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Article
Longitudinal study of dental caries experience and pattern among a group of children in Baghdad

Author: Dr. Wesal A. Al-Obaidi B.D.S., M.Sc. * د. وصال العبيدي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2006 Volume: 3 Issue: 3 Pages: 302-307
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The most dramatic increase in dental decay is thought to have occurred during thelast part of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. The aim of this study wasto investigate the caries experience and pattern in primary and permanent teeth in alongitudinal study. Dental caries of 166 kindergarten children of 4-5 years old wasrecorded. Only 122 of the children were re-examined when their ages became 10-11.The third examination of 118 children was done when their ages became 13-14.Dental caries registration was done following the criteria of WHO (1987). Dentalprevalence was increased by age reaching 94.9 percent at 13-14 years old. No sexdifferences were observed among the three examinations except in DMFT. TheDMFT incidence after 6 years was 4.3 and after 3 years was 1.8, while DMFSincidence was 6.4 and 2.2 respectively. The D/d component was the highest meanvalue. Although dental caries was significantly higher in posterior than in anteriorteeth, there were no jaw differences. Occlusal and proximal surfaces were thepredominate surfaces affected among permanent and primary teeth respectively.Coinciding with the incline in caries experience observed among children, changes inthe distribution and progression rate of the disease have been found.


Article
Social Relationship Pattern of Family Caregivers: A Study of Inpatients at a Mental/Psychiatric Hospital
ارتفاع السكر في الدم كمضاعفات جانبية العقار في علاج اطفال مرض ابيضاض الدم

Author: Ali H. Hayyawi د. علي حسن حياوي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2006 Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 211-214
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

AbstractBackground: A well functioning and supportive network around patients with mental illness from their family members who care for them has been shown to be substantially of greater importance in shaping the ultimate course and out come of the condition and influencing the course of the mental disorder.Objective: To evaluate the social relationship of family caregivers with their inpatients affected by chronic psychiatric disorders in a mental and psychiatric hospital. Methodology: Studying of (438) medical files belong to inpatients with chronic psychiatric and mental disorders. Data were collected about the patients and their family-members who care for them. Results: Patients visited by their family members constitute (262) out of (423) in a rate of (62%). Young age group at 20-29 year had the highest rate of family visiting (76%), this rate decreased with increasing age. Patients admitted for the 1st time were visited by his family members at high rate (73%) which decreased to (63%) for those with repeated admissions.Conclusion: There was poor family patient adherence. A lot of works are needed on family side to breakout the isolation of patients and career.Key words: Social Relationship Pattern of Family Caregivers

الملخص النسيج الاجتماعي عالي الاداء والمساند للمريض المصاب بامراض نفسية وعقلية مزمنة له تأثير اساسي ومهم في التشكيل النهائي وفي مخرجات الحالة المرضية كما يؤثر على مسار المرض.لتقييم العلاقة الاجتاعية بين المرضى المصابين باختلال نفسي وعقلي مع من يقدم لهم العناية من افراد عائلتهم , تم دراسة طبلات (438) مريض مصاب بامراض نفسية راقد في مستشفى الرشاد التعليمي للامراض النفسية والعقلية. جمعت معلومات عن المرضى وعن افراد عائلاتهم. اظهرت الدراسة أن (262) مريض يحظى بزيارة افراد عائلته بنسبة( 62% ). المرضى ذوي الاعمار الصغيرة (20-29) سنة هم اكثر الفئات في معدل الزيارات حيث انه تتم زيارة( 76%) منهم ويقل هذا المعدل بزيادة العمر. تتم زيارة المرضى الذين يدخلون المستشفى للمرة الاولى بمعدل عالي( 73%) ويقل الى( 63%) للمرضى الذين لديهم دخولات متكررة . الدراسات اظهرت ضعف في الصلة بين المريض وعائلته . نحتاج الى عمل كبير في الجانب العائلي لخرق هذا الحاجز بينهم .


Article
PROPOSAL OF INTRAORAL PATTERN OF DISTRIBUTION OF THE GENERALIZED AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS

Author: Abdul Latif Al-Juboury
Journal: AL-TAQANI مجلة التقني ISSN: 1818653X Year: 2006 Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Pages: 33-39
Publisher: Foundation of technical education هيئة التعليم التقني

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Abstract

The generalized aggressive periodontitis is synonymous to the localized form . Each may have unique entity which is often confusable . So the aim of this study is to draw an intraoral pattern of disease distribution depending upon the gingival bleeding index , radiologic bone loss , pocket depth and the clinical tooth mobility . Thirty two GAP patient were examined clinically and radiologically , 19 female constituted 59.375% , their average age was 22.45±0.981 . Male constituted 40.625% (13 patients) , their average age was 25.313±0.89 . A significant difference only in their number was obtained (P<0.05 T and test) .The total present teeth were 891 , teeth involved with 80% and more of bone loss was 523 , constituted 58.698% with significant difference . The mobile teeth were 387 constitute 74.28% with significant difference the GBI score showed two forms , high score (2.089±0.88) and low score (0.89±0.13) with significant difference. The result shows that the clinical parameters are consistent and symmetrical on both arches. The disease could take certain order in its distribution making intra oral pattern realizable .

التهاب اللثة العدواني والعام متشابه مع مثيله المحدود ، كل منهما يحمل مواصفات خاصة له والتي هي غالباً مربكة ومتداخلة ، ولذا كان الهدف من هذه الدراسة وضع صورة من طريقة توزيع التهاب اللثة العدواني العام في داخل الفم اعتماداً على مقياس درجة نزف اللثة وعمق حبوب اللثة وكمية عظم الفك المفقودة جراء الالتهاب وعدد الاسنان المتحركة جراء فقدان العظم الساند . اثنان وثلاثون مريضاً تم تشخيصهم شعاعياً وسريراً كونهم يحملون مرض التهاب اللثة العدواني العام ، 19 أنثى نسبتهم 59.375% ومعدل اعمارهم 22.45±0.981 مع 13 ذكراً نسبتهم 40.625 ومعدل 25.313 ± 0.89 .مجموع عدد الاسنان الموجودة لدى 32 مريضاً كان 981 ، الاسنان المصابة بفقدان بنسبة 20% من العظم الساند او اكثر كان 523 نسبتها 58.698% . عدد الاسنان المتحركة 387 ، نسبتها 74.28% . مقياس نزف اللثة اظهر حالتين ذات النزف العالي وذات النزف المعتدل والفرق بينهما مسند بدلالة علمية وان توزيع الاصابة في الفكين متناسق على كلاهما في آن واحد , وبصورة ثابتة ويبدو ان الاصابة تأخذ شكلاً تسلسلياً ثابتاً . من هذا نستنتج ان المرض يتوزع في الفم بطريقة محددة وبنظام معين .


Article
The geographical pattern of pulmonary tuberculosis in the province of Basra
النمط الجغرافي لمرض التدرن الرئوي في محافظة البصرة

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Abstract

A tuberculosis dilemma public health returned to spread on a global scale and broad and there is a range of environmental factors conducive to the spread of this disease is overcrowding and high density residential housing parenchymal quality moist lack of health conditions of ventilation, etc., as well as "a low level of income, malnutrition and lack of health awareness 000 be poor urban settings hotbeds of endemism for this disease in different parts of world 0 determined objective of this research to identify the personal geography of disease tuberculosis in the province of Basra through the survey dimensions temporal and vocabulary characteristics demographic trends spatial 0 and be wondering about the impact of variables where geographical spatial pattern for this disease hypothesis that researchers seeking to verify them from discussing the merits of the topic 0 A tuberculosis dilemma public health returned to spread on a global scale and broad and there is a range of environmental factors conducive to the spread of this disease is overcrowding and high density residential housing parenchymal quality moist lack of health conditions of ventilation, etc., as well as "a low level of income, malnutrition and lack of health awareness 000 be poor urban settings hotbeds of endemism for this disease in different parts of world 0 determined objective of this research to identify the personal geography of disease tuberculosis in the province of Basra through the survey dimensions temporal and vocabulary characteristics demographic trends spatial 0 and be wondering about the impact of variables where geographical spatial pattern for this disease hypothesis that researchers seeking to verify them from discussing the merits of the topic 0

يشكل مرض التدرن معضلة صحية عامة عادت لتنتشر على نطاق عالمي واسع وثمة جملة من العوامل البيئية تساعد على انتشار هذا المرض تتمثل بالازدحام وارتفاع الكثافة السكنية في مساكن متنية النوعية رطبة تفتقر للشروط الصحية من تهوية وغيرها ، فضلا" عن انخفاض مستوى الدخل وسوء التغذية وقلة الوعي الصحي 000 تكون البيئات الحضرية الفقيرة بؤرا لتوطن هذا المرض في مختلف جهات العالم 0 يتحدد هدف البحث بالتعرف على الشخصية الجغرافية لمرض التدرن الرئوي في محافظة البصرة من خلال استقصاء ابعاده الزمانية ومفردات خصائصه الديموغرافية واتجاهاته المكانية 0 ويكون التساؤل عن مدى تأثير متغيرات المكان الجغرافية في النمط المكاني لهذا المرض الفرضية التي يسعى الباحثان للتحقق منها عن الخوض في حيثيات الموضوع 0

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