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Article
Prevalence of Anxiety among Al-Qadisia Medical Students
مدى انتشار القلق بين طلبة كلية طب القادسية

Author: Hadi Jabor Suhail
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2015 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 113-118
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Objectives of the study: The study aims to determine the prevalence of anxiety among the students of the Faculty of Medicine of Qadisia .Methodology: The study was cross-sectional at 290 students in the Faculty of Medicine Qadisiya (101 males and 189 females) , in the province of Diwaniya , for the period from 1st of March up to 31st of May 2012. a questionnaire self-reports of the students was used. The students covered study based on their readiness after the purpose of the study was explained to them, the study included all phases of the first stage to the sixth stage. The result was analyzed by using descriptive statistical methods like percentage and frequency, and inferential statistical methods appropriate such as Chi-square by using spss 12.Results: out of (290) there were (139) suffer from mental disorders positive (anxiety), giving a prevalence rate of 47.9%. The prevalence is highest among students of first and second phases (65.7 % and 57.5 %) compared with the rest of the stages {third 39.5 %, fourth 30.5 %, fifth 36.8 %, and sixth 29%} respectively.Conclusions: The study concluded that there is a high percentage of students from the Faculty of Medicine Qadisia suffer from anxiety in all stages.Recommendations: providing psychiatric counseling Clinics, to diagnose cases of concern and to provide the necessary support. In addition, encourage future studies to discover the causes of these cases

الهدف :تهدف الدراسة لمعرفة مدى انتشار القلق بين طلاب كلية طب القادسية . المنهجية: أجريت دراسة مقطعية على 290 طالبا وطالبة في كلية طب القادسية (101 من الذكور و 189 من الإناث)، في محافظة الديوانية, للفترة من الأول من آذار إلى الثلاثين من مايس 2012 تم استخدام استبيان التقارير الذاتية للطلاب, والمقابلة وجها لوجه مع الطلاب المشمولين بالدراسة .وقد تم اختيار الطلبة على أساس استعدادهم بعد أن تم شرح الغرض من الدراسة لهم. وقد شملت الدراسة كافة المراحل من المرحلة الأولى إلى المرحلة السادسة. تم استخدام الإحصائي الوصفي كالنسبة المئوية والتكرار, وأسلوب تحليل البيانات الإحصائي ألاستنتاجي باستخدام مربع كاي باستخدام البرنامج الإحصائي spss 12) ) النتائج: من المجموع الكلي (290) كان (139) يعانون من الاضطرابات النفسية الإيجابية (القلق)، مما يعني نسبة انتشار الاضطرابات بمعدل 47.9%. وكانت الأعلى بين طلبة المرحلتين الأولى والثانية (65.7% و 57.5% ) بالمقارنة مع بقية المراحل }المرحلة الثالثة 39.5% , الرابعة 30.5% , الخامسة 36.8% , والسادسة 29% { بالتعاقب. الاستنتاجات: استنتج من الدراسة ان هناك نسبة عالية من طلاب كلية طب القادسية يعانون من القلق وفي كافة المراحل .التوصيات: توفير عيادات استشارية للأمراض النفسية لتشخيص حالات الإصابة بالقلق وتوفير الدعم اللازم. وتشجيع الدراسات المستقبلية لاكتشاف الأسباب المؤدية لهذه الحالات .


Article
Medical activity in modern Rashidi and the Umayyad
النشاط الطبي في العصريين الراشدي والأموي

Author: Assis.prof.phd. Sajid Mekhlef Hassan أ. م. د. ساجد مخلف حسن
Journal: Arab Scientific Heritage Journal مجلة التراث العلمي العربي ISSN: 22215808 Year: 2015 Volume: 1 Issue: 1 Pages: 97-144
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Medical activity in modern Rashidi and the UmayyadM. D. Sajid Mekhlef Hassan College of Education Department of HistorySamarra University(Abstract)the subject of medical activity in eras Rashidi and Umayyad is one of the most important for study because Medicine is related to human life and health Medicine is important science which should be identified and interested. the Prophet Muhammad emphasized God bless him and to pay attention to the study of medicine through the Hadith.The first Caliphs give great support in this science, despite concerning the management of large state affairs, such as the Caliph Omar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah pleased him) and the Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib and they spend money for this science and interested with scholars and practitioners in the profession honest wich makes Caliph Ali bin Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased him) said: ((stomach malady house and cever is the need of)).The medical cunction was not limited to treat the patient at home, but participate in military battles to treat the wounded and emerged a large number of doctors in Rashidi, for example: Atheer bin Amr AL-srkoni, a senior doctors in time of Caliph Ali bin Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased him and others).The Umayyad caliphsinterstes in this noble function and gave the amounts of money to send the students to another country to study and have purchased the regions of rare books and cared for the movement of translation, suches Khalid bin Yazid.They benefited from the doctors who came from Iraq and the Levant and Umayyad Doctors Athaal AL-nesran and Abu AL-Hekem AL-Demashqi and others.The Umayyad caliphs interst with establishing hospitals and specialized private longs for some dermatologist to prevent infection, Medicine in this era was characterized by honesty, justice, tolerance and leniency

النشاط الطبي في العصريين الراشدي والأموي أ. م. د. ساجد مخلف حسن كلية التربية قسم التاريخ جامعة سامراء(خلاصة البحث)يعد موضوع النشاط الطبي في العصريين الراشدي والأموي من المواضيع التي تستحق الدراسة لكون الطب مرتبط بحياة الإنسان وصحته فالطب من العلوم الهامة التي ينبغي التعرف عليها والكتابة عنها وقد أكد الرسول محمد(ص) على الاعتناء بدراسة الطب من خلال الأحاديث النبوية الشريفة. وأولى الخلفاء الراشدين عناية كبيرة بهذا العلم رغم انشغالهم بإدارة شؤون الدولة الكبيرة ومنهم الخليفة عمر بن الخطاب ط والإمام علي بن أبي طالب ط وأغدقوا الأموال من أجل هذا العلم واعتنوا بالعلماء والعاملين في هذه المهنة الشريفة ومن أقوال الإمام علي بن أبي طالب ط المأثورة قوله: (( المعدة بيت الداء والحمة رأس الطب )). ولم تقتصر مهنة الطب على مداواة المرضى في الداخل وإنما شاركوا في المعارك العسكرية لمداواة الجرحى وبرز عدد كبير من الأطباء في العصر الراشدي منها على سبيل المثال: أثير بن عمرو السكوني وهو كبير الأطباء زمن الإمام علي بن أبي طالب ط وآخرون. واعتنى الخلفاء الأمويين بهذه المهنة النبيلة وخصصوا مبالغ من أجل إرسال طلاب العلم الى الأمصار المجاورة لغرض الدراسة وقاموا بشراء الكتب النادرة من الأمصار واعتنوا بحركة الترجمة ومنهم خالد بن يزيد. واستفادوا من خبرات عدد من الأطباء الذين جاءوا الى العراق وبلاد الشام ومن أطباء العصر الأموي آثال النصراني وأبو الحكم الدمشقي وآخرون. واعتنى الخلفاء الأمويون بإنشاء المستشفيات وخصصوا ردهات خاصة ببعض الأمراض الجلدية لمنع العدوى، والطب في هذه الحقبة الزمنية كان يتصف بالصدق والعدالة والتسامح والتساهل والاهتمام بالمرضى.


Article
Perception of OSCE Examination in Iraqi Undergraduate Medical Students

Authors: Riyadh Muhi Abbood Al-Saegh1 --- Albert J. J. A. Scherpbier --- Hameed A.Alhibaly --- Abdulhamza Rajooj Hmood --- et al.
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 2056-2069
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) is an approach to student assessment in which aspects of clinical competence are evaluated in a comprehensive, consistent and structured manner, with close attention to the objectivity of the process.Aims: This study aims to evaluate students‟ perception about the fairness, objectivity, comprehensiveness and overall organization and administration of OSCE in the 4th year medical students.Methods: 24-item questionnaire was used to gather data regarding perception of students about the quality of OSCE, its fairness and its organization. A 5-point Likert scale, with responses ranging from “strongly agree” to “strongly disagree” was used. Students were asked post exam questions related to positive and negative aspects of the OSCE and to do suggestions for improvement.Results: Out of 71 eligible medical students, 66 (92.9%) completed the survey questionnaire. A sizable proportion of 59.1% of the respondents agreed that OSCE was well administered. 51.5% of the students agreed that the objectives of clinical courses were covered. Significant percent of students 61.8% agreed to the facilitators‟ behavior.36, 4% of the respondents stated that the time allocated for each station was not adequate. 79.4% of the respondents felt that OSCE allowed them to compensate in some areas of their weakness. Great majority of students 81.9% regarded OSCE as a practical and useful assessment tool in early years of medical education.Discussion: It is assumed that overloading the students by trying to assess too many skill subsets of performance at a single station, and inadequate practice at being examined in the OSCE format might have contributed to the dissatisfaction with the time allocation.Conclusion and recommendations: OSCE exam covers most of the objectives of the students, clinical rotation. However, at some stations the students felt that instructions were ambiguous and time allocation was inadequate for the assigned tasks. The overall feedback was very useful and facilitated a critical review of the process. Our recommendations are; increasing the duration of stations especially for history taking and cardiac auscultation, modifying the administration of the OSCE aiming at reducing the waiting time especially for the students in the last batch, ensuring clear instructions, having real patients for the expected tasks, and finally more training with the OSCE.Keywords: OSCE, perception, medical students.

Keywords

OSCE --- perception --- medical students


Article
Mechanical rehabilitation in accordance with the range of motion of the muscle (Sternomastoid and Trapezius) in terms of the electrical activity in the lam neck for women
التأهيل الميكانيكي وفق المدى الحركي لعضلتي (Sternomastoid and Trapezius ) بدلالة النشاط الكهربائي في اللام الرقبة للنساء

Author: Assist. Prof.Dr. Ahmed Abdul Amir shubbar أ.م.د احمد عبد الامير شبر
Journal: Journal of studies and researches of sport education مجلة دراسات وبحوث التربية الرياضية ISSN: 18181503 Year: 2017 Volume: 51 Issue: 1818-1503 Pages: 195-209
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The study aimed to determine the effect of these mechanical exercises to reduce the proportion of these pains in terms of the electrical activity of the muscles of the variables and assumed the researcher exercises therapeutic rehabilitative positive impact in the development of kinetic term by reducing the proportion of the pain the neck in terms of the electrical activity of the muscles of the variables used experimental method for the suitability of the research problem The design of the two groups Almtkavitin then select the research community and they infected women Ballam neck after undergoing clinical tests and X-rays, was the use of the qualifying program and training Aledlten The most important conclusions.• The range of motion associated with the electrical activity of the muscles through the joints of which have the basic dynamics of the muscles, including what will be the corresponding muscle of the locomotor system of man through the back of the performance level in a sample search through what has been achieved.And recommendations:• the need to focus on the electrical activity of the muscles that control mainly in the range of motion of muscles variables values through what has made these values of significant differences effectively contributed to the high level of performance and less effort in the post tests.

هدفت الدراسة الى معرفة مدى تأثير هذه التمارين الميكانيكية في التقليل من نسبة هذه الالام بدلالة متغيرات النشاط الكهربائي للعضلات وافترض الباحث ان للتمارين العلاجية التأهيلية اثر ايجابي في تطوير المدى الحركي من خلال التقليل من نسبة الالام الرقبة بدلالة متغيرات النشاط الكهربائي للعضلات واستعمل المنهج التجريبي لملائمته مشكلة البحث وبتصميم المجموعتين المتكافئتين ثم حدد مجتمع البحث وهن النساء المصابات باللام الرقبة بعد ان اجريت الفحوصات السريرية والاشعة السينية وتم استعمال البرنامج التأهيلي وتدريب العضلتين اما اهم الاستنتاجات.•إن المدى الحركي مرتبط بالنشاط الكهربائي للعضلات عن طريق المفاصل منها ما يكون للعضلات المحركة الاساسية ومنها ما يكون العضلات المقابلة للجهاز الحركي للإنسان من خلال ما ظهر من مستوى الاداء لدى عينه البحث من خلال ما تحقق.و التوصيات :•ضرورة التركيز على قيم متغيرات النشاط الكهربائي للعضلات التي تتحكم بشكل أساسي في المدى الحركي للعضلات من خلال ما حققت هذه القيم من فروق معنوية ساهمت بشكل فعال في ارتفاع مستوى الأداء وبجهد اقل في الاختبارات البعدية.


Article
(effect Pathways according some Albyumkanikih indicators for the rehabilitation of injured partial ruptureMedial ligament in the knee joint)
تأثير برنامج تأهيلي وفق بعض المؤشرات البيوميكانيكية لتأهيل إصابة التمزق الجزئي للرباط والغضروف الإنسيين في مفصل الركبة

Author: Researcher. D. Jaber Abdullah peace م.د. سلام جابر عبدالله
Journal: Journal of studies and researches of sport education مجلة دراسات وبحوث التربية الرياضية ISSN: 18181503 Year: 2017 Volume: 51 Issue: 1818-1503 Pages: 256-270
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Contains Part I Introduction and the importance of research in which it was a researcher and because of physical effort higher continuous reality on the devices sports due to the increase in training loads and increase the number of training modules and sudden movements beyond rhythm natural to the joints, muscles and ligaments working like jumping and circumvent severe with constant foot and especially those games that require the use of physical effort medium or high pressure and competition, as well as a result of non-optimal use of the equipment, tools and inappropriate footwear All of these factors lead to infection in general and particularly knee injury. From here came the importance of research in a statement rationing qualifying for the program according to some Albyumkanikih indicators for the rehabilitation of injured partial tear of the medial ligament of the knee jointThe objectives of the research were:1-the number of rehabilitation program for the rehabilitation of injured partial tear of the medial ligament of the knee joint, according to some indicators Albyumkanikih in variables under study and knowledge of the impact of this programThe most important findings of the researcherThrough the search results that the curriculum prepared containing qualifying exercises accordance with Albyumkanikih indicators having a positive impact in the rehabilitation of people with partial disruption of medial ligament of the knee joint and restore range of motion of the knee jointThe main recommendations were: We recommend using the curriculum prepared containing qualifying exercises accordance with Albyumkanikih indicators for people with partial disruption of the medial ligament Strengthen the muscles of the knee joint

بسبب الجهد البدني العالي المستمر الواقع على أجهزة الرياضي نتيجة زيادة في الأحمال التدريبية وزيادة عدد الوحدات التدريبية و الحركات المفاجئة الخارجة عن الإيقاع الطبيعي لمدى المفاصل والعضلات والأربطة العاملة مثل القفز و الالتفاف الشديد مع ثبات القدم وخصوصا تلك الألعاب التي تتطلب استخدام جهد بدني متوسط أو عالي تحت ضغط المنافسة و، وكذلك نتيجة الاستخدام الغير الأمثل للأجهزة والأدوات والأحذية الغير مناسبة كل هذه العوامل تؤدي إلى حدوث الإصابة بصورة عامة وإصابة الركبة بصورة خاصة. من هنا جاءت أهمية البحث في بيان التقنين للبرنامج التأهيلي وفق بعض المؤشرات البيوميكانيكية لتأهيل إصابة التمزق الجزئي للرباط والغضروف الإنسي لمفصل الركبةاما أهداف البحث فكانت :1- أعداد برنامج تأهيلي لتأهيل إصابة التمزق الجزئي للرباط والغضروف الإنسي لمفصل الركبة وفق بعض المؤشرات البيوميكانيكية في المتغيرات قيد البحث ومعرفة مدى تاثير هذا البرنامجكان أهم ما توصل إليه الباحث :من خلال نتائج البحث ان المنهاج ألتأهيلي المعد المتضمن التمارين وفق المؤشرات البيوميكانيكية له تأثير ايجابي في تاهيل المصابين بالتمزق الجزئي للرباط والغضروف الإنسي لمفصل الركبة واستعادة المدى الحركي لمفصل الركبةاما أهم التوصيات فكانت :نوصي باستخدام المنهاج التأهيلي المعد المتضمن التمارين وفق المؤشرات البيوميكانيكية للمصابين بالتمزق الجزئي للرباط والغضروف الإنسي تقوية عضلات مفصل الركبة

Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal
المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية

ISSN: 16088360
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

publisher Every Three Months 2000

بداية اصدار المجلة في عام 2000 والنشر كل ثلاثة اشهر


Article
Assessment of current situation of medical education in the College of Medicine-University of Baghdad

Authors: Salah M. Tajer --- Omar S. Khattab
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2008 Volume: 50 Issue: 4 Pages: 451-455
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Background: The most important advances in medical education in the last decade are the shift in focus from learning objectives to learning outcomes. The advantages of active over passive learning are researched-based. The aim of this study was to evaluate the students reading habits; utilization of lectures, group study, resources utilized during study, and if there is a need to change the curriculum.
Methods: A prospective study was done in Medical City Teaching Hospital, from January 2007 to January 2008, including 438 students from the college of medicine, university of Baghdad. A questionnaire consist of 28 questions was given to them. These questionnaire elicited responses regarding reading habits, utilization of lectures, group study, and resources utilized during study. The t-test was used for statistical analysis, the results were considered significant if P value < 0.05.
Results: In this study students were dependant on passive learning mainly. There was greater use of the lecture notes, and less use of library, textbooks,
Journals and online sources. The willing of the students to have active learning was significant (P value < 0.05)
Conclusion: We would like to conclude that teaching methods are changing, and we should consider that in our curriculum, we should concentrate on active learning. There is a public expectation that we, in the academic and clinical community, will produce safe, ethical and professional doctors.


Article
Knowledge and Preference of Mothers Delivering at ALKadhumyia Teaching Hospital Regarding Caesarean Section and Normal Vaginal Delivery

Authors: Huda Adnan Habib --- Maysaloun Muhammed Abdulla --- Selwa Elias Yacoub
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 4 Pages: 512-518
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT :BACKGROUND:Caesarean section rates are progressively rising in many parts of the world. One suggested reason isincreasing requests by women for caesarean section in the absence of clear medical indications.OBJECTIVE:To determined the medical and non medical reasons behind the caesarean section. To identify themothers preference to the mode of delivary and reasons behind this preference.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Across sectional study of 480 mothers was interviewed .The data was collected using a questionnaireform includes information under two main headings: 1) Information related to the mother; theseinclude demographic and some obstetrical information, obstetrical 2) Knowledge of mothersregarding reasons behind their caesarean section.3) Information related to mother preference.RESULTS:The majority of mothers 317(66%) were delivered by Caesarean section ,the majority of Caesareansection mothers (41%) were of (36-45) years of age , (47.3%) completed primary education., ( 89%)of them reported medical reasons behind their Caeserean section, (25.9%) of mothers with medicalreasons reported a history of Caeserean section as the main medical reason .Regarding the nonmedical reasons the majority of mothers (45.7%) reported Fear of vaginal delivery as the main nonmedical reasons . The majority 384(80%) of mothers prefer NVD while only (20%) reported theirpreference to C-sectionCONCLUSION:The caesarean section rate was high, history of Caeserean section were the main medical reasonbehind caesarean section , fear of vaginal delivary was the main non medicval reason behindcaesarean section. Majority of mothers prefer NVD than C-section


Article
Knowledge and Preference of Mothers Delivering at ALKadhumyia Teaching Hospital Regarding Caesarean Section and Normal Vaginal Delivery

Authors: Huda Adnan Habib --- Maysaloun Muhammed Abdulla --- Selwa Elias Yacoub
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 4 Pages: 512-518
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT :BACKGROUND:Caesarean section rates are progressively rising in many parts of the world. One suggested reason isincreasing requests by women for caesarean section in the absence of clear medical indications.OBJECTIVE:To determined the medical and non medical reasons behind the caesarean section. To identify themothers preference to the mode of delivary and reasons behind this preference.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Across sectional study of 480 mothers was interviewed .The data was collected using a questionnaireform includes information under two main headings: 1) Information related to the mother; theseinclude demographic and some obstetrical information, obstetrical 2) Knowledge of mothersregarding reasons behind their caesarean section.3) Information related to mother preference.RESULTS:The majority of mothers 317(66%) were delivered by Caesarean section ,the majority of Caesareansection mothers (41%) were of (36-45) years of age , (47.3%) completed primary education., ( 89%)of them reported medical reasons behind their Caeserean section, (25.9%) of mothers with medicalreasons reported a history of Caeserean section as the main medical reason .Regarding the nonmedical reasons the majority of mothers (45.7%) reported Fear of vaginal delivery as the main nonmedical reasons . The majority 384(80%) of mothers prefer NVD while only (20%) reported theirpreference to C-sectionCONCLUSION:The caesarean section rate was high, history of Caeserean section were the main medical reasonbehind caesarean section , fear of vaginal delivary was the main non medicval reason behindcaesarean section. Majority of mothers prefer NVD than C-section


Article
Measurement of Electromagnetic Fields Emitted from Some Medical Devices
حساب المجالات الكهرومغناطيسية المنبعثة من بعض الاجهزة الطبية

Author: Shaker Mahmood Faisel
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences مجلة تكريت للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 1813162X 23127589 Year: 2012 Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 26-32
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

New medical devices such as surgery devices, physiotherapy devices, cosmetological devices and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) systems generate a complex electromagnetic fields, so they consider as a potential hazard for medical personnel during surgical procedures. The aim of this research is to detect the EMFs emitted from medical devices and determine the safety ranges from these devices which emit EMF radiations in order to protect Medical staff from its risks. The research has been performed in two parts, numerical calculation and practical measurement. Practical measurements are done in Dijlah hospital at Tikrit city. Obtaining results shows that the practical measurements are consistent with the mathematical calculation results. Comparison of these results with the safety standard guideline limits shows that they are within the acceptable exposure limits recommended by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) and that means there is no health risk from exposure to these fields if the exposure is for a short and not continued periods and lay within the acceptable limits.

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