research centers


Search results: Found 30

Listing 1 - 10 of 30 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by

Article
Childhood Poisoning, A Casualty Unit Study In A Pediatric Teaching Hospital
التسمم عند الأطفال, دراسة في وحدة الطوارىء في مستشفى أطفال تعليمي

Authors: Basim H. Al-Hakeem د.باسم الحكيم --- Basil M. Hanoudi د.باسل هنودي --- Ghada F. Naji د. غادة فايق ناجي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2007 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 331-336
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

AbstractBackground: Poisoning is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood.Objective: The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological features of acute poisoning in children less than 16 years old who were admitted to the casualty unit, to analyze various conditions and management parameters in childhood poisoning.Methods: Ninety eight cases of poisoning were admitted over a 6-month study period (2nd of May - 3rd of November 2004). Data was collected upon admission and patients were subsequently followed-up. Study was conducted in the casualty unit, in the central child teaching hospital/Baghdad, questionnaire included age and sex of patients, detailed important family history features, poison related information, clinical presentations and initial management given. All the patient's families were advised on future safety measures at home regarding the poison used.Results: Patients admitted were with the age range of 1-2years. 57% of admissions were boys with mean age of 3.07 years, while female patients were 41% with mean age of 3.98 years. Ninety four percent of poisoning was accidental, occurred indoor and the storage place of the poison was a home store or home pharmacy. Forty percent of patients ingested oral medication, while 37% ingested kerosene and the rest ingested other household products. Most patients were admitted with no complain after a history of poisoning, for observation which did not require antidotes, while vomiting was the next common presentation, gastric lavage was the next common action taken in the hospital's casualty unit. Two percent of the patients had samples taken for toxicological analysis. Thirty eight percent of patients were discharged from causality unit in good general condition, while thirty five percent were discharged on parent's responsibility. There was 3.1% fatality rate in the study period. Conclusion: Improving health education and safety measures are essential in prevention of poisoning in children. Key words: Poisoning, kerosene poisoning, Childhood poisoning, Accidental ingestions.

الملخص:خلفية الدراسة: يعتبر التسمم سبب مهم في الأعتلال والوفاة عند الأطفال.هدف الدراسة: تؤشر هذه الدراسة الميزات الوبائية في حالات التسمم الحاد عند الأطفال الذين أدخلوا وحدة الطوارى, وتحلل مختلف الظروف وعوامل العلاج.طريقة الدراسة: تم جمع المعلومات من 98 حالة تسمم للأطفال الذين أدخلوا وحدة الطوارى في مستشفى الطفل المركزي التعليمي / بغداد, للفترة من 2/5/2004 ولغاية 3/11/2004 وتمت متابعتهم لاحقا.شملت الدراسة الأطفال ذوي الأعمار دون 16 سنة, وتم جمع المعلومات فيما يتعلق بعمر الطفل و جنس الطفل و تفاصيل معلومات عن عائلة الطفل و معلومات عن المادة السمية والاعراض السريرية للحالات و خيارات العلاج المقدم وحالة المريض عند مغادرة وحدة الطوارى. النتائج: أظهرت الدراسة أن%57 من حالات التسمم للأطفال كانت لذكور, وغالبية الأعمار للأطفال كانت 1-4 سنة, وأن 48% من حالات التسمم كانت عرضية, وأن 84.7% منها كانت داخل البيت, وفي 41.8% من الحالات كانت المواد السمية مخزونة فوق الرفوف أو في صيدلية البيت, وأن 39.8% من المرضى أصيبوا لأبتلاعهم مواد دوائية, فيما كان 37.8% منهم قد تناولوا مادة النفط الأبيض والبقية قد تناولوا المستحضرات المنزلية الأخرى.لم تؤخذ نماذج للتحاليل السمية في 2% من المرضى, وكان معظم المرضى الراقدين تحت المراقبة وبعلاج تحفظي وبدون شكوى سريرية, بينما كانت شكوى التقيؤ وعلاج غسل المعدة بنسبة أقل.ان 38% من الراقدين قد تم أخراجهم متحسنين من وحدة الطوارى, بينما كان 35% منهم قد أخرجوا على مسوؤلية ذويهم. أما نسبة الوفيات فكانت 3%. الأستنتاجات: تحسين التثقيف الصحي وسبل السلامة في حفظ المواد السمية يعتبر من الامور المهمة في الوقاية من التسمم عند الاطفال.


Article
A Three Years Review of Accidental Poisoning in Children at Fatema Al-Zahra Teaching Hospital, Baghdad.

Author: Kholod Daher Habib
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2006 Volume: 5 Issue: 4 Pages: 431-434
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Accidental poisoning due to ingestion of potentially toxic substances is a major cause of morbidity in children worldwide .The purpose of this Study was to determine the prevalence and patterns of ingestion potentially toxic substances by children in Fatema AL-Zahra teaching hospital which served the eastern parts of Baghdad and to recommend plans for poisoning prevention.METHODS:Medical records of patients admitted to the pediatric medical department (p.m.d) in Fatema Al-Zahra teaching hospital because of accidental poisoning during the last 3 years (January 2004 to December 2006) were reviewed.RESULTS:A total of 13351 children were admitted to the pediatric medical department during the study period .Of these,110 children were reported as cases of accidental poisoning .The highest percentage of poisoning were found in the 1-2 years (yr) age group about 56 cases (50.9%) . Hydrocarbons ingestion accounted for the highest proportion of childhood accidental poisonings 53cases (48%).CONCLUSION:Although one case of death was reported in this study, continuous education of parents and caregivers of young children is recommended, as this would help to reduce the chances and complications of accidental poisoning.


Article
تقييم التسمم لدى الأطفال تحت سن الخامسة في مدينة الموصل
Assessment of the Poisoning among the Child Under Five Years in Mosul City

Author: Hanady J. Mahmood
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 286-291
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Objective: The objective of the present study is to identify the occurrence of poisoning in children at age less than five years Mosul City. Methodology: This study included 200 children under 5 years attending at the Emergency Department Unit at Ibn – Sina Teaching Hospital in Mosul City, were (123) males and (77) females from the period (1/11/2010) to (30/12/2010).Results: The results of the present study showed that the highest percentage of the studied children at patients aged between (2-3) years, were of (40%), while in male is more than female with percentage (61.5%). The petroleum distillates most common type of poisoning was of (38.5%). Low socioeconomic status and illiteracy of mothers were the leading cause of poisoning among children.Conclusion: The study concluded that kerosene oil poisoning was the most common with the age group between (2 – 3) years most commonly involved. Poisoning was the most common in young mothers and in those households having greater than 3 siblings. Literacy rate of mothers correlated significantly with poisoning cases with the highest (58%) poisoning cases in children with intermediate mothers. In most of the cases (75%) poison was within easy reach. This study highlights the fact that ignorance, neglect and carelessness on part of the parents lead to cases of poisoning.Recommendation: Researcher recommends preparing an educational program to educate parents and to introduce them to toxic substances and how it is stored and safe use, and through newspapers and television, which can help reduce cases of poisoning in children.

الهدف: تهدف الدراسة الحالية الى التعرف على حالات التسمم بين الأطفال عند سن اقل من الخمس سنوات ما قبل المدرسة في مدينة الموصل.المنهجية: شملت الدراسة (200) طفل كان منهم الذكور 123والاناث 77 تم نقلهم الى قسم الطوارئ في مستشفى ابن سينا التعليمي في مدينة الموصل للمدة من 1/11/2010 لغاية 30/12/2010.النتائج: أظهرت نتائج الدراسة الحالية إن اكبر نسبة من حوادث التسمم عند الأطفال الذين تتراوح أعمارهم ما بين (2-3) سنة والتي كانت (46%), بينما عند الذكور كانت أكثر من الإناث بنسبة (61.5%). كذلك أظهرت النتائج بان مشتقات النفط كانت أكثر الأنواع شيوعا من غيرها حيث يمثل (38.5%). وان ضعف المستوى الاجتماعي والاقتصادي وانخفاض المستوى التعليمي للأمهات من أهم الأسباب التي ادت إلى تسمم الأطفال في سن اقل من الخمس سنوات.الأستنتاجات: استنتجت الدراسة الى ان التسمم بالنفط (الكيروسين) الأكثر شيوعا من غيرها بين الفئة العمرية (2 – 3) سنوات. كان التسمم عند الامهات الشابات والأسر التي لديها اكثر من 3 اطفال. معدل محو الامية للأمهات يرتبط بشكل كبير مع حالات التسمم والذي سجل (58%) من حالات التسمم عند الأطفال. معظم حالات التسمم (75%) كانت في متناول اليد. هذه الدراسة سلطت الضوء على حقيقة أن الجهل والأهمال والأمبالاة من جانب الوالدين يؤدي الى حالات التسمم.التوصيات: يوصي الباحث بإعداد برنامج تعليمي لتوعية الإباء والأمهات لتعريفهم بالمواد السامة وكيفية تخزينها والاستخدام الآمن لها، وعن طريق الصحف والتلفاز والذي يمكن أن يساعد في تقليل من حالات التسمم عند الأطفال.المفردات: حوادث التسمم, الأطفال.


Article
Epidemiology of Accidental Poisoning in a Sample of Iraqi Children

Author: Rabab Hassan Baaker
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 12-18
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: acute poisoning is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children all over the world. Objectives: to find out the types of acute accidental poisoning (AAP) in children in Baghdad and various host and environmental factors responsible for. Method: one hundred and seventy poisoning cases and hundred controls were enrolled in a case control study done in central pediatrics teaching hospital for the period from 1st of Jan. 1998 to 30th of April 1998. Results: kerosene poisoning was the commonest type (56.4%) followed by drugs (23.5%) then organophosphorus insecticides (11.8%), household products (3.5%). The highest frequency was noticed at 8.00 am-12.00 noon followed by 12.00 noon – 4.00 pm. It has been found that there is no significant relationship between poisoning and sex of child, mother educational level but the followings found to be significant risk factors: age of 1-3 years followed by 3-5 years, urban residence, peak time of poisoning was during mid-morning hours and early afternoon, also order of the child (5th) besides family size (family of 4-7 members), mother's age of above 35 years, not working mother (housewife). Also it showed a relation with recurrence of poisoning in the same child (7.1%) or other sibling in the same family (16.5%) , being at home (86,5%) and use inappropriate method of storing and placing poisonous materials. Conclusion & recommendations: significant risk factors regarding younger age, larger family size, early day time occurrence and recurrence of accidents in the same family, in addition to improper storage places necessitate the need for earlier poison prevention education programs as an integral part of well child visits even before child is mobile


Article
Pattern of Acute Poisoning in Children

Author: Majid Abdul Wahab Maatook
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 512-517
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This is a retrospective study of cases of childhood poisoning attending the paediatric emergency unit in Basrah province from January 2010 to January 2011 . One hundred and fifty one cases of children aged 12 years and below, cases due to acute poisoning were analysed, the majority of cases were aged between 1 – 5 years 71.5% , the male to female ratio was 1.3 :1, the most common toxicities occurred by ingestion of kerosene 47.01%, medications35.09%, organophosphrus 9.95% ,House items 5.97%, Co poisoning 1.98%. There were seasonal variations of poisoning events with a high frequency in spring 30.46%, and in summer 29.80%. on admission 85% of patients were complaining from mild to moderate symptoms , and 15% had severe symptoms . no fatalities occur during the study period.

هذه دراسة رجوعية للأطفال المصابين بالتسمم والذين راجعوا وحدة الطوارئ للاطفال في محافظة البصرة للفترة من كانون الثاني 2010 ولغاية كانون الثاني 2011 , تم تحليل 151 حالة تسمم حاد للأطفال ممن تقل اعمارهم عن 12 سنة, في معظم الحالات كانت اعمار المرضى تتراوح من 1 – 5 سنة 71.5% , وكانت نسبة الذكور الى الاناث 1.3 : 1, العدد الاكبر لحالات التسمم كان نتيجة تناول النفط الابيض 47.01% , ويأتي بعده الادوية 35.09%, ومركبات الفسفور العضوية 9.95% ,المواد المنزلية 5.97% ,والتسمم بغاز اول اكسيد الكاربون 1.98%. هنالك تغيرات فصلية حيث وجد ان اعلى الحالات كانت في فصل الربيع 30.46% وفي فصل الصيف 29.80% . وتبعا للحالات السريرية من حيث الخطورة كان 85% من الحالات بين خفيفة الى متوسطة و 15% يشكون من اعراض شديدة ولم تسجل اي حالة وفاة اثناء فترة الدراسة .

Keywords

Acute poisoning --- children --- pattern


Article
Acute Accidental Poisoning in Children Admitted to Child’s Central Teaching Hospital in Baghdad

Author: Mohammed Habib Abdul-Hamed ,Raed Yeihya Salman, Mohammed Ali Mohammed
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 4 Pages: 506-513
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Poisoning defined as any substance causing a harmful effect when administrated accidently. Acute accidental poisoning is important medical emergency in children worldwide.OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of accidental poisoning in children, the association between accidental poisoning with gender and residence and to determine the clinical presentation and outcome of each poison.METHODS: A prospective study was carried out in Childs Central teaching hospital in Baghdad for all children bellow ten years with history of accidental poisoning during six months period Data including: age, gender, residence, type of poisoning, presenting symptoms, and outcome were studied.RESULTS: Total number of children admitted were 10280 cases, of these 250 cases were presented with history of accidental poisoning, accounting for (2.43%) of total cases admitted. Most of patients (93.2%) were within age group of 1-5years.Males to females ratio was (1.27:1).Most common poison was hydrocarbons(50.8%) followed by medications(31.2%) .Most of patients were from urban backgrounds(78.0%).Vomiting was the most common clinical presentation(28.8%). (80.0%) Patients discharged from emergency reception within 24 hours .The mortality rates were (0.8%) .CONCLUSION: Poisoning in children are well recognized problem and affecting large number of children. The mortality rate was low.


Article
Therapeutic Effects of Melatonin in Lead-Induced Toxicity in Rats
............

Authors: Shatha H. Ali شذى حسين علي --- Saad A. Hussain سعد عبدالرحمن حسين --- Mustafa G. Alabbassi
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences المجلة العراقية للعلوم الصيدلانية ISSN: 16833597 Year: 2008 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 47-54
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Exposure to lead results in significant accumulation in most of vital organs, and free radical damage has been proposed as a cause of lead-induced tissue damage, where oxidative stress is a likely molecular mechanism. This study was designed to evaluate therapeutic effects of melatonin in lead-induced organ toxicity in rats. The therapeutic effects of melatonin on lead induced toxicity in rats were evaluated using 36 rats, which were allocated into 3 groups and treated as follows: Group I, includes 12 rats injected subcutaneously with 0.2 ml physiological saline for 30 days, followed by treatment with a daily dose of 20mg/kg melatonin, administrated I.P for the successive 30 days; groups II and III, each includes 12 rats , injected with lead acetate 100 mg/kg/day s.c for 30 days, followed by treatment with intraperotoneal injection of physiological saline (0.2 ml) or melatonin 20mg/kg/day for the next 30 days. At the end of treatment period, the rats were sacrificed by an overdose (100mg/kg) of thiopental (twenty-four hour after the last injection). Craniotomy and laparotomy were performed to obtain the brains, livers and kidneys for the assessment of tissue damage. The changes in total body weight, weight of major organs (brain, liver and kidney), oxidative stress parameters, hemoglobin content, liver and renal functions, and histological appearance of the studied organs were evaluated and compared with that of negative and positive controls. Treatment with melatonin reverses the damage induced by lead in many organs and tissues through the reduction of MDA levels in RBCs, brain, liver and kidney; increases GSH levels in all studied organs; in addition to the improvement in the indices of the functions of the organs studied. These findings demonstrated that melatonin is capable of reversing damage of rat tissues caused by successive doses of lead acetate, and animals had restored their organ functions due to treatment with melatonin.

ان التعرض للرصاص يمكن ان يتسبب بتركزه في معظم الاعضاء الحيوية كما ان الاضرار الناجمة عن الجذور الحرة قد تكون هي المسببة للاضرار بهذه الاعضاء , حيث ان الاجهاد التأكسدي هو الاكثر احتمالية ليكون الميكانيكية المسؤولة .تم تصميم هذه الدراسة لتقييم الفعالية العلاجية للميلاتونين في الفئران المصابة بالتسمم بالرصاص. ان التأثيرات العلاجية للميلاتونين على الفئران المصابة بتسمم الرصاص ليتم تقييمها باستخدام 36 فأرا , قسمت الى ثلاث مجاميع تلقت المعالجات التالية :المجموعة الاولى تتضمن 12 فأرا .حقنت تحت الجلد ب 2,. مل من المحلول الملحي لمدة ثلاثين يوما , وبعدها بجرعة 20 ملغم/كغم من الميلاتونين اعطيت في البريتون لثلاثين يوما . و المجموعتين الثانية والثالثة والتي ضمت 12 فأرا لكل منهما تم حقنها بخلات الرصاص بجرعة 100 ملغم / كغم / يوم تحت الجلد لثلاثين يوما اتبعت بجرع من المحلول الملحي ( 0،2 مل) او الميلاتونين 20 ملغم /كغم / يوم عن طريق حقن البريتون للثلاثين يوما التالية .في نهاية فترة المعالجة تم قتل الحيوانات باستخدام جرعة عالية من ثايوبنتال بعد مرور 24 ساعة من اخر معالجة . تم اجراء التشريح لاستحصال الادمغة و الاكباد والكلى لفحص تضررها . ان التغييرات في معدل اوزان اجسام واعضاء الحيوانات (الادمغة و الاكباد والكلى ) و مؤشرات الاجهاد التأكسدي ومحتوى الخضاب فحوصات وضائفكل من الكبد والكلى والتغيرات النسيجية في الاعضاء المدروسة تم تقييمها بعد مقارنتها ب كل من مجاميع المقارنة السالبة والموجبة . ان المعالجة بالميلاتونين يمكن ان يعاكس الضرر الناتج بالرصاص في العديد من الاعضاء والانسجة من خلال تقليل اكسدة الدهون ( مستوى المالوندالديهايد) في كل من خلايا الدم الحمر والدماغ والكبد والكلى ، اضافة الى زيادة مستوى الكلوتاثايون المدروسة مع تحسن ملحوظ في مؤشرات وظائف الاعضاء المدروسة .ان هذه النتائج توضح ان الميلاتونين له القابلية على عكس الاضرار الناجمة في انسجة الفئران من التعرض المتعاقب لجرع من خلات الرصاص ، وان الحيوانات قد استعادت وظائف الاعضاء فيها نتيجة المعالجة بالميلاتونين .


Article
Measurement of plasma cholinesterase activity in field workers

Authors: Ansam Naji Aboud Al-Haseni انسام ناجي عبدالحسيني --- Basil Mohammed Yahya باسل محمد يحيى
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Pharmacy المجلة العراقية للصيدلة ISSN: 16802594 Year: 2012 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 41-47
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Objectives: Measurement of cholinesterase (ChE) activity is considered as an important diagnostic tool in the cases of human poisoning with organophosphate (OP) and carbamate insecticides.Patients and methods: One hundred and seventy four subjects working in different fields and exposed to OP and carbamate compounds were conducted in this work plus fifty apparently healthy volunteers, who were neither exposed to OP and carbamate insecticides nor taken any drug during the course of this study (control group). Subjects were categorized into three groups according to the place of their work. An electrometric method was used for the measurement of blood ChE activity.Results: The results showed significant differences at p < 0.05 of ChE activity in the 3 groups in comparison with the control. Also the relationship between ChE activities concerning the age of the subjects and the duration of exposure in the market group was significantly different at p < 0.05.Conclusion: The electrometric method is simple and efficient for multiple samples and field conditions and offers a lower cost, also it is suitable for monitoring human exposure to OP and carbamate insecticides

هدف الدراسة: يعتبر قياس نشاط خميرة الكولين استيراز مؤشرا تشخيصيا لحالات التسمم عند الانسان في حالة تعرضه لمبيدات الحشرات الفوسفورية العضوية والكارباماتية .المرضى وطرائق العمل: درست حالات 174 شخصا يعملون في عدة اماكن ويتعرضون لمبيدات الحشرات المذكورة اثناء عملهم . اضيف الى الدراسة 50 شخصا يبدون اصحاء ولايتعرضون لمبيدات الفسفور العضوية ولا للكارباميت، ولم يتعاطوا اي علاج اثناء فترة الدراسة اعتبروا مجموعة سيطرة .قسم الاشخاص جميعهم الى ثلاثة مجاميع كل حسب نوع المكان الذي يعمل فيه.استخدمت طريقة القياس الكهربائي لمعرفة مستوى نشاط الكولين استيراز في نماذج دم اخذت من العاملين المتعرضين للمبيدات وكذلك من مجموعة السيطرة .النتائج: بينت النتائج لهذه الدراسة وجود فرق معنوي p < 0.05 عند المجاميع الثلاثة مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة. وكذلك بينت النتائج وجود فرق معنوي p < 0.05 بين اعمار المتعرضين ومدد تعرضهم لتلك المبيدات لدى مجموعة العاملين في السوق.الاستنتاج: لذا اعتبرت الطريقة الكهربائية لقياس نشاط خميرة الكولين استيراز سهلة ويسيرة وفاعلة ولا تكلف الكثير من الناحية المادية وهي ملائمة لقياس نشاط الخميرة في دم المتعرضين لمبيدات الحشرات الفوسفورية العضوية والكارباماتية بشكل فاعل .


Article
LEAD POSONING IN CHILDREN

Authors: rezzaq A.AL-Taee --- Qusay A. Al-Rahim* FRCP, FRCPCH, DCH(L) Rezzaq A. Al-Taee** DCH د.قصي عبد الرحيم
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2005 Volume: 47 Issue: 2 Pages: 105-108
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Lead is one of the first metals to have served mankind. It was among the earliest metals used by man and was known to the early Egyptians and Hebrews.Objectives: To study the epidemiology of Lead poisoning regarding age, sex, areas of distribution, type offeeding, clinical manifestations, laboratory findings and the outcome. Methods: Fifty patients with lead poisoning were studied in Al-Mansour (Children's welfare Teaching Hospital), Medical City, Baghdad, were included in the study.Results: Forty five (90%) children were under one year of age. Twenty nine (58%) children were males. Forty four (88%) children were from Anbar Governorate. Thirty five (70%) were from rural areas. Six (12%) infants were solely breast fed. Forty (80%) children presented with convulsions. Twenty six (52%) children their haemoglobin levels were (5.1 - 9)g/dl. Basophilic stippling seen in (38%) and urinary delta ALA were raised >4mg/L in all children. Lead lines were seen in (54%) of the children wrist X-rays.Conclusions: Lead poisoning is a major problem in Al-Anbar Governorate, especially Qaeem region, so infants and children in this area should be screened. Estimation of lead levels at different sites of the river and other water sources, soil, animals, agricultural products and all types of alkohl. Lead poisoning should be suspected in any infant with unexplained encephalopathy and particularly if resident in Al-Anbar Governorate and all members of the family of the affected baby should be screened for lead poisoning.Keywords: poisoning, lead, children, Baghdad, Iraq.

Keywords

: poisoning --- lead --- children --- Baghdad --- Iraq


Article
Epidemiology of Drugs and Chemical Poisoning in Children In Babylon Governorate

Authors: Jasim Mohammed Almarzoki --- Kadhum Mehdi Mueen
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 3 Pages: 774-779
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Acute Poisoning in children is one of main public health problems and regarded a frequent cause of admission to hospitals. Its epidemiology is necessary to determine the extent and characteristics of this problem.A hospital based retrospective study was done to determine the epidemiology of chemical and drug poisoning in children admitted to Babylon Gynecology and Pediatrics Teaching Hospital during one year duration from June 2013 to May 2014. Two hundred and twenty seven patient's records were reviewed regarding poisoning. One hundred and fifty one (66.5%) of them were males. Hydrocarbons poisoning was the most prevalent poisoning followed by drugs. Patients from rural areas were more than the patients from the urban areas (57.7%, 42.3%) respectively.

Listing 1 - 10 of 30 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (30)


Language

English (19)

Arabic and English (6)

Arabic (1)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (1)

2018 (4)

2017 (4)

2016 (3)

2015 (5)

More...