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Article
Multiple Performance Optimization of Carburized Steel Using Taguchi Based Moora Approach

Authors: Asraa K. Hameed --- Laith K. Abbas --- Abbas K. Hussein
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2018 Volume: 36 Issue: 7 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 770-776
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

In this research, a multi-response optimization based on Taguchi method-based MOORA (Multi-response optimization based on ratio analysis) is proposed for carburization process of low carbon steel. Experiments were designed using (Taguchi’s) method with six input carburization factors (carburization temperature, carburization time, tempering temperature, tempering time, activator wt.%, and quench media). Depth case and wear rate were considered as the most response measures in this study. Results of the analysis shows that the carburization temperature is the most significant variables for the optimum outcome results. The desired response measures and mathematical model were achieved and used as optimum condition tool. The outcome of this study had been explored the possible use of the developed carburized steel in high wear resistance applications.


Article
OPTIMIZATION OF STEEL HARDNESS USING NANOFLUIDS QUENCHANTS

Authors: Abbas K. Hussein --- Laith K. Abbas --- Wisam N. Hassan
Journal: KUFA JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING مجلة الكوفة الهندسية ISSN: 25230018 Year: 2019 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 29-43
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The goal of this study is to specify the optimal factors for the hardening process (tempering temperature, the percentage of nanoparticles, type of base media, nanoparticles type and tempering time) in order to maximize the hardness of medium carbon steel by using Taguchi technique. An (L18) orthogonal array was chosen for the design of the experiment. The optimum process parameters were determined by using signal-to-noise ratio(larger is better) criterion. The important levels of process parameters on hardness were obtained by using analysis of variance which applied with the help of (Minitab17) software to investigate the effect of parameters on the hardness. Percentage of volumetric fractions of nanoparticles with three different levels (0.01, 0.03 and 0.08%) was prepared by dispersing nanoparticles that are (α-Al2O3, TiO2 and Cuo) with base fluids (De-ionized water, salt solution, and engine oil). Medium carbon steel specimens were suffered to hardening and tempering heat treatment process. Tempering temperature was (400℃, 550℃) for (30,45and 60 minutes). Results ended up with a conclusion that tempering temperature (400℃) had the major influence on hardness behavior then type of nanoparticles (TiO2) followed by time tempering (30min) then base media (salt solution) and finally volume fraction of nanoparticles (0.03%).

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