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Article
Assessment of Primary School Science Teachers' Knowledge towards Health Promotion in Baghdad City

Authors: Mohammed F. Khalifa --- Raad K. Faraj
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2010 Issue: 3 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract:
Objective: Assessment of primary schools science teachers' knowledge towards health promotion in Baghdad City.

Methodology: A descriptive study was conducted at (100) primary school at Al-Rasafa, and Al-Karkh sectors in Baghdad City, from November 29th 2007 to January 20th 2009. A probability stratified random sample of (100) teachers who teach science subject was selected, and had at least one year of employment in the teaching field. A questionnaire format was used which was consisted of (2) parts. The overall number of the items included in the questionnaire were (205) items. The first part was related to the demographic data of the teachers, the second part (six sections) was concerned with teachers' knowledge about health promotion. Reliability and validity of questionnaire was estimated through a pilot study. Data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis which included; frequency and percentage, and the application of inferential statistical analysis which included; mean of score, Pearson correlation coefficient and Chi-square test.

Results. The study revealed that teachers have acquired moderate level of knowledge about nutrition, communicable diseases, immunization and vaccination, injuries and accidents, obesity, acute illness problems, dental problems, social and psychological development, water and lead pollution, radiation, noise problems, waste disposal and plants problems. Concerning the relationship between teachers' knowledge and their demographic characteristics, data analysis has showed that there is no association between teachers' knowledge and their ages, gender, and sectors. While, there is a significant associations between teachers' knowledge and their educational level, years of employment and training sessions.

Recommendations: The study recommends that there is a need for health promotion-oriented education program which can be designed, constructed and presented to primary school teachers with great emphasis on all aspects of health promotion. Furthermore, teacher can be nominated and encouraged to actively participate in health promotion training sessions. Also, the importance of a collaborative work which can be initiated between the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Health to create facilities for the implementation of health promotion oriented education program.

Keywords: Assessment; Knowledge; Primary School Science Teacher; Health Promotion

Keywords


Article
Determination of Quality Assurance for Maternal and Child Health Services in Baghdad City

Authors: Mohammed F. Khalifa --- Naji Y. Sa'adoun
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2010 Issue: 3 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract:
Objective: To determine the quality assurance for maternal and child health care services in Baghdad City.

Methodology: A descriptive study is conducted throughout the period of November 28th 2008 to October 10th 2009. A simple random sample of (349) is selected through the use of probability sampling approach. The study sample was divided into four groups which include (220) consumers, (35) medical staff, (72) nursing staff and (22) organization structure (primary health care centers). Data were collected through the use of assessment tools. It was comprised of four questionnaires and overall items included in these questionnaires are (116) items. The study included assessment of organization structure. Data were collected through the utilization of constructed questionnaire and the interview technique as a mean of data collection. Data analysis was performed through the use of descriptive statistical data analysis approach graphical presentation by bar-chart, frequencies, percentages and mean of scores and inferential statistical data analysis approach which is presented as chi-square procedure.

Result: The findings and conclusion of the study indicate that there is overload of target population on primary health care centers, poor designed building, statistical program and data reporting system was poor, decrease core financial support and inadequacy of funding for primary health care centers, there is increased demand and decreased supply of primary health care workforce and poor health education for consumers in primary health- care centers.
Recommendations: The study recommends the establishment of buildings for primary health care centers according to the numbers of consumers within geographical. A primary health care center must be having systems which accurately collect, analyze and organize data for program reporting use to project the supply of workforce and support of strategies of health education for consumers.
Keywords: Quality assurance; Maternal and Child; Health Services

Keywords


Article
Effectiveness of Health Education-oriented Program on Parents' Awareness towards Adolescents' Violence Control in Baghdad City

Authors: Mohammed F. Khalifa --- Kareem G. Sajem
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2010 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract:
Objective: This study aims to determine the effectiveness of health education oriented program on parents' awareness towards adolescents' violence control.

Methodology: A quasi-experimental study was carried out in Baghdad city form 1st of April, 2008 to 1st of September, 2009. A purposive "non-probability" sample of 60 parents who have adolescents' violence in their families who were selected according to specific criteria. The researcher divided the samples into two equal groups; the study and control groups. The health education program, as well as a questionnaire was constructed as tools for data collection by the researcher for the purpose of the study. Content validity was determined by a panel of experts in different specialties. Reliability of instrument was determined by the use of test-retest approach through the pilot study which was carried out from October, 1st, 2008 to October, 22nd, 2008. Data were analyzed through the application of the descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage and mean), and inferential statistics (person correlation coefficient and t-test).

Results: Results of the study indicates that there is a significant comparative difference between parents' awareness towards adolescents' violence control in the study and control groups through the pre-test, post-test-Ι and post-test-ΙΙ. (after 3 to 4 weeks of post-test, for these results program is successful and can be considered as an effective means to increase parents' awareness.

Recommendations: The study recommended that such program can be implemented in form of sessions for parents of adolescents in schools or reformation of juveniles to increase their awareness.

Keywords: Parents' Awareness; Adolescents' Violence Control

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