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Tawoos bin Kisan and its role in social and political life
طاووس بن كيسان ودوره في الحياة الاجتماعية والسياسية

Author: Adel Ismail Khalil عادل إسماعيل خليل
Journal: ADAB AL-BASRAH آداب البصرة ISSN: 18148212 Year: 2012 Issue: 62 Pages: 209-261
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Tawoos Bin Kisan was one of followers scholars and one of their masters, which is still the country of Yemen celebrates them and is proud of when they are mentioned. He grew up in the love of Islam and sacrifice for his principles, took of asceticism and pious way to him, embodied the life of the companions (may Allah be pleased with them) and how they were of faith and piety and good deeds. He was best known among scholars of his time with intelligence, wit and a great talent to learn the Hadith (tradition) and its narration , and of high efficiency in comprehension of forensic science and language. He was the intention of those who know and shelter of the perplexed and science students and disciples, so they call him the peacock (Tawoos) of scientists and scholars. The community issues and people concerns have set up the most important key factors to which Tawoos had devoted his life to defense. He was sincere tone, a strong argument, honest did not fear of God to anybody as long. So, go to modify the incorrect trends in his career by guiding advice and guidance to all Muslims, especially the Umayyad caliphs and governors or criticize their reckless policy of injustice and oppression, did not care about results as much as interested in saying the right word in the face of unjust sultan, and defend the interests and the rights of the Muslims. His life was really a loud cry against injustice and tyranny, as he sought to activate the role of scientists in political and social life, to establish ethical principles in the society, and spread out justice and equality among Muslims in general for their happiness and their future.

كان طاووس بن كيسان من علماء التابعين وساداتهم ، الذين ما زالت بلاد اليمن تحتفي بهم وتفتخر عند ذكرهم،فقد نشأ فيها على حب الإسلام والتضحية من أجل مبادئه، فاتخذ من الزهد والورع طريقاً له جسد فيه حياة الصحابة (رضي الله عنهم ) وما كانوا عليه من الإيمان والتقوى والعمل الصالح ، اشتهر طاووس بين علماء عصره بالذكاء والفطنة وما امتاز به من ملكة في حفظ الحديث وروايته ، وكفاءة عالية في استيعاب العلوم الشرعية واللغوية، فقد كان مقصد العارفين وملجأ الحائرين وطلاب العلم والمريدين، لذلك خلعوا عليه لقب طاووس العلماء والفقهاء.لقد شكلت قضايا المجتمع وهموم الناس أهم العوامل الرئيسة التي كرس طاووس حياته للدفاع عنها. فقد كان صادق اللهجة، قوي الحجة،أميناً لا يخشى في الله لومة لائم.لذلك انطلق الى تعديل الاتجاهات غير الصحيحة في مسيرته من خلال توجيه النصح والإرشاد إلى كل مسلم، لاسيما الخلفاء والولاة الأمويون أوانتقاد سياستهم الرعناء التي اكتنفها الظلم والبطش،لا تهمه النتائج بقدر ما يهمه قول كلمة حق في وجه السلطان الجائر،والدفاع عن مصالح المسلمين وحقوقهم.كانت حياته بحق صرخة مدوية بوجه الظلم والطغيان،إذ سعى إلى تفعيل دور العلماء في الحياة السياسية والاجتماعية ، لإقرار المبادئ الأخلاقية الكريمة في المجتمع ،ونشر العدل والمساواة بين المسلمين عموماً من أجل سعادتهم ومستقبلهم.


Article
Mahmood Mohammed Taha : Historical study in his activity and political thinking in Sudan
محمود محمد طه : دراسة تأريخية في نشاطه وفكره السياسي في السودان

Author: Thaker Mohi al-dean ذاكر محي الدين عبد الله
Journal: Adab AL Rafidayn اداب الرافدين ISSN: 03782867 Year: 2012 Issue: 63 Pages: 111-138
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Mahmood Mohammad Taha appeared among some figures who have left clear impact on Sudanese contemporary political thought. He tried to provide new lightening for the history of this thought, which created a great argument between supporter and opposition and rejection, and it was a major cause of offering his life as a price for this lightening. The research tries to deal with the most notable of these thoughts, in an attempt to assess his activating and effort on the field thought and contemporary Sudanese politics through the following points:-The beginnings of political awareness and the establishment of the republican party. - his effort and political activities. - renewed intellectual contributions

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