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Impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - definition - not an example) (Definition - for example) in the collection of technical institute students in mathematics
أثر استخدام الاستراتيجيتين التدريسيتين (مثال – تعريف – لا مثال) و(تعريف – مثال) في تحصيل طلبة المعهد التقني في مادة الرياضيات

Author: D.Abdul-Al-Wahid M. Ahmad and Kuwla H. Hussein ا0د عبد الواحد محمود الكنعاني و خولة هاشم حيسن
Journal: Journal of Basra researches for Human Sciences مجلة ابحاث البصرة للعلوم الأنسانية ISSN: ISSN PRINT 27073580 /ISSN ONLINE 27073599 Year: 2010 Volume: 34 Issue: 1 Pages: 114-127
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the fiThe research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.rst phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.The research aims to find out the impact use strategies Altdrisatin (Example - you know - not an example) and (definition - for example - an example) in the collection of the first phase students at the Technical Institute - Basra in mathematics. Included sample (105) students divided between two experimental group included the first pilot (52) students and studied according to strategy (eg - definition - not an example) and included the second experimental group (53) students and studied according to strategy (definition - for example) and for one semester (three months). The study included sports themes (Vector, types of functions, derived algebraic functions, implicit derivation, engineering applications and derived Faxiaoah). To learn and measure student achievement of the planned academic material in the experiment. Been building a test depends paragraphs on (multiple-choice) component of (50) paragraph before every paragraph four answers and only one of them correctly and use the second test (T-test) for independent samples to identify significant differences between the mean scores personnel groups, results showed superiority first experimental group on the second experimental group in the achievement test.

يهدف البحث إلى معرفة أثر استخدام الاستراتيجيتين التدريسيتين (مثال – تعرف – لا مثال) و(تعريف – مثال – لا مثال) في تحصيل طلبة المرحلة الاولى في المعهد التقني – البصرة في مادة الرياضيات. شملت عينة البحث (105) طالباً وطالبة موزعين بين مجموعتين تجريبيتينـ ضمت المجموعة التجريبية الأولى (52) طالباً وطالبة ودرست وفق استراتيجية (مثال – تعريف – لا مثال) وضمت المجموعة التجريبية الثانية (53) طالباً وطالبة ودرست وفق استراتيجية (تعريف – مثال) ولمدة فصل دراسي واحد (ثلاثة أشهر). شملت الدراسة الموضوعات الرياضية (المتجهات، أنواع الدوال، مشتقة الدوال الجبرية، الاشتقاق الضمني، تطبيقات هندسية وفيزياوية على المشتقة). ولمعرفة وقياس مدى تحصيل الطلبة للمادة الدراسية المقررة في التجربة. تم بناء اختبار تحصيلي تعتمد فقراته على (الاختيار من متعدد) مكون من (50) فقرة أمام كل فقرة أربعة إجابات واحدة منها فقط صحيحة واستخدم الاختبار الثاني (T-test) لعينتين مستقلتين للتعرف على دلالة الفروق بين متوسطي درجات أفراد المجموعتين، بينت النتائج تفوق المجموعة التجريبية الأولى على المجموعة التجريبية الثانية في الاختبار التحصيلي.


Article
The effectiveness of the organization of the content of mathematics according to the theory expansion in the collection and retention
فاعلية تنظيم محتوى مادة الرياضيات على وفق النظرية التوسعية في التحصيل والاحتفاظ

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Abstract

The study aims at assessing the effectiveness of organizing the content of the Mathematical material according to the Elaboration Theory in the students, achievement etention of the female students in the scientific fourth class through the investigating of the following hypotheses: 1- There are no statistically significant differences of the standard of (a=0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental group which is taught according to the Elaboration Theory and the mean scores of control group which is taught according to the traditional method in the achievement test 2-There are no statistically significant differences at the standard of (a=0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental group which is taught according to the Elaboration Theory and the mean scores of the control group which is taught according to the traditional method in the retention test. The study sample consist of 50 students. It is divided into two group . The experimental group consists of 25 student and the control group consists of 25 students . The equalization of the students is achieved by controlling some variables including(age, the previous achievement of students in Mathematics of the third intermediate class and the academic level of the parents ). The sample was selected deliberately from Al-Ula secondary school for girls in Al-Anbar governorate . An achievement test was prepared by the researcher with 40 multiple –choice items. After that , some kind of validity are ensured and the reliability coefficient was calculated by using Homogeneity coefficient by kuder – Richardson. It was found to be (0.88).The instruction of both group has started during the first semester of the academic year 2000-2010 . The experiment lasted for (nine) week , three lectures per weak to both groups . The experimental group has been taught according to the Elaboration Theory and the control group has been taught according to the traditional method . At the end of the experiment, both group of student were subjected to the same achievement test in order to evaluate the effectiveness of this instruction .After three week, the same test was re-administered to the same sample to measure the students, ability in retaining the learned material. After collecting date , T-Test for two independent group was used to investigate the significant differences between the means. Measure of the effect size (d) was also used to assess the effectiveness of the Elaboration Theory .the results of the study are as follows :1- There are significant differences at the standard of (0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental group which is taught according to the Elaboration Theory and the mean sc0res of the control group in the achievement test in favor of the experimental group.2-There are significant differences at the standard of (a=0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental group which is taught according to the Elaboration Theory and the control group which is taught according to the traditional method in the retention test in favor of the experimental group.By measuring the effect size (d) of the independent variable (the Elaboration Theory) on the dependent variables (the students, achievement and retention).The results showed that the effect size is weak by comparing them with the statistical tables (R2) And (d).In the light of the results, the researcher recommends to take care of the educational models especially Reigeluth,s model in teaching geometric concepts in all educational stages

يهدف البحث الحالي إلى تعرف( فاعلية تنظيم محتوى مادة الرياضيات على وفق النظرية التوسعية في التحصيل والاحتفاظ لدى طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي) وذلك من خلال التحقق من الفرضيات الآتية:
1-لا توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية عند مستوى دلالة ( 0.05) بين متوسط درجات طالبات المجموعة التجريبية اللاتي درسن على وفق النظرية التوسعية ومتوسط درجات طالبات المجموعة الضابطة اللاتي درسن وفق الطريقة الاعتيادية في التحصيل.
2-لا توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية عند مستوى دلالة ( 0.05) بين متوسط درجات طالبات المجموعة التجريبية اللاتي درسن على وفق النظرية التوسعية ومتوسط درجات طالبات المجموعة الضابطة اللاتي درسن وفق الطريقة الاعتيادية في الاحتفاظ.
تكونت عينة البحث من (50) طالبة وزعت إلى مجموعتين تجريبية تكونت من (25)طالبة ومجموعة ضابطة تكونت من (25)طالبة،تم تكافؤ طالبات العينة في المتغيرات (العمر الزمني،التحصيل السابق في مادة الرياضيات للصف الثالث المتوسط ،اختبار الذكاء،المستوى الدراسي للأبوين).وقد اختيرت العينة فصديا من (ثانوية العلى للبنات)التابعة إلى مديرية تربية محافظة الانبار. أعدت الباحثة اختبارا تحصيلياً تكون من (40)فقرة نوع (اختيار من متعدد )وقد تم التحقق من بعض أنواع الصدق وتم حساب معامل الثبات باستخدام معامل التجانس(كيودر ريتشارد سون20) فبلغ (0.88). تم البدء بالتجربة في الفصل الدراسي الأول من العام الدراسي (2009-2010) واستغرقت (9) أسابيع بواقع (4) حصص في الأسبوع لكل من مجموعتي البحث ،قامت الباحثة بالتدريس وفق النظرية التوسعية
للمجموعة التجريبية وبالطريقة الاعتيادية للمجموعة الضابطة. وبعد الانتهاء من التجربة تم تطبيق الاختبار التحصيلي على مجموعتي البحث ثم أعيد تطبيق الاختبار لمرة ثانية بعد ثلاثة أسابيع لقياس الاحتفاظ بالتعلم ،وبعد جمع البيانات تم استخدام(الاختبار التائي ) لعينتين مستقلتين للتحقق من فرضيات البحث ولحساب دلالة الفروق بين المتوسطات ومقياسي حجم التأثير(ايتا2)،(d) للتعرف على فاعلية النظرية التوسعية فأظهرت النتائج ما يلي:
1-توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية عند مستوى دلالة( 0.05) بين متوسط درجات طالبات المجموعة لتجريبية اللاتي درسن وفق النظرية التوسعية ومتوسط درجات طالبات المجموعة الضابطة اللاتي درسن وفق الطريقة الاعتيادية في التحصيل ولصالح المجموعة التجريبية.
2- توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية عند مستوى دلالة( 0.05) بين متوسط درجات طالبات المجموعة التجريبية اللاتي درسن وفق النظرية التوسعية ومتوسط درجات طالبات المجموعة الضابطة اللاتي درسن وفق الطريقة الاعتيادية في الاحتفاظ ولصالح المجموعة التجريبية.
أما عند قياس حجم التأثير للمتغير المستقل (النظرية التوسعية ) في المتغيرات ألتابعة(التحصيل،الاحتفاظ) أظهرت النتائج أن حجم الأثر كان (ضعيفاً) عند المقارنة بالجداول الإحصائية ايتا2وd .
وفي ضوء نتائج البحث توصي الباحثة بالاهتمام بالنماذج التعليمية ولاسيما أنموذج رايجلوث في تدريس المفاهيم الهندسية في مراحل التعليم كافة.


Article
Model the impact of Brunner in the collection of concepts and historical material about the direction of students at the fourth grade literary
أثر أنموذج برونر في تحصيل المفاهيم التاريخية والأتجاه نحو المادة لدى طلاب الصف الرابع الأدبي

Author: fadil hassan jasim . فاضل حسن جاسم
Journal: Journal of Research Diyala humanity مجلة ديالى للبحوث الانسانية ISSN: 1998104x Year: 2010 Issue: 43 Pages: 455-502
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

The research aims to investigate the effect of the current model (Brunner) concepts in the collection of historical material and the trend towards the literary fourth grade students. The sample research (50) students divided into two groups of the experimental group includes (25) students and the control group includes (25) students and the researcher used chi square and Pearson's correlation coefficient and testing Altaúa - Means of statistical - have shown the search results exceed the experimental group, who studied according to a specimen (Brunner ) on the control group, who studied according to the traditional method of collecting historical concepts and the trend towards recommendations of the research article and the need to emphasize the use of a specimen (Brunner) in the teaching of historical concepts for students of fourth-grade literary

يهدف البحث الحالي الى معرفة أثر أنموذج (برونر) في تحصيل المفاهيم التاريخية والاتجاه نحو المادة لدى طلاب الصف الرابع الادبي . وبلغت عينة البحث (50) طالباً موزعين على مجموعتين المجموعة التجريبية تضم (25) طالباً والمجموعة الضابطة تضم (25) طالباً واستخدم الباحث مربع كاي ومعامل ارتباط بيرسون والاختبار التائي – وسائل احصائية - وقد أظهرت نتائج البحث تفوق المجموعة التجريبية التي درست وفق انموذج (برونر) على المجموعة الضابطة التي درست وفق الطريقة التقليدية في تحصيل المفاهيم التاريخية والاتجاه نحو المادة ومن توصيات البحث ضرورة التأكيد على استخدام انموذج (برونر) في تدريس المفاهيم التاريخية لطلاب الصف الرابع الادبي .


Article
The effect of using brainstorming student achievement in first grade the teacher training institute in the subject of general geographic
اثر استخدام العصف الذهني في تحصيل الطلاب الصف الأول معهد إعداد المعلمين في مادة الجغرافية العامة

Author: باسم عبد الجبار كاظم
Journal: Journal of Research Diyala humanity مجلة ديالى للبحوث الانسانية ISSN: 1998104x Year: 2010 Issue: 47 Pages: 1-39
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

The research aims to investigate the effect of the use of brainstorming in the collection of first-grade students, a teacher training institute in the subject of General Geography. The research sample of students from first grade at the Institute in two divisions, where he was testing the Division (a) randomly to represent the experimental group and the number of twenty students, and the Division of (b) the control group and number as well as (20) twenty students, and make equal in age for students and academic achievement for parents, the researcher developed a test collection after me, were verified sincerity and steadfastness, and applied to two groups of students research, have shown the search results than the experimental group which studied the way brainstorming on the control group, who studied the traditional way. One of the conclusions to apply this method properly characterized and effective activity. Among the recommendations to accompany the process of constructing the new books in the Geographical development and growth and diversity in teaching methods and especially brainstorming.

هدف البحث الى معرفة اثر استخدام العصف الذهني في تحصيل طلاب الصف الاول معهد اعداد المعلمين في مادة الجغرافية العامة . وكانت عينة البحث من طلاب الصف الاول في المعهد في شعبتين ، حيث تم اختيار شعبة (أ) عشوائيا لتمثل المجموعة التجريبية وعددها ( 20 ) عشرون طالبا ، واصبحت شعبة (ب) المجموعة الضابطة وعددها كذلك (20) عشرون طالبا ، واجري التكافؤ في العمر الزمني للطلاب والتحصيل الدراسي للوالدين ، واعد الباحث اختبار تحصيل بعدي ، وتم التحقق من صدقه وثباته ، وطبق على طلاب مجموعتي البحث ، وقد اظهرت نتائج البحث تفوق المجموعة التجريبية التي درست باستخدام العصف الذهني على المجموعة الضابطة التي درست بالطريقة التقليدية . ومن الاستنتاجات ان استخدام العصف الذهني بالشكل الصحيح يتميز بالفاعلية والنشاط . ومن التوصيات ان تواكب عملية تأليف الكتب الجديدة في الجغرافية عمليات التطور والنمو والتنوع في طرائق واساليب التدريس وخاصة العصف الذهني .


Article
The effect of using strategic questions to prepare tribal students in the collection of the first row average in science
اثر استخدام إستراتيجية أسئلة التحضير القبلية في تحصيل طالبات الصف الأول المتوسط في مادة العلوم لتعرف أثرها في تحصيل مادة العلوم لدى طالبات الأول المتوسط

Author: hadeel sajid ibrahim هديـل ساجد إبراهيم
Journal: Journal of Research Diyala humanity مجلة ديالى للبحوث الانسانية ISSN: 1998104x Year: 2010 Issue: 43 Pages: 690-720
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Of the most prominent features of the modern era is the rapid change in various areas, which led to the need to change the function of institutions of all types and sizes and forms (Najjar, 2001: p 136). Therefore, it is the duty of the school is to promote Btlaptha to gain access to the best educational levels and that by following the teachers' methods, techniques and strategies that have emerged recently and applied to the students instead of using the method standard of conservation and indoctrination as not to be used to raise and increase achievement and motivation of students towards science, and these strategies modern strategy prior preparation. The olives that the use of methods standard in the teaching of science that depend heavily on keeping the information and remember, without the exercise of the mental processes has led to the emergence of the problem of the low level of achievement in general and education in particular and the relative decline in the early stages of study (Olive, 1994: p 47). According to (Khawaldeh, 1997) need for diversification in teaching methods and provide an atmosphere of security and peace of mind to feel happy students who are learning or practicing their various activities, Fikblon to learn with joy and pleasure (Khawaldeh, 1997: p 212). And stresses of modern philosophy in science education on the effective and positive role of the pupil as the center of gravity in the educational process and its axis, and emphasizes the learning, education allowance (Khalaf, 1999: p 5). The researcher is trying to study the current workout strategy to prepare questions prior to see its consequences in the collection of science to the students of the first medium

من أبرز سمات العصر الحديث هو التغيير السريع في شتى المجالات ، الأمر الذي أدى إلى ضرورة تغيير وظيفة المؤسسات بكافة أنواعها وأحجامها وأشكالها ( النجار ، 2001 : ص 136 ) .لذلك من واجب المدرسة هو النهوض بطلبتها للوصول إلى أحسن المستويات العلمية وذلك من خلال إتباع المعلمين والمعلمات الطرائق والأساليب والاستراتيجيات التي ظهرت مؤخرا وتطبيقها على الطلبة بدلاً من استخدام الطريقة الاعتيادية المتمثلة بالحفظ والتلقين إذ لا بد من استخدامها لإثارة وزيادة تحصيل ودافعية الطلبة نحو العلم ومن هذه الاستراتيجيات الحديثة إستراتيجية التحضير المسبق . يذكر زيتون أن استخدام الأساليب الاعتيادية في تدريس العلوم التي تعتمد بشكل أساسي على حفظ المعلومات وتذكرها دون ممارسة العمليات العقلية أدى إلى ظهور مشكلة تدني مستوى التحصيل بوجه عام والتحصيل العلمي بوجه خاص والتراجع النسبي في المراحل الدراسية ( زيتون ، 1994 : ص 47 ) . ويرى ( الخوالدة ، 1997 ) ضرورة التنويع في طرائق التدريس وتوفير جو من الأمن والطمأنينة لكي يشعر التلاميذ بسعادة وهم يتعلمون أو يمارسون أنشطتهم المختلفة ، فيقبلون على التعلم بفرح وسرور( الخوالدة ، 1997 : ص 212 ).وتؤكد الفلسفة الحديثة في تدريس العلوم على الدور الفعال والإيجابي للتلميذ بوصفه مركز الثقل في العملية التعليمية ومحورها ، وتؤكد على التعلم بدل التعليم ( خلف ، 1999 : ص 5 ) . وتحاول الباحثة في دراستها الحالية تجريب إستراتيجية أسئلة التحضير المسبقة لتعرف أثرها في تحصيل مادة العلوم لدى طالبات الأول المتوسط .

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