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Retrospective study of causes of respiratory infections in broiler chickens which presented to Babylon veterinary hospital during 2012
دراسة لتحري الاصابات التنفسيية في دجاج اللحم الواردة الى المستشفى البيطري في محافظة بابل خلال عام 2012

Author: Hayder Abd AL-Emier Almremdhy حيدر عبد الامير المرمضي
Journal: Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية ISSN: 20779798 Year: 2014 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 41-49
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The object of this study to diagnosis the causes of respiratory infection in broiler chickens which prevalence in Babylon province during 2012, the diagnosis is depending on case history, clinical signs, postmortem lesion and confirmed by rapid diagnostic kit and enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA), the results show the causes of respiratory infection are (infectious bronchitis (IB), Newcastle disease(ND), avian influenza(AI) and chronic respiratory disease(CRD) in percentage (29.7, 27.9, 25.2 and 17) respectively . In conclusion of this study that respiratory infections are the major threaten for poultry industry in Babylon and poor biosecurity are major predisposing factors for this diseases.

ان الهدف من اجراء هذه الدراسة هو لتشخيص مسبات الاصابات التنفسية المنتشرة في محافظة بابل خلال عام 2012 حيث تم التشخيص عن طريق معرفة تاريخ الحالة المرضية و العلامات السريرية والصفة المرضية وتم تاكيد التشخيص عن طريق العدة التشخيصية السريعة وفحص الاستشراب المناعي الممتص، اظهرت النتائج ان مسببات الاصابات التنفسية هي التهاب الشعب الهوائية المعدي ، مرض نيوكاسل ، انفلونزا الطيور و المرض التنفسي المزمن وان النسبة المئوية لها 29,9 و 27,9 و25,2 و17 على التوالي واستنتجت الدراسة ان الاصابات التنفسية تعتبر المهدد الرئسي لصناعة الدواجن في محافظة بابل وكذلك ان ضعف اجراءات الامن الحيوي تعتبر من اهم المهيئااة لحدوث هذه الامراض .


Article
Epidemiological, Clinical, and immunological characteristics of Mycoplasma pneumonia infections among a group of hospitalized children in Suleimani city/Iraq .

Author: Ali H. bayati*, Pakhshan M. Faraj*, Khalid H. Salih**
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2014 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 5-9
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) is an important respiratory bacterial pathogen, especially among children. It causes acute upper and lower respiratory infections.Objective: This study was aimed to measure anti- M. pneumoniae antibodies among hospitalized children who were admitted to hospital diagnosed with acute respiratory tract infections.Method: Automated ELISA technique was performed to detect anti- M. pneumoniae antibodies (IgM and IgG antibodies) in serum from 108 children less than 5 years old. The children were admitted to the Pediatric Teaching Hospital in Suleimani city/Kurdistan Region/Iraq because of acute respiratory tract infections. A questionnaire was designed to collect demographic and clinical data from those children.Results: IgM anti- M. pneumoniae antibodies were positive in 15 (13.9%) out of 108 children. The highest seroprevalence was found in the age group 25-36 months while the lowest is in the age group 1-12 months. M. pneumoniae infections were more common among males than females though results were statistically not significant, and attendance of kindergarten or nursery, residency, history of chronic diseases, history of contact with similar conditions, and family history of chronic diseases, they were all statistically not significant. The IgMseropositive children were suffering from bronchitis, croup, pneumonia, or other respiratory infections, in frequencies of 7 (46.6%), 4 (26.7%), 3 (20%), and 1 (6.7%) respectively. Increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, diagnosis of croup, and diagnosis of bronchitis were more frequent in M. pneumoniae infected group and the results were statistically significant. The IgG anti- M. pneumoniae antibodies were positive in 31 (28.8%) out of the 108 children, and the greatest IgG seroprevalence was highest in age group 49-60 months.Conclusion: M. pneumoniae is an important respiratorypathogen among hospitalized children in Sulaimanigovernorate/Kurdistan/Iraq, and nearly one third of childrenhad experienced M. pneumoniae infection by the age of fiveyears

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