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Article
C-Reactive Protein as a Marker in the Iraq Patients with Poisoning Thyroid Gland Disease

Authors: Maryam D. Kamel --- Abbas A. Mohammed --- Ali A. Ibrahim
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2018 Volume: 36 Issue: 1 Part (B) Scientific Pages: 44-47
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the possibility of using Creactiveprotein (CRP) and the level of CRP in serum sample as a markerfor patients with poisoning thyroid gland disease. In addition, therelationship between inflammation and poisoning thyroid gland. About 21of serum samples were examined from patients with poisoning thyroid gland(aged between 14 and 60 years old). Qualitative test was done to detect thepresence of CRP in the patient’s serum. The qualitative test showed that21(100%) patients with poisoning thyroid gland give positive result to CRP.The HPLC analysis done to determine the concentration of CRP in patient'sserum. The HPLC analysis showed that the level of concentration for CRPin serum between (6.4-9.49mg/l). According to the results of the present,the significant changes in the levels of CRP for the patients with thyroiddisorders observed in current study confirm that inflammation has animportant role on pathogenesis of thyroid dysfunctions regardless of theirthyroid dysfunction type. As well as the present study shown that, the CRPis a useful marker for patients with poisoning thyroid gland.

Keywords

poisoning thyroid gland --- APR --- CRP --- Inflammation --- HPLC


Article
The toxic effects of ammonia on growth rate and some blood parameters in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.)
التأثير السمي للأمونيا على معدل النمو وبعض معايير الدم في اسماك الكارب الاعتيادي

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Abstract

This study was performed to know the effect of ammonia on the blood picture and the weight of common carp fish. 50 fish were used at the age of 6 months and were divided into two groups. Each group included 25 fish. The first group represented the treatment group with ammonia at a concentration of 1.0 mg/ L. and the second group represented control group. It is grown in plastic basins with dimensions of 1.5 × 2 meters and continued treatment for four weeks. It was observed that the weight in the ammonium treatment group had the lowest significant value (p≤0.05) compared to the control group. It was also observed in this study that the ammonia group had the lowest significant values in (white blood cells, red blood cells, hemoglobin concentration and Packed cell volume) compared with control group. As for the biochemical parameters, it was observed that the Glucose concentration and each of the enzymes Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) had a record the highest value in the group treated with ammonia compared with the control group while the total protein recorded the lowest significant value in the group treated with ammonia Compared to control group. We conclude from this study that increasing the concentration of ammonia in the aquatic environment has a negative impact on fish breeding and health

أجريت هذه الدراسة لمعرفة تاثير الامونيا على الصورة الدموية ووزن اسماك الكارب الاعتيادي اذ تم استخدام 50 سمكة بعمر 6 اشهر وتم تقسيمها الى مجموعتين ضمت كل مجموعة 25 سمكة مثلت المجموعة الاولى المجموعة المعاملة بالامونيا بتركيز (1.0 ملغم/ لتر) أما المجموعة الثانية فعدت مجموعة السيطرة وتمت تربيتها في احواض بلاستيكية ذات ابعاد 1.5 × 2 متر. استمرت المعاملة مدة أربعة أسابيع. لوحظ ان معدل الوزن في المجموعة المعاملة بالامونيا قد سجل ادنى قيمة معنوية (P≤0.05) بالمقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة. كما لوحظ من خلال هذه الدراسة ان المجموعة المعرضة للامونيا قد سجلت ادنى قيمة معنوية في كل من خلايا الدم البيض, كريات الدم الحمر, تركيز الهيموكلوبين وحجم الخلايا المتراصة بالمقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة. اما بالنسبة للمعايير الكيموحيوية فقد لوحظ ان الكلوكوز وكل من انزيمي ناقلة امين الالانين (ALT) وانزيم انزيم ناقلة امين الاسبارتات (AST) قد سجلا اعلى قيمة معنوية في المجموعة المعاملة بالامونيا بالمقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة في حين ان البروتين الكلي سجل ادنى قيمة معنوية في المجموعة المعاملة بالامونيا بالمقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة. نستنتج من هذه الدراسة ان لزيادة تركيز الامونيا في البيئة المائية تاثيرا سلبيا على تربية وصحة الأسماك


Article
Toxicity effects of aflatoxin B1 on growth indices and histopathological alteration in Cyprinus carpio

Author: Aseel G. Al-Rubaiy1 , Ismail A. Abdulhassan2 , Abdulmotalib J. AL-Rudainy3 , Inam B. Falih3
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Biotechnology المجلة العراقية للتقانات الحياتية ISSN: 18154794 Year: 2018 Volume: 17 Issue: 3 Pages: 17-31
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a common contaminant of foods, the safety characteristics of feed used in fish aquaculture systems are an essential tool to assure the productivity of those animal exploitations. The aim of this study was conducted to evaluate the fungi contamination in 53 samples, which were randomly collected from private fish farms in Iraq. In addition, investigate the effects of aflatoxin B1 contamination in feeds on growth indices, total protein, serum albumin in blood, liver histopathology, as well as the AFB1 residues in the fish muscle, was also examined. To evaluate adverse effects of AFB1 toxicity on health status of the Common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Fish were randomly distributed into 15 polystyrene tank, within five experimental groups; (1) control fed with normal diet without solvent and AFB1, (2) positive control received feed with only solvent, and (3-5) fed on diets containing 0.5, 1 and 2 mg /kg of AFB1, respectively for 12 weeks. Growth indices, total weight gain (TWG) and average daily gain (ADG) were assessed; blood samples were collected to analyze serum total protein (TP) and serum albumin (SA). The toxin residues in the musculature and histopathological alteration in liver were also investigated. Molds were found in 31 samples (58.5%). Aspergillus flavus was the most frequent, found in all positive samples. Results indicated that AFB1 has a negative effect on C. carpio weight gain, average daily gain and decreased in serum TP, SA, as well as liver histopathology of the infected fish, indicated cloudy swelling of hepatocytes, cellular hypertrophy, the formation of vacuoles in the cytoplasm, and necrosis of liver parenchyma. Further, the AFB1 residues were detected in the musculature with high level only in fish fed 2 mg AFB1/kg for 12 weeks. Overall, the results indicate that feeding of common carp with diets contaminated with AFB1, even in low concentrations (≤ 2 mg/ kg feed) can cause decreased in growth indices, histopathological damages and disturb their physiological balance.


Article
Knowledge and attitudes of students towards typhoid fever
معارف واتجاهات الطلبة حول حمى التايفوئيد

Author: احمد علي خصباك
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2018 Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Pages: 236-242
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Karbala Technical Institute for the period from November 1 (2016) to March 1 (2017). to assess the level of knowledge of students about typhoid fever (nature of disease, methods of transmission and prevention) students' knowledge and some demographic characteristics. The sample fragment was 300 students. Data were collected according to a pre-prepared questionnaire, which was completed in direct interview with the students. The grades were distributed on each questionnaire through to special criteria similar to the student examination rules (poor, fair, good). The current study showed that 28% of the study sample had good information about the disease. 42% of the sample had fair information about the disease and 30% of the sample had poor information about the disease. The researcher recommends the adoption of comprehensive programs for health education on the disease ,the ways of transmission and how to prevent it at various levels and benefit from the media in the dissemination of information on the disease.

أجريت دراسة مقطعية في المعهد التقني في مدينة كربلاء المقدسة لعينة من الطلاب للفترة من 1/تشرين الثاني/2016 إلى 1/ آذار /2017 لتقييم مستوى المعرفة لدى الطلبة حول مرض حمى التايفوئيد (طبيعة المرض , طرائق الانتقال , الوقاية )، وإيجاد علاقة بين مستوى المعرفة لدى الطلبة وبعض الخصائص الديموغرافية لهم. بلغ حجم العينة 300 طالب وطالبة واختيرت العينة بالطريقة العشوائية البسيطة. أما جمع المعلومات فكان حسب استبيان معد مسبقاً تم ملئه بالمقابلة المباشرة مع الطلبة. وزعت الدرجات على كل استمارة استبيانية وفق معاير خاصة تشبه قوانين الامتحان الجامعي للطلبة ,(ضعيف ,متوسط , جيد).أظهرت الدراسة الحالية بان (28%) من عينة البحث لديهم معلومات جيدة عن المرض وان نسبة (42%) من عينة البحث لديهم معلومات متوسطة عن المرض وان نسبة (30%) من عينة البحث لديهم معلومات ضعيفة عن المرض .يوصي الباحث بضرورة اعتماد برامج شاملة للتثقيف الصحي حول المرض وطرائق انتقاله وكيفية الوقاية منه على مختلف المستويات والاستفادة من وسائل الإعلام كافة في نشر المعلومات المتعلقة بالمرض .

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