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FUNCTIONAL SENTENCE PERSPECTIVE&COMMUNICATIVE DYNAMISM

Author: د. صلاح محمد صالح
Journal: Al-Fatih journal مجلة الفتح ISSN: 87521996 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 37 Pages: 212-223
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Functional Sentence Perspective and Communicative Dynamism are two significant concepts in the functional theory of modern linguistics. The theory of FSP was first developed by Velim Mathesius who gave the ‘order of ideas’ the name of FSP or theme/rheme structure and dubbed what comes first in the sentence the starting point, point of departure, theme or topic; and the idea that follows it the nucleus, rheme, comment, focus, i.e.
The essence of this conception is that every act of communication is structured in two different ways: the grammatical pattern of the sentence, and the information-bearing structure of the utterance. In English, the theme—rheme sequence is the normal, unmarked word order while the rheme—theme sequence is the marked word order. Communicative Dynamism is viewed as a process of gradually unfolding meaning, each part of the utterance contributing dynamically to the total communicative effect.
These concepts, however, have not received due attention, as the correspondence holding between the order of words and the order of ideas and the role of context in the sentence/utterance and sentence/discourse distinctions are still not fully clarified.

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Article
المقاطع السردية في بنية المسلسل التلفزيوني

Author: صلاح محمد طه
Journal: Al-Adab Journal مجلة الآداب ISSN: 1994473X Year: 2011 Issue: 98 Pages: 482-503
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Article
الطفل المعاق- حقوقه ومتطلبات رعايته في الشريعة الإسلامية

Author: صلاح محمد حسن عبد الله
Journal: kufa studies center journal مجلة مركز دراسات الكوفة ISSN: 19937016 Year: 2015 Volume: 1 Issue: 38 Pages: 57-82
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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The rights and requirements of the care of disabled children in Islamic shariaBased on the concept of balance in life and the system of the universe according to Islam , Sharia has paid a close attention to children . Islam Closely focused on human being in general and children in particular as they are the blessing of Allah whom he endows them to all those he wishes to his creation .Accordingly ,Allah, indicating the significance of childhood ,swears in the glorious Quran : "Nay ,I swear by this city, And thou art an indweller of this city , And the begetter and that which he begat. We verily have created man in atmosphere".The present study is divided into the following chapters:Chapter one :Disability: its types and the Islamic legislation origin.Section one :Definition of disability and its historical background.Section two :The Islamic legislation origin in taking care of disabled children and the protective means of disability.Chapter two :The rights of disabled children and responsibility of taking care of them.Section one :The rights of disabled children according to the Islamic sharia.Section two :The responsibility of the care of disabled children according to the Islamic community.The study ends with a conclusion and bibliography.

اهتمت الشريعة بالأطفال واعتنت بهم كثيرا بناءً على فكرة توازن الحياة ونظام الكون في الإسلام ، فالإسلام يولي الإنسان اهتماما بالغا وبالأخص الأطفال ، فهم نعمة من نعم الله عز وجل يمنّ بها على من يشاء من عباده ، قال تعالى :(وَاللَّهُ جَعَلَ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا وَجَعَلَ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ بَنِينَ وَحَفَدَةً)، ولأهمية الطفولة في الإسلام نجد الحق جل وعلى يقسم بها تعظيما لشئنها قال تعالى (لَا أُقْسِمُ بِهَذَا الْبَلَدِ وَأَنْتَ حِلٌّ بِهَذَا الْبَلَدِ وَوَالِدٍ وَمَا وَلَدَ لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ فِي كَبَد .(وقد عدَ سبحانه وتعالى خروج الولد إلى الحياة الدنيا مبعث سعادة وسرور, فحري بوالديه تقبل الفرح به أسوة بنبي الله إبراهيم (ع) حينما بشرته الملائكة بإسحاق قال تعالى (وَبَشَّرْنَاهُ بِإِسْحَاقَ نَبِيًّا مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ)، وقال تعالى في شأن زكريا ( يَا زَكَرِيَّا إِنَّا نُبَشِّرُكَ بِغُلَامٍ اسْمُهُ يَحْيَى لَمْ نَجْعَلْ لَهُ مِنْ قَبْلُ سَمِيًّا)، وتدل هذه الآيات المباركة على مدى العناية بالأطفال وحبهم والتودّد إليهم ، فعباد الله الصالحون لا يقنطون من رحمة الله ولا يكفـّـون عن الدعاء والتضرع له تعالى أملا في طلب الذرية الصالحة قال تعالى (وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا .(وفي سيرة الرسول (ص) نجد تكريما وافيا للطفولة.ويرمي البحث الى بيان الرؤية الإسلامية للأطفال المعاقين الذين لا حول ولا قوة للحصول على حقوقهم وما هي متطلبات رعايتهم في الشريعة الإسلامية,وعلى مَن تقع مسؤولية ذلك.


Article
ALLELOPATHICPOTENTIAL OF WATEREXTRACTOF PARTS FOR TWO APPLE FRUIT VARIETIESONGERMINATIONAND GROWTH SOME ORNAMENTAL PLANTS
الجهد الأليلوباثي للمستخلصات المائية لأجزاء ثمار

Author: Salah M. Saied صلاح محمد سعيد
Journal: Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture مجلة زراعة الرافدين العراقية ISSN: 1815316X Year: 2012 Volume: 40 Issue: 2 Pages: 212-223
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This research was conducted in green house of Department of Biology/ College of Science/ Mosul University to study the effect of water extracts for green and red apples for their three parts (peal 4%. pith 8% and fruit 12%) to soil in germination and some growth characteristics for the three kinds of ornamental plants which grow in this soil.The results showed that there is a decrease in most of the characteristics of Viola wittrockiana andCalendula officinalis plants except the concentration of the elements potassium and phosphorous where they led to an increase in most of the elements concentration in their leaves. Otherwise. we noticed that there is a differencebetween inhibition and stimulation in some growth characteristics for Mathiolaincana with other plants and control treatment. While concerning the effect of the kinds.the red apple was more inhibitive than green apple. In respect of the other parts. the pith was much effective in most characteristics and the least effect was in the fruit. It was shown also thatViola wittrockiana and Calendula officinalis plants were more sensitive when treating with extracts. while Mathiolaincana gave better growth.

اجري هذا البحث في البيت الزجاجي التابع لقسم علوم الحياة/ كلية العلوم / جامعة الموصل . بهدف دراسة تأثير إضافة المستخلصات المائية لثمار التفاح الأخضر والأحمر لأجزائها الثلاث ( القشرة بتركيز4% واللب بتركيز 8% والثمرة كاملة 12%) إلى التربة في الإنبات وبعض صفات النمو لثلاث أنواع من نباتات الزينة هي الشبوMathiolaincanaوالكلبهار (الأقحوان) Calendula officinalisوالبانسية(ورد الصورة) Viola wittrockianaالنامية فيها .أظهرت النتائج حصول انخفاض معنوي في معظم نباتات البانسيةوالكلبهار باستثناء تركيز عنصري البوتاسيوم والفسفور ، حيث أدت اغلب المعاملات إلى زيادة تركيز تركيزها في أوراق النباتات .في حيننلاحظ حدوث تباين مابين التثبيط والتحفيز في بعض صفات النمو لنبات الشبو مقارنة مع بقية النباتات ومعاملة المقارنة. أما من ناحية تأثير أنواع التفاح التفاح الأحمر اكثر تثبيط من تفاح الأخضر . اما بالنسبة للأجزاء فكان اللب أكثرها تأثيراً في اغلب الصفات واقلها الثمرة كاملة . كما تبين أن نباتي الكلبهاروالبانسيه هما أكثر حساسية عند معاملتها بالمستخلصات ، في حين أعطى نبات الشبو نمواً أفضل.

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Article
The role of monetary policy tools in stimulating local investments in Algeria
دور أدوات السياسة النقدية في تحفيز الاستثمارات المحلية في الجزائر

Authors: عبد القادر مطاي --- صلاح محمد --- بلقلة براهيم
Journal: journal of Economics And Administrative Sciences مجلة العلوم الاقتصادية والإدارية ISSN: 2227 703X / 2518 5764 Year: 2019 Volume: 25 Issue: 110 Pages: 293-310
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

AbstractThe various countries seek to encourage their local investments through the various policies they follow. The most important of these is the monetary policy, which is a means and procedures taken by the monetary authority to control the supply of money and maintain its stability of its financial impact on economic activity. The effect of monetary policy is to stimulate domestic investment through money supply that is inversely related to the interest rate and a direct relationship with domestic investment. When money supply increases, interest rates fall and local investment growth rates rise, but when the rise in money supply is high, Inflationary measures that negatively impact savings and investment. In this case, the monetary policy tools of compulsory reserve and the rate of rebate play a vital role in absorbing this excess liquidity. Thus, the most important variables for private investment in Algeria are Interest rate, money supply.

تسعى مختلف الدول إلى تشجيع استثماراتها المحلية وذلك من خلال مختلف السياسات التي تتبعها، ومن أهمها السياسة النقدية التي هي عبارة عن وسائل وإجراءات تتخذها السلطة النقدية للتحكم في العرض النقدي والمحافظة على استقراره لماله من تأثير على النشاط الاقتصادي. ويبرز تأثير السياسة النقدية في تحفيز الاستثمار المحلي من خلال العرض النقدي الذي له علاقة عكسية مع سعر الفائدة وعلاقة طردية مع الاستثمار المحلي، فعند زيادة المعروض النقدي تنخفض أسعار الفائدة ومن ثم ترتفع معدلات نمو الاستثمار المحلي، ولكن عندما يكون الارتفاع في العرض النقدي كبير قد يسبب ضغوط تضخمية تؤثر سلبا في الادخار والاستثمار، وفي هذه الحالة تلعب أدوات السياسة النقدية المتمثلة في الاحتياطي الإجباري ومعدل إعادة الخصم أهمية بالغة في امتصاص هذه السيولة الفائضة، ومن هنا يمكننا القول أن أهم المتغيرات المحددة للاستثمار الخاص في الجزائر هي سعر الفائدة، العرض النقدي، معدل الاحتياطي النقدي القانوني ، ومعدل إعادة الخصم.


Article
The Effect of Burning The Herbal Leftovers of Harvest on Implanting and Growth of Wheat and Barely Corps
تأثير حرق المتبقيات النباتية بعد الحصاد في إنبات ونمووإنتاجية نباتي الحنطة والشعير

Authors: محمد إبراهيم خليل الطائي --- صلاح محمد سعيد الطائي
Journal: College Of Basic Education Researches Journal مجلة ابحاث كلية التربية الاساسية ISSN: 19927452 Year: 2005 Volume: 1 Issue: 4 Pages: 186-197
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

صمم هذا البحث لدراسة تأثير إحدى الطرق الشائعة الاستخدام في معاملة المتبقيات النباتية بعد الحصاد وهي حرق البقايا النباتية وانعكاساتها في نمو بعض النباتات (الحنطة والشعير) وإنتاجها، حيث تم اختيار موقعين من التربة لكل موقع معاملتان محروقة وغير محروقة ومن ثم تم زراعتها في أصص بلاستيكية وتحت ظروف البيت الزجاجي، حيث أبدت النباتات استجابة ايجابية لعملية الحرق في بعض الصفات المظهرية كعدد الأوراق وارتفاع النبات وكمية الإنتاج، وهذا قد يعود إلى أن حرق أي نوع من المتبقيات النباتية يحولها إلى ما يعرف بالبقايا المعدنية الغنية بالعناصر الضرورية لنمو النبات وقيامه بالعمليات الحيوية على الوجه الامثل.



This study was designed to examine once of most method use to treat of plant residue after harvest influence of burning on growth and yield of some plants, Wheat and Barley. These plants showed positive response to the burning concerning some morphological characteristics such as the number of leaves, plant height, yield ,this may be due to the raising of some important minerals for plant growth.

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Article
Effect of different metal surface treatments and thermocycling on shear bond strength of heat cure and light cure at Co/Cr and Ni/Cr interface

Authors: Ali M. Khursheed علي خورشيد --- Salah A. Mohammed صلاح محمد
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-5
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background Optimum bond strength at the metal – resin interface of prosthesis is essential for the success of thatprosthesis. The junction between metal alloy and acrylic resin is an area of clinical concern .Failure of a R.P.D. maybe linked to this interface. The main objective of this study were to determine the effect of different metal surfacetreatment and thermocycling on the shear bond strength of Co/Cr alloy and Ni/Cr alloy to heat cure acrylic resinand light cure acrylic resin.Materials and methods: 120 metal samples were prepared, 60 Co/Cr samples and 60 Ni/Cr of square flat plate (30mm x 30mm x 2 mm) that incorporated a central area (8mmx 12mm) of a large retentive mesh to simulate dentureframework. The samples were cleaned, finished and electropolished. Sixty samples of each type of metals weredivided into two groups according to the type of acrylic resin received each one 30 samples (A and group C) forheat cure, B and group D for light cure) which were furtherly subdivided according to the type of surface treatmentinto 3 subgroups each one 10 samples(A1 ,B1 ,C1and D1 )for no surface treatment, no thermocycling as a controlgroup (A2, B2 ,C2 and D2 )for Metal Prime II application with thermocycling (A3, B3 ,C3 and D3) for combination ofAir Abrasion and Metal Primer II application with thermocycling. The acrylic block were then prepared as arectangular block(12mm length ,8 mm width ,6 mm high )that was placed on a central area of metal plates, theacrylic was fabricated in the same conventional way of denture construction. All the sample were mounted onspecially test fixture that would hold them rigid at a 90-degree angle from the horizontal plane of the crosshead ofthe Instron machine .A tangent shear force was created by applying vertical load to the specimen .All of thespecimen were tested with Instron machine using stainless steel chisel shaped road at a constant crosshead speed of5 mm min until failure of the bond occurred The specimen were stressed to failure .The force of bond failure wasrecorded in Newton, which was divide by the surface of the bonded area (96 mm2 )to obtain the shear bondstrength calculated in Mpa.Result: The results showed that the subgroup that received no surface treatment and without thermocycling for bothtwo type of resins heat cure and light cure (A1, B1, C1and D1) had the highest shear bond values, followed bysubgroups that received Air Abrasion + Metal Primer II surface treatments and thermocycling (A3, B3, C3,D3).Subgroups that received Metal Primer II alone (A2, B2, C2 and D2) showed the least shear bond value than theother subgroups.Conclusion: All metal samples of Co/Cr and Ni/Cr with heat cure acrylic resin showed higher SBS mean values thanthat light cure resin whether with surface treatment and thermocycling or without thermocycling concluded higherbinding of heat cure acrylic resin with the metal surface


Article
The effect of plasma treatment on the bonding of soft denture liners to heat cured acrylic resin denture base material and on some surface properties of acrylic resin polymer

Authors: Shaymaa H. Masood شيماء مسعود --- Salah A. Mohamed صلاح محمد
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 3 Pages: 29-35
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Acrylic resin polymers used in dentistry, are usually with problems in bonding, especially failure of thebond with soft denture lining materials. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of plasma treatment on tensilebond strength, wettability and on physical surface changes for acrylic resin polymer.Materials and methods: Heat cured acrylic resin specimens with dimensions 8×10×30 mm were prepared for tensilebond strength test, in which each two acrylic specimens were joined by a 3-mm thick soft liner (Vertex Soft,Molloplast-B). Another heat curd acrylic resin specimens were prepared with dimensions 2×8×30 mm for wettabilitytest and physical surface analysis. For each test done in this study, the specimens were grouped as control, oxygenplasma treated and argon plasma treated acrylic specimens.Results: Plasma treatment increased the tensile bond strength for both Vertex and Molloplast-B soft lining materials,also induced a decrease in water contact angle values (i.e., increase in wettability) for oxygen and argon plasmatreated groups compared with control group, with highly significant difference (P <0.01) among groups. AFM imagesshowed a collection of new distinct nanograins and numerous grooves (pitlike-structures) after oxygen and argonplasma treatment with argon plasma treatment showed more new nanograins, deepest grooves and highestprotuberances which increased the surface-roughness (i.e. nano-roughness) when compared with control andoxygen plasma treated groups.Conclusion: Plasma treatment was an effective method for increasing tensile bond strength, wettebility, and inducedphysical topographical surface changes that increased the surface roughness(mainly after argon plasmatreatment) for plasma treated heat cured acrylic resin specimens


Article
Assessment of some mechanical properties of Imprelon® and Duran® thermoplastic Biostar machine sheets in comparison with some types of acrylic resins

Authors: Mustafa F. Mohammed مصطفى محمد --- Salah A. Mohammad صلاح محمد
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 1 Pages: 34-37
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Imprelon® Biostar foils are new alternative tray material that has become increasingly popular becauseoftheir several advantages. Also, (Duran®) is another type of Biostar foils which is used in splint therapy. This studyassessed some mechanical properties of these two types Biostar sheets in comparison with some types of acrylicresins used for construction of trays and splints.Materials and Methods: A total of 150 specimens were prepared, 30 specimens for each test, 10 for each groupmaterial in order to assess some mechanical properties of the Imprelon® Biostar foil (dimension stability, surfaceroughness and shear bond strength of Imprelon® materialto zinc oxide impression material) and compare them tothat of the other tray materials (autopolymerized and VLC) resin materials. Also to assess the mechanical properties(wear rate and transverse strength) of the Duran® Biostar Foil and compared them with that of the other splintsmaterials (heat-cure acrylic and VLC) resins.Results:The results showed highly significant differences at P<0.01 between all studied groups except the indimensional changes of Imprelon® and VLC, and in wear rate of heat cure acrylic and VLC resins, no significantdifferences obtained between their studied groups.Conclusions: Imprelon® is dimensionally stable, so it can be used directly after fabrication, also it has a good shearbond to zinc oxide eugenol impression material but it may not provide mechanical retention to other elastomericimpression materials and their adhesives since it has a low value of surface roughness (Ra).Duran® is recommendedfor short time use in patients with acute pain and/or dysfunction symptoms


Article
Synthesis and characterization of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd (II) and Hg(II) complexes with new derivative of L-ascorbic acid
تحضير وتشخيص معقدات Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd (II), Hg(II) مع مشتق جديد لـ L- حامض الاسكوربيك

Authors: صلاح محمد فزع --- فالح حسن موسى --- هدى احمد فاضل
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2014 Issue: المؤتمر العلمي الثاني لكلية العلوم Pages: 42-50
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Stable new derivative (L) Bis[O,O-2,3;O,O-5,6(carboxylic methyliden)]L-ascorbic acid was synthesized in good yield by the reaction of L-ascorbic acid with dichloroacetic acid with ratio (1:2) in presence of potassium hydroxide. The new (L) was characterized by 1H,13C-NMR, elemental analysis (C,H) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR). The complexes of the ligand (L) with metal ion, M+2= (Cu, Co, Ni, Cd and Hg) were synthesized and characterized by FTIR, UV-Visible, Molar conductance, Atomic absorption and the Molar ratio. The analysis evidence showed the binding of the metal ions with (L) through bicarboxylato group manner resulting in six-coordinated metal ion.

حضر بس] O,O-2,3;O,O-5,6 كاربوكسيلك مثيليدين [ L-حامض الاسكوربيك بناتج جيد بتفاعل L-حامض الاسكوربيك مع ثنائي كلورو حامض الخليك بنسبة 2:1) ( في وسط هيدروكسيد البوتاسيوم الكحولي. شخص اللكند بمطيافية 1H,13C الرنين النووي المغناطيسي, تحليل العناصر (كاربون, هيدروجين) والاشعة تحت الحمراء. حضرت معقدات للكند مع ايونات الفلزات ثنائية التكافؤ ,Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd (II)) (Hg(II) وتم تشخيصها بمطيافية الاشعة تحت الحمراء, الاشعة فوق البنفسجية, التوصيلية المولارية, الامتصاص الذري والنسبة المولارية. اظهرت التحاليل أن ارتباط الايون الفلزي مع اللكند كان من خلال مجموعة الكاربوكيسل ثنائية السن معطية شكل سداسي التناسق

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