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Article
Assimilation in Old Arabic Dialects in the Light of the Modern Phonetic Study
الأبدال في اللهجات العربية القديمة في ضوء الدراسة الصوتية الحديثة

Author: D.Saiwan K. Kalaf د0 صيوان خضير خلف
Journal: Journal of Basra researches for Human Sciences مجلة ابحاث البصرة للعلوم الأنسانية ISSN: 18172695 Year: 2007 Volume: 32 Issue: 1-A Pages: 69-115
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Assimilation phenomenon in Arabic dialects enriched Arabic and Increased its lexis without violating their meanings. This phenomenon is not concerned only with what takes titles and these titles are not Concerned with voiceless sounds only but they include voiced sounds too. This means that assimilation phenomenon happened in both voiced and voiceless Arabic sounds. Resemblance was the most important of its causes; however it isn't limited to adjacency of places of articulation, concurrence of futures but it was in the context through which the sounds flow. A sound may change its place of articulation so the two sounds become nasal or velar.Resemblance may occur between two sounds that are trot adjacentin the one word but it may occur in two words the second of them is in the speaker's mind.

ان ظاهرة الأبدال في العربيةللهجات العربية اثرت العربيةوزادت من الفاظها من دون ان تمس معانيهاوهذه الظاهرة لمتقتصر على ما اتخذ من عنوانات وان العنوانات تلك لم تقتصر على الصوامت وانما شملت الصوئت ايضا0 وهذا يني ان ظاهرة الأبدال حصلت في صوامت العربية وصوائتها وكانت المماثلة اهم مسبباتها ولم تقتصر على قرب المخارج واتفاق الصفات وانما كانت في الوسط الذي تجري فيه الاصوات فقد يبدل الصوت ليكون الصوتين انفيين او فمويين0


Article
A phonetic study of the Arabicized Persian Utterances in the Holy Quran
دراسة صوتية للالفاظ الفارسية المعربة في القرآن الكريم

Author: D.Saiwan K. Kalaf د0 صيوان خضير خلف
Journal: Journal of Basra researches for Human Sciences مجلة ابحاث البصرة للعلوم الأنسانية ISSN: 18172695 Year: 2006 Volume: 30 Issue: 2-A Pages: 86-111
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Arabs trimmed the Arabicized words to make heir sounds and structures Arabic. They substituted some of the sounds that are alike according to the place of articulation in order to suit their language. What made Arabs to Arabicize was that some of the words were unlimited ln Arabic (Al- Mashmoom) for example refers to (musk) and that used traditionally not exactly and it remains shared and Arabicized from the persian (mushk), the later word is more correct in the achievement of the meaning.In addition to that, some of the goods and drugs came to the Arabs which were unknown to them. The Arabs did not allow to use the words they are used natively, that’s why they modified them to suit their language. All these things were before the coming of Islam. These Words were mixed with the Arabic ones and became Arabic that is why God address Arabs with such words. The Arabicized Persian words are not so many in The Holy Qur’an, they are not more than forty words. Moreover, there are words that came from the other languages Persiana and then to Arabic.This, research paper aimed at mentioning the Persian words as they are mentioned in AL-Quran with the explanation of the way of the phonetic Arabicization, such Arabicization may be meddle through the omission, the addition or the substitution of voiced by another voiced sound or voiceless by another one for the sake of expressing by another one for the sake of expressing the identification according to the place of articulation, the features or the exchanges of the identical sounds, ect. There are words which are the same in both languages and they are pronounced In the same way in both languages


Article
نظرات نقدية في تحقيق كتاب ( الفتح الوهبي على مشكلات المتنبي)

Author: D.Saiwan K. Kalaf د0 صيوان خضير خلف
Journal: Journal of Basra researches for Human Sciences مجلة ابحاث البصرة للعلوم الأنسانية ISSN: 18172695 Year: 2006 Volume: 31 Issue: 1-B Pages: 84-98
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

ان يوما" يسكت الناس فيه عن التنبي لهو نذير بنهايته ، وكيف يرضى أبو الفتح عثمان بن جني (ت392 هـ ) بهذا وقد صاحبه ، وصحب شعره ، وحفظه ورواه ، وحاوره فيه ، وساء له عنه ، وفسر غريبه ، وكشف غامضه ؟ وعرف المتنبي له الفضل حتى انه قال حين سئل عن احد أبياته (( لو كان صديقنا ابو الفتح حاضرا"، لفسره )) ، وقال صراحة : (( ابن جني اعرف بشعري مني )) ملأ المتنبي الدنيا شعرا" وشغل الناس فكرا" ثم نام ملىء جفنيه عن شواره ذلك الشعر ، وسهر ابو الفتح جراحا" ، وخاصم الاخرين ،مدافعا" عنه ، منتصرا" له ، موجها"شعره توجيها"حسنا" ، معربا" مايحتاج الى أعراب مكثر من الشواهد لتبرير مخالفات صاحبه حتى كان مما كان ( الفتح الوهبي على مشكلات المتنبي) وهذا الكتاب شرح ابيات معاني التنبي ، وهي ابيات لايتاح للكثير من الناس فهمها ، للوهلة الاولى 0

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