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Health risk behaviors among male students in secondary schools in Erbil city
السلوكيات الصحية الخطرة بين الطلاب الذكور في المدارس الثانوية في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Nazar Ali shreen Al-Doski --- Jawdat Mamand ALhag Baker
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 1 Pages: 1199-1205
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Health behaviors and risk behaviors are often related to the community in a more complex pattern of behaviors associated with lifestyles. Risk behaviors include drinking alcohol, physical fighting, smoking, sexual intercourse and drug abuse. This study aimed to assess the rates of some health risk behaviors among male students of secondary schools in Erbil city and to find out associated factors with those risk behaviors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was used. A self-administer questionnaire was used to collected data from December 17th, 2012 to July 17th, 2013 in 12 male secondary schools. 500 students were chosen randomly out of 11343 males' secondary school students. Results: Smoking was the most common risk behavior among the students (41.7%), followed by physical fighting (33.3%), sexual intercourse (15.5%), alcohol drinking (6.6%), and the lowest risk behaviors comes from drug abuse (2.7%). There was significant association between age and drug abuse which was more common among those ≥21 years than those of younger age groups. Conclusion: The highest health risk behavior among all male students in secondary schools in Erbil city was cigarette smoking. There was statistically significant association between age and drug abuse.


Article
Master students’ feedback about the teaching and learning process in the College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University
ملاحظات طلاب الماجستير حول عملية التعليم والتعلم في كلية التمريض، جامعة هولير الطبية

Authors: Dara Abdulla Al-Banna --- Norhan M. Zaki --- Jawdat Mamand ALhag Baker --- Nazar Ali Doski
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Pages: 1433-1439
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Systems for evaluation of teaching and course quality in higher education institutions have long been established and are becoming increasingly common in many developed and developing countries. This study was carried out to identify and assess the feedback of master students in the College of Nursing.Methods: The study is a mixture of quantitative and qualitative design. The study sample included all master students who had attended the master course within two academic years (2012-2014) in the College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University. A formal questionnaire was used to obtain master students’ feedback, and an interview was used as the method of data collection.Results: The mean age of the participants was 33 years for males and 29 years for females. Results revealed that feedback responses as a general were good in all factors underlining the study, and the lowest scores were shown in items related to teacher-student’s relationship and classroom organization.Conclusion: Master students’ feedback was positive for most of the evaluation factors except teacher-student relationship and some items related to classroom organization.

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