught them


Article
A comparison of spreader penetration depth and load required in curved canal using two types of spreaders

Author: lman M. Al-Zaka B.D.S., M.Sc د.ايمان محمد الزقة
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 167-172
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The aim of the present study was to compare nickel titanium and stainlesssteel spreaders penetration depth and load in lateral compaction. Thirty curved mesialcanals of extracted mandibular molars were used in the study. The canals wereprepared using step-back technique with Gates-Glidden. Afterward the teeth weredivided randomly into 2 groups. In part 1 of the study, the force required to inserteach spreader to within 1 mm of the working length in an empty canal was measured .In part 2, the force required to insert each spreader to within 2 mm of the workinglength was measured in canal containing a master cone. ln part 3, the depth ofpenetration of each spreader with a master cone in place using a 1.5 kg force wasmeasured. Using a t-test for paired samples, the results from pan 1 showed that nickeltitanium spreader required high significantly less force than stainless steels reader P<0.01 . ln part 2, a nickel titanium s reader re uired high si niticantl lessforce than a stainless steel spreader .As expected in part 3, a nickel titanium spreaderpenetrated to a significantly high depth than stainless steel spreader (P<0.0l


Article
Effect of denture adhesives on the retention of maxillary complete denture

Authors: Ibrahim K. Ibrahim ابراهيم خالد ابراهيم --- Yaarob M. Salman يعرب محمد سلمان
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 30-34
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Using of denture adhesives improved the retention and stability of complete denture, so it is important for the success of complete denture treatment when it is used according to its indications.Materials and methods: This project was carried out in an attempt to measure and compare the effectiveness of denture adhesives (Boots, Super corega, and Lacalut denture adhesive) in a well fitting maxillary complete denture at various time intervals. The retention of well fitting maxillary complete denture with saliva alone and with the use of denture adhesives at different time intervals was measured as a resistance to dislodgment using loading apparatus.Results: The study revealed that there is a highly significant improvement in the retention of a well fitting maxillary complete denture after using any one of the three types of the denture adhesive. Statistically the three type of denture adhesives used in this study have approximately the same effectiveness with slightly difference in the time of action.Conclusion: The use of any type of these denture adhesives that were accepted by patient (whether vegetable gum or synthetic polymer, powder or paste) can improve the retention of the complete denture.


Article
Incidence of non Hodgkin’s lymphoma of head and neck in Baghdad city

Authors: Muna S. Merza منى ميرزا --- Ahlam H. Majeed احلام حميد مجيد
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 35-37
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Malignant lymphomas in the head and neck region are relatively uncommon but may occur as a part of widely disseminated disease or as a primary lesion. This study was carried out in an attempt to evaluate the incidence of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma of head and neck in Baghdad city over ten years (1990-1999).Materials and methods: Cases of Non Hodgkin’s Lymphoma of head and neck in Baghdad city were collected and evaluated regarding sex, age, site and histopathological subtype of tumor.Results: Out of the total of (426) cases of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma of the body, (137) were showed to affect the head and neck region including 78 males and 59 females.Conclusions: Our findings showed that the principle site affected with Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma was the cervical lymph nodes followed by the tonsils with the predominant histopathological subtypes was the lymphocytic Lymphoma followed by Reticular cell sarcoma.


Article
Etiological factors of temporomandibular joint disorders

Author: Hajer Ibrahem B.D.S., M.Sc د.هاجر ابراهيم
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 290-297
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The temporomandibular joint disorders are defined as a collective term embracinga number of clinical problems that involve the masticatory muscles, the TMJ andassociated structures. Myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS) is the most common.functional disorder of TMJMany etiological factors have been blamed to produce pain and dysfunction of.TMJ such as stress, malocclusion and parafunctional habitsStress is thought to be responsible for hyperactivity of the muscles of mastication.which leads to muscle fatigue then muscle spasm and painThe purpose of this study was to determine the role of stress as an ctiological.)factor in (MPDSOne hundred dental students were used in this study and evaluated for havingMPDS. Another sample of one hundred persons from the general population were.evaluated in the same manner to be used as controlThe results of this study indicated that (55%) of participating students haveMPDS) because of the great amotmts of stress they are going through. While in control group there was only (7%).

Listing 1 - 10 of 94 << page
of 10
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (94)


Language

Arabic (38)

English (37)

Arabic and English (18)


Year
From To Submit

2005 (94)