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The Concept of Fear in Henry James's The Portrait of a Lady

المؤلف: Asst.Inst. Rana Maudhir Dakhil
ﺎﻠﻤﺠﻟﺓ: Al-Fatih journal مجلة الفتح ISSN: 87521996 السنة: 2008 المجلد: 4 الاصدار: 36 الصفحات: 310-317
الجامعة: Diyala University جامعة ديالى - جامعة ديالى

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الخلاصة

Henry James (1843-1916) born in New York city in April 15, 1843.He is one of the greatest American novelists. He was influenced by European authors like the English writers George Eliot and William Makepeace Thackeray, as well as the French writers like Honore de Balzac and Gustave Flaubert, and the Russian writer Ivan Turgenev.James wrote twenty one novels, one hundred twelve tales, several plays, autobiographical writings, literary studies, and travel impressions. James published" The Art of Fiction" in 1884,he believed that a novel should be considered an art presenting" a representation of life" exhibiting" an air of reality"; He considered" a novel is a work of art that must be judged by its oneness"(Forster,163).Therefore he was the first concise novelist who began to turn his novel to a kind of art, and people for the first time began to think of the novel as an art. The title of The Portrait of a Lady (1881) is the same as the title of T.S.Eliot's poem" Portrait of a Lady" in which" the struggle is to create a world" (Gray,13).James" did not provide us with 'ideas' but with another world of thought and feeling" (Salami,52).He was awarded the Order of Merit on January the first 1916,one month before his death. This study aims at showing the meaning of fear and its impact up on the characters involved in The Portrait of a Lady.

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مقالة
Water Motif in William Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury

المؤلفون: Asst. Inst. Rana Maudhir Dakhil --- Inst. Massarra Majid Ibrahim
ﺎﻠﻤﺠﻟﺓ: Al-Fatih journal مجلة الفتح ISSN: 87521996 السنة: 2008 المجلد: 4 الاصدار: 33 الصفحات: 225-233
الجامعة: Diyala University جامعة ديالى - جامعة ديالى

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الخلاصة

William Faulkner (1897-1962) is one of the great American novelists during the twentieth century, born at New Albany, Mississippi, and his family later moved to Oxford, Mississippi. Faulkner’s subject is mankind in his county, and he wrote about particular men in a particular place. So “most of his novels are set in the rural South and explore the conditions and particularities of Southern life, which can be viewed as a microcosm of the greater world outside” ( Ferster , 980 ) . The place is Yoknapatawpha County, Mississippi. Faulkner carried the human issue of this county from one novel to another. He showed the friction between Negro and white, and the corrupting influence of women from which the explosive sin is doomed. Faulkner wrote many novels like; Light in August, Sanctuary, As I Lay Dying, The Sound and the Fury, Absalom , The Wild Palms , The Hamlet , Go Down , Moses , and other novels . In 1949, Faulkner received a Noble prize for literature; this is the highest prize, which is awarded to a writer. Throughout The Sound and the Fury different motifs appear and water is considered one of the important motifs. This research aims to show the significance of water motif in the novel and the function of water according to each character.

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