research centers


Search results: Found 7

Listing 1 - 7 of 7
Sort by

Article
Concentration of salivary magnesium in relation to dental caries among a group of adults

Author: Wesal A. Al-Obaidi B.D.S., M.Sc. * د. وصال العبيدي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2006 Volume: 3 Issue: 2 Pages: 145-149
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Magnesium is one of the major cations in plant and animal tissues and is anessential constituent of the bone and tissue, as well as the body fluids. Concentrationsof most electrolytes in saliva are subjected to considerable alteration. The aim of thisstudy was to investigate the salivary magnesium in relation to dental caries. A sampleof 46 adults was involved with age range of 20-45 years. Samples of stimulated salivawere collected and prepared to be analyzed for magnesium estimation using atomicabsorption spectrophotometer. Clinical examination was done for dental caries usingWHO criteria. The salivary magnesium concentration was 0.38mg/dl. Neither the sex,nor the age influenced the concentration of magnesium in supernatant stimulatedsaliva. Negative correlations were found between salivary magnesium and age,salivary flow rate, while, a positive correlation was recorded with dental caries. Allthese associations were not proved to be significant (P<0.05). Further investigationshould be done on whole saliva to clarify the association between magnesium anddental caries. The magnesium relation with the other elements must be considered.


Article
nutritional status and dental caries in five years old kidergarten children of Baghdad city

Author: zayed S.Hassan زيد حسن
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: PISSN: 00419419 / EISSN: 24108057 Year: 2006 Volume: 48 Issue: 2 Pages: 172-176
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract


Article
Prevalence of dental caries, dental health attitude and behaviour in Humaidat village, Ninevah, at the entry of 21st century

Authors: Tarik Y Khamrco --- Saher S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 15-19
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of dental caries in Humaidat village (which is located at Tigris riverabout 25 Km to the Northern West from Mosul City), to determine the level of dental health attitudeand behaviors and to compare the results with the previous study that carried out in the same villagebefore 10 years. Materials and Methods: The size of the sample was 213 individuals, 105 males and108 females. Their ages were ranged between 10–60 years. Clinical dental examination was carried outusing decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index for the permanent teeth. Questionnaires wereused to assess the level of dental health attitude and behaviours among the individuals. Results: Mostof the individuals have poor awareness about their oral health. They were not used to brush their teethregularly; they eat large amount of sweets at different times of the day and a large percent of them hadno willingness to seek for dental treatment. Clinical dental examination indicated the high cariesprevalence among the individuals, which increased by increasing age, and most of the cases weretreated by extraction. Conclusion: The oral and dental health status in the rural areas is far from goodand needs to be reevaluated.


Article
Longitudinal study of dental caries experience and pattern among a group of children in Baghdad

Author: Dr. Wesal A. Al-Obaidi B.D.S., M.Sc. * د. وصال العبيدي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2006 Volume: 3 Issue: 3 Pages: 302-307
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The most dramatic increase in dental decay is thought to have occurred during thelast part of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. The aim of this study wasto investigate the caries experience and pattern in primary and permanent teeth in alongitudinal study. Dental caries of 166 kindergarten children of 4-5 years old wasrecorded. Only 122 of the children were re-examined when their ages became 10-11.The third examination of 118 children was done when their ages became 13-14.Dental caries registration was done following the criteria of WHO (1987). Dentalprevalence was increased by age reaching 94.9 percent at 13-14 years old. No sexdifferences were observed among the three examinations except in DMFT. TheDMFT incidence after 6 years was 4.3 and after 3 years was 1.8, while DMFSincidence was 6.4 and 2.2 respectively. The D/d component was the highest meanvalue. Although dental caries was significantly higher in posterior than in anteriorteeth, there were no jaw differences. Occlusal and proximal surfaces were thepredominate surfaces affected among permanent and primary teeth respectively.Coinciding with the incline in caries experience observed among children, changes inthe distribution and progression rate of the disease have been found.


Article
Salivary Streptococcus mutans and dental caries in relation to nutritional status among 6 years old children

Author: Wesal A. Al-Obaidi B.D.S., M.Sc. * د. وصال العبيدي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2006 Volume: 3 Issue: 4 Pages: 386-390
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Nutritional status is the mirror image of health and one of its mostaccurate indicators. Normal salivary gland functions are essential for maintenanceof oral health. Salivary flow rate and composition which could be influenced bynutritional status. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of nutritionalstatus on Streptococcus mutans and their relations to dental caries.Materials and methods: Stimulated saliva was collected from 28 children with anage 6 years old. Those randomly selected children were divided into wellnourishedand chronic malnourished children according to their age, weight andheight indicators. Dental caries examination of primary teeth was assayedfollowing the criteria of WHO. Microbiological assessment of Streptococcusmutans was done after measuring the salivary flow rate.Results: No significant differences were found between well-nourished and chronicmalnourished children in caries experience. Chronic malnourished children had asignificant lower salivary flow rate and higher mean counts of salivaryStreptococcus mutans than that of well-nourished children. Significantcorrelations were found between nutritional status with flow rate andStreptococcus mutans.Conclusion: Early identification of malnourished children will lower the prevalenceof dental caries and enhance their quality of life.


Article
Pattern, Severity and Treatment Needs of Dental Caries among Five-year Kindergarten Children in Baghdad Iraq
نمط وشدة تسوس الأسنان للأطفال بعمر خمسة سنوات في مدينة بغداد

Authors: Zayed S. Hassan د.زياد حسان --- Alhan A. Al –Taai د. الحان الطائي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2006 Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 280-285
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract:Objective(s): This study carried out to evaluate the severity of dental caries and treatment needs among some Iraqi children, aged (5) years old in Baghdad.Methods: The sample was selected randomly. The examination of the oral cavity was based on diagnostic criteria marked by the World Health Organization (1987).Results: The study demonstrated a high prevalence of dental caries (81.20 %), gender difference was not found (P>0.05). The means of dmft and dmfs were found in the present study to be (5.11 ± 0.17, 9.62 ± 0.42 respectively) Results showed that ds fraction constituted the major part of dmfs value followed by ms, while fs fraction reached zero. Concerning ds gender differences was statistically highly significant (P<0.01). Posterior teeth were more susceptible to dental caries, than the anterior teeth. As the occlusal surface was the most affected surface followed by proximate surface. The dental treatment needs were high as 72% of children needed one surface restoration, while extraction (11%) was found to be the lowest need.Conclusion: The severity of dental caries was very high in primary dentition. The tooth susceptibility to dental caries in lower posterior teeth was higher than upper. While the picture was differ in anterior teeth.keywords: dental caries, treatment needs, 5 year old

نمط وشدة تسوس الأسنان للأطفال بعمر خمسة سنوات في مدينة بغدادد.زياد حسان , د. الحان الطائيالملخص:الهدف من البحث: هذه الدراسة اجريت لتحديد شدة التسوس والاحتياجات العلاجية لبعض الاطفال بعمر 5 سنوات في مدينة بغداد.الادوات والطرائق : العينة اختيرت عشوائيا ً تم الفحص حسب منظمة الصحة العالمية 1987.النتائج : اوضحت النتائج نسبة انتشار عالي لتسوس الاسنان (81.20%) كان الاختلاف بين الجنسين غير معنوي. كان معدل التسوس للاسنان والاسطح في هذه الدراسة 5.11±0.17 و 9.62± 0.42 على التوالي.النتائج اظهرت ان الاسطح المتعرضة للتسوس فقط هي القيمة العالية تليها الاسطح المفقودة ثم الاسطح المعوضة بحشوات الاسنان والتي قيمتها صفر. فيما يخص معدل التسوس للاسطح كان الاختلاف بين الجنسين بفرق معنوي عالي جدا ً. الاسنان الخلفية كانت اكثر عرضة لتسوس الاسنان منها في الاسنان الامامية وكانت سطوح الاطباق اكثر عرضة مما في الاسطح الجانبية لنخرالاسنان.الاحتياجات العلاجية للاسنان كانت عالية حيث (72%) من الاطفال يحتاجون تعويضات اسنان لسطح واحد بينما 11% يحتاجون قلع اسنان وهي القيمة الادنى.الاستنتاج: شدة تسوس الاسنان كانت عالية في الاسنان المؤقتة. كانت الاسنان الخلفية للفك الاسفل اكثر عرضة لتسوس الاسنان منها في اللاسنان الخلفية للفك العلوي ولكن الصورة مختلفة في الاسنان الامامية.


Article
Distribution of Dental Caries among Primary School Children in Al-Mukalla Area – Yemen
توزيع تسوس الأسنان بين أطفال المدارس الابتدائية في منطقة المكلا - اليمن

Authors: Abbas A. Al-Dujaily3 احمد محمد / حميد سعد /عباس علي --- Hameed S. Hassan2 --- Ahmed M. Al-Haddad
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit University المجلة الطبية لجامعة تكريت ISSN: 18131638 Year: 2006 Volume: 2 Issue: 122 Pages: 6-11
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This cross-sectional study is carried out to identify the distribution of dental caries among 400
primary school children of 12 years age in Al-Mukalla area in Yemen.
It was found that 198 (49.5%) out of 400 school children have dental caries; of those affected children
51.5% were males, and 48.5% were females. Dental caries was found to occur more in permanent
teeth (76.6%) and distributed mostly in the lower jaw (54%). It is more distributed in urban areas
where the affected seen to represent 53%, whereas in the rural areas it was 38%. In comparison, the
distribution of dental caries (among the affected) in private schools (57%) is more than that in
governmental schools (47%), and the children living in areas receive their water supply from
Al-Ghail, Source 1, are affected (53.6%) more than those living in areas supplied from Al-Taweela,
Source 2, (42.7%). Finally dental caries causes missing of the teeth in 8% of children.

تتم هذه الدراسة مستعرضة من أجل تحديد توزيع تسوس الأسنان بين 400
وأطفال المدارس الابتدائية من سن 12 عاما في منطقة المكلا في اليمن.
وقد تبين أن 198 (49.5٪) من أصل من أطفال المدارس 400 ديهم تسوس الأسنان؛ لهؤلاء الأطفال المتضررين
51.5٪ من الذكور، و 48.5٪ من الإناث. تم العثور على تسوس الأسنان إلى أن يحدث أكثر في الأسنان الدائمة />
وحيث ينظر إلى المتضررين تمثل 53٪، في حين أنه في المناطق الريفية كانت 38٪. في المقارنة، فإن توزيع />

تتأثر آل غيل، المصدر 1، (53.6٪) أكثر من أولئك الذين يعيشون في المناطق الموردة من شركة إنشاءه بمنطقة الطويلة،
المصدر 2، (42.7٪). تسوس الأسنان يؤدي في نهاية المطاف في عداد المفقودين الأسنان في 8٪ من الأطفال.

Listing 1 - 7 of 7
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (7)


Language

English (6)

Arabic and English (1)


Year
From To Submit

2006 (7)