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Article
A STUDY OF SOME CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF CANNED FISH PRODUCTS IN LOCAL MARKETS IN BASRAH CITY,IRAQ
دراسة بعض الجوانب الكیمیائیة للمنتجات السمكیة المعلبة المتداولة في الأسواق المحلیة لمدینھ البصرة

Author: Jalal M.E. Al-Noo جلال محمد عیسى النور
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2018 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 265-276
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Concentrations of seven heavy metals (Cadmium, Lead, Zinc, Nickel, Iron,Copper and Manganese) in five canned fish samples found in the local market Basrahcity, Iraq were determined after digestion according to the Association of OfficialAnalytical Chemists methods. Concentrations of metals were measured using theFlame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The results showed that the rangeobtained for the elements analyzed in mg/kg (dry weight) were as follows, Cd (0.0027- 0.0078), Pb (0.0048 - 0.0093), Zn (0.0103 - 0.0205), Ni (0.0122 - 0.0128), Fe(0.0149 - 0.0237), Cu (0.0008 - 0.0034) and Mn (0.0014 - 0.0037). The resultsindicated that canned fish samples in this study have concentrations well below thepermissible FAO/WHO levels for these toxic metals.

أجریت الدراسة على خمسة أنواع من الأسماك المعلبة المتوفرة في محافظة البصرة / العراق لغرضتحدید نسبة تركیز العناصر المعدنیة الثقیلة حیث تم الكشف عن سبعة معادن ثقیلة )الكادمیوم والرصاص والزنكوالنیكل والحدید والنحاس والمنغنیز(، قیس تركیز العناصر بأستخدام مقیاس الطیف الذري للامتصاص الذري.أظھرت النتائج أن المدى الذي تم الحصول علیھ للعناصر المدروسة محسوبة بالملغم/كغم )الوزن الجاف( كان،(٠.٠٢٠٥ - ٠.٠١٠٣) (، الزنك٠.٠٠٩٣ - ٠.٠٠٤٨) (، الرصاص٠.٠٠٧٨ - ٠.٠٠٢٧) كالتالي : الكادمیوم( والمنغنیز٠.٠٠٣٤ - ٠.٠٠٠٨) (، النحاس٠.٠٢٣٧ - ٠.٠١٤٩) ( ، الحدید٠.٠١٢٨ - ٠.٠١٢٢) النیكل) .(٠.٠٠٣٧ - ٠.٠٠١٤وأظھرت النتائج أن عینات الأسماك المعلبة في ھذه الدراسة لھا تراكیز أقل بكثیر منالمستویات المسموح بھا بین منظمة الأغذیة والزراعة ومنظمة الصحة العالمیة لھذه المعادن السامة


Article
Estimation of Contamination of Heavy Metals of Water and Cultivated Plants near the Diyala River and the Effects of Human Health.
تقدير التلوث في العناصر الثقيلة للمياه والنباتات المزروعة بالقرب من نهر ديالى والآثار المترتبة على صحة الإنسان

Authors: Ammar Mula Hmmod عمار مولى حمود --- Saadiyah Ahmed Dhahir سعدية احمد ظاهر --- Sara Abdullah Mohammed سارة عبدالله محمد
Journal: Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: ISSN:PISSN: 19918941/EISSN: 27066703 Year: 2018 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 61-71
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

This work was carried out to estimate the pollution by heavy metals in the waters of the Diyala river, the plants planted on the Diyala's riverside, and irrigated via Diyala water (Celery, radish, Lepidium , green onions, Beta vulgaris subsp, and Malva). Laboratory analysis were executed using a flame atomic absorption device to measure the Concentration of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Fe, Zn) in water and plants through winter season during January and February. The results were showed that lead and iron were within the limits of the World Health Organization (WHO) for irrigation water, while Nickel, Chromium, cadmium, and zinc were increased in the river water near Rustmaya station .The concentrations of metals (Ni, Zn, Cr, and Cd) near the Rustmaya station were 0.28, 2.77, 0.18, 0.14 mg/L Thus, exceeding the WHO limit. The results of plants have displayed the concentrations of metals (Fe, Ni, and Zn) have not increased, therefore, they were within the limits allowed by the (WHO). While the concentrations of (Pb, Cd, and Cr) have exceeded the WHO limit in all plants types .The highest concentrations of Pb, Cd, and Cr were 4.25, 4.72, and 4.20 mg/Kg in roots of Lepidium , Beta vulgaris subsp , radish respectively.

تم انجاز هذا البحث لتقدير التلوث بالمعادن الثقيلة في مياه نهر ديالى والنباتات المزروعة على ضفاف نهر ديالى والمروية بمياه نهر ديالى وهي (الكرفس , الفجل , الرشاد , البصل الأخضر , السلق , الخباز) وأجريت التحاليل المختبرية باستخدام جهاز الامتصاص الذري اللهبي لقياس نسبة العناصر الثقيلة (Pb,Cd, Cr, Ni, Fe, Zn) في المياه والنباتات في فصل الشتاء خلال شهري كانون الثاني وشباط . تبين من خلال نتائج البحث أن تركيز عنصري الرصاص والحديد كانت ضمن الحدود المسموح بها لمنظمة الصحة العالمية لمياه الري ) mg/L) بينما سجل عنصر النيكل والكروم والكادميوم و الخارصين ارتفاعا في مياه النهر بالقرب من محطة الرستمية إذ بلغت تراكيز العناصر بالقرب من محطة الرستمية0.28) للنيكل ,2.77 للزنك, 0.18 للكروم , 0.14 للكادميوم mg/L) وبذلك تتجاوز الحد المسموح به لمنظمة الصحة العالمية WHO إما في النباتات تبين من خلال النتائج إن تراكيز العناصر ( الحديد , النيكل , الخارصين mg/kg ) ضمن الحدود المسموح بها لمنظمة الصحة العالمية WHO إما عنصر الرصاص والكادميوم والكروم كان تركيزها مرتفع عن الحد المسموح به لمنظمة الصحة العالمية WHO حيث سجل عنصر الرصاص ارتفاعا واضحا في جميع أنواع النباتات و بلغ أعلى تركيز للرصاص في جذر السلق إذ بلغ تركيزه 4.25 mg/kg إما عنصر الكادميوم كان مرتفع في جميع أنواع النباتات وبلغ أعلى تركيز له في جذر الرشاد إذ بلغ تركيزه4.72 mg/kg إما عنصر الكروم فسجل ارتفاعا واضحا في جذور جميع أنواع النباتات وكان أعلى تركيز له في جذر الفجل إذ بلغ تركيزه 4.20 mg/kg و لم يظهر له تركيز في أوراق النباتات.الكلمات المفتاحية: التلوث , نهر ديالى , عناصر ثقيلة .


Article
Some Heavy metals elements in milk powder samples collected from Baghdad markets
العناصر الثقيلة الموجودة في بعض نماذج الحليب المجفف التي جمعت من بعض اسواق بغداد

Authors: Omar Jaffar Alsaree عمر جعفر عبد الحسن --- Khalid Nassif. Jassim خالد نصيف جاسم
Journal: Al-Mustansiriyah Journal for Pharmaceutical Sciences مجلة المستنصرية للعلوم الصيدلانية ISSN: 18150993 Year: 2018 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 61-67
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

powder milk is an important foodstuff and beneficial to human health.Thirty random milk powder samples of different trade marks (Rawan® limit full milk powder), (Dielac® milk powder) and ( Fresh instant milk powder) were collected from different outlets in Baghdad capital of a IRAQ, They were analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer for the concentrations of following heavy metals , lead (Pb), iron (Fe), aluminium (Al), Cadmium (Cd), and manganese (Mn)]. This study appeared that the concentrations of heavy metal Fe samples is above the allowed limit in ( Rawan® limit milk powder). However the concentrations of about thirty percent of the samples of Fe in ( Dielac full cream milk powder ) is above the allowed limits. The concentration of Pb in ( Fresh instant full cream milk powder) is above the permissible limit . All the examined samples found free of Cd. Air, water and plants considered as a main contamination of the milk powder by heavy metals. So it is necessary for warning from the toxic effects for these heavy metals for children and adults.

يعتبر الحليب المجفف من الاغذية المفيدة لصحة الانسان والشائعة الاستعمال لاستخدامها لتصنيع مختلف انواع منتجات الالبان ثلاثون نموذج من الحليب المجفف لعلامات تجارية ( الديلاك و الروان و فريش ) جمعت عشوائيا من منافذ بيع مختلفة من العاصمة بغداد و تم تحليلها بواسطة جهاز الامتصاص الذري الطيفي وذلك لتعيين تراكيز العناصر الثقيلة التالية : الرصاص , الحديد , الالمنيوم , الكادميوم والمنغنيز .تبين من خلال هذه الدراسة ان تركيز الحديد في نماذج ( الديلاك) و( الروان ) اعلى من الحد المسموح به بينما تركيز الرصاص في نموذج( فريش ) ايضا اعلى من الحد المسموح ايضا, اما العناصر الاخرى فتقع ضمن الحدود المسموحة . لذا يعتبر استهلاك الحليب المجفف عامل اخر من عوامل التلوث الغذائي بالعناصر الثقيلة بالاضافة الى المصادر المباشرة لتلوث الاغذية كالهواءوالماء والنباتات . لهذا من الضروري التحذير من التأ ثيرات السامة لهذه العناصر الثقيلة على الاطفال والبالغين .


Article
Effect of Discharged Industrial Water from Tannery Plants in Nahrawan on Groundwater and Brick Quarries Soil

Authors: Bassim Mohammed Hashim --- Esam Abdulraheem --- Haider Sattar Abdali
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 59 Issue: 3B Pages: 1339-1346
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The discharged water from tannery plants is main source for pollution of soil and groundwater, especially in Nahrawan area. Water samples is collected from 10 sites of wells, discharged water and from using water in different levels of tannery and 7 soil samples from different sites inside factories area and outside it. The results shown that pH for samples of wells and discharged water were within allowable limits between 6.5- 8.5, except the value of pH recorded in the discharged water sample (after the addition of calcium hydroxide) was 12.8, as well as reached the highest value of total dissolved salts (TDS) 7800 ppm in same samples. It also reached its highest value of electrical conductivity (EC) 8200 μS/cm. The results showed that most samples of discharged water recorded high values of turbidity reached to 557 NTU, while the lowest values recorded in water wells and water sample of Nahrawan village. The samples of discharged water was contained high concentration of relatively heavy elements (Pb and Ni), while not sensing concentration of (Cd and Cr), especially for non-use of chromium in the tanning process because of the lack of economic viability by the owners of the factories. The results of analysis of heavy elements in the soil samples to the concentration of Pb in the samples were all within the limits of Iraqi standard was 50-300 ppm. The results indicated that the highest concentration of Ni recorded in samples of soil in the east and south-eastern tanneries exceeding the Iraqi standard concentration of Ni in the soil the amount of 30-75 ppm, while the concentration of Ni in other soil samples was within the limits of the Iraqi standard, while not sensing by concentration of (Cd and Cr) in these samples.


Article
Environmental assessment of the Shatt al-Arab water resource by measuring concentrations of some pollutants from heavy metals in Scomberoides commersonnianus fish tissues

Authors: Ghassan A. Al-Najare --- Mariam F. Al-Bidhani --- Abas, A. Hantoush --- Hamed T.Al-Saad
Journal: Mesopotamia Environmental Journal بيئة وادي الرافدين ISSN: 24102598 Year: 2018 Volume: 4 Issue: 3 Pages: 1-14
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

The concentrations of heavy metals (cadmium, copper, chrome, Iron, manganese, nickel, lead and Zink) in several parts of body (muscles, liver, ovaries, intestine, and gills) of Scomberoides commersonnianus hunted from Shatt Al-Arab estuary were studied. Metal concentrations were measured by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The results showed that the highest values were recorded for Iron (3422.931) μg/g (dry weight); the least concentration was for lead (2.179) μg/g (dry weight). nickel, cadmium, manganese, zink, copper and chrome recorded (6.7, 20.81, 27.51, 325.5,327.799, 1078.37) μg/g respectively. The results showed that fish body parts that accumulated the metals were as follows; liver, gills, intestine, muscles and ovaries whereas the sequence of metals in fish body was as follows; Iron, chrome, copper, Zink, manganese, cadmium, nickel and lead. It was the order of the seasons in the concentration of elements as follows autumn, spring, winter, summer.


Article
Effect of heavy metals pollution from roadside dust on some growth parameters of Okra ( Abelmoschus esculunta Moench ) grown in Samawa city/ south of Iraq .
تأثير التلوث بالمعادن الثقيلة من عوادم السيارات في بعض مؤشرات النمو لنبات الباميا Abelmoschus esculenta Moenchالمزروعة في مدينة السماوة / جنوب العراق .

Author: Baqer Challab Hadi Al-Rubaye باقر جلاب هادي الربيعي
Journal: Kufa Journal for Agricultural Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 20727798 23128186 Year: 2018 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 250-267
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

An experiment was conducted at Samawa city during the growing season 2015 – 2016 to study the effect of pollution of heavy metals of road side dust in some natural and chemical characteristics of Okra plants. An experiment was included two factors. First factor was three levels of space distance i.e.(20 , 40 and 60 m ). Second factor was two levels of Traffic dentist where two ways have been chose one was a branch road within Samawa city and second road was main road between Samawa and Dewania. An experiment was adopted in Randomized Complete Block Design( R.C.B.D) with three replicates and means were compared using L.S.D Test on probability 0.05 . The result of this study have shown that the higher values of vegetative growth parameters was recorded the plants that have a distance 60m from the road where that plants were significantly better them other plants in all characteristics(leaf content of total chlorophyll 1.59 mg. g -1 Fresh weight , leaves number per plant 66.30 leaves. plant -1, stem diameter27.40 mm , pods number per plant 57.60 pods. plant -1, protein percentage in fruit11.55 % , plant yield, 331.66 gm and total yield4977.30 Kg. h-1. In contract, the concentrations of Ca, Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd elements were 59.85, 12.84. 14.10, 5.09 and 0.51mg. g-1 respectively, which were significantly higher in the plants grow a distance of 20m. Also results were showed that traffic dentist had a significant effect, where plants grow in the branch road were significantly different in all studied characteristics, including the concentrations of Ca, Zn, Pb and Cd elements which were( 61.17, 2.21, 0.95 and 0.0951mg. g-1dry weight) respectively. However there were no significant difference between treatments in case of Cu of fruit. The interaction was significantly different that treatment of branch road with 60m space distance gave the highest vegetative growth parameters, meanwhile treatment of the main road with 20m space distance gave the highest values of elementa Ca, Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd.

أجريت التجربة في مدينة السماوة للموسم الزراعي 2015 – 2016 لدراسة تأثير لتلوث المعادن الثقيلة بغبار مقتربات الطرق في بعض مؤشرات النمو لنباتات الباميا. تضمنت التجربة عاملين, الاول مسافات الامان عن الطريق اذ زرعت نباتات الباميا صنف بتراء على مسافات 20 و 40 و60 م عن الطريق الرئيسي والفرعي, الثاني هو كثافة المرور اذ تم اختيار طريقين أحدهما فرعي ضمن مدينة السماوة والأخر رئيسي هو الطريق الرابط بين السماوة والديوانية, نفذت التجربة بتصميم القطاعات العشوائية Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D)وقورنت المتوسطات الحسابية باستخدام اقل فرق معنوي L.S.D. وبمستوى اختبار 5 %.


Article
Assessment of Some Heavy Metal Concentrations in Drilling Mud samples in Az Zubair Oil Field, Basra, Iraq

Authors: Sahar A. Amin --- Abdul Hamid M. J. Al- Obiady --- Rana R. Alani --- Athmar A. Al-Mashhady
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2018 Volume: 36 Issue: 1 Part (B) Scientific Pages: 68-75
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Analysis of eight heavy metal concentrations (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn,Ni, Pb and Zn) of 14 drilling mud samples collected from oil well at differentdepths which is located in AZ Zubair oil field-Basra was done in this study .The samples were measured using atomic absorption spectrophotometry.Obtained results indicated that the heavy metal concentrations range from thelowest value of 1.66mg/kg for Cd to the highest value of 1235.86mg/kg forFe. The abundance trend for the heavy metals concentration was in thedescending order of Fe, Mn, Ni, Cu, Cr, Zn, Pb, and Cd. Four parameters:Enrichment Factor (EF), Contamination Factor (CF), Geo-accumulationIndex (Igeo) and Pollution Load Index (PLI) were assessed in order toevaluate the degree of contamination.


Article
Cadmium and lead- induced genotoxicity in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cv. Barhee
السمية الوراثية للكادميوم والرصاص في نخيل التمر Phoenix dactylifera L.

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Abstract

Genotoxicity of Cadmium (Cd) and Lead (Pb) heavy metals were investigated in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) whole plant in laboratory under controlled conditions. The genotoxic effects were evaluated using protein profile and ISSR molecular markers. Two concentrations of cadmium and lead were selected as 3 and 9 mg/kg for Cd; 100 and 276 mg/ kg for Pb. The results clearly showed that the Cd at two examined concentrations and Pb at low concentration (100 mg/kg) did not induce any changes in genetic materials in terms of protein patterns and ISSR markers when compared with untreated date palm plants (control plants). The high concentration of Pb (276 mg/kg) led to appearance of a new protein fragment (18 KDa), as well as, a disappearance of the fragment of 33 KDa which observed in all treatments. ISSR analysis and Dendrogram revealed the separation of Pb at high concentration in one cluster with the highest genetic distance (0.2 according to Nie and Li's index) than control treatment. In addition, results indicated that genomic template stability (GTS) was significantly affected by Pb at high concentration and reduced to 70% which reflects the genotoxicity of Pb at 276 mg/kg. Our results highlight for the first time the genotoxic effects of Pb at high concentration on date palm genome.

تم دراسة السمية الوراثية للمعادن الثقيلة الكادميوم (Cd) و الرصاص (Pb) في نخيل التمر Phoenix dactylifera L. في المختبر تحت ظروف مسيطر عليها. اذ تم تقييم السمية الوراثية باستخدام النمط البروتيني والبادئات الجزيئية ISSR. تم اختيار اثنين من تركيزات الكادميوم والرصاص هي 3 و 9 ملغم / كغم Cd , 100 و 276 ملغم / كغم Pb. أظهرت النتائج بوضوح أن الكادميوم عند التركيزين المدروسين و Pb عند التركيز المنخفض (100 ملغم / كغم) لم يحدث أي تغير في المواد الوراثية من حيث أنماط البروتين وبادئات ISSR بالمقارنة مع نباتات النخيل غير المعاملة . بينما أدى التركيز المرتفع من الرصاص (276) ملغم / كغم إلى ظهور حزمة بروتينيه جديده (18 كيلو دالتون)، بالإضافة إلى اختفاء حزمة بروتينية (33 كيلو دالتون) لوحظت في جميع المعاملات. وكشف تحليل ISSR و Dendrogram انفراد Pb عند التركيز العالي في مجموعة واحدة مع أعلى مسافة جينية (0.2 وفقا لمؤشر Nie and Li's) من معاملة السيطرة. بالإضافة إلى ذلك ، أشارت النتائج إلى أن ثبات قالب الوراثي (GTS) قد تأثر بشكل ملحوظ بالرصاص عند التركيز العالي وانخفض إلى 70٪ مما يعكس السمية الوراثية لـ Pb عند 276 ملغم / كغم. نتائجنا تسلط الضوء للمرة الأولى على التأثيرات السمية الجينية لتركيز الرصاص في التركيز العالي على جينوم نخيل التمر.


Article
Removal of Cobalt (Co(II)) from Aqueous Solution by Amino Functionalized SBA-15

Authors: Anaam A. Sabri --- Talib M. Albayati --- Dalia B. Abed
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2018 Volume: 36 Issue: 7 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 703-708
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Mesoporous silica SBA-15 material was synthesized and functionalized by post synthesis method with amino functional group (3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane) to investigate its potential use as an adsorbent for cobalt (Co(II)) removal from aqueous solution. Several characterization methods were used for identifying the material characteristics before and after functionalization, such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Batch adsorption experiments were conducted and different variables that affected the removal of cobalt ions were studied, such as pH (1-6), contact time (0-150min), initial concentration (20-120mg/L) and adsorbent dose (0.025-0.3g). It was found that amino functional group was very effective in increasing the percentage removal of (Co(II)) as compared with non-functionalized SBA-15. The percentage removal of these ions were increased with the increasing of pH (up to 5), contact time and NH2-SBA-15 dose, while the increase of the initial concentration of Co(II) ions led to decrease in it.


Article
Accumulation of some heavy metals in the prevailing plants (Alhagi mourorum and Suaeda vermiculata) near the thermal power plant in Al-Nasiriyah city south of Iraq

Authors: Huda N. Faris هدى ناطق فارس --- Hyder R. Malah حيدر راضي مالح --- Bassim Y. Al-khafagii باسم يوسف الخفاجي
Journal: JOURNAL OF THI-QAR SCIENCE مجلة علوم ذي قار ISSN: 19918690 Year: 2018 Volume: 6 Issue: 4 Pages: 4-8
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

The present study aims to investigate the effect of Thermal power plant emissions upon two species of plant Alhagi mourorum and Suaeda vermiculata which growth in the region close to Thermal power plant. triplicater samples were collected seasonllys from autumn 2016 up to summer 2017 one time from each season. three station were selected in the study area to execute this study meters. The first station distances 400 meters from the thermal power station, The second station is located 800 meters from the thermal power plant . While, the third station distances 1200 meters from the thermal power plant . Three stations were with prevailing wind direction (north wind) , while control station situated far from the thermal power plant about 12 km. the concentratios of heavy metals Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn were estimate in root and shoot systems for both plants , their concentration in root system more higher than their concentrations in shoot system. its concluded from the present study that thermal electric power station emissions affected upon the plants which growth in the surrounding region with thermal power plant.

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