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Article
MATERNAL MORTALITY IN BASRAH HOSPITALS; AN OVERVIEW OF THE LAST TWO DECADES

Authors: Salman K Ajlaan --- Edward Zaia --- Faiz A Alwaeely --- Fouad H Al-Dahhan
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2006 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 3-3
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the MMR in Basra hospitals for 20 years (1983-2002), to determine the main causes of maternal deaths with regards to direct, indirect & fortuitous causes & to verify the impact of major events including wars & sanction on the trend of maternal deaths. This is a retrospective study included all maternal deaths occurred in hospitals as well as deaths recorded in emergency departments, forensic medicine department & statistical units throughout the study period. Detailed information was taken to verify the cause of death in each woman. A total of 206 deaths occurred during the study period, MMR did not run a steady fashion, they showed gradual decline during 1980s. Following the second gulf war, there was considerable increase in MMR with the peak one observed in 1996. There after the ratio decline gradually to pre 2nd war levels. Direct obstetric causes remain the major causes of maternal death throughout the 20 years with, in a decreasing frequency, hemorrhage, sepsis & AFE were the major direct causes. However, indirect causes showed some, but noticeable increment during the sanction years. We concluded that the major political events, including wars that Iraq & Iraqi peoples exposed to had substantial adverse influence on the trends of maternal deaths. Although a direct maternal death outweigh indirect death, however, sanction years caused obvious increment in direct deaths.

Keywords

MATERNAL --- MORTALITY --- BASRAH


Article
some intes tinal helminths of norway rat ruttus horvegicus berkenhout1769 in basrah iraq

Author: الزهيري
Journal: Univesity of Thi-Qar Journal مجلة جامعة ذي قار العلمية ISSN: 66291818 Year: 2006 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-12
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract


Article
Microbiological quality of lamb and beef meat in basrah
النوعية المايكروبايولوجية للحوم الأغنام والأبقار في محافظة البصرة

Author: H. A. Yassen هناء عبد اللطيف ياسين
Journal: ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES مجلة الأنبار للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: PISSN: 19927479 / EISSN: 26176211 Year: 2006 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 238-242
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Random meat samples were collected from 25 beef and 25 lamb In different Basrah locatities and villages.The samples were examined microbiologically for aerobic plate, coliform, Staphylococcus aureus and total yeast andmold count. The results of this study were as follows:The average count of total bacteria were 4.1×107 and 1.7×108 /g of beef and lamb meat samples, respectively. The average total coliform were 3×107 and 3.7×107/g for beef and lamb meat samples, respectively. S. aureus were isolated from examined eef and lamb meat samples with average count 2.5×107 and 3.5×107 /g of the samples respectively. Total yeast and molds were detected in all of the examined beef and lamb meat samples with average count 1.7×105 and 3.1×105 /g of the sample.

تم جمع 25 عينة من لحوم الأبقار وكذلك 25 عينة من لحوم الأغنام من عشرة محلات قصابين بطريقة عشوائية من أماكن مختلفة في محافظة البصرة وذلك لفحصها مايكروبايولوجيا . وقد تم تقدير العدد الكلي للبكتريا الهوائية Total bacterial count وبكتريا القولون الكلية Total coliform count والمكورات العنقودية الذهبية Staphylococcus aureus والخمائر والفطريات والاعفان yeast and mold وقد أوضحت النتائج إن معدل العدد الكلي للبكتريا الهوائية 4.1 × 10 7 و 1.7 ×10 8 لكل غرام بالنسبة للحوم الأبقار والأغنام على التوالي بينما تم عزل بكتريا القولون الكلية Coliform بمعدل 2×10 7 و3.7 ×10 7 لكل غرام من لحم الابقاروالاغنام على التوالي 0 وتم عزل المكورات العنقودية الذهبية Staphylococcus aureus بمعدل2.5×10 7 و5,3×710 لكل غرام من لحم الابقار والاغنام على التوالي 0 وبتقدير العدد الكلي للخمائر والاعفان وجد ان معدلها كان 1.7×10 5 و 1, 3 ×10 5 لكل غرام من لحم الابقار والاغنام على التوالي .

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