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Article
Measuring the quality of scientific productivity of scientists and researchers indicators: Evaluation study
مؤشرات قياس جودة الانتاجية العلمية للعلماء والباحثين: دراسة تقيمية

Author: Talal N. Azzuhairi طلال ناظم الزهيري
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Information Technology المجلة العراقية لتكنولوجيا المعلومات ISSN: 19948638/26640600 Year: 2018 Volume: 8 Issue: 3 اللغة العربية Pages: 72-85
Publisher: iraqi association of information الجمعية العراقية لتكنولوجيا المعلومات

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Abstract

The research analyzes and evaluates the most important global indicators, which are used to measure the quality of scientific productivity. To identify the strengths and weaknesses of each one. And compare them. The study concluded that all these indicators are still far from giving a precise and equitable assessment of the quality of scientific productivity of researchers and scientists, Depending on the factors, circumstances and capabilities surrounding each of them at the level of specialization and scientific age.

يستعرض البحث بالتحليل والتقييم، اهم المؤشرات العالمية المستخدمة في قياس جودة الانتاجية العلمية. للتعرف على جوانب القوة والضعف لكل واحدة منها و المقارنة بينها. و خلص البحث الى ان كل هذه المؤشرات لا تزال بعيدة عن اعطاء تقييم دقيق ومنصف لجودة الانتاجية العلمية للباحثين والعلماء، باختلاف العوامل والظروف والامكانات المحيطة بكل منهم على مستوى التخصص والعمر العلمي


Article
On Harmonic Index Some Special Graphs with Certain Vertex Gluing Graphs

Author: Haneen Kareem Aljanabi
Journal: Journal of Kufa for Mathematics and Computer مجلة الكوفة للرياضيات والحاسوب ISSN: 11712076 Year: 2018 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 6-12
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The stability of cycloalkanes strain energy, branched alkanes and linear alkanes, can be reasonablymodeled using the harmonic index (H), which is commonly defined as H(G)Σ where d(u) denotes thevertex degree of u in graph G. In the current work, public equation is derived to the H index of vertex gluing andcertain graphs.


Article
TRANSPORT SUSTAINABILITY INDEX OF MAIN ARTERIALS AT HILLA CASE STUDY (SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS)

Authors: Mohammad Ali Al-Anbari --- Abdulhaq Hadi Abedali --- Ali Abdul Ameer Alwash
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 (Part-3) Pages: 106-117
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

In recent works on the Internet of Vehicles, “intelligent” and “sustainable” have been the significant in the case of transportation. Maintaining sustainability is always a challenge. Sustainability can be achieved not only by the use of pollution-free vehicular systems, but also by maintenance of road traffic safety or prevention of accidents or collisions. Quantifying the sustainability of urban transport is important as evidenced by a growing number of studies to measure sustainability in transportation. This paper dealt with the challenge of measuring transport sustainability based on the long environmental and safety indicators. To overcome the issue of using too many indicators for evaluation, this paper develops a method for obtaining a composite transport sustainability index for limited sources and time for collecting data. Seven sustainability indicators relevant to urban transport which deal with environmental and social (safety) aspects were selected depending on available data. The indicators were integrated to environmental, social (safety) sub-indices and then to a composite index, in a way that overcomes the limitations on normalization, weighting and aggregation. It is an attempt to quantify transport sustainability for arterials streets within the Hilla network which provides information about current situation of urban transport in different parts of the city. The value of ICST (composite index of transport sustainability) for main arterials at Hilla city (as case study) equal to 0.648, 0.542 and 0.462 for 40th, 60th and 80th streets respectively. The value ICST¬ is the highest at 40th street (inner Hilla city – the best case) and the lowest at 80th street (outer Hilla the worst case).


Article
The Relation of Some Salivary Physiochemical Characteristics with Periodontal Status in Type I Diabetic Patients

Author: Abdullah I. Hamad عبد الله ابراهيم حمد
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2018 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 58-63
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus plays a substantial role in the dentition and oral health. Oral manifestation identified with Diabetes mellitus may have a strong inclination to periodontal disease. This study was to assess the relation of salivary pH, flow rate, and buffer capacity with severity of periodontitis among patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus in comparison with healthy volunteers. A study was conducted on 58 volunteers (aged 18-25 years), of them 28 volunteers had type I diabetes mellitus (study group), and 30 volunteers were health persons with absence of medical conditions that could decrease salivary flow (control group) from both genders. Stimulated whole saliva was collected, salivary flow rate (ml/min), pH, and buffer capacity were measured and they examined orally to evaluate the plaque index according to Sinless and Lӧe (1964) and the calculus index according to Green and Vermillion (1964), all information recorded. There were a significant difference (p-value<0.01) in plaque index in the diabetic group in compared with heathy group, while the calculus index shown no differences. The salivary pH decreased significantly (p<0.045) in diabetic group in compared with heathy group, while other parameters (salivary flow rate and buffer capacity) had no effect. There were no differences in both genders.Periodontitis can be seen in the same severity in both genders, and in diabetic patients more than the normal individuals. The clinical indicators of periodontitis that observed in diabetic patients are more common than the normal individuals.


Article
EFFECT OF USING OF LIQUID WHEY CHEESE ON SOME PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF YELLOW LAYER CAKES

Authors: Karzan T. Mahmood --- Sheler F. Ahmad --- Zardasht K. Ali
Journal: Euphrates Journal of Agriculture Science مجلة الفرات للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 38752072 Year: 2018 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 150-155
Publisher: Al-kasim University جامعة القاسم الخضراء

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to using liquid sweet whey as substitute ingredient to milk or/and water in Yellow Layer Cakes. This main recipe was used to prepare the standard cake (control) while the milk was substituted by whey in cake Wm, and in cake Ww the water was substituted by whey. Also results showed that substitution of milk and water by whey in both cakes increased the shrinkage index to 2cm and 2.5cm compared with standard cake which was 1cm. The substitution of milk and water in both cakes (Wm and Ww) by whey caused increasing of cake volume index, and the volume index for standard cake was 17.3 while it was 18.24 and 17.15 for Wm and Ww respectively. The results showed that substitution milk with whey did not prevent the cake collapse, but there was a benefit effect for using whey instead of milk or water in the cakes uniformity index. The sensory evaluation results showed that, no significant effect of liquid whey addition on enhancingsensory characterististic of whey addition treatment comparied with stander cake.


Article
Life tables of the Mealy bug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley1898 (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on Hibiscus mutabilis ( Malvaceae) in Iraq

Author: Dr. FAYHAA ABBOOD MAHDI Al-NADAWI
Journal: journal of the college of basic education مجلة كلية التربية الاساسية ISSN: 18157467(print) 27068536(online) Year: 2018 Volume: 24 Issue: 100 / علمي Pages: 35-46
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

density is in May. It reveals that the primate mortality factors play a key part in the pest population density, these life table expose that the eggs infertility give rise to mortality rate, then the photoperiodism and sex ratio, play the main role in the hesitation of the high pest density .The limited effect by biotic factors is on the larvae stages. though , the significance of these vital and not vital factors in the population density regularity, below the economic threshold level, with carry on the trend index, to high values in the highest levels direction up to 1.7-1.34, on the cotton rose Hibiscus mutabilis ( Malvaceae). The results showed that the photoperiodism and the adult mortality were the responsible factors in decreasing the high insect density . And the trend index during the interval from March to August 2016, was 1.07, 1.03, 0.93, 0.88,0.30 and 1.34, in Baghdad respectively. so, it has become meaningful to decrease the insect,s natural enemies of from original regions necessary for pest management and decrease the widespread of the high insect density.


Article
Investigation of the Corrosion and Scaling Potentials of Raw and Treated Water and Its Effect on Concrete Tanks at Al-Tayyaraa Water Treatment Plant

Authors: Layla Abdulkareem Mokif --- Zainab Hashim Abbas --- Noor Alaa Abdulhusain
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2018 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 135-140
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

This study is conducted to evaluate corrosion and scaling potentials of raw and treated water at Al-Tayyaraa water treatment plant during a period of twelve months, starting from January to December 2016. Three indices of corrosion and scaling in this study are considered including Ryznar Index (RI), Langelier Saturation Index (LSI), and Aggressive Index (AI). Water quality parameters pH, Alk, (Ca), temperature, calcium as CaCO3, and (TDS) are measured. For raw water, the values of LSI and RI are (0.14-0.504) and (6.956 -7.62), respectively, whereas for treated water, the values of LSI and RI are (0.03-0.4) and (7.02-7.7), respectively. The values of AI are (11.77-12) for raw water and (11.67-11.948) for treated water. The calculated values of Langelier Saturation Index (LSI) reveal that the treated and raw water are balanced to some faint coating (light scale forming). The values of RI point that the raw and treated water are corrosive and values of aggressive index show that the water is moderate corrosion and no obvious effect on concrete tank at water treatment plants.

تم إجراء هذه الدراسة لتقييم الامكانيات التآكلية وتكوين التكلس للمياه الخام والمعالجة في محطة الطيارة لمعالجة المياه خلال فترة اثني عشر شهرا بدءا من يناير حتى ديسمبر 2016. تم النظر في ثلاثة مؤشرات للتآكل والقياس في هذه الدراسة بما في ذلك مؤشر ريزنار (Ryznar Index (RI)) ومؤشر لانجيلير للتشبع (Langelier Saturation Index (LSI)) والمؤشر العدواني (Aggressive Index (AI)). في هذا البحث تم قياس معاملات جودة المياه pH، Alk (Ca) ، درجة الحرارة، الكالسيوم متمثلا ﺒ (CaCO3)، و أخيرا المعامل TDS. واظهرت النتائج للمياه الخام ان قيم LSI و RI كانت على التوالي (0.14-0.504) و (0.03-0.4) في حين كانت نتائج نفس المؤشرين للمياه المعالجة هي (6.956 -7.62) و (7.02-7.7) على التوالي. وكانت نتائج المؤشر AI للمياه الخام والمياه المعالجة هي (11.77-12) و (11.67-11.948 ) على التوالي. وكشفت القيم المحسوبة للمؤشر LSI أن المياه المعالجة والماء الخام كانت متوازنة أو ممكن تكون طبقة رقيقة جدا من الترسبات. أشارت قيم المؤشر RI إلى أن المياه الخام والمعالجة كانت مسببة للتآكل وأظهرت قيم المؤشر العدواني (AI) أن الماء كان مسببا لتآكل معتدل وليس له تأثير واضح على الخزان الخرساني في محطات معالجة المياه.


Article
Investigation the Stability of Treated Water Produced from Six Stations in Babylon

Author: Hadeel Ali Abdulhussein
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2018 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 376-386
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Corrosion and scaling are mutual problems appeared in water distribution systems. The strictness of such problems depends on the quality of the water conveyed and the characteristics of the pipeline material. For solving and minimizing such problems, the probability of corrosivity and scaling of water as well as the factors effecting them should be investigated. Four water stability indices (Langlier Saturation Index (LSI), Ryznar Stability Index (RSI), Pockurius Scaling Index (PSI), and Aggressive Index (AI))were used to investigate the stability of treated water from six selected water treatment plants in Babylon province (Al-Hillah Al-Jadeed, Al-Hillah Al-Kadeem, Al-Taiyara, Al-Hussain, Al-Mahaweel and Al-Hashmia) during 2009-2013. According to LSI the treated water quality of the all stations was oversaturated with CaCO3 during the whole studied period (positive LSI values) with a potential of forming a protective layer from calcium carbonate. RSI, PSI and AI results displayed that the water quality was of moderately corrosive which can be considered not harmful for water distribution systems.

التآكل وتكون الترسبات (scaling) مشاكل شائعة ظهرت في شبكات توزيع المياه. شدة مثل هذه المشاكل تعتمد على نوعية المياه المنقولة وخصائص المواد المصنعة منها خطوط انابيب نقل المياه الأنابيب. لايجاد الحلول والتقليل من هذه المشاكل، ينبغي التحقق من احتمالية قدرة الماء على التآكل وتكون الترسبات والقشرة فضلا عن العوامل المؤثرة عليها.استخدمت أربعة من مؤشرات استقرارية المياه (مؤشر التشبع لانجلير (LSI) , مؤشر الاستقرار ريزنار (RSI)، مؤشر بوكوريوس (PSI)، ومؤشر التأكل (AI) للتحقق من استقرارية المياه المعالجة من ست محطات مختارة لمعالجة المياه في محافظة بابل (الحلة الجديد ، الحلة القديم ،الطيارة، الحصين ، المحاويل والهاشمية ) . للفترة من (2009الى 2013). وفقا لمؤشر لانجلاير كانت نوعية المياه المعالجة لجميع المحطات مشبعة بكربونات الكالسيوم CaCO3 طوال فترة الدراسة حيث كانت قيمة المؤشر قيم موجبة مع احتمال تشكيل طبقة واقية من كربونات الكالسيوم. اظهرت نتائج المؤشرات (مؤشر الاستقرار ريزنار (RSI)، مؤشر بوكوريوس (PSI)، ومؤشر التأكل (AI) ) أن نوعية المياه للمحطات المدروسة هي معتدلة من حيث احتمالية التأكل والتي يمكن اعتبارها غير ضارة لشبكات توزيع المياه.


Article
Evaluation of a Number of Water Treatment Plants in Kirkuk Governorate using the Water Quality Index

Authors: AbdulRazaq Khader Abdul Wahid --- Idan I. Ghdhban --- Rodhan Abdullah Salih
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences مجلة تكريت للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 1813162X 23127589 Year: 2018 Volume: 25 Issue: 1 Pages: 49-59
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

A study was conducted on sixteen water purification plants in Kirkuk governorate to evaluate the treatment of water in them, where physical and chemical tests were conducted for raw water and treated water for a period of (6) months from December until May. Temperature, turbidity, pH, Total Dissolved Solid (TDS), Electric Conductivity (EC), alkali, Total Hardness (TH) and calcium (Ca+2) were measured. Water quality index Canadian method (CCME) was used to classify raw water quality and treated water. The results showed that the raw water for all stations was classified as category (4) (bad) during the study period. The treated water was different for the treatment plants. Two of the treatment plants recorded good efficiency in water treatment (AL-Shallalah plant and Sin AL-Thiban) the treated water remained in category (2) (good). While the water quality of AL-Mosanaa plant indicated that there was a problem in the treatment of water in this plant, the treated water remained in category (4) bad during the study period. Water quality index fluctuated for other plants during the study period. The study also showed that alkali values of all stations were higher than the allowable limit for raw water and treated water.


Article
Assessing the Effects of Al- Rasheed Electrical Power Plant on the Quality of Tigris River, Southern of Baghdad by Canadian Water Quality Index (CCME WQI)

Authors: Fatema Sh. Muftin --- Muhanned R. Nashaat --- Luma H.Alazawii
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 59 Issue: 3A Pages: 1162-1168
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Al-Rasheed power plant (RPP) effluents at Al-Zafaraniya city on the physical – chemical of the Tigris River by using Canadian Water Quality Index(CCME WQI).Water samples were taken monthly at four positions and 11parameters were analyzed . The results of this study conducted that there was a significant impact of the RPP effluents on increase of water temperature, turbidity and electrical conductivity, and there was an increase in the phosphate concentration and water hardness at station 2 and the model classified water of Tigris river as poor in winter and fair to marginal in rest season for drinking and aquatic life

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