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Article
Electrode Consumption Simulation for Shielded Metal Arc Welding in Virtual Welding Training System

Authors: Raheem Kh. Al-Sabur --- Qais A. Rishack
Journal: Basrah Journal for Engineering Science مجلة البصرة للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: Print: 18146120; Online: 23118385 Year: 2014 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 56-61
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

One of the major problems in industry are new welding trainees cost, it drains the budget of many companies, particularly in industrialized countries, through raw material costs for preparation, welding wires, electric and fumes in addition to time spent. Recently a new technique was appeared; it is called virtual welding training system (VWTS) to reduce the training cost. In the present work a VWTS technique was built, a simulation of electrode motion is upgraded by using LVDT to represent the welding arc length while a DC motor with gearbox connect to the steel rode is used to represent welding electrode consumption. A 2D graphs with touch screen monitor are used to represent welding process. All sensors were calibrated to generate a VWTS. Accepted results obtained in training new welding trainees in the shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) training.

Keywords

Virtual welding --- electrode simulator --- SMAW --- LVDT --- VWTS


Article
A Numerical simulation of emissions of pollutants from industrial chimney

Authors: Saleh I. Najim --- Qais A. Rishack --- Alaa H. Mohammed
Journal: Basrah Journal for Engineering Science مجلة البصرة للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: Print: 18146120; Online: 23118385 Year: 2014 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-12
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The prediction of the concentration fields of pollutants released to the atmosphere is a key factor in assessing possible environmental damages caused by industrial emissions. To solve the concentration equation for gaseous or particulate effluents it is necessary to know as accurately as possible the velocity field and turbulence intensities at the atmospheric boundary layer in the region of interest. A two dimensional mathematical model based on the equations of fluid mechanics along with a modified non-isotropic k-ε turbulence model are employed to calculate the flow and dispersion at the atmospheric micro scale (distances of the order of kilometers).Results of investigation are obtained by using the finite volume method (FVM) to solve the average Navier Stock equations coupling with turbulent k- ε model. The calculation was carried out for plume flow from the industrial chimney with different plume velocities, wind velocities and heights of stack. The equations of model are solved with SIMPLE schemes.FLUENT program used to show the results of the plume flow at the variable parameters of wind and plume velocities and heights of stack, the code is applied to simulate several cases of flow and dispersion. Comparisons against experimental results show that the non-isotropic turbulence model has better ability to foresee the plume dispersion than the standard k- ε, in which the non-isotropic character of turbulence is relevant. The computational results show that the plume path and concentrations are correctly predicted by the numerical model


Article
Theoretical and Experimental Study of the Intake Manifold Effect on the SI Engine Performance

Authors: Qais A. Rishack --- Sadoun F. Dakhil --- Mohammed K. Obaid
Journal: Basrah Journal for Engineering Science مجلة البصرة للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: Print: 18146120; Online: 23118385 Year: 2014 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 200-215
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This work uses different shapes of intake manifold for study the effect on a single cylinder four stroke gasoline engine. A numerical simulation of the flow achieved through five intake manifold designs, using 3D Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) software package FLUINT (6.3.). Accordingly, the three-dimensional resolution of Navier-Stokes equations in conjunction with the standard k-ε turbulence model is undertaken to provide knowledge of the air movement nature and examining the intake manifold optimal geometry. Five cases of intake manifold are examined experimentally in order to produce a comprehensive and realistic data set. These data are in the form of engine performance, exhaust gas products and relative AFR for each case separately under different engine speeds. Exhaust gas analyzer type (Infragas-209) is used in the present work to measure exhaust gas concentrations and relative air/fuel ratio ( ). The results were obtained in this investigation showed that a Simulate numerically and experimentally is capable to select the optimized intake system geometry with reliability. Velocity is highest near the outer wall at increased the curvature ratio and pressure is highest near the inner wall at increased the curvature ratio. The secondary flow increases when the engine speeds and curvature ratio increase because of increasing the pressure difference between the inner wall and the outer wall. The effect of these parameters explained on the swirl air movement and tumble inside the cylinder are increasing by increase the engine speed and γ respectively. The increasing in the engine speed and the optimum selection of the manifold which designed enhanced the mixing of the fuel with air. The results showed that the optimized manifold 135º- NE (case 5) due to enhance AFR, fuel consumption and exhaust emissions are improved.

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