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Article
Popular health beliefs: Old wives tales about pregnancy and its outcome in Mosul city.

Authors: Asma A. AL-Jawadi اسماء الجوادي --- Nuha Hachim نهى حاجم --- Dhafer B. AL-Youzbaki ظافر بشير اليوزبكي
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2007 Volume: 33 Issue: 1&2 Pages: 42-50
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Background: Searching of popular health beliefs carries many benefits to the whole health process and any physician wants to function effectively in his community must be aware, socially, about these important popular beliefs about health and illness that may manipulate any treatment or preventive health plan. This work was conducted to evaluate the most important popular health beliefs related to pregnancy and its outcome.
Methods: A cross sectional design was used in this work. From the sociological point of view, it is a qualitative research, using a consecutive sample of women attendants at a primary health care centers for the period from. 1st. October 2006 to 1st. February 2007.
Assessment of the popular health beliefs about pregnancy regarding nutrition, hygiene, physical activity, dressing, utilization of medical services during pregnancy, deliveries, breast feeding, and sexual activities throughout the pregnancy was carried out by the use of especially designed questionnaire. All the information were gathered from women more than 40 years old, who have children and living in Mosul city since 30 years.
Results: Most of the participants in this study agreed about the importance of organ and red meats, milk, vegetables and fruits during pregnancy (99%, 97%, 95%, and 94% respectively). A lower proportion agreed about the usefulness of vitamins (63%), iron tablets (61%) and white meats (61%). Sufficient numbers (71%) regarded bathing as a healthy practice during pregnancy as well as tooth brushing (68%) and hand washing (92%). Only 36% went with walking for the pregnant women, 96% were against aerobics and also against running. More than two thirds (77%) supported vaccination, all refused exposure to X-ray and 90% also refused non-prescribed medication. The majority (91%) agreed about the importance of hospital deliveries and three quarters (75%) disagreed about untrained dia as a birth attendant. Fortunately, 83% were agreed about giving the colostrums to the new born directly after delivery. A dangerous proportion (18%) of mothers was assured about the benefits of application ash of dung or dung on the umbilical stump. Breast feeding got support from 84% while, 60% agreed about 3 weeks and more as a rest period after delivery.
Conclusion: Many popular health beliefs regarding pregnancy in Mosul city go in agreement with the scientific health facts and theories that should be reinforced and supported. Moreover, the very hazardous popular health belief that ash of dung or dung may be applied to the umbilical stumps of the newly born babies, still needs an intensive intervention health educational program.

الخلاصة: إن العديد من المعتقدات الطبية الشعبية فيما يخص الحمل في محافظة نينوى تذهب بالموافقة مع الحقائق والنظريات الطبية العلمية والتي يجب ان تقوّى وتدعم. إضافة إلى هذا، هناك معتقد شعبي من ناحية الصحة خطيرا جداً وهو وضع رماد روث أو روث الحيوانات على قاعدة السرّة للأطفال حديثي الولادة. وهذا حقيقة يحتاج إلى برنامج تداخلي صحي وتثقيفي وذلك لإنقاذ حياة الأطفال حديثي الولادة الذين قد يتعرضون لمثل هذا الخطر الجسيم.

Keywords

Health --- pregnancy --- beliefs


Article
Mobile phone reminder as a tool in maintaining good oral health status of Iraqi students

Author: Dr. Kadhim Jawad B.D.S MSc. Periodontology* د. كاظم جواد
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2007 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 44-48
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Improving the oral health status through out a group directed periodontal health educational programs was and still as one of the most applied strategies in field of dental and periodontal disease prevention. Eighty systemically fit undergraduate dental students were randomly chosen and allocated into two groups (control and experimental). A two-lecture educational program was carried out for both groups, but Students in the experimental group were instructed to use their mobile phone reminder to remind them the time of performing oral hygiene practice. Results of this research clearly reflect the proposed positive effect of the educational program on the oral health status of the participant and highly significant improvement was recorded for those who use the mobile reminder.


Article
Assessment of Nursing College Students' Health Protective Behaviors

Author: Talib M. Kudhair
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2007 Volume: 20 Issue: 1,2 Pages: 1-9
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

AbstractObjective: to assess the Nursing College students' health-protective behaviors (HPBs) and theirassociation with some sociodemograghic characteristics.Methodology: A sample of 100 Students (males and females) was selected through a systematicrandom sample that were at the third and fourth year of Nursing College in Baghdad University for theperiod of April 1st through April 30th 2007. Data were collected through the use of a self-reportinstrument that used for Americans as HPBs assessment that contains 23 items. Reliability and validityof the tool were determined through a pilot study. A descriptive statistical approach (frequencies andpercentages) and inferential statistical approach (chi-square) were used for data analysis.Results: the study indicated that health protective behaviors (HPBs) of the students were bad and thereis a significant relationship between HPBs of the students and their sociodemograghic characteristics.Recommendations: the study recommended that an education program can be designed, conducted,and implemented to the universities' students as well as further and nation-wide studies can be on alarge sample size of colleges of nursing students.Key Words: health-protective behaviors, nursing college students.


Article
Oral health status among children re-ceiving chemotherapy

Author: Fayhaa A Al-Mashhadane
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 96-100
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aim: To investigate the effects of chemotherapeutic agents on the oral health of children and to com-pare the action of two mouth rinses chlorhexidine digluconate 0.2 % and salty water (0.9% NaCl) in relation to their ability in controlling the plaque and gingival inflammation with children treated by cytotoxic agents. Materials and Method: In this clinical trial, the selected children were divided into two groups the first one comprised of 30 healthy children represented as a control group and the second one comprised of 30 children who were receiving chemotherapy for at least 6 months, they were se-lected from patients attended to pediatric wards of public hospitals in Mosul city .All children were of similar age groups and mean age of 5+ 1 years. The plaque and gingival indices were measured accord-ing to silness and lِöe for the six teeth at the baseline. Then the 30 children who were receiving chemo-therapy were randomly divided into two groups; each consisting of 15 children, they were instructed to use mouth rinses twice daily for 30 seconds after breakfast and before the bed time.The plaque and gingival indices were again measured one month after mouth rinsing for the six teeth at the baseline. Results: The results of this study revealed that the chemotherapeutic agents modify oral health and there was significant increase of plaque and gingival indices in children receiving chemotherapeutic agents (at p≤0.05), also results showed that there was a significant reduction after rinsing with chlor-hexidine digluconate for plaque and gingival indices (at p≤0.05), while non significant change for salty water mouth wash. Conclusion: In view of the possible factors that causes increase of the plaque and gingival indices, suggested myelosuppresion that is associated with chemotherapy which has effects on rate and pattern of hard and soft tissues resulting in reduced the ability to repair and maintain the oral health status.


Article
Evaluation of efficiency of health in the district of Qurna
تقويم الكفاءة الصحية في قضاء القرنة

Author: Salah Mehdi Uraibi Al-Ziadi صلاح مهدي عريبي الزيادي
Journal: ADAB AL-BASRAH آداب البصرة ISSN: 18148212 Year: 2007 Issue: 43 Pages: 255-277
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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