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Article
Temporomandibular Disorder in Mosul City

Author: Baceer A Abdullah
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: SpIss Pages: S18-S23
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To describe the subjectively perceived symptoms and frequency of the objective signs of the mandibular dysfunction and their severity by using Helkimo index ,age distribution and their relation to sex. Materials and methods: This study includes 450 TMDs patients, who admitted to TMJ clinic at college of dentistry in Mosul City, Helkimo index was used to assess the symptoms and signs of the TMDs and their severity. Results: It was found that TMDs most frequently affected the age group 21– 30 years. TMJ sounds (Clicking and Crepitation) were found as the most frequent symptoms (71.5%) followed by difficulty in opening (29.3%). No sex difference in relation to TMJ sounds was found p>0.05. Impaired TMJ function was the most prevalent sign (82.6%). No sex difference in relation to ITF was found p>0.05. Concerning the distribution of the patients according to Ai (Anamenstic dysfunction index). It was found that 51patients (11.3%) were symptoms free (Ai0), 169 patients (37.5%) reported mild symptoms (AiI) and 230 patients (51.1%) complained from severe symptoms (AiII). No significant sex difference in relation to Ai was found p>0.05. Regarding the distribution of the patients in relation to Di (Clinical dysfunction index).This study reveals that 7 patients (1.5%) were sign free (Di0), 114 patients (25.3%) with mild signs (DiI), 172 patients (38.2%) with moderate signs (DiII)and 157 patients (34.8%) with severe signs (DiIII). No significant sex difference in relation to clinical dysfunction index (Di) p>0.05 was found in this study. Conclusions: The age 21–30 years consider the high risk age group. The TMJ sounds were the most frequent symptoms. Severe symptoms (Ai II) and signs (DiIII) represents high percentages (51.1%) and (34.4%) respectively in a patients with TMDs in Mosul City.

Keywords

TMDs --- Helkimo index


Article
Oral health status among secondary school students in Mosul City Centre/Iraq

Author: Aisha A Qasim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 10 Pages: 180-185
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the oral hygiene and gingival health among secondary school students and to find ifthere was any variation between age and sex groups in Mosul City Centre. Material and Methods: Asample of 630 students aged 16–18 years old (278 males, 352 females) were examined using plaqueindex score and gingival index. The clinical examinations were carried out in the school using planemouth mirrors, WHO periodontal probes to detect the dental plaque and gingival health. Results:Showed that the mean plaque score for the total sample was 0.96, the plaque index increased with age.Females reported less mean plaque scores than males with statistically significant difference betweenthem. The mean gingival score was 0.56 for the total sample and it increased with age. There was asignificant difference between males and females. The study revealed that 35.9% of the total sampledid not brush their teeth. Therefore the objective of dental health education to those subjects is to brushtheir teeth regularly and to improve the effectiveness of oral hygiene practice. Conclusion: Periodontaldisease is indirectly related to the exposure of bacterial plaque for long time which calls forcoordinated planning of preventive strategies and urgent priorities


Article
Nutritional and Epidemiological Characteristics of Iraqi TB Patients
المميزات التغذوية والوبائية لمرضى التدرن الرئوي العراقيين

Author: Tawfeeq F. R. AL-Auqbi توفيق فاخر العقبي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2007 Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Pages: 383-387
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:Introduction: There is good evidence, both at the population and the clinical level, for the effect of primary malnutrition on tuberculosis, both to increase frequency of occurrence and to exacerbate clinical manifestations.Objectives: To study the nutritional and socio-epidemiological characteristics that may affects the Iraqi TB patients.Patients And Method: Prospective observational designed study for one year were conducted in Al-Rasheed Teaching Military Hospital / Department of Medicine – TB and pulmonology clinic. A 206 patients of pulmonary TB visiting the clinic monthly were included in the study. At the interview patients asked about medical history (including the social habits, smoking, family history of TB and history of prison); examined physically and assessed nutritionally (BMI, triceps Skin fold thickness and waist to hip ratio) then send for laboratory investigation ( Hb%, sputum for AFB, liver function test) at each monthly visit.Results: mean age of patients were 26.12 ± 6.46 years and BMI 20.09 ± 3.37 kg/m2; while the prevalence of malnutrition (BMI <18.5 kg/m2) was 23.52% of studied patients. Mean duration of complaint 37.82±26.91 days before seeking medical consultation. Prisoners form 61.28% of all patients. Prevalence of smoking was 61.76% among studied patients. Prevalence of previous TB history was 19.60% of patients. Prevalence of positive TB family history was 7.38% of patients.Conclusions: Nutritional status, Prison, smoking, previous TB history and family history of TB were possible TB risk factors which compound the nutritional effects on TB patients.

الملخص :- مقدمة: هناك شواهد على مستوى السكان والمستوى السريري تدعم تأثير سوء التغذية على الأصابة بالتدرن الرئوي فيما يخص زيادة حدوث المرض واشتداد اعراضة. هدف الدراسة: أثبات تأثير سوء التغذية والعوامل الأجتماعية و الوبائية على مرضى التدرن الرئوي العراقيين. طريقة البحث: تم تصميم الدراسة لمراقبة ومتابعة المرضى لمدة سنة في مستشفى الرشيد العسكري التعليمي / شعبة الباطنية/ قسم الأمراض الصدرية والتدرن. تم شمول 206 مريض بالدراسة وتمت مقابلتهم و فحصهم سريريا ومختبريا كل شهر. النتائج: كان معدل العمر 26.12 ± 6.46 سنة ومعدل معامل كتلة الجسم 20.09 ± 3.37 كغم/متر مربع و نسبة الأصابة بسوء التغذية (اقل من 18.5 كغم/متر مربع ) 23.52% من المرضى. معدل فترة الشكوى من المرض قبل الفحص 37.82±26.91 يوم؛ شكل السجناء نسبة 61.28% من المرضى والمدخنين 61.76% والذين لديهم اصابة تدرنية سابقة 19.60% والذين لديهم تاريخ مرضي عائلي للتدرن .7.38% الأستنتاجات: ان سوء التغذية والعوامل المساعدة الأخرى كالتدخين والسجن والتاريخ المرضي السابق والعائلي تعتبر عوامل متضافرة لتعقيد تأثير التدرن الرئوي على المرضى.


Article
Prevalence of dental fluorosis among pr-imary school children in Thamar– Yemen.

Author: Faraed D Salman
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 9 Pages: 14-19
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis in relation to age and sex for primary school children, aged 6 – 12 years old in Thamar -Yemen. Material and methods: The study included 600 primary school children aged 6, 9 and 12 years old randomly selected (300 males, 300 females) in Thamar – Yemen, who had lived since birth in moderate natural fluoride level (1.8 – 2.2 ppm) by the use of Dean index to assess dental fluorosis. Results: Showed that the prevalence of dental fluorosis was 19.83 % and 5.23 % within students and teeth respectively, ranging from very mild to moderate form of dental fluorosis with no significant sex difference for individuals at p ≤0.05 as total and significant difference between males and females for teeth as total at p ≤ 0.001, the percentage of severity had been found to be increasing with age. The community fluorosis index for Thamar Province was 0.4 %, which was regarded low. Conclusion: The prevalence of dental fluorosis had been increased with increasing age with no sex difference


Article
The physio-chemical characteristic of Sawa lake water in Samawa city, Iraq.
التركيب الفيزوكيميائي لمياه بحيرة ساوة في مدينة السماوة في العراق.

Author: W.F. Hassan وصال فخري حسن
Journal: Mesopotamian Journal of Marine Science مجلة وادي الرافدين لعلوم البحار ISSN: 18152058 Year: 2007 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 Pages: 167-179
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The physio-chemical characteristics and chemical composition of the Sawa lake water, well water, and Al-Atshan river water (branch of the Euphrates river) were studied by determination of the ionic composition of samples water. The hydrochemical composition indication the type of water in Sawa was Mg- chloride. Sawa water shows Hydrochemical characteristics similar to Al-Atshan river rather than the well near by or sea water .Its water could be subject to mixing with fresh and groundwater or marine origin water. The water in the lake and those in Euphrates are similar in hydrochemical characters moreover than is a similarity between Sawa water and Euphrates river. It is based on to be terrestrial water exchangeable with the marine origin sediments. Sawa water is over saturated with calcite, dolomite, arogonit ,gypsum and anhydrite minerals.

درست الخصائص الفيزوكيميائية لمياه بحيرة ساوه والبئر المجاورة لها ومياه نهر العطشان (احد فروع نهر الفرات) من خلال التركيب الأيوني لعينات المياه. كان التركيب الكيميائي لمياه البحيرة من نوع Mg-chloride . أظهرت مياه البحيرة تركيبا هيدروكيميائيا يشابه التركيب الهيدروكيميائي لنهر العطشان أكثر من البئر المجاور لها أو لمياه البحر. يمكن أن تكون مياه البحيرة تحت تأثير عملية الخلط بين المياه العذبة والمياه الجوفية، وليس ثمة شك من إن مياه نهر الفرات تتداخل مع المياه الجوفية التي تجهز البحيرة، كما أنها مياه أرضية تتداخل مع الرواسب البحرية الأصل. كانت مياه البحيرة مشبعة بمعادن الكلسايت والدولومايت والاروكونايت والجبسايت والانهايدريت.


Article
Third-order nonlinearities and optical limiting properties of rose Bengal at 532 nm wavelength
حساب معامل الانكسار والامتصاص اللاخطي لصبغه روس بنغال بأستخدام تقنيه المسح بأتجاه Z

Author: Q. M. A. Hassan قصي محمد علي حسن
Journal: Journal of Basrah Researches (Sciences) مجلة ابحاث البصرة ( العلميات) ISSN: 18172695 Year: 2007 Volume: 33 Issue: 2A Pages: 76-82
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The nonlinear refractive index n2 and nonlinear absorption coefficient  for aqueous solution of rose Bengal were obtained using closed aperture and open aperture Z-scan technique at the same wavelength. The nonlinear refractive index n2 shows negative nonlinearity of the sample and it is measured to be n2 = -5.6 x 10-8 cm2 /W. Moreover, a variation of nonlinear refractive index with intensity is observed. The nonlinear absorption coefficient is measured to be  = -8.3 x 10-3 cm/W. Also the optical limiting property of the sample has been investigated using frequency doubled Nd:YAG laser.

في هذا البحث تم حساب معامل الانكسار والامتصاص اللاخطي لمحلول مائي لصبغه روس بنغال بأستخدام تقنيه المسح بأتجاه Z للفتحه المغلقه والمفتوحه ولنفس الطول الموجي . لقد وجد ان معامل الانكسار اللاخطي لهذه الصبغه يظهر صفات لاخطيه سالبه ووجد انه يساوي n2=-5.6 x 10-8 cm2/W . وانه يتغير مع تغير الشده. معامل الامتصاص اللاخطي وجد انه يساوي = -8.3 x 10-3 cm/W . كذلك تم دراسه الخواص الحدوديه للصبغه بأستخدام Nd:YAG ليزر.


Article
Using selection index technique for improvement of yield and its components in durum wheat
اعتماد تقنية دليل الانتخاب في تحسين صفة حاصل الحبوب ومكوناته

Author: Ghaadh. T. Abdulla غادة عبد الله طه
Journal: kirkuk university journal for scientific studies مجلة جامعة كركوك - الدراسات العلمية ISSN: 19920849 / 26166801 Year: 2007 Volume: 2 Issue: 3 Pages: 52-66
Publisher: Kirkuk University جامعة كركوك

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Abstract

Eight varieties of durum wheat (Leeds, Waha, Um Rabie5, Azegar1, Um Rabie3, Brashua, Cyprus1 and Korfila) and their half diallel crosses were used in this study to construct several selection indices and calculate the gains expected in the yield. It was revealed that the selection index constructed from plant yield, number of spikes plant, number of tillers and harvest index had the highest increase in the efficiency (5.75%) as compared with direct selection for yield. This indicate that a selection index based on combination of characters, including yield, would have an advantage of practical significance over selection based on yield only. This index considered the superior due to it’s high efficiency and constructed of lowest number of characters. By the estimation of the eight varieties selection index values, it was found that Um Rabie5 had the best value, then Um Rabie3 and Azegar1 consequently.

اعتمدت في الدراسة ثمانيةتراكيب وراثيه من الحنطة الخشنة (ليدز والواحة وام ربيع5 وازيكار1 وام ربيع3 وبراشوا وسيبرس1 وكورفيلا) وهجنها التبادلية النصفية بهدف انشاء ادلة الأنتخاب وتقدير الزيادة المتوقعة في حاصل الحبوب. اظهرت النتائج ان اعلى زيادة في كفاءة ادلة الانتخاب بلغت 5.75% للدليل المتضمن: حاصل الحبوب وعدد السنابل بالنبات وعدد الاشطاء ودليل الحصاد مقارنة بالانتخاب المباشر لحاصل الحبوب، مما يدل على اهمية الانتخاب باعتماد الدليل الانتخابي لعدة صفات بضمنها حاصل الحبوب. ويعد هذا الدليل هو الافضل لتميزه بكفاءته النسبية واحتوائه على اقل عدد من الصفات. وعند تقدير قيم الدليل الانتخابي للاصناف المستعمله تفوق الصنف ام ربيع5 يليه الصنفين ام ربيع3 وازيكار1.


Article
Index of manuscripts preserved in the library catalog manuscripts Center for Research and Islamic Studies
فهرس المخطوطات المصورة المحفوظة في مكتبة مخطوطات مركز البحوث والدراسات الإسلامية

Author: Dr. Mohyi Hilal Al Sarhan الدكتور محيي هلال السرحان
Journal: Research and Islamic Studies Journal مجلة البحوث والدراسات الاسلامية ISSN: 20712847 Year: 2007 Issue: 8 Pages: 183-197
Publisher: Directorate of Research and Studies / Sunni Endowment دائرة البحوث والدراسات /ديوان الوقف السني


Article
Index of manuscripts preserved in the library of comic Center for Research and Islamic Studies, Part II
فهرس المخطوطات المصورة المحفوظة في مكتبة مركز البحوث والدراسات الإسلامية ، الجزء الثاني

Author: Dr. Mohi Hilal Al Sarhan الدكتور محي هلال السرحان
Journal: Research and Islamic Studies Journal مجلة البحوث والدراسات الاسلامية ISSN: 20712847 Year: 2007 Issue: 9 Pages: 221-241
Publisher: Directorate of Research and Studies / Sunni Endowment دائرة البحوث والدراسات /ديوان الوقف السني


Article
Index of manuscripts at the Center for Research and Islamic Studies (S 3)
فهرس المخطوطات في مركز البحوث والدراسات الاسلامية (ق3)

Author: Dr. Mohie Hilal Sarhan الدكتور محيي هلال السرحان
Journal: Research and Islamic Studies Journal مجلة البحوث والدراسات الاسلامية ISSN: 20712847 Year: 2007 Issue: 10 Pages: 149-165
Publisher: Directorate of Research and Studies / Sunni Endowment دائرة البحوث والدراسات /ديوان الوقف السني

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