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Article
4- AIDS AND THE SURGEON

Author: Zaki A Al-Fadagh
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2007 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-4
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Article
Isaac Rosenberg: Man, Poet and Soldier

Author: Ra’ad K. Abd-Aun
Journal: journal of Human Sciences مجلة العلوم الانسانية ISSN: 19922876/25239899 Year: 2010 Volume: 1 Issue: 3 Pages: 421-429
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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AbstractThis paper attempts to examine the poetic career, though short, of Isaac Rosenberg through selected poetic works. It is hoped that the poems selected would reflect the different facets of his poetry as a man, a poet, and a soldier.

Keywords

Poet and Soldier


Article
Osteoarthritic Deformities in the Knee Joint
تشوهات ضمورية لمفصل الركبة (سوفان الركبة)

Author: Raof R. Merza د. رؤوف رحيم ميرزا
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2008 Volume: 21 Issue: 1 Pages: 69-74
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract:Objective: To determine the correlation between knee joint deformities and duration of osteoarthritis (OA).Methods: A prospective randomized study was enrolled 100 patients, in Sulaimany City, in Iraqi-Kurdistan region, with radiographic finding of unilateral or bilateral OA of the knee joints; age, gender, obesity, family history, and duration of the OA were taken in consideration. Secondary OA were excluded from this study. Results: out of 100 patients, 21 had deformity (21%), of which 17 patients (17%) had varus, 2 patients (2%) had valgus, and other 2 patients (2%) had fixed flexion deformity.OA durations were ranging from 1 to 15 years; therefore we categorized the patients according to the durations of OA into 3 groups (1-5, 6-10, and 11-15). From 1 to 5 years there were 72 patients, of these 9 patients had deformity (12.5%), 63 patients with out deformity. From 6 to 10 years there were 17 patients, of these 5 patients had deformity (29.41%), 12 patients with out deformity. From 11 to 15 years ther were 11 patients, of these 7 patients had deformity (63.64%), 4 patients with out deformity. Conclusion: There is significant positive correlation between deformities and duration of the knee OA. Key words: Osteoarthritis, knee, and deformities.

الملخص:الهدف: أيجاد العلاقة بين تشوهات المفصل الركبة ومدة الأصابة بألألتهاب الضمورية (سوفان الركبة).الوسائل: تمت دراسة عشوائية مأمولة ل (100)من المرضى المصابين بسوفان مفصل الركبة, والذين أخذ لهم الأشعة السينية ) ( x-ray لغرض التشخيص, أخذاً بالاعتبار العمر, الجنس, السمنة, تأريخ المرض العائلي, ومدة الأصابة بالمرض.و قد عزلت حالات السوفان الثانوية من هذه الدراسة.النتائج: لقد أظهرت النتائج بأن 21 مريضاً(21%) من أصل 100 مرضى كانوا مصابين بتشوهات مفصل الركبة, وأن 17 مريضا (17%) كانوا مصابين بتشوه الفحجاء أو الساق المقوسة ( varus ) ومريضتان (2%) كانتا مصابتين بعاهة الساق الروحاء أو المنحرفة الى الخارج ( valgus) ومريضين اّخرين (2%) كانا مصابين بعاهة الأنثناء الثابت ( .( Fixed flexion deformity وقد امتدت مدة الاصابة بسوفان الركبة بين المرضى من 1 الى 15 سنة, ووفق ذلك قد تم تقسيم المرضى الى ثلاث مجاميع (1-5, 6-10 , 11-15) سنوات , وجدت هناك 72 مرضى من 1-5 سنوات, كانت تحتوى على 9 حالات التشوه (12.5%), و63 حالة بلا تشوه .ومن 6-10 سنوات كان هناك 17 مرضى ً منهم 5 حالات التشوه(29.41%), 12 حالة بلا تشوه .وكذلك من 11-15 سنوات كان هناك 11 مرضى ومنهم 7 مصابين بالتشوه (63.64%) و4 مرضى كانوا بلا تشوه.الأستنتاج: قدثبت بأن هناك علاقة ايجابية هامة بين التشوهات ومدة الأصابة بسوفان الركبة.


Article
"Time And Tenses"

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Abstract

The aim of this modest paper is to show the connection between " time and tense" and how the English tenses are used each in suitable place . The paper also aims at showing interrelation between tenses.


Article
Prevalence of Hypertension in Deep and Lobar Intracerebral Hemorrhage in a Group of Iraqi Patients

Author: Hasan A. Al-Hamadani حسن عزيز الحمداني
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2013 Volume: 55 Issue: 2 Pages: 102-105
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Non-traumatic Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ICH) results from rupture of blood vessels in the brain. ICH categories can also be considered as being either lobar in location or within the deep white matter. Although hypertension is a major risk factor for ICH in general[11], it is commonly considered to be associated more with patients having deep than with those having lobar haemorrhage.Objectives: We investigate the relationship between hypertension and deep versus lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).Methods: a retrospective review of records of 163 patients aged 18-89 years admitted to Al-Kadhimiya Teaching Hospital (January 2008 - October 2010) and diagnosed with ICH.Results: There was no significant relationship between hypertension in deep versus lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (p=0.814)Conclusions: Although the relation between hypertension and ICH was not found to be significant, our study suggests and recommends age-appropriate investigations for patients with ICH, as well as the need to promote patients’ education with regards to this disease and the importance of adherence to treatment of risk factors. Key words: Hypertension, Intracerebral and Hemorrhage


Article
Eponymy in English and Arabic

Author: Besma Khalid Ingeish
Journal: journal of Human Sciences مجلة العلوم الانسانية ISSN: 19922876/25239899 Year: 2012 Volume: 1 Issue: 10 Pages: 400-411
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Eponymy is the process whereby a word denoting a place, invention, profession, tribe or religion is derived from the proper name such as the District of Columbia which was named after Christfore Columbus and Zayid al-Quraishi who is attributed to the tribe of Quraish. The study is divided into three sections. The first deals with the concept of eponymy in English. Different definitions are surveyed. Categories of eponymy and the formation of eponyms are also discussed in this part. The advantages as well as disadvantages of using eponymy are presented here. The second section tackles the notion of eponymy or nisba as Arab linguists call it. Nisba in Arabic is a predominantly morphological subject. In this section, the categories of eponymy are dealt with along with the ways of forming them. Nisba also has advantages and disadvantages which are introduced in this section too. Similarities and differences between English and Arabic in the concept of eponymy, its categories, formation and advantages and disadvantages is conducted as a final part of this study.


Article
Study of the Effect of Capoten and Tenormin Drugs on Lipid Profile and Renal Function in Patients with Hypertension

Authors: Mayasa Esam --- Ammal Esmaeel
Journal: Al-Nahrain Journal of Science مجلة النهرين للعلوم ISSN: (print)26635453,(online)26635461 Year: 2014 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 76-81
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

High blood pressure, also called hypertension: it is an elevated pressure of the blood in the arteries. Although the body can tolerate increased blood pressure for months and even years, eventually the heart may enlarge, which is a major factor in heart failure. Such pressure can also injure blood vessels in the heart, kidneys, the brain, and the eyes. Tenormin used to treat hypertension may be chemically described as a benzene acetamide, 4 - [21 – hydroxyl 1-3-[methyl ethyl) amino] prosody]. Tenormin has a molecular weight of 266.34 D. Capoten used to treat hypertension, chemically described as a 1-(3-mercapto-2-D-methyl-1-oxoproppyl) -l-proline (S, S), is used therapeutically as an antihypertensive agent. It acts as a potent and specific inhibitor of angiotensinogen-converting enzyme. This study includes forty patients with high blood pressure whom divided into two groups: group (A) which included twenty patients use Tenormin and group (B) which included twenty patients use Capoten, and Twenty healthy subjects group (C) with matched age, sex and BMI, were included in this study as control group. Lipid profile, urea, creatinine, albumin, glucose were determined by enzymatic method. The results of group (A) show that there were significant elevation (P< 0.05) of total cholesterol, Triglycerides, VLDL, glucose, urea and creatinine, the result also revealed negative correlation between the treatment with Tenormin with LDL and glucose. The results of group (B) revealed significant elevation (P< 0.05) of cholesterol, LDL, triglyceride, glucose, urea, creatinine and albumin. Negative correlation was found between Capoten with LDL and albumin as Conclusion Tenormin is more appropriate to treat patients with diabetes mellitus or kidney disease in addition to hypertension.

ضغط الدمّ العالي، أيضاً يسمّى إرتفاع ضغط الدمِ: هو ضغطُ مرتفعُ مِنْ الدمِّ في الشرايينِ. بالرغم من أن الجسمِ يُمْكِنُ أَنْ يَتحمّلَ زيادة ضغطَ الدمّ المتزايدَ لشهورِ ولسَنَواتِ، في النهاية يؤدي الى تضخم القلبُ والذي يكون العامل الرئيسي في عجزِ القلب. مثل هذا الضغطِ يُمْكِنُ أَنْ يؤذي الأوعية الدموية في القلبِ، الكِلى، الدماغ، والعيون. يَستعملُ Tenormin لمعالجة إرتفاع ضغط الدمُ قَدْ يُوْصَفُ كيمياوياً (بنزين acetamide، 4 - [21 - hydroxyl 1-3 - [أثيل ميثيلِ) أميني] بروسيدي]. وزنه الجزيئي 266.34 دالتون . يَستعملُ Capoten لمعالجة إرتفاع ضغط الدمَ، وَصفَ كيمياوياً a 1 - (-mercapto-2- 3 دي ميثيل oxoproppyl l proline. يعمل كمثبط فعّال للإنزيمِ المسؤول عن ايض angiotensinogen. هذه الدراسةِ أجرتْ أثناء الفترةِ مِنْ أبريل/نيسانِ 2012 إلى أغسطس/آبِ 2012. تَتضمّنُ هذه الدراسةِ أربعون مريضِ مصابيينبضغطِ الدمّ العاليِ (إرتفاع ضغط الدم) الذي قسّمَ إلى مجموعتين: مجموعة (A) التي تَضمّنتْ عشرون مريضَ يَستعملونَ Tenormin ومجموعة (B) التي تَضمّنتْ عشرون مريضَ يَستعملونَ Capoten. كُلّ المرضى ادخلوا لمستشفى النعمان. أُخِذتْ عينات الدمّ مِنْ المرضى بعد أن تم فَحصوا. عشرون شخص اصحاء اعتبروا كمجموعة قياسية مجموعة (C) متناظرة بالعُمرِِ، جنس معامل كتلة الجسم، تم قياس الدهون و السكر واليوريا والكرياتنيين حيث تم القياس باستخدام الطريقة الانزيمية. اظهرت نَتائِج المجموعةِ (A) ان هناك إرتفاعَ معنوي في مستوى الكلوستيرولِ، والبروتين الدهني واطئ الكثافة ومستوى الكلوكوز و مستوى اليوريا و الكرياتنيين، كَشفتْ النتائج إرتباطَ سلبيَ بين المعالجةِ باستخدام Tenormin مَع البروتين الدهني واطئ الكثافة ومستوى الكلوكوز. نَتائِج المجموعةِ (B) كَشفتْ إرتفاعَ معنوي للكلوستيرولِ والبروتين الدهني واطئ الكثافة, الدهون الثلاثية، كلوكوز، اليوريا، والكرياتينين.وجد بان معامل الارتباط كان سلبيا الإرتباط السلبي وُجِدَ بين Capoten والبروتين الدهني واطئ الكثافة ومستوى الكرياتنيين. Tenormin أكثرُ ملائمة لمُعَالَجَة المرضى الذين يعانون من داء السكّري او المرضى الذين يعانون امراض الكلية بلاضافة الى مرض ارتفاع ضغط الدم.


Article
The Risk Factors of Inhibitor Development and Hepatitis C Virus among Hemophilic Patients in Children Welfare Teaching hospital

Author: Dhia H. Al-Beldawi ضياء البلداوي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 1 Pages: 4-8
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Inhibitor development and HCV are considered the most serious complications of hemophilia treatment. Many factors may increase the risk of complications which include: type of hemophilia, age of the patient, age of onset, duration of the disease, & number of replacement per month.Patients and methods: A descriptive study included 200 patients less than 20 years of age admitted to the Hemophilia Center in Children Welfare Teaching Hospital , medical city in Baghdad , their data ( ag , sex , disease onset and duration , severity of hemophilia ) were collected over 8 months period from 1st January to 31st August 2006. Mixing tests and serology tests for HCV and HBV were performed for all patients.Results: The study showed that 156 (78%) patients had hemophilia A, 44(22%) patients had hemophilia B, and 122 (61%) patients were older than 10 years, in 166 (83%) patients the disease was diagnosed before 2 years of age. Twenty (12.8 %) patients with hemophilia A and 4(9%) patients with hemophilia B developed inhibitors (+ve mixing test). Age more than 10 years, disease onset before 2 years and severe hemophilia were the most common associated findings in patients with inhibitors in 19(79%) , 22(91%), 15(62.5%) patients respectively. Eighty (40%) patients had HCV and 6(3%) patients had HBV, patients older than 10 years , disease duration more than 5 years and severe hemophilia were the most common associated findings with HCV in 68(57.6%), 64 (56%), and 44(45%) patients respectively.Conclusions: The risk of inhibitor development was associated more with Hemophilia A, age more than 10 years, early onset and severe disease but the association was statistically insignificant. The rate of HCV infection was high, that needs special attention and effective screening program. Keywords: Hemophilia, Inhibitors, and Hepatitis.


Article
GENOTOXICITY OF DIAZINON IN MALE ALBINO RATS FED ON DIET SUPPLEMENT WITH CHITOSAN

Author: Jihad A. Ahmed* Mohammed J. Alwan
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 151-163
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

In order to determine the genotoxic effects of diazinon and the role of chitosan to neutralize these effects, our study performed in (24) male rats(Rattus norvegicus) were divided into four groups and treated for (60) days as following, group (A) treated with normal saline and served as control, group (B) treated with [(1/10LD50) 3.8mg/kg. bw] of diazinon, group (C) treated with [(1/10LD50) 3.8mg/kg. bw] of diazinon and fed on diet supplement containing (1gram/1kg ration) chitosan, group (D) fed on diet supplement containing (1gram/1kg ration) chitosan only. The genotoxic effect of diazinon was evaluated by using the micronucleus assay showed increasing of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes were (11.6%) ingroup B, while (7%) in group C . The chromosomal aberration showed increase of presence of chromosomal aberration in group B was (7.5±1.04), while in the group C showed mild elevation in (3.25±0.8). The polymorphism of GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes showed highly incidence of both genes polymorphism in group B was (66.6%) while group C was (50%) . we concluded that diazinon is genotoxic pesticide and chitosan ameliorate it effects.


Article
Smart Hunting Cage for Predatory Animals and Moving Bait for Zoology Researches
القفص الذكي لصيد الحيوانات المفترسة والطعم المتحرك لابحاث علم الحيوان

Author: Mohammed Ehsan Safi
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2016 Volume: 34 Issue: 2 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 386-392
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

This paper presented an approach to design and implement a control scheme for hunting cages of predatory animals without hurting for scientific researchers or animals. In this paper, laser detection circuit is applied to detect target entering the cage and send signal to microcontroller to lock the two gates of the cage then send signal to alarm user. The bait is used to lure the target mounted on moving robot using ultrasonic sensor to determine the distance between the target and the bait and made it go in the cage.

قدمت هذه الورقة نهجا لتخطيط وتنفيذ مخطط السيطرة لأقفاص صيد الحيوانات المفترسة دون الاضرار بالباحثين العلميين أو الحيوانات. في هذه الورقة،تم تطبيق دائرة كشف ليزرية للكشف عن الهدف عند دخوله للقفص ارسال اشارة للمعالج الدقيق لقفل بابي القفص واطلاق اشارة لانذار المستخدم.الطعم المستخدم لجذب الهدف يعلق على روبوت يستخدم حساس فوق صوتي لحساب المسافة بين الهدف والطعم وجعله يدخل الى القفص.

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