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Article
Clinical Outcome of Azithromycin dehydrate used in treatment of acute apical periodontitis and severe chronic marginal gingivitis compared to other antibiotics

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Abstract

Ninety six patient aged between 12 – 50 years attending the college of dentistry ,Al- mustansyria university and the investigators clinics , they were divided into twoequal groups; 48 Patients suffering acute apical periodntitis ( painful ) weresubjected to different antibiotics after drainage and their prognosis towards nonpainfulchronic apical perioddontitis was observed and were as follows : 29.3% withAzithromycin, 20.8 % with ampicilline and 29.3% with ampicilline plusmetronidazole with a total of 79.4 % .The second group, were 48 students aged 12- 20 years suffering from severemarginal gingivitis ( GI-3 ) and were subjected to different antibiotics afterprophylaxis and some of them were kept on prophylaxis alone and their progress tomild marginal gingivitis ( G.I.1) was observed and were as follows :20.8 % withazithromycin , 16.7 % with ampicilline, 22.9 % with ampicilline plus metronidazoleand 20.8 % with prophylaxis and oral hygiene practice alone with a total of 81.2 %showing no significant difference between prophylaxis alone and those withprophylaxis and antibiotics .


Article
The Effect of Various Surface Treatment Adhesives and Composite Materials on Repair Strength of Composite Resin

Author: Nadia H Hasan
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2012 Volume: 12 Issue: 19 Pages: 126-134
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Aimsof the study:The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of a flowable composite and total etch adhesive on shear bond strength of repaired composite with a different types of tooth colored res-torations (microhybrid, nanohybrid, and ormocer). Materials and Methods Ninety Teflon mold (4 mm ×2mm), of Tetric® Ceram prepared then divided into two main groups 1st control ( without etch-ing ), 2 ed etched with 37 phosphoric acid. Both groups were divided into three subgroups according to a type of adhesiveapplied, 1st control, 2 ed the Excite® and in 3ed the tgflow appliedThe second split of Teflon mold (4mm×1mm)placed onto the prepared specimenEach subgroup (1st control, 2 ed the Excite® and in 3rd the tgflow) were farther divided into three subgroups which entrain filled as fallow: 1st split filled with a Tetric® Ceram, in 2 ed split filled with Tetric NCeram, and in 3 rd. split filled with Admira. Shear bond strength was measured by using Universal Testing Machine, and mode of failure examined by a stereomicroscope. Results: No significant difference in the surface treatment groups. For the adhesive, Tgflow showed superior shear value (3248 MPa) comparing to other adhe-sives while for the composite materials, The Tetric NCeram composite showed superior value of shear strength (2821MPa) comparing to other materialsConclusions: Phosphoric acid has no effect on shear value of repaired composite while Tgflow and Tetric NCeram give an improvement in its shear valueAll composites exhibited cohesive and adhesive type of failure.


Article
Evaluation of Dental Caries Prevalence among Children in Mosul City Center Using Significant Caries Index

Authors: Karam H Jazrawi --- Ghada D Al-Sayagh --- Saher S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2012 Volume: 12 Issue: 19 Pages: 191-197
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Aims of the study: To evaluate the prevalence of dental caries among children aged 9-10 years in Mo-sul City Center and to compare between traditional index and significant caries index of these students. Materials and Methods: The study sample was obtained from third and fourth class students from eight randomly selected primary schools in Mosul City Center. Sample size was 363 students, 225 fe-males and 138 males. Students' ages were 9 and 10 years. All primary and permanent teeth were ex-amined for the presence of decay, missing or filling teeth/surfaces. Mean DMFT, DMFS, dmft and dmfs were calculated for the students together and separately for each sex. The mean Significant Caries Index (SiC) was also calculated as the mean DMFT and DMFS of the one third of the students with the highest caries scores. Results: The SiC index was significantly higher in all comparisons with tradi-tional DMF index (p < 0.000). A comparison between the two indices indicated that there is a large children subgroup presented with a high caries rate. Conclusions: The mean DMF values did not accu-rately reflect the skewed distribution of dental caries leading to incorrect conclusions that the caries rate of the statewide population is under control. It is better to use SiC index instead of the traditional index.


Article
Testicular Doppler resistive index parameter as predictor test for male infertility

Author: Hassan Al-Naffakh ,FIBMS,DMRD (rad.) .Lecturer in Faculty of Medicine, Kufa University, Radiologist in Al-Sadder Teaching Hospital, Najaf, Iraq.
Journal: KUFA MEDICAL JOURNAL مجلة الكوفة الطبية ISSN: 1993517X Year: 2012 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 293-298
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Aim To assess the role of color doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) resistive index (RI) parameter as a predictor test for spermatogenesis and infertility.Patients and Methods: This is a prostpective study done on 80 patients,40 individuals with normal sperm counts, the other 40 individuals with abnormal pathologic sperm counts , those individuals examined by CDUS ,RI were calculated on both sides using two parenchymal arteries at upper &lower pole of testes the data were analyzed statistically by SPSS soft ware using t-test at level of significance P<0.05.Results: Individuals with normal sperm counts had mean(SD) RI = 0.566(0.0342),those with abnormal pathological sperm counts had mean(SD) RI =0.673(0.093). Statistical analysis show significant difference between the two groups P=0.002Conclusion : These results suggest that CDUS RI parameter can be used as a simple, safe, rapid and non invasive predictor test for spermatogenesis and infertility .

الهدف: دراسة دور معامل الممانعة الوعائية لفحص الدوبلر لتقييم الخصوبة لدى الرجالالطريقة والمرضى: شملت هذه الدراسة 80 شخصا (40 شخص لديهم تحليل سائل منوي طبيعي و 40 شخص لديهم تحليل سائل منوي غبر طبيعي) وهؤلاء الأشخاص تم فحصهم بواسطة الدوبلر وتم احتساب معامل الممانعة الوعائية ( ( RI لكل مريض في كلتا الخصيتين في القطبين الأعلى والأسفل لكل خصية وتم معالجة النتائج إحصائيا باستخدام t-test.النتائج: الأشخاص مع تحليل مني طبيعي وجد لديهم معدل معامل ممانعة ( 0,556) وبانحراف معياري (0,0342)، و الذين لديهم تحليل مني غبر طبيعي وجد لديهم معدل معامل ممانعة اعلى( 0,673) وبانحراف معياري (0,093)وكانت ال P-value معتبرة.الاستنتاج: هذه النتائج تبين إمكانية استخدام معامل الممانعة الوعائية لفحص الدوبلر كفحص أمين وسريع وبسيط وغير تداخلي لتقييم الخصوبة لدى الرجال


Article
Assessment of Water Quality Status for the Euphrates River in Iraq
تقییم نوعیة میاه نھر الفرات في العراق

Author: Mohammed Abdulkhaleq Ibrahim
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2012 Volume: 30 Issue: 14 Pages: 2536-2549
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess a spatial and temporal variations in water quality of the Euphrates River flowing through Iraqi lands, with two approaches: the use of water quality index (WQI) and a principal component analysis (PCA). In the studied section of the river the global water quality WQI was 63.09 (classified as medium – slightly polluted), this value denotes that Euphrates water requirestreatment for drinking, no treatment necessary for most industries and crop uses and suitable for most fish and not recommended for sensitive one. PCA results indicate that three factors for river water explain 92.95% of the total variance. Varifactors obtained from factor analysis for water quality variations indicate that factors responsible for water quality variations are mainly related to soil leaching and runoff process, organic pollution from municipal effluents, pH andtemperature.

الهدف من الدراسة هو تقدير التغيرات الموقعية والزمنية لنوعية مياه نهر الفرات الجاري فيالأراضي العراقية بطريقتين: الاولى باستخدام مؤشر (دليل) نوعية المياه والثانية طريقة تحليلالمركب الأساسي. ومن خلال دراسة مقطع النهر كان مؤشر نوعية المياه 63.09 % (يصنفمتوسط الجودة –طفيف التلوث) وتلك القيمة تبين بأن مياه الفرات تحتاج الى عملية تصفيةلاستخدامات الشرب، ولا تحتاج الى معالجة للمياه الصناعية التي لاتتطلب مياه نقية، وكذلك لاتحتاجالى معالجة لأغراض الري وتعتبر كبيئة مائية صالحة لأغلب انواع الأسماك ماعدا الحساسة منها.بينت نتائج تحليل المركب الأساسي وجود ثلاثة معاملات اساسية تفسر نسبة 92.95 % من التباينالكلي للبيانات. وقد ظهر من خلال تلك المعاملات وجود ثلاث مجاميع رئيسية تسبب حدوثالتغيرات في نوعية المياه، الأولى ناتجة من السيح وغسل التربة، الثانية ناتجة من التلوث العضويوالناتج من تصريف المياه الثقيلة في النهر والثالثة ناتجة من التباين في درجة الحامضية ودرجةالحرارة.


Article
Tooth attrition patterns in a group of Iraqi adults sample with different classes of malocclusion (A comparative study)

Authors: Issam M. Abdullah عصام عبد الله --- Ausama A. Al- Mulla اسامة احمد الملا
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 114-119
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Tooth attrition is wearing away of tooth structure during mastication. This study investigated tooth wearpatterns in adults with different classes of malocclusion and compared them with normal occlusion.Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 363 subjects that were divided into 5 groups with an age range “18-25” years: 85 normal occlusion, 128 class I with crowding, 90 class II division 1, 30 class II division 2 and 30 class III.Dental wear was assessed by using a modified version of the tooth wear index.Results:1. The class I malocclusion group had statistically greater tooth wear in incisal surfaces of maxillary central and lateralincisors, and mandibular lateral incisors than did the normal occlusion.2. The class II division 1 group had statistically greater tooth wear in the occlusal surfaces of maxillary secondpremolars, mandibular first and second premolars. Buccal surfaces of mandibular canines, mandibular secondpremolars and mandibular first molars than did the normal occlusion.3. The class II division 2 malocclusion group had statistically greater tooth wear in labial surfaces of mandibularcentral and lateral incisors. Buccal surfaces of mandibular second premolars, mandibular first molars. Occlusalsurfaces of maxillary first and second premolars and mandibular second premolars than did normal occlusion.4. The class III malocclusion group had statistically greater tooth wear in the occlusal surfaces of maxillary first andsecond premolars than did normal occlusion.Conclusion: In conclusion subjects with normal occlusion and those with different classes of malocclusions havedifferent tooth wear patterns


Article
Uses of periodontal status for assessment of alveolar bone loss by clinical and radiographic analysis in smokers and non smokers

Authors: Mona Alsafi منى الصافي --- Ra'ed M. A. Al- Delayme رائد الدليمي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 4 Pages: 100-102
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Background: The measurement was done by liner measurement from CEJ to AC by choosing the virnia. Theradiographic land marks the CEJ and AC mere identified. CEJ can be defined as the bounder between the enameland the cementum of root. The study were carried on in Oral Surgery and Radiology department in dentistry schoolof Alyarmouk University CollegeMaterial and Methods: Forty patients with in20-24 years of age were selected for this study that attended to Surgeryand Radiology department in dentistry school of Alyarmouk University CollegeResults: The plaque index: in group 1 (the smokers) in both plaque index 1.023 + 0.308 GI = 1.004 +0.091. Comparedwith group 2 (nonsmokers) = 1.264 +2.407 in PI and GI = 1.023 +1.445.Conclusions: Dental Plaque, Gingival Index, Bleeding on Probing and Probing Pocket Depth was highly elevated insmokers group compared with non- smokers group


Article
Efficacy of simvastatin compared with atorvastatin in patients with hyperlipidaemia in Kurdistan
فعالية سيمفاستاتين مقارنة مع أتورفاستاتين في مرضى فرط شحميات الدم في كردستان

Authors: Ari Aziz Salih --- Wishyar Abbas Hamad --- Showan D. Husain
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2012 Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Pages: 90-97
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Background and objectives: Lowering the blood cholesterol and low density lipoprotein levels may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of lipid-lowering therapy by simvastatin 20 mg versus atorvastatin 20mg on patients suffering from hyperlipidemia.Method: This study is 16-weeks duration included 75 patients with hyperlipidemia. Patients were assigned randomly to receive either simvastatin 20 mg/day group (1), or atorvastatin 20 mg/day group (2). After 12 hours fasting, lipid profile, atherogenic index and alanine aminotransferase were assessed for the patients at baseline, 8-weeks and at the end of 16-weeks of treatment.Results: After therapy for both groups of patients, as compared to the levels at the baseline, the serum total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) were significantly reduced while high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was significantly increased. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) increased by both groups of treatment with no significant differences between the two modes of treatment.Conclusion: After treatment with simvastatin 20 mg and atorvastatin 20 mg, there were a reduction in total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-C, and VLDL-C, and an increase in HDL-C in both groups. Comparing the two types of treatment, atorvastatin 20 mg was more effective in lowering triglyceride and VLDL-C than simvastatin 20 mg while Simvastatin led to greater reduction in LDL-C. Both modes of treatment were well tolerated by the patients.


Article
Oral Health Status and Treatment Needs among Twelve Year Old School Children in Babylon Governorate – IRAQ

Author: Hassan Ali Hamza
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2012 Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Pages: 1049-1060
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Background: This study regarding twelve - year - old students in Babylon Governorate Republic of Iraq , in order to increase knowledge concerning oral health status of this target group of population .Data gained may be used for planning of preventive programs for oral health problems in Babylon Governorate .Materials and Methods : The sample consisted of 390 students (twelve - year - old students) ; it was examined between September 2009 and the March 2010. The study examines the present situation which causes caries experiences, periodontal conditions and oral hygiene.Results : The prevalence of dental caries in 12 – year- old children was (55.4%) and (73.3%) of the samples examined were affected with some kind of periodontal diseases or in need for any kind of treatment either scaling and/or oral health education . The prevalence of caries free children in rural area was higher than that in urban and periurban area .Conclusions :Students instructions are considered as important factor for planning good oral hygiene

هذه الدراسة بخصوص الفئة العمرية( 12سنة ) لتلاميذ مدارس محافظة بابل في جمهورية العراق لزيادة المعرفة الصحية لصحة الفم والأسنان . هدف البيانات من هذه الدراسة هو لتخطيط البرامج الوقائية والعلاجية لصحة الفم والأسنان في المحافظة . العينة شملت 390 تلميذ ,وتمت الدراسة بين أيلول 2009 ومارس 2010 وتم فحص الوضع الذي يسبب نخر الأسنان و أمراض ما حول الأسنان . أظهرت الدراسة نسبة تنخر الأسنان 55,4% لعمر 12سنة و73,3% من الطلبة يعانون بنوع من أمراض ما حول الأسنان أو بحاجة لأي نوع من المعالجة أو تثقيف صحي .


Article
Correlation Study Between Point Load Test And Uniaxial Compressive Strength and Tensile Strength of Some Sedimentary Rocks In Mosul City
دراسة العلاقة المتبادلة بين فحص التحميل النقطي وقوة تحمل الانضغاط الأحادي والشد لبعض الصخور الرسوبية في مدينة الموصل

Authors: Thamer M. Nuri --- Abdul Nasser Y. Ali --- Shaima Ahmed
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2012 Volume: 30 Issue: 1 Pages: 155-166
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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The point load test is used as a quick and inexpensive means of obtaining rockstrength indexes when logging core samples in either a field or laboratory setting. Inorder to estimate the Uniaxial compressive strength, indirect tensile strength(Brazilian and 4-point bending)of the rocks, index to strength conversion factors areused to involve three types of the most popular sedimentary rocks in Mosul city,which are limestone, sandstone and gypsum in both dry and wet conditions. Theresults showed that a conversion factors,(14.55,15.9) can be used to estimatecompressive strength for both limestone and gypsum rocks in dry and wet conditionsrespectively. The study also found that conversion factors,(1.4,2.6) are applied in drycondition for the three rocks in Brazilian and Bending tests.

يعتبر فحص التحميل النقطي من الفحوصات الهندسية السريعة والاقتصادية لإيجاد دليل قوةتحمل الصخور الاسطوانية سوءا بالموقع أو بالمختبر. ولغرض تقدير قوة تحمل الانضغاط وقوةبين دليل القوة في فحص التحميل (k) تحمل الشد الغير مباشر للصخور، تم إيجاد نسبة التحويلالنقطي وقوة تحمل بعض الصخور الرسوبية الشائعة في الموصل وهي الحجر الجيري، الحجرالرملي والجبس وذلك في حالتي الجفاف والتشبع بالماء. أظهرت نتائج الفحوصات بأنه يمكن14.55 ) لإيجاد قوة التحمل لكل من صخور الحجر الجيري , استخدام نسب التحويل ( 15.9والجبس في حالتي الجفاف والتشبع على التوالي. كما بينت الدراسة بأن نس ب التحويل (1.4 ) يمكن استخدامها أيضا لإيجاد قوة تحمل الشد في الصخور الثلاثة قيد الدراسة وذلك , 2.6في الفحص البرازيلي والانحناء على التوالي وفي الحالة الجافة فقط.

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