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Article
Root Caries Prevention Potential of Chopped CO2 Laser: an In Vitro Study

Author: Dr. Muthenna Sh. Rajab.* د.مثنى رجب
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2008 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-6
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The objective of this study aimed to assess the caries-preventive potential of various chopped CO2 laser parameters, and to explore the effect of the laser energy density on the caries inhibition activity.Roots of extracted human premolar teeth were irradiated with three various energy densities (25.47, 50.93, and 101.86) J/cm2, by changing the number of pulses, the pulse duration, and the spot diameter. The CO2 laser system emitted laser with 10.6m in wavelength. All roots were subjected to carieslike lesion formation by 3.5 pH lactic acid for 21 days. The roots after that were sectioned into ground cross sections and the lesion depths were measured under a polarizing microscope.Chopped CO2 laser preventive treatments inhibited carieslike lesion progression up to 36%. This effect was improved with decreased total energy density within the limits of the examined laser parameters.

Keywords

Keywords: Root --- Caries --- Chopped --- CO2 --- Laser


Article
Prevention of Enamel Caries by Low Power Dye Assisted He-Ne Laser: an In Vitro Study

Author: Dr. Muthenna Sh. Rajab.* د. مثنى رجب
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2008 Volume: 5 Issue: 3 Pages: 239-243
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The objective of this study aimed to assess the carieslike lesion preventive potential of low power dye assisted He-Ne laser.Enamel of extracted human premolar teeth were painted with methylene blue dye and irradiated with 5 mW of He-Ne laser, which emitted laser with 632.8 nm in wavelength. Another group were irradiated without dye application, and the third group was served as control (without laser irradiation). All samples were subjected to carieslike lesion formation by 3.5 pH lactic acid for 21 days. The crowns after that were sectioned into ground cross sections and the lesion depths were measured under a polarizing microscope.According to this study, successful carieslike lesion inhibition could be achieved to 29% extent, by using low power dye assisted He-Ne laser irradiation.

Keywords

Keywords: Enamel --- Caries --- He-Ne --- Laser --- Dye


Article
The Effect of Laser Irradiation on the Thickness of the Caries Surface Zone

Authors: Dr. Hikmet A. Sh. Al-Gharrawi.* د.حكمت عبد الرحيم --- Dr. Muthenna Sh. Rajab.* د.مثنى رجب
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2008 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 137-141
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The objective of this study aimed to assess the relation between various CW CO2 laser parameters and the thickness of the surface zone in the created carieslike lesion.A total of twenty four extracted human premolar teeth were irradiated with three various power densities (63.66, 31.83, and 15.9) W/cm2. The CO2 laser system emitted laser with 10.6m in wavelength. All samples were subjected to 3.5 pH lactic acid for 21 days to form carieslike lesion. The crowns after that were sectioned into ground cross sections and the surface zone thicknesses were measured under a polarizing microscope.Continuous wave (CW) CO2 laser had a noticeable effect on the prominence of the surface zone. The mean of the surface zone thicknesses found to be directly related to the power density of CW CO2 laser.

Keywords

Keywords: Surface --- Zone --- Caries --- CW --- CO2 --- Laser

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