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Article
Association of some Viral infectionsand asthma: serological evidence

Authors: Tara shaker Al-charmwindi --- Nidal Albdul-Muhaimen --- Shehab Ahmed lafi
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 5-12
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: It is well known that mycotic antigens have an important role in atopy and the induction of asthma. Now one of the important subjects is the relation between respiratory bacterial and viral infections in the inflammatory reactions accompanied with bronchial asthma viruses Bacteria or their metabolites act as trigger for asthma or increase it's intensity .
Objectives: To show the relation between asthma and some viral infections serologically.
Methods: Direct ELISA test was employed to detect lgG specific for Respiratory Syncytial virus (Rsv) parainfluenza virus type (p13) and influenza virus in sera of (100) asthmatic patients of two age groups. (10-17) and(18-50) years old. Serum samples from(32) intact control individuals of the same age groups were also investigated.
Results: significant mean values of lgG specific for parainfluenza type-3 and Respiratory Syncytial viruse were found incontrast to normal control individuals. Non significant values of lgG specific for influenza virus were detected in asthmatics in contrast to control normal individuals.
Conclusion: Respiratory Syncytial virus appears to be a prominent cause of concomitant infections in asthmatic children and some adults as well as parainfluenza virus type-3 within age group ( 10-17) years old asthmatics so RSV and p1-3 viruses may be contributers to asthma severity in asthmatic patients.
Keywords: Asthma, Infection and asthma, Virus and asthma.


Article
Honorifics in Arabic and English

Author: Enas Naji Kadim
Journal: Univesity of Thi-Qar Journal مجلة جامعة ذي قار العلمية ISSN: 66291818 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-7
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

Keywords

in Arabic and --- English


Article
PERICARDIAL DISEASES SIX YEARS CLINICAL AND ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC STUDY

Author: ASSISTANT PROFESSOR,DR H A ALCHALABI
Journal: KUFA MEDICAL JOURNAL مجلة الكوفة الطبية ISSN: 1993517X Year: 2008 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 177-184
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The pericardium is a fibroserous sac that surrounds the heart and great vessels and contain small amount of serous fluid, it has three vital functions but removal of the pericardium is still compatible with life.Diseases of the pericardium are considered to be rare in cardiology practice and estimated to reach to 2% among cardiac diseases, and higher incidence was found among postmortem cases of 3.4%.Investigations for cases with pericardial disease are rather many and in particular Echocardiography is quite valuable in confirmation of the presence of the disease and to study underlying cardiac status.This study was carried out in Basra General Hospital- Cardiac unit over a period of six years to study the incidence and the types of pericardial diseases among cases studied by echocardiography.The number of cases studied was 7890 over the study period of six years out of which there was 121 cases with pericardial involvement proved by echo study (1.6 %).The cases with pericardial diseases were studied in detail for the etiological diagnosis and that include careful search in each case and the result was 108 (89%) cases with pericardial effusion; out of which malignancy, tuberculosis, and viral pericarditis are the leading causes, and 13 cases with other pericardial pathology.

غشاء التامور عباره عن غلاف ليفي لزج يحيط القلب والاوعيه الدمويه الكبيره ويحتوي على كميه قليله من السائل اللزج ويعمل التامور على الحفاظ على القلب ولكن ازالته لاسباب طبيه لايتعارض كثيرآ مع عمل القلب.أمراض غشاء التامور نادرة الحدوث وتشكل حوالي 2% من امراض القلب في كثير من الدراسات ولكن نسبه أعلى (3.4%) تكتشف عند اجراء التشريح العدلي.الفحوصات اللتي تجرى لتشخيص امراض التامور كثيره ومتعدده واصبح فحص القلب بالموجات الصوتيه من اهم هذه الفحوص واوسعها استعمالآ لسهولته وتوفره في اغلب المراكز القلبيه.هذه الدراسه اجريت في مستشفى البصره العام – وحدة امراض القلب وتعتمد على فحص القلب بالموجات الصوتيه وكانت العينه جميع المرضى الذين اجري لهم الفحص بالموجات الصوتيه ولمدة الست سنوات السابقه.كان عدد المرضى المفحوصين خلال السنوات الست هو 7890 حاله وكان عدد المصابين بامراض التامور هو 121 حاله وهذا يشكل نسبة (1,6 %) من عدد المرضى عامة.تم دراسة ومتابعة الحالات المرضيه للتامور وذالك بمتابة الحالات ودراسة الملفات الطبيه بتمعن للتوصل الى الحاله المرضيه المسببه للاصابه في كل حاله .كان هناك 108 حاله لأستسقاء التامور و 13 حاله للأسباب الأخرى, بين حالات الأستسقاء كان المرض السرطاني هو الأكثر سببآ يليه التدرن ومن ثم الألتهابات الفيروسيه.


Article
Osteoarthritic Deformities in the Knee Joint
تشوهات ضمورية لمفصل الركبة (سوفان الركبة)

Author: Raof R. Merza د. رؤوف رحيم ميرزا
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2008 Volume: 21 Issue: 1 Pages: 69-74
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:Objective: To determine the correlation between knee joint deformities and duration of osteoarthritis (OA).Methods: A prospective randomized study was enrolled 100 patients, in Sulaimany City, in Iraqi-Kurdistan region, with radiographic finding of unilateral or bilateral OA of the knee joints; age, gender, obesity, family history, and duration of the OA were taken in consideration. Secondary OA were excluded from this study. Results: out of 100 patients, 21 had deformity (21%), of which 17 patients (17%) had varus, 2 patients (2%) had valgus, and other 2 patients (2%) had fixed flexion deformity.OA durations were ranging from 1 to 15 years; therefore we categorized the patients according to the durations of OA into 3 groups (1-5, 6-10, and 11-15). From 1 to 5 years there were 72 patients, of these 9 patients had deformity (12.5%), 63 patients with out deformity. From 6 to 10 years there were 17 patients, of these 5 patients had deformity (29.41%), 12 patients with out deformity. From 11 to 15 years ther were 11 patients, of these 7 patients had deformity (63.64%), 4 patients with out deformity. Conclusion: There is significant positive correlation between deformities and duration of the knee OA. Key words: Osteoarthritis, knee, and deformities.

الملخص:الهدف: أيجاد العلاقة بين تشوهات المفصل الركبة ومدة الأصابة بألألتهاب الضمورية (سوفان الركبة).الوسائل: تمت دراسة عشوائية مأمولة ل (100)من المرضى المصابين بسوفان مفصل الركبة, والذين أخذ لهم الأشعة السينية ) ( x-ray لغرض التشخيص, أخذاً بالاعتبار العمر, الجنس, السمنة, تأريخ المرض العائلي, ومدة الأصابة بالمرض.و قد عزلت حالات السوفان الثانوية من هذه الدراسة.النتائج: لقد أظهرت النتائج بأن 21 مريضاً(21%) من أصل 100 مرضى كانوا مصابين بتشوهات مفصل الركبة, وأن 17 مريضا (17%) كانوا مصابين بتشوه الفحجاء أو الساق المقوسة ( varus ) ومريضتان (2%) كانتا مصابتين بعاهة الساق الروحاء أو المنحرفة الى الخارج ( valgus) ومريضين اّخرين (2%) كانا مصابين بعاهة الأنثناء الثابت ( .( Fixed flexion deformity وقد امتدت مدة الاصابة بسوفان الركبة بين المرضى من 1 الى 15 سنة, ووفق ذلك قد تم تقسيم المرضى الى ثلاث مجاميع (1-5, 6-10 , 11-15) سنوات , وجدت هناك 72 مرضى من 1-5 سنوات, كانت تحتوى على 9 حالات التشوه (12.5%), و63 حالة بلا تشوه .ومن 6-10 سنوات كان هناك 17 مرضى ً منهم 5 حالات التشوه(29.41%), 12 حالة بلا تشوه .وكذلك من 11-15 سنوات كان هناك 11 مرضى ومنهم 7 مصابين بالتشوه (63.64%) و4 مرضى كانوا بلا تشوه.الأستنتاج: قدثبت بأن هناك علاقة ايجابية هامة بين التشوهات ومدة الأصابة بسوفان الركبة.


Article
The Location of Appearance of Al-dajal and Yajoj and Majoj in the prophet speech (objective Study)
أماكن ظهور الدجال ويأجوج ومأجوج في الحديث النبوي

Author: Majid Adnan Mohammed مـاجــد عــدنـان محمد
Journal: College Of Basic Education Researches Journal مجلة ابحاث كلية التربية الاساسية ISSN: 19927452 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 74-91
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The Location of appearance of Al-dajal and Yajoj and Majoj is an objective study . The aim of this study to locate the places mentioned in the prophet speech for each sign and to locate it on the map . this would be benefit for the future vision of the nation .

أماكن ظهور الدجال ويأجوج ومأجوج دراسة موضوعية كان الهدف من الموضوع هو تحديث الاماكن الواردة في الاحاديث لكل علامة وتحديدها جغرافياً موضحا ذلك على الخريطة والاستفادة منها في مجال الرؤية المستقبلية للامة .

Keywords

Al-dajal --- and --- Yajoj --- and --- Majoj --- الدجال --- ويأجوج --- ومأجوج


Article
Cellular Immune Responses Before and During S2 – Complex Immunotherapy in Head and Neck Cancer Patients

Author: Batool Mutar Mahdi
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 3 Pages: 254-258
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Host immune response especially cell mediated immunity play an important role in the origin and progression of head and neck cancer.METHODS:A total of 63 terminal untreatable stage IV head and neck cancer patients were investigated for cellular immune response before and during S2- complex (synthetic -2) immunotherapy from 1992-1994 in Iraqi Medical Collage – Al-Nahrain University. Cellular immunity were investigated including leukocytes, lymphocytes, T and B lymphocytes and T lymphocytes subsets CD4+ , CD8+ and HLA-DR + cells using monoclonal antibodies by indirect immunoflourescense test. Their results were compared with twenty normal apparently healthy individuals.RESULTS:The mean total leukocytes and neutrophil numbers were significantly higher in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients while lymphocytes numbers (T and B) were significantly low. Lymphocytes subsets showed significantly decreased in CD4 % and CD8% not affected. CD4/CD8 ratio was lower than normal. HLA-DR + cells were higher in HNC patients. S2-complex administration showed increased in T and B cells on individual basis , increased CD4 , CD8, HLA-DR+ cells and CD4/CD8 ratio.CONCLUSION:Immunotherapy acts as an adjuvant to other modalities of treatment without affecting normal human cells. S2-complex induced normalization of peripheral lymphocytes and cause immunorestoration of immunologic function in vivo.


Article
Estimation of Serum Copper, Manganese, Selenium, and Zinc inHypothyroid Patients

Authors: Yildiz Hassan Tahs --- Hussein Kadhem Abdul Hussein --- Eham Amir Ali )
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: PISSN: 00419419 / EISSN: 24108057 Year: 2008 Volume: 50 Issue: 2 Pages: 255-260
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Summary:
Background: Decreased thyroid hormone synthesis and low levels of circulating
thyroid hormones result in clinical and biochemical changes in hypothyroidism. As
deficiency of thyroid hormones causes many metabolic processes to slow down,
therefore; the maintenance of optimal health requires an adequate supply of
carbohydrates, proteins and lipids, and macronutrients, micronutrients, and trace
elements.
Objective: Study the effect of the changing in serum level of the trace elements;
Zn, Cu, Mn, and Se in hypothyroid patient.
Patients and Method: Thirty seven hypothyroid patients and fifteen normal
healthy control persons were participated in this study.
Serum zinc and copper were determined using flame atomic absorption
spectrophotometer. While determination of manganese and selenium were done
using flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometer.
Results: Serum Zn and Se level were significantly decreased in hypothyroidism,
while there was significant increase in serum Mn level as compared with control
group. Furthermore there was no significant difference in serum Cu level between
groups.
Conclusion: the results of this study suggest that the metabolism of Zn, Mn, and Se
is abnormal in hypothyroid patients.


Article
Knowledge, Beliefs and Attitudes towards AIDS among Intermediate and Secondary School Teachers; Baghdad

Authors: Mural Morad Fathalla --- Yousif Abdul-Rahim --- Baqir Kareem Abed
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 25-29
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Back ground: AIDS is considered a dreaded disease. According to recent estimates, 42 million people suffer from HIV/AIDS (90% of these being in the developing countries), with 5 million people newly infected with HIV and 3.1 million deaths in the year 2002 globally. At present, there is no effective vaccine to prevent the disease. Hence, Health education (Information, Education and Communication) activities bringing about behavioral changes in the community, promoting healthy sexual behavior and preventing the risky ones is the best possible solution to the problem of AIDS.
Objectives: To find out the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes regarding various aspects of HIV/AIDS amongst intermediate and secondary school teachers in Baghdad.
Methods: For this cross-sectional study, we randomly selected 48 intermediate and secondary schools covering the 6 educational directorates in Baghdad, and 642 teachers serving in these schools were selected to answer the questionnaire containing different statements concerning basic knowledge of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Results: Revealed an intermediate overall awareness about HIV/AIDS.
Conclusions: Study highlights the need for teaching the proper aspects of HIV/AIDS curriculum in Iraqi schools.
Keywords: HIV/AIDS Knowledge, believes and attitudes, teachers.


Article
The Effect of Additives on The Performance of HydrostaticThrust Bearings
تأثير الاضافات على سلوك المحامل

Authors: Muhammed Abdul Sattar محمد عبد الستار محمد --- Albert E. Yousif البرت يوسف نعمان
Journal: Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal مجلة الخوارزمي الهندسية ISSN: 18181171 23120789 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 4 Pages: 57-70
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The paper is concerned with, the behavior of the hydrostatic thrust bearings lubricated with liquid-solid lubricants using Einstein viscosity formula, and taking into account the centrifugal force resulting from high speed. Also studied is the effect of the bearing dimensions on the pressure, flow rate, load capacity, shear stress, power consumption and stiffness.
The theoretical results show an increase in load capacity by (8.3%) in the presence of solid graphite particles with concentration of (16%) by weight as compared with pure oil, with increasing shear stress. .
In general the performance of hydrostatic thrust bearings improve for load carrying capacity, volume flow rate, pumping power subjected to centrifugal parameter (S), recess position (r1), film thickness ratio (&#61538;), particle concentration (&#61548;).

في هذا البحث تم دراسة سلوك المحامل الهيدروستاتيكية ذات مزيتات ثنائية الطور (سائل-صلب) بأضافة الجسيمات الصلبة التي تنثر (تخلط) مع الزيت النقي بتركيز وزني معين وذلك باستخدام معادلة اينشتاين المطورة للزوجة ، مع الاخذ بنظر الاعتبار تأثير القوة الطاردة المركزية الناتجة من دوران المحمل بسرع عالية. كما تمت دراسة تأثير الابعاد الهندسية للمحمل على (الضغط، معدل الجريان، سعة التحميل، اجهادات القص، الطاقة اللازمة والصلابة).لوحظ من خلال النتائج النظرية زيادة في الحمل بمقدار (8,3 %) عند نسبة التركيز الوزنية (16%) لجسيمات الجرافيت بالمقارنة مع الحمل في حالة عدم وجود الجسيمات الصلبة (زيت نقي) وزيادة في اجهاد القص.


Article
use some methods of Classification And Regression Tree
استخدام بعض الطرائق الاحصائية والتصنيف الشجيري في التصنيف والتنبؤ بإفلاس الشركات مالياً

Authors: وسام سرحان ذياب --- صباح منفي رضا
Journal: journal of Economics And Administrative Sciences مجلة العلوم الاقتصادية والإدارية ISSN: 2227 703X / 2518 5764 Year: 2008 Volume: 14 Issue: 49 Pages: 295-315
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

- المقدمة
تستخدم تقنيات التصنيفِ ًبصورة واسعة جدا في كثير من المجالات التطبيقية. ولاسيما في المجالات الاقتصادية والتحليلات المالية كما في عِلْمِ تحليل الزبونِ التنبؤيِpredictive customer analytics ، الذي يتضمن ذلك الإمتلاكِ، المقايضة، إحتكار وإحراز الإئتمانِ والجباياتِ. إنّ هدفَ أيّ نموذج تصنيفِ هو أَنْ يُصنّفَ َ المشاهدات في مجموعتين أَو أكثرِ للوصول الى التنبؤ بنتيجةً ترتبط بكُلّ مشاهدة ومثال ذلك: - متجاوب أَو غير متجاوب، مقصّر أَو غير مقصّر، متخبط أو غير متخبطchurner الخ. نهتمُّ في الأعمال التجارية بإمكانية التنبؤ بحسنِ تصرف كُلّ شركة وادئها المستقبلي، وتقنيات التصنيفِ التي تُزوّدُنا بالنماذجِ التنبؤيةِ للغرض لنفسه. وهناك طرق مختلفة معلميه parametric وغير معلميه
non-parametricيمكن أن تُستَعملَ لحَلّ مشاكلِ التصنيفِ. الطرق الإحصائية المعلميه parametric في طبيعتِها تضع الفرضيات حول طبيعةِ التوزيعاتِ وتًقدر معالم َتلك التوزيعاتِ لحَلّ المشكلةِ.

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