research centers


Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by

Article
The Impact of the Extreme Air Temperatures on the Characteristics of Iraq Weather

Authors: Ehab Sh. Ahmed --- Ahmad S. Hassan
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 59 Issue: 2C Pages: 1139-1145
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Air Temperature is mainly affect the condition of temporal and spatial weather. This influence may be very high on some weather variables such as pressure, humidity and winds, also the Extreme of these variables can be considered as an indicator of the impact and intensity of the pressure systems. The data of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) during the summer months (June, July and August) of the period (2006 - 2017) were used to extract the Extreme of Daily Maximum Temperatures (EDMT) for four stations in Iraq (Baghdad, Basra, Khanaqin and AL-Rutba). The results that the number of extreme cases characteristics is nine, one of which is the beginning of the season, and the other was the end of the summer season and this confirms the stretch of the summer about a month May and September. This was done by considering 50°C/323°K as the most extreme values of two stations, and finding other extreme values for each region based on the maximum Temperatures anomalies. However, we must mention the geographical impact of (EDMT) and thus on the changing trajectory of the recipes of pressure pattern


Article
Determination the Quantity of Extreme Rainfall and calculation of the Climatology Mean for Baghdad City

Authors: Ahmad S. Hassan --- Khawla N Zeki --- Nada S. Salih
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 58 Issue: 1B Pages: 447-455
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Recently heavy rainfall that occurs in last decade for Baghdad city is part of climate changes effect on Iraq in general and Baghdad in particular. Rain is considered the main part in the water cycle as it enters mainly within the water system and water balance; therefore present study put of a special criterion to determine the amount of rainfall and analyzed in order to quantify the amount and the diagnosis of heavy rain. The availability of data by Iraqi Metrological Organization and Seismology (IMOS) for time period (1985/1986-2014/2015) held achieve the research objective .There are many statistical methods figure out the difference to determine the amount of rain, Climatology mean (C M) is one of them specialized to separate the amount of normal rainfall from heavy rain. The climatology mean of rain for this study has been 15.2mm. Whereas in the rainy season exceeded this limit, in this case considered extreme season, while less than limit called normal rain. The results shown during 30 rainy seasons, have been 12 seasons exceed climatology mean, four of highest extremes rain have been happened in November. The highest extreme rain has been in 2014, with seasonal mean of 34.7mm. The monthly anomaly climatology mean (ACM) has been equal approximate 20mm, November 2014 was equal this value , When calculating the total amount of rainfall for the city of Baghdad during the 30 rainy season found that lightest mount fall 676 mm in January followed by the lowest rate month of November 596 mm, while the lowest amounts of rain fell in October and September, which did not exceed 130 mm.

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (2)


Language

English (2)


Year
From To Submit

2018 (2)