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Article
Diode 1470 nm Laser Turbinoplasty versus Partial Surgical Inferior Turbinectomy for Treatment of Inferior Turbinate Hypertrophy.

Authors: Adil H. Ibrahim --- Alaa C. Mutar --- Ali A. Kadhim Abutiheen
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2017 Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 3810-3817
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Background: Nasal obstruction is a common complaint in patients attending otolaryngology clinics which is infrequently due to inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Patients not responding to medical treatment can benefit from turbinate reduction surgery, which aims at relieving this symptom. Objectives: To evaluate the effects of diode 1470nm laser turbinoplasty of inferior turbinate versus partial surgical inferior turbinectomy in patients with nasal obstruction due to hypertrophy of inferior turbinate. Methods: A prospective comparative study had been done at Al Kafeel Hospital, Kerbala from February to October 2016. Fifty patients were included and equally divided into two groups of 25 patients for each. First group was treated with partial surgical inferior turbinectomy and the other one with laser turbinoplasty. Patients were evaluated for improvement in symptoms at follow up on 2 days, 1week, 1month, 3months, and 6months.Results: Patients' age range from 16-50 years with a mean ± Standard deviation 28.18 ± 7.27 years. Females were 30 (60%) of the sample with no significant difference between both groups in regard to age and gender distribution. Both procedures are evenly effective in reducing the turbinate size after 6 months. However crusting, post-operative pain, blood loss, and the number of days of nasal packing was found to be significantly less in laser turbinoplasty group as well as faster improvement in nasal obstruction and healing and less hospital stay.Conclusion: Diode laser1470 nm turbinoplasty is a safe and effective procedure, because of its precise localization of coagulative effects on soft tissue. In comparison to partial surgical inferior turbinectomy diode laser1470 nm turbinoplasty shows less bleeding, postoperative pain and crustations with no nasal packing as well as earlier healing and nasal obstruction relieve. Keywords:


Article
A New Sperm Preparation Technique by Glass Wool Filtration Combined with Pentoxifylline Techniques versus Glass Wool Filtration alone for Infertile and Fertile Men

Authors: Ali A. Kadhim --- Hayder A. L. Mossa --- Mohammad O. Selman
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Embryos and Infertility Researches المجلة العراقية لبحوث الأجنة والعقم ISSN: eISSN: 26166984 / pISSN: 22180265 Year: 2017 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 28-36
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

The procedures of assisted reproductive technologies have been developed during recent years and have been revealed the need for new suitable and effective techniques of sperm treatment in the laboratory.


Article
Ultrasound and Strain Elastography in Evaluation of Suspicious Breast Masses

Authors: Zahraa Majid Abdulamir Almosawi --- Kassim Amir Hadi Taj-aldean --- Hadi Mohamed Ali Almusawi --- Ali A. Kadhim Abutiheen
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2017 Volume: 14 Issue: 4 Pages: 616 -626
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Breast cancer is the most prevalent type of cancer in Iraq, and the commonest among females worldwide. Ultrasound is an important widely used noninvasive modality in line with mammography and other methods for the detection and characterization of breast masses in routine clinical practice. Elastography is a recent promising method used as an adjuvant to ultrasound that improves performance, increase the specificity of interpretation in differentiating benign from malignant breast masses based on imaging tissue stiffness. We aim to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound and elastography in diagnosis of suspicious malignant breast masses. A cross sectional study was conducted in Babylon and Kerbala January 15 to August 20, 2017. A consecutive sample of women with breast mass suggestive of malignancy were evaluated with ultrasonography and strain elastography prior to histopathological study. The five point Tsukuba elasticity score were used for differentiation of breast masses. Ethical approval was taken from the Research Ethical Committee in Babylon University- College of Medicine, and verbal consent was taken from each patient prior to enrolment. A total sample of (88) females with breast mass aged 16-69 years with a mean ± SD of 41.33 ± 12.57 years. Ultrasound diagnosed correctly (58) out of the (62) malignant breast masses with a sensitivity and specificity of 93.5% and 100% respectively. By using strain elastography the sensitivity increased to 98.4% with same specificity of 100% were only one malignant mass was missed. By using the ROC analysis, the Area Under the Curve and 95% confidence interval was 0.968 (0.931-1) and 0.992 (0.974-1) for ultrasound and elastography respectively. So when elastography is used with ultrasound, it increases its sensitivity, specificity and accuracy. Efforts needed to adapt and apply its use properly in Iraq through training programs for radiologists.


Article
Effect of water stress and exogenous application of glycin and salicylic acid on the growth and production of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.)
تأثير الإجهاد المائي والرش بخليط حامضي الكلايسين والساليسلك في نمو وإنتاج الباذنجان Solanum melongena L.

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Abstract

To study the effect of water stress and exogenous application of glycin and salicylic acid mixture on the growth and production of Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) a factorial experiment with RCBD design was carried out. Water stress factor involved three levels (irrigation with 72, 46.8, 21.6 l.day-1). Two levels of exogenous application of glycin and salicylic acid mixture (spraying with water only and spraying with a mixture of 100 mg. l-1 glycin and 100 mg. l-1 salicylic acid). Solanum melongena L. Vary Black beauty seedlings planted in a silt clay loam soil. Drip irrigation system type T.Tape was used. Chemical fertilizers was used. The first application was one month after planting and the second application was two weeks later. Chlorophyll was measured using Spad-502 meter plus , shoot diameter was measured using vernair , relative water content, the total product and water use efficiency were measured . Results showed significant increase for the first irrigation level W1 compared with W2 and W3 for all indicators. Interacted treatment W1A2 showed significant increase compared with other treatments.

لدراسة تأثير الإجهاد المائي والرش بخليط حامضي الكلايسين والساليسلك في نمو وإنتاج الباذنجانSolanum melongena L. نفذت تجربة عاملية بتصميم القطاعات العشوائية الكاملة R.C.B.D تضمنت عاملي الإجهاد المائي وبثلاث مستويات ري 72، و46.8، 21.6 لتر. يوم-1 والرش بخليط حامضي الكلايسين والساليسلك وبواقع مستويين (الأول الرش بالماء فقط والثاني الرش بـخليط مكون من 100 ملغم. لتر-1 كلاسيسين و100 ملغم. لتر-1 حامض الساليسلك). زرعت شتلات الباذنجان Solanum melongena L. صنف Black beauty في تربة مزيجة طينية غرينية. استخدمت منظومة ري بالتنقيط من النوع الشريطي T.Tape. أضيفت الأسمدة الكيميائية تلقيماً وعلى دفعتين الأولى بعد شهر من الزراعة والثانية بعد أسبوعين من إضافة الدفعة الأولى. قيس الكلوروفيل بجهاز Spad –meter 502 plus. وقطر الساق باستخدام القدمة، كما تم قياس المحتوى المائي النسبي، وقياس الحاصل الكلي. قدرت كفاءة استخدام المياه. أظهرت النتائج تفوقاً معنوياً لمعاملة الري بالمستوى الأول W1 على المعاملات W2 و W3 ولجميع مؤشرات الدراسة بدورها تفوقت معاملة التداخلW1A2 على بقية معاملات التداخل.

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