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Analysis of Data Obtained From Chromosomal StudiesPerformed During the Period from 2000-2007A Retrospective Study

Author: Bassam Musa Sadik ,
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: PISSN: 00419419 / EISSN: 24108057 Year: 2008 Volume: 50 Issue: 2 Pages: 187-193
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد


Generally, genetic disorders are a leading cause of spontaneous abortion, neonatal
death, increased morbidity and mortality in children and adults as well. They a
significant health care and psychosocial burden for the patient, the family, the
healthcare system and the community as a whole. Chromosomal abnormalities
occur much more frequently than is generally appreciated. It is estimated that
approximately 1 of 200 newborn infants had some form of chromosomal
abnormality. The figure is much higher in fetuses that do not survive to term. It is
estimated that in 50% of first trimester abortions, the fetus has a chromosomal
Aim of the study:
This study aims to shed some light on the results of chromosomal studies
performed during 7 year-period as these represent a sample of the only registered
data available on genetic disorders in Iraq.
Patients and Methods:
For the period extending from Jan. 1st
, 2000 till Jan. 1st
, 2007, among all cases
referred to the Genetic Clinic, Consultation Clinic, Medical City in Baghdad, Iraq,
only those cases indicated for chromosomal study for diagnosis and then genetic
counseling were included in this study; they were grouped and then subgrouped
During the study period, 1720 cases needed chromosomal study for the sake of
genetic counseling out of around 5000-8000 cases referred to the clinic during the
same period. Mothers having an abnormal child or adverse pregnancy outcome
constituted 30.79% of all cases included, followed by the group of children with
multiple congenital abnormalities (20.14%), and then cases with primary
amenorrhoea (13.97%) and ambiguous genitalia (13.5%). The overall positive
findings in the chromosomal studies were 217/1720 (12.61%).
Genetic disorders have a great impact on the practice of medicine in all specialties
in Iraq. There is a need for a new policy for indications of karyotyping, especially
at times of stress.

Prevalence of Color Vision Deficiency among Adult Males from Baghdad Province

Author: Bassam Musa Sadik Al-Musawi
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 134-139
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية


ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Color Vision Deficiency (CVD) is mostly an inherited trait and is not an uncommon problem. Prevalence of CVD differs among different ethnic and geographic properties of the population that affect their genetic constitution. Ishihara plates remain an internationally accepted tool for screening red-green CVD.OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of red-green CVD among adult males from Baghdad province.PATIENTS AND METHODS: One thousand and five (1005) adult males were enrolled in this study, using a systematic sampling technique, and were screened for CVD utilizing 24-plate Ishihara plates and re-tested by EnChroma 39-Color plates. All males were residing in Baghdad and the center of Iraq. RESULTS: Among all tested males, 948 reside in Baghdad province; of them, 64 showed red-green CVD; thus making prevalence rate of 6.75% in Baghdad province. The deutan/protan ratio was 2.79:1.CONCLUSION: Prevalence of CVD among the people of Baghdad lies within the published range for Caucasian males worldwide. Screening children/adult males for CVD from other provinces is recommended.

A Comparative Study of the Frequency of Occurrence of Genetic Skeletal Disorders in Iraq before and after the Second Gulf War, 1991

Authors: Bassam Musa Sadik --- Selma A.H. Al-Taha
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2007 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 141-146
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية


ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Genetic skeletal abnormalities are a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders frequently presenting with disproportionate short stature.AIM OF THE STUDY:To give an idea about the frequency of genetic skeletal abnormalities, and to find out whether these disorders are really increasing in the last 16 years or not.METHODS:During the period extending from (Jan, 1st 2003-April, 1st 2007), all cases of genetic skeletal disorders referred to the Genetic Counseling Clinic, Medical City – Baghdad who were born after 1991 were included in this study as the post-war group; the pre-war group, included all cases of skeletal disorders referred prior to 1991 (Jan., 1st 1987-Jan., 1st 1990). The demographic parameters, family history of the disease plus the parental consanguinity were studied.RESULTS:The post-war group constituted 3.199% while the pre-war group constituted 2.815%. Both groups had a comparative age range. AR disorders constituted 39.75% of the post-war group and 40% in the pre-war group; AD disorders come next in both groups (37.3% vs. 33.8%) respectively. There is a noticeable increase in the occurrence of new mutations of AD disorders in the post-war group.CONCLUSION:Genetic skeletal dysplaisas are not uncommon disorders; their incidence seems to be truly increasing

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