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Seroprevalence of human brucellosis in Erbil city
الانتشار المصلي لداء البروسيلات البشري في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Isam Yousif Mansoor --- Dlsoz Kareem Rasul
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2012 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 220-226
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Brucellosis is an acute or chronic illness manifested princi-pally by chills and fever. Occasionally, chronic relapsing febrile episodes occur. Brucellosis is endemic in animal and humans are infected incidentally. The aim of the study was to ex-amine the incidence of brucellosis in Erbil City, study the relation between the rate of infec-tion and a number of predisposing factors.Methods: Blood samples were collected from (2085) patients suspected of having brucel-losis attending, Erbil Teaching Hospitals and Rizgary. The sera were examined using Rose Bengal test.Results: Serum samples from patients showed (10.7%) of positive reaction indicating the presence of anti-brucella antibodies. Seropositivity of brucellosis in female (12.48%) was significantly higher than male (8.02%), and in rural area was (40.98%) and in urban area was (9.44%). The highest seropositivity of brucellosis occurred among age group (21-30) years. The infection rate with B. miletensis and Brucella abortus was (71.75%) and (28.25%) respectively. The highest seropositivity occurred among individuals who were in contact with animals (37.34%), and in occupations was the highest among the farmers and dairy workers (37.5% and 37.28%) respectively. In Monthly distribution showed the highest sero-positivity occurred in October (12.72%).Conclusion: Sero-posivity of brucellosis in Erbil City is somehow similar to the neighboring countries. There are variations in the incidence of brucellosis in relation to sex, age, area, occupation, source of infection and seasons.

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