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Article
The Effect of Mass Numbering Strategy in Developing Logical Thinking among Fourth Intermediate Stage Female Students/ Scientific Branch and Their Interests towards Physics
اثر ستراتيجية الترقيم الجماعي في تنمية التفكير المنطقي لدى طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي و ميولهن نحو مادة الفيزياء

Author: Thani H. Khaji ثاني حسين خاجي
Journal: Journal of Research Diyala humanity مجلة ديالى للبحوث الانسانية ISSN: 1998104x Year: 2016 Issue: 69 Pages: 84-106
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

The paper aims at identifying The Effect of Mass Numbering Strategy in Developing Logical Thinking among Fourth Intermediate Stage Female Students/ Scientific Branch and Their Interests towards Physics. The study is conducted on fourth intermediate stage female students/ scientific branch in Alaamal High School for Girls in Diyala General Directory of Education in the academic year (2014-2015). The sample of study is deliberately selected. It comprises (48) female students that are randomly distributed into two equal groups; experimental and controlling. Research tools used are logical thinking test of 32 multiple choice items and scale of Interests towards physics of 40 items that are set in concordance to Likert triple scale. Results showed that there is a statistically significant difference on the level of (0.05) in favor of the experimental group students who are taught according to the mass numbering strategy. They surmounted their peers in the controlling group who are taught according to the traditional method in Developing logical thinking and Intermediate towards physics. Moreover, it is proven that there is an association relation of statistical significance between logical thinking and the Intermediate towards physics among students in the experimental group.

يهدف البحث الحالي الى معرفة أثر ستراتيجية الترقيم الجماعي في تنمية التفكير المنطقي لدى طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي وميولهن نحو مادة الفيزياءطبق البحث على طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي في مدرسة ثانوية الامال للبنات التابعة للمديرية العامة لتربية ديالى للعام الدراسي( 2014-2015) م. وتم اختيار عينة البحث قصدياً , والبالغة (48) طالبة، وزعت بصورة عشوائية على مجموعتين متساويتين، احدهما تجريبية والاخرى ضابطة، تمثلت اداتا البحث باستخدام اختبار التفكير المنطقي (32) فقرة من نوع الاختيار من متعدد، ومقياس الميل نحو الفيزياء (40) فقرة وفقاً لمقياس ليكرت الثلاثي.وقد أظهرت النتائج وجود فرق ذي دلالة إحصائية عند مستوى دلالة ( 0.05) لصالح طالبات المجموعة التجريبية اللاتي درسن على وفق ستراتيجية الترقيم الجماعي ، وتفوقهن على طالبات المجموعة الضابطة اللاتي درسن على وفق الطريقة الاعتيادية في تنمية التفكير المنطقي والميول نحو مادة الفيزياء، وان هناك علاقة ارتباطية ذات دلالة احصائية بين التفكير المنطقي والميل نحو الفيزياء لدى طالبات المجموعة التجريبية.


Article
Obesity and Overweight in a Sample of Women at Child Bearing Age in Baghdad City

Authors: Baqir Kareem Abed --- Muna Abdul Kadhum Zeidan --- Sulaf Ahmed Hussain
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 214 -223
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Obesity is a chronic disease defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a condition of abnormal or excessive fat accumulation, to the extent that health may be impaired . This excess fat mass is thought to lead to increased risk of ill such as metabolic and cardiovascular disease, , decreased physical function, and some cancers .The aims of this study are To determine rate of overweight among sample of women at the childbearing age, and To find the relationship between the body mass index and some variables.A cross-sectional study conducted in Al- washash & Bab-almoadham primary health centers, sampling was (convenient ) & the sample size was 506. Data was collected by questionnaire to obtain socio- demographic information & weight and height of each women was measured by the researcher.About 66.2% of the studied sample of women was in the age (20-29) years. And the 58.5% were housewife , about 54% of women in the sample were overweight while obesity rate was 1.4% only. About 63.3% of the sample with normal weight were mainly non contraceptive users. Analysis of results by chi-square test show that ( types of contraceptive, family history of obesity, socio economic status, parity, birth space interval, types of food) was significant factors associated with body mass index.

Keywords

Body mass index --- Factors --- Women


Article
Clinicopathological Profile of Patients with Unilateral Sinonasal Masses in Karbala

Authors: Adil Hadi Ibrahim --- Nazar J. Metib --- Haider Jebur Kehiosh^
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2016 Volume: 9 Issue: 1 Pages: 2408-2416
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: A variety of non-neoplastic and neoplastic conditions involving the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and nasopharynx. Most patients present with complaints of nasal obstruction. Other symptoms include nasal discharge, epistaxis, and disturbances of smell, oral symptoms, facial swelling, orbital symptoms, and ear symptoms. The presence of unilateral symptoms or pathology is regarded with caution as sinonasal neoplasms which may also present during their early stages with subtle symptoms that mimic an inflammatory pathology.Objectives: The aim of the study was to analyze the histopathologic diagnosis of patients with unilateral nasal mass and identify their different clinical presentations.Methods: A cross sectional prospective study was carried out on 34 consecutive patients with unilateral sinonasal mass at Al-Hussein Teaching Hospital and Maythem Al-Tammar Private Hospital, Karbala between April to August 2015 focusing on patient’s age, sex, and complaints. . Clinical examinations and proper investigations were carried out for all patients. Biopsy was taken from all cases for histopathologic examination to confirm diagnosis.Results: Out of total 34 patients with unilateral sinonasal masses 25 (73.5%) were males and 9 (26.5%) were females (M: F=2.8:1). The age range was 7 to 60 years with a mean age of 29.2 years. Twenty two patients were found to have non-neoplastic unilateral conditions (64.7%), while 12 patients had neoplastic unilateral conditions (35.3%). Inflammatory nasal polyp was the most common condition in non-neoplastic group (59.9%). Inverted papilloma was the commonest benign neoplastic condition (17.7%), 3 cases of non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas (8.9%) represents the commonest malignant neoplasms among malignant neoplastic group and single case of adenoid cystic carcinoma.Conclusions: Sinonasal masses have various differential diagnoses that otolaryngologists have to consider this variability in diagnosis and treatment. Nasal obstruction is the most common symptom while epistaxis and extranasal symptoms like facial pain, dental and orbital complaints were found to be higher in the neoplastic conditions. The clinician must have a high index of suspicion to rule out a neoplastic etiology in all cases of unilateral nasal mass.


Article
Value of Ultrasonography in Acute Appendicitis in Patients with Modified Alvarado Scoring System Score of 5 & 6

Authors: Ziad Ghanem Mohammed --- Mohammed Jawad Mohammed Al- Najjar --- Huda Ali Al-Hussaini --- Haider Abdulhussain --- et al.
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 277 -283
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Acute appendicitis is one of the most common and challenging surgical emergencies. Ultrasound [US] is widely available , highly accurate imaging modality in patients suspected to have acute appendicitis, this study was done to assess the value of US in evaluation of suspected acute appendicitis patients with Alvarado Scoring System [MASS] of 5 & 6 . In this prospective study a total of (100) patients with clinically suspected acute appendicitis and with Alvarado score between 5 &6 underwent US examination of the abdomen The accuracy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of appendicitis was compared with clinical diagnosis, laparotomy findings and histopathological examination reports.. The patients were divided into two groups: group A included those for whom surgery was done & the final diagnosis was established depending on the surgical finding &/or histopathology results & this group comprised (65) patients . Group B comprises patients who did not underwent surgery ,these patients were followed up until their improvement & discharge from the hospital & this group included (35) patients. The overall specificity of ultrasound was 88% and the sensitivity was 89% in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in patients with MASS of 5 & 6 .US is a valuable tool in diagnosing acute appendicitis in patients with MASS (5 & 6). When the clinical sign and symptoms are combined with US, the diagnostic accuracy is significantly high.


Article
Ultrasound features and molecular diagnosis testing of thyroid mass
خصائص أورام الغدة الدرقية بواسطة الموجات فوق الصوتية وتشخيص التحليل الخلوي (الجزيئي)

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Abstract

Thyroid gland is one of the most important glands in human body due to the necessary hormones it produces. It can be aff- feced by different types of infections and diseases, one of the most risky abnormalities of this gland is thyroid masses. The aim of this study is to nd how does thyroid masses start from the molecular stages and is there any relation with it and genet- ics, for this purpose we scanned more than 273 patients by ultrasound from different ages groups, and genders, thyroid mass detected in 17 of them, 3 with cystic uid lled mass, and 14 with solid mass . Blood samples from thes patients were analysed and molecular study were performed by taking exon 11 and 15 from Braf gene mution was detected in all patients included frame shift mutaion a deletion of adenine in same position , while no sequence variation was found in the exon 11 Braf gene. In conclusion According to DNA sequence analysis, genomic variation was not found in exon 11 of the BRAF gene in all patients, an exonic alteration was detected in exon 15 in 7 patients was deletion of (A) in coding nucleotide , which the BRAF mutational hot spot region are found. The result of the deletion mutation is conversion of all of codons after deletion.

الغدة الدرقية هي واحدة من أهم الغدد في جسم ا نسان وذلك بسبب ضرورة الهرمونات التي تنتجها. ويمكن ان تتأثر بأنواع مختلفة من ا لتهابات والحا ت المرضية ، وأحد هذه من الحا ت الغيرطبيعية وا كثر خطورة هي أورام الغدة الدرقية . الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو معرفة كيف تبدأ هذه ا ورام من المراحل الخلوية وهل يوجد بينها وبين الجينات او المورثات اية ع قة ام في علم الوراثة، لهذا الغرض تم فحص وتشخيص 273 مريضا بواسطة الموجات فوق الصوتية لمجموعات مختلفة من ا عمار وا جناس، تم تشخيص أورام الغدة الدرقية في 17مريضا ، 3 منهم كانوا ذو أورام كيسية مليئة بمادة سائلة ، و 14 حا ت ذو أورام صلبة. وقد تم تحليل عينات الدم من هؤ ء المرضى و ثم أجراء الدراسة الجزيئية عن طريق أخذ اكسون 11 و 15 من البراف جينgene BRAF, تم تشخيص الطفرة من نوع الحذف للقاعدة النيتروجينية ا دنين في الموقع نفسه من كل المرضى ، في حين لم يظهر اخت ف في التسلسل في اكسون11 من البراف جينgene BRAF .


Article
Effect of Additive of Expanded Polystyrene and Perlite on Some Mechanical Properties and Thermal Conductivity for Mass Concrete

Authors: Hamid H. Hussein --- Omar S. Saeed
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences مجلة تكريت للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 1813162X 23127589 Year: 2016 Volume: 23 Issue: 1 Pages: 78-86
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

In this research, the major problem of mass concrete (Differences in Temperature) was studied. Expanded polystyrene and perlite were added in different percentages to investigate the effects on some mechanical properties and thermal conductivity of concrete. Two stages of work were performed.In first stage, reference mix was designed at proportion (1cement: 1.41sand: 2.72gravel) with (0.4) water cement ratio. Four tests were conducted, these tests including density, compressive strength, flexural strength and thermal conductivity through exponential equation depending on dry density. In the second stage, polystyrene beads and perlite were added as volumetric ratio with (10, 15, 20, 25, and 30) percentages to the original size of reference mix and conducted the tests and study their effects .The results showed a significant improvement in thermal insulation and reduced thermal conductivity (40 , 22) % by using (30) % of polystyrene and perlite respectively. The decreasing in some mechanical properties can be seen and this decreasing did not have serious effects on the design efficiency of the structure which conformed with the specifications.


Article
Evaluating the psychological flexibility among the players of some mass games in the city of Mosul in Iraq
تقويم المرونة النفسية لدى لاعبي بعض الألعاب الجماعية في مدينة الموصل في العراق

Author: Roa’a Salah Kaddouri رؤى صلاح قدوري
Journal: Sciences Journal Of Physical Education مجلة علوم التربية الرياضية ISSN: 19920695 Year: 2016 Volume: 9 Issue: 1 Pages: 95-108
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Most teams are prepared for the important competitions by examining the models and their coexistence in places to compete and adapt to the ways of playing and to continue training and preparing themselves for conditions that may occur during the competition itself, so the concept falls under the term psychological flexibility. One of the factors that must be taken into account is that the players of the higher levels, for example, follow up the competitors to get to know examples that lead them to respond accordingly. Therefore, It is noticed that the proliferation of training in closed camps for teams participating in the World Championships or the training behind closed doors before the important matches, which may help in identifying the stimuli that may lead to positive psychological flexibility.The psychological flexibility represents an essential part of the preparation of the player to engage in various games as it ensures perception of movement and sequence of skills, attitudes and goals, and that the player is able to implement the plans and the application of various skills and make decisions in order to be able to do the appropriate motor duties with the skill performed; in addition to, the contribution of having ideas in control and behavior modified in order to reach the best level and to increase self-confidence and emotional control. Therefore, the psychological flexibility is one factor that is seen as a phenomena that affect the performance of the athletes positivelyfor making more efforts.

معظم الفرق يتم اعدادها للمنافسات المهمة من خلال دراسة النماذج والتعايش لاماكن التنافس والتكيف على طرق اللعب والاستمرار بالتدريب والتهيؤ للظروف التي قد تحدث اثناء المنافسة ذاتها لذا فان ذلك المفهوم يقع تحت مصطلح المرونة النفسية . من العوامل التي يجب ان توضع في الاعتبار ان لاعبي المستويات العليا يقومون مثلا بمتابعة المنافسين للتعرف على رموز تقودهم الى الاستجابة في ضوئها ولذلك نجد انتشار التدريبات في معسكرات مغلقة للفرق المشاركة في البطولات العالمية او التدريب بدون جمهور قبل المباريات الهامة والتي قد تساعد في التعرف على تحديد المثيرات التي قد تؤدي الى مرونة نفسية ايجابية .ان المرونة النفسية ثمثل جزءا اساسيا من اعداد اللاعب للدخول في المباريات المختلفة فهي تضمن تصور الحركة وتسلسل المهارات والمواقف والاهداف , وان يكون اللاعب قادر على تطبيق الخطط الموضوعة وتطبيق المهارات المختلفة واصدار القرارات ليتمكن من القيام بالواجبات الحركية المناسبة مع نوع المهارة التي يؤديها فضلا عن ذلك المساهمة في تحكم الافكار وتعديل السلوك للوصول الى مستوى افضل وزيادة الثقة بالنفس والتحكم الانفعالي . اذا المرونة النفسية هي احد العوامل التي ينظر اليها على انها من الظواهر التي تؤثر في اداء الرياضيين وان هذا التأثير يكون ايجابيا يدفعهم لبذل المزيد من الجهد.


Article
Clinical Significance of High First Trimester C- reactive Protein in Prediction for Development of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Author: Saba M. Swadi AL-Thweeni
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2016 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 2599-2606
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: GDM is glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy, it has been associated with not only acute increased risk for complications of pregnancy but also long-term disease risks for both mother and baby due to inflammation that plays a key role in the pathogenesis of GDM. The need of a reliable early test to diagnose and predict GDM earlier is important for development of useful intervention therapies that may impact not only on the acute but long-term health outcomes.Objective: We performed this survey to investigate the predictive value of the of first-trimester serum CRP as screening test of gestational diabetes mellitus and, to evaluate the correlation between high CRP and body mass index (BMI). Patients and Methods: A prospective cohort study design was conducted in AL -Qadisia City in Iraq from January 2012 to January 2015. Data for the study was collected from patients attending the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology ,outpatient and private clinic. It included 110 low risk pregnant women at first trimester(8-13 weeks). Study was included after meeting inclusion and exclusion criteria. Venous blood was screened for plasmatic C reactive protein by CLIA system to measure C reactive protein in values with cut- off point of high level more than 3mg/L , fasting blood sugar by photometric method and in addition to routine antenatal tests. They were followed up to delivery by continue to measure fasting blood sugar between 24-28 week and after 28 week of gestation . Also for assessing of complications (10 women were lost to follow ,so only 100 women were finally available). Results: In total, 100 low risk pregnant women at first trimester with high CRP(>3mgL), (mean+SD 5.33+1.61), 88% of them developed GDM, 53women developed between 24-28week(early GDM, group1),35women developed >28 week(late GDM ,group2),while 12 of them remain normal(group3). CRP was significantly high in group1 comparing to group2 and group3 ( mean+SD 6.383+ 1.439 , p< 0.001). BMI was also significantly high in group1 comparing to group2 and group3 (100% versus14.8%). Maternal and fetal complications were significantly less frequent in women with group1 than group2 (1.88%, 11.32% and 17.14%, 28.57%) (p=0.010, 0.040) respectively.Conclusions: We did find a significant correlation between high maternal serum CRP level at first trimester and subsequent development of gestational diabetes and also, our study showed a significant correlation between pre-pregnancy BMI and CRP in early gestational diabetic women


Article
Kinetics and Mass Transfer Study of Oleic Acid Esterification over Prepared Nanoporous HY zeolite

Authors: Ammar S. Abbas --- Talib M. Albayati --- Ziad T. Alismaeel --- Aidan M. Doyle
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering المجلة العراقية للهندسة الكيمياوية وهندسة النفط ISSN: 19974884/E26180707 Year: 2016 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 47-60
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

A mathematical model was proposed to study the microkinetics of esterification reaction of oleic acid with ethanol over prepared HY zeolite catalyst. The catalyst was prepared from Iraqi kaolin source and its properties were characterized by different techniques. The esterification was done under different temperature (40 to 70˚C) with 6:1 for molar ratio of ethanol to oleic acid and 5 % catalyst loading. The microkinetics study was done over two period of time each period was examined individually to calculate the reaction rate constant and activation energy. The impact of the mass transfer resistance to the reactant was also investigated; two different studies have been accomplished to do this purpose. The effect of the external mass transfer resistance was studied by exploring different stirring speed (400 to 800 rpm). The results show that, the oleic acid conversion increase with increasing the stirring speed until reached 600 rpm, after this rpm the conversion doesn’t increase significantly, which mean that, the effect of external mass transfer resistance was eliminated. The activation energy for the first period is equal to 41.84 kJ/mol while in the second period is equal to 52.03 kJ/mol. The Thiele modulus calculation results show that there is no effect of mass transfer on the reaction inside the catalyst pores.


Article
Blood Pressure Assessment in Undergraduate Medical Students: Impact of Gender, Body Mass Index and Family History of Hypertension

Authors: Amjed Hassan Abbas --- Samir Swadi Hamoud --- Shahlaa Khaza,al Chabuk
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 307 -315
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Increase blood pressure is considered to be a silent killer which lead to increase in morbidity and mortality, so it is necessary to determine the subjects with high risk at an early stage in order to inhibit the disease progression and its co-morbid conditions. This study aimed to measure the blood pressure of undergraduate medical students and its relation to specific risk factors (gender, body mass index and family history of hypertension).The study was performed in College of Medicine in Babylon University in the period from December 2014 to April 2015 and included 330 students. Some variables were taken from the history in addition to measurement of weight, height, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The results revealed that regarding systolic blood pressure, 15% of students had prehypertension and 8% of students were hypertensive while for diastolic blood pressure, 32% had prehypertension and 4% were hypertensive. There was significant correlation between systolic and diastolic blood pressure with male gender, body mass index and family history of hypertension (P ≤ 0.05).This study revealed high prevalence of prehypertension and in less extent hypertension among college students and this problem represented a neglected issue.

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