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Article
Study the Relation Between Internet Usage and the Occurrence of Depression Among Kirkuk Technical Students

Author: Wafa Mahmood Jasim
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2019 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 36-40
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: Internet is regarded as one of the most indispensable parts in our life, and majority of young and adolescent people interested in theusage of it, but in some cases, these uses are become out of the control which later on lead to a condition called internet addiction in which it willbe the predominant life activity. Objective: A descriptive cross‑sectional study was conducted on Kirkuk Technical Institute students from January1, 2017, to May 30, 2017 to study, if there is any relation between the occurrence of depression and internet usage. Materials and Methods: Thetotal number of students included in the study was 550 from different scientific departments after distributing a special questionnaire formprepared for that purpose, and face‑to‑face interview was conducted after receiving the written consent from them. Results: The study resultsshow that 60.8% of technical study students and 47.3% of students from administrative departments used internet daily, while 46.0% of studentsof health department used it weekly. In addition to that 72.1% and 67.8% male students from technical and administrative departments usedinternet daily, while female students from all departments (technical, administrative, and health) used the internet monthly; in addition to that53.1% of students from administrative departments have a depressive attempts which affects daily activity and work in comparison to 18.5% ofstudents from technical departments. Conclusion: The study concluded that the time spent for internet was about 7–9 h/daily with the presenceof a suggestive depressive symptom which affects daily activity and work. Recommendations: The study recommended that further advancededucational programs about the main adverse effects of the internet and the main possible ways to control its usage.


Article
Internet Addiction Disorder and Its Determinants among a Sample of Medical Students in Baghdad; 2017

Author: Zahraa Ali Ja'ffar*, Abdul Munem Al Dabbagh**
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2019 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 68-75
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Internet has become an important part of our daily life, despite a lot of beneficial services availableon the internet, excessive use may lead to negative consequences. College students are the mostat risk groupOBJECTIVE:This research aimed at estimating the prevalence of internet addiction disorder and trying to find outits determinants among Medical College Students in Baghdad..PATIENTS AND METHODS:This cross sectional questionnaire survey was conducted on a sample of Al-Kindy Medical CollegeStudents in Baghdad using a self-administered questionnaire, information collected from 263 studentsfrom April through May 2017.RESULTS:The study showed that the Prevalence rate of internet addiction disorder among Al-Kindy MedicalCollege Students was 49 %.A statistically significant relation had been found between internetaddiction score and hours spent online daily, using social network applications and online games, anddaily hours spent online (p<0.05).CONCLUSION:Internet addiction is common among Al-Kindy Medical College Students. Spending more hoursonline per day, using social network applications and games were among the determinants of internetaddiction disorder.


Article
Internet Addiction and Its Relationship with Academic Self-Efficacy among Students of the College of Education for Women
الادمان على الانترنيت وعلاقته بالكفاءة الذاتية الاكاديمية لدى طالبات كلية التربية للبنات

Author: Ghazwan Ramadan Saleh Jubouri غزوان رمضان صالح الجبوري
Journal: Journal of Tikrit University for the Humanities مجلة جامعة تكريت للعلوم الإنسانية ISSN: 18176798 Year: 2019 Volume: 26 Issue: 12 Pages: 438-472
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The research aims to identify:1. The level of addiction to the Internet among students of the College of Education for Women.- 2 Differences for statistically significant in Internet addiction level by specialization variable (Scientific _ Human).3-The level of academic self-efficacy among students of the College of Education for Women.4-Differences for statistically significant in the Level of Academic Self efficacy by Specialization Variable (Scientific _ Human) – 5-The nature of the correlation between Internet addiction and academic self-efficacy among students of the College of Education for Women. The researcher has prepared the first tool (Internet addiction) and has been identified four areas of this scale. they are (misuse, negative impact, withdrawal, mood adjustment.). At the end it consists of (40) paragraphs. As for the second tool, academic self-efficacy The scale of al-Jaburi was adopted (2018), And at the end it consists of (40) paragraph. Also, the researcher used his research tool-Internet addiction and academic self-efficacy on a sample of students of the College of Education for women and the scientific and humanitarian branch by (200) students, and after processing the data statistically. The researcher has reached the following results:1 -Respondents have Internet addiction and they have a high effectiveness of academic self- 2 There is no significant difference in addiction to the Internet and difference in the effectiveness of academic self-students according to the variable of specialization 3-There is a positive relationship between Internet addiction and academic self-efficacy

يهدف البحث التعرف على:1-مستوى الادمان على الانترنيت لدى طالبات كلية التربية للبنات2-الفروق ذات الدلالة الاحصائية في مستوى الادمان على الانترنيت حسب متغير التخصص (علمي – انساني).3-مستوى فاعلية الذات الأكاديمية لدى طالبات كلية التربية للبنات 4-الفروق ذات الدلالة الاحصائية في مستوى فاعلية الذات الأكاديمية حسب متغير التخصص (علمي – انساني)5-طبيعة العلاقة الارتباطية بين الادمان على الانترنيت و فاعلية الذات الأكاديمية لدى طالبات كلية التربية للبنات. قام الباحث باعداد الأداة الأولى ( الادمان على الانترنيت) وتم تحديد( 4) مجالات وهي :(سوء الاستخدام، والتأثير السلبي، والإنسحابيه ، وتعديل المزاج) وتكون من( 40) فقرة بصيغته النهائية وامابالنسبة للأداة الثانية( فاعلية الذات الأكاديمية) تم تبني مقياس الجبوري (2018) المتكون من (40) فقرة بصيغته النهائية وطبقت أداتي البحث : الادمان على الانترنيت والفاعليةالذاتيةالاكاديمية على عينةمن طالبات كلية التربية للبنات ومن الفرع العلمي والإنساني بواقع (200)طالبه, وبعد معالجة البيانات إحصائياً,توصل الباحث إلى النتائج الاتية: 1-ان افراد العينة لديهم ادمان على الانترنيت ولديهم ارتفاع لفاعلية الذات الأكاديمية 2-لايوجد فرق دال في الإدمان على الانترنيت وفاعلية الذات الأكاديمية لدى الطالبات وفقاً لمتغير التخصص3-هناك علاقة ايجابية بين الادمان على الانترنيت و فاعليةالذات الأكاديمية


Article
Internet addiction and its relation with some variables for secondary school Students
إدمان الانترنت وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات لدى طلاب التعليم الثانوي

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Abstract

The present study aim at identifying the level of Internet addiction among Secondary School. And see if there are differences in the level of Internet addiction to students depending on the gender variable. residence and educational level.The sample consisted of (109) Students.The researcher uses Internet addiction scale. The results of this study show There is a moderate level of Internet addiction among secondary school students.It also shows There were no differences between males and females in internet addiction and Specialization.

هدفت الدراسة إلى الكشف عن مستوى إدمان الانترنت لدى طلاب التعليم الثانوي، والتعرف على الفروق في مستوى إدمان الانترنت لدى طلاب تبعا لمتغير الجنس، محل الاقامة ، تكونت عينة الدراسة من 109 طالبا، طبق عليهم مقياس إدمان الانترنت، وتمت المعالجة الإحصائية للبيانات ببرنامج الرزم الإحصائية للعلوم الاجتماعية SPSS، وكشفت النتائج عن وجود مستوى معتدل من إدمان الانترنت لدى طلاب التعليم الثانوي، كما أظهرت النتائج عدم وجود فروق ذات دالة إحصائية في إدمان الانترنت تبعا لمتغير الجنس والتخصص.


Article
Internet and its effect on the values of university girls
الانترنت وتأثيره على قيم الفتاة الجامعية

Authors: lecturer: suhad adnan مدرس. د. سهاد عدنان جلوب --- lecturer: baneas adnan المدرس بانياس عدنان جلوب
Journal: Mustansiriyah Journal of Arts مجلة آداب المستنصرية ISSN: 02581086 Year: 2019 Volume: 43 Issue: 85 Pages: 129-150
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The present paper studied the internet effect on the university girl values. University girls use internet many times through the day and can be effected by values which are different from the ones that raised them, since the technological revolution effected human in general and the young in particular and create a conflict between what they've learned from their own society and what they see and learn through the net. Because of that, they were unable to choose between these values and do what they believe in.The present paper seeks to achieve many goals which are: Know the social effect of the internet on the university girls, the reasons why they use the net, Knowledge of the role of parental control in the selection of Internet sites that girls browse and Know the impact of the Internet on personal contact with their family and friends.The present paper is regarded as a descriptive research. The researcher used survey approach, which is one of the ways to collect information about the status of individuals and their behavior, perceptions and feelings and attitudes that belong to the target audience which forms the phenomenon in question. Researcher has distributed a questionnaire on (100) Single respondents. The results were that respondents spend hours surfing the Internet. They use the Internet to gain knowledge on a variety of topics and to make social contact with different people online. Besides that, the internet had a role in making new friends and it also contributed to the spread of habits and values which are different from our values

تناول البحث (الانترنت وأثرها على قيم الفتاة الجامعية) دراسة بشأن شبكة الانترنت واثرها على قيم الفتاة الجامعية حيث تتعرض الفتاة الجامعية عبر تعرضها لشبكة الانترنت لقيم تختلف عن القيم التي نشأت عليها اذ أثرت الثورة العلمية والتكنولوجية على الشباب فأصيب بعدم القدرة على الاستقرار في القيم الموروثة، والمكتسبة، ضعف القدرة على الاختيار بين القيم المتضاربة، وعجز عن تطبيق ما يؤمنون به من قيم.وسعى البحث الى تحقيق عدد من الاهداف وهي البحث الى معرفة الاثار الاجتماعية على الفتاة الجامعية للأنترنت ومعرفة الاسباب التي تدفع الفتاة الجامعية الى استخدام الانترنت,كما سعى البحث الى معرفة دور الرقابة الابوية في اختيار مواقع الانترنت التي تتصفحها الفتاة الجامعية ومعرفة تأثير الانترنت على الاتصال الشخصي بالأسرة والاصدقاء.ويعد هذا البحث من البحوث الوصفية من حيث النوع وقد استخدمت الباحثة المنهج المسحي الذي الذي يعد أحد الأشكال الخاصة بجمع المعلومات عن حالة الأفراد وسلوكهم وإدراكهم ومشاعرهم واتجاهاتهم التي تخص الجمهور المستهدف بشأن الظاهرة موضوع البحث، وقد وزعت الباحث استبانة على افراد العينة قوامها (100) مفردة. وقد خلص البحث إلى مجموعة من النتائج اهمها إن عدد من المبحوثات يقضين ساعة في تصفح الانترنت وانهن يستخدمن الانترنت لغرض الاطلاع على مواضيع متنوعة او التسلية والتعارف وأن الانترنت كان له دور في تكوين صداقات جديدة وانه ساهم في انتشار العادات والقيم البعيدة عن قيمنا.


Article
A Group Authentication Protocol on Multilayer Structure for Privacy-Preserving IoT Environment

Authors: Maytham Azhar --- Amin H. Seno
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2019 Volume: 37 Issue: 5part (A) Engineering Pages: 172-180
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

In the Internet of Things (IoT) systems, large amounts of data areaccumulated from anywhere at any time, which may attack individuals' privacy,especially when systems are utilized in medical and everyday environments. With thepromise of IoT's proactive systems, the integration of smart things into standardInternet creates several security challenges, because most Internet technologies,communication protocols and sensors are not designed to support IoT. Recentresearch studies have shown that launching security / privacy attacks against IoTactive systems, in particular, Wearable Medical Sensor (WMS) systems, may lead tocatastrophic situations and life-threatening conditions. Therefore, security threatsand privacy concerns in the IoT area should be actively studied. This causes us inthis paper to create a privacy authentication protocol for IoT end-devices on a fourlayer structure that does not have the ability to accurately identify the device ofrequest's sender so that some attacks can be minimized. We used the Blakley Sharingscheme to design a key generation and distribution system for secure communicationsbetween edge devices and end devices and examined the security properties of theprotocol for the five common attacks in the IoT. The results of the experiments showthat the proposed authentication protocol by the Blakley method is more efficient withincreasing number of instructions in both fog structures and in a without fogstructure, which shows a higher flexibility of the Blakley method than the Schemerbecause of the increasing number of instructions indicating increasing the number ofnodes in the network. The proposed method has better performance.


Article
ادمان الانترنت وعلاقته بالتسويف الاكاديمي لدى عينة من طلبة الجامعة

Authors: اسماء صالح علي --- زينب سمير عبدالرزاق --- اكثار خليل ابراهيم
Journal: Journal of Basra researches for Human Sciences مجلة ابحاث البصرة للعلوم الأنسانية ISSN: ISSN PRINT 27073580 /ISSN ONLINE 27073599 Year: 2019 Volume: 44 Issue: 4-b Pages: 18-40
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The objective of the research is to measure internet addiction in relation to academic procrastination for a sample of male and female Basra University students in the second and third years. The (171) students are Educational and Psychological Sciences, Educational Counselling, Arabic Language, History , and Geography departments. The results show that:1- the sample are not internet-addict.2- They do not suffer from academic procrastination.3- There are no significant differences for internet addiction and academic procrastination relative to the variables of gender, year of study, or specialty.4- There is no significant correlation between internet addiction and academic procrastination in the studied sample.

هدف البحث الى قياس ادمان الانترنت وعلاقته بالتسويف الاكاديمي على عينة من طلبة جامعة البصرة من الذكور والإناث والمرحلتين الثانية والثالثة وللأقسام (العلوم التربوية والنفسية , الارشاد التربوي , اللغة العربية , التاريخ , الجغرافية ) بواقع ( 170) طالب وطالبة, وقد اظهرت نتائج البحث ما يلي :-1-عدم تمتع عينة البحث بالإدمان على الانترنت.2-عدم تمتع العينة بالتسويف الاكاديمي.3-عدم وجود فروق ذات دلالة احصائية على مقياسي الادمان والتسويف الاكاديمي ترجع لمتغيرات (الجنس , المرحلة الدراسية). 4-عدم وجود علاقة ارتباطيه دالة بين الادمان والتسويف الاكاديمي لدى عينة البحث.


Article
Internet Addiction and Its Relationship to the Identity Problem of Secondary School Students
الادمان على الانترنت وعلاقته بأزمة الهوية لدى طلبة المرحلة الاعدادية

Authors: Sabah Marshood Mnokh صباح مرشود منوخ --- Wafa Kanaan Khader وفاء كنعان خضر
Journal: Journal of Tikrit University for the Humanities مجلة جامعة تكريت للعلوم الإنسانية ISSN: 18176798 Year: 2019 Volume: 26 Issue: 10 Pages: 227-248
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Research Goals:The current research aims to identify:1. The level of online addiction among secondary school students.2. The level of online addiction among secondary school students according to the gender variable (male - female).3. The level of identity crisis among middle school students.4. The level of identity crisis among secondary school students according to the gender variable (male - female).5. The correlation between online addiction and identity crisis among secondary school students.The researchers built means to measure both addiction to the Internet and the identity crisis through the students' response to the paragraphs that have been used to measure this goal and extracted the cykometric characteristics of the parameters such as honesty, persistence and discrimination.ResultsThe following results have been shown:1. The results indicate that the research sample has a high level of addiction to the Internet2. The results showed that the male sample had more Internet addiction than females3. The results showed that the research sample had an identity crisis4. The results show that males have a more identity crisis than females5. The results indicate that there is a positive correlation between addiction to the Internet and identity crisis.

أهداف البحث :يهدف البحث الحالي إلى التعرف على:1. مستوى الادمان على الانترنت لدى طلبة المرحلة الاعدادية .2.مستوى الادمان على الانترنت لدى طلبة المرحلة الاعدادية تبعا لمتغير الجنس (ذكور- إناث).3.مستوى ازمة الهوية لدى طلبة المرحلة الاعدادية .4.مستوى ازمة الهوية لدى طلبة المرحلة الاعدادية تبعا لمتغير الجنس (ذكور –إناث ).5.العلاقة الارتباطية بين الادمان على الانترنت وازمة الهوية لدى طلبة المرحلة الاعدادية.وقد قام الباحثان ببناء ادوات لقياس كل من الادمان على الانترنيت وازمة الهوية من خلال اجابة الطلبة على الفقرات التي عدت لقياس هذا الهدف وتم استخراج الخصائص السايكومترية للمقياسين كالصدق والثبات والتمييزالنتائج:وقد اظهرت النتائج 1. تشير النتائج الى ان عينة البحث لديهم ارتفاع في مستوى الادمان على الانترنيت 2. تبين ان النتائج الى ان عينة الذكور لديهم ادمان على الانترنيت اكثر من الاناث 3. اظهرت النتائج الى ان عينة البحث لديهم ازمة هوية 4. تبين ان النتائج الى ان الذكور لديهم ازمة هوية اكثر من الاناث 5. تشير النتائج الى ان هناك علاقة ارتباطية موجبة بين الادمان على الانترنيت وازمة الهوية


Article
Implementing a reconfigurable Internet of Things Nodes using non-IP network based on Wireless Sensor Network

Authors: Khalida S. Rijab --- Saif Muqdad Sadiq
Journal: DIYALA JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES مجلة ديالى للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 19998716/26166909 Year: 2019 Volume: 12 Issue: 4 Pages: 60-66
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

The idea of using wireless sensor network (WSN) let’sas to upload multiple node’s data over one IP, to reduce thenumber of needed IP multiple nodes, it’s necessary toprovide a backup sink for the data to let the sensors sendtheir data via the link B when the link A is down. Thereforea web-portal has been designed with a debug terminal forthe proposed IoT system to let us reconfigure the nodes andchange the path of the wireless sensor network data. Twosink-nodes has been implemented for the proposed system,first one (A) for major data path that collected the data fromsensors and uploads it to the web-portal and the second one(B) acts as a backup link for the data path. In the proposedsystem, we used the esp33 as a Wi-Fi connection for thewireless sensor network, and the NRF24 wirelesstransceiver module used to send the data from nodes toesp32.


Article
Routing with Energy Threshold for WSN-IoT Based on RPL Protocol

Authors: Abdulkareem Abdulrahman Kadhim --- Sarah Ammar Rafea
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS,COMMUNICATION AND CONTROL & SYSTEMS ENGINEERING المجلة العراقية لهندسة الحاسبات والاتصالات والسيطرة والنظم ISSN: 18119212 Year: 2019 Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Pages: 71-81
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Internet of Things (IoT) enables things to have connectivity throughthe internet. The number of things is growing fast and has to be uniquelyidentified through the Internet to communicate with other things. In WirelessSensor Networks (WSNs) each node can be considered as a thing. WSN noderesources are very limited due to the need to communicate using low power andusually through unreliable links. Such limitations need an energy efficientrouting protocol. WSN is considered as a type of Low power and LossyNetwork (LLN). The routing protocol for low power and lossy network (RPL)is being adopted for LLN and has been standardized to enable connectivity ofWSN over IoT. RPL constricted a topology similar to tree topology. Nodes inRPL optimized its path using an objective function (OF). OF depends ondifferent node/link metrics in the optimization process. In this paper, an EnergyThreshold RPL (ETRPL) protocol is proposed. ETRPL depends on a newobjective function to enhance energy consumption of RPL protocol by takinginto account the remaining energy of the preferred parent node. ETRPL isimplemented using Cooja simulator. The results show that ETRPL provides anincrease in the remaining energy of at least 87.4% for a small area with highnumber of nodes. ETRPL also performed better with regards to Time Delay,Packet Reception Ratio, and the number of dead nodes in a small area. For alarge area, the performance is not encouraging. Thus the proposed ETRPLprotocol is useful for IoT networks with relatively small areas.

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