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Article
Effect of infection on semen parameters in a sample of Iraqi infertile males.

Authors: Jawad K. Al-Diwan --- Eman Al-Kaseer --- Ali A. Lazem
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: PISSN: 00419419 / EISSN: 24108057 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 3 Pages: 272-274
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Several studies were carried out on association of infection with male infertility, which revealed great variations in the prevalence of genital infection in different parts of the world. This work was designed to study the effect of infection on semen parameters in a sample of Iraqi infertile males.Methods: A sample of 400 infertile male patients attending the High Institute for Embryo Research and Infertility Treatment for laboratory investigations and treatment were selected. This study was carried out during the period Nov. 2002 to April 2003, inclusive. Seminal fluid analysis was performed on samples obtained by masturbation into a glass container after 48 to 72 hours from of abstinence from sexual intercourse. Analysis (examination of volume, liquifaction, sperm count, motility percent, normal morphology percent and presence of pus cells) was performed within an hour after ejaculation. Results: Clinical infection was detected in 14% of infertile males and 29% had subclinical infection. Liquifcation time and leukocyte had significant variation between infected and non infected patients. Conclusion: Early diagnosis and treatment of genitourinary infection in necessary to reduce complication and infertility in future.

Keywords

Infertility --- semen --- infection --- Iraq


Article
Low Birth Weight in Western Iraq

Authors: Sahar J Al-Hiali --- Zaid R Al-Ani --- Eman Al-Kaseer --- Izzat R Al –Ani
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 3 Pages: 312-315
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:In Iraq, several reports documented an increase in the prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) in the last 3 decades.OBJECTIVE:This study was carried out to report on the rate of LBW in western Iraq during the period of widespread violence.METHODS:All singleton live births in Al-Ramadi Maternity and Paediatrics hospital during the period of 1st April to 1st Oct. 2006, were included in the study. All the neonates were checked for birth weight and the expanded parelled was used to assess gestational age. Multiple logistic regression was used to estimate odd ratio for LBW.RESULTS:A total of 400 singleton livebirth were included in the study. Over all 31% of were LBW, and 67% of them were preterm. Maternal age, parties, education, lack of antenatal care and history of LBW and prematurity were risk factors.CONCLUSION:LBW and preterm birth neonates are still highly prevalent in Iraq and reflect the effect of sanctions, Gulf wars and widespread violence

Keywords

LBW --- IUGR --- birth weight --- western Iraq --- civil war


Article
Changes in Personality and Mood profile of Women with Toxoplasmosis

Authors: Mohamed A. Hassan --- Nibras S. Abdul Aziz --- Jawad K. Al-Diwan --- Eman Al-Kaseer --- et al.
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 249-252
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Acquired T. gondii infection of immunocompetent patients may cause central nervous system manifestations (Gullain-Bare syndrome or brain abscess) and may be associated with psychiatric manifestation. Iraq is highly endemic with T. gondii, however, publications on psychiatric manifestation of T. gondii infection are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate psychiatric manjfestations in women with Toxoplasmosis. METHODS: A total of 68 toxoplasma positive pregnant women and 68 toxoplasma negative pregnant women were included in this study. It was conducted for the period of 5th Aug. 2008 to 28th Feb. 2009. ELISA was used to diagnose T. gondii. Questionnaire was used to diagnose personality type and depression was used. The diagnosis was according to ICD10 and DSM-IV. RESULTS: Rates of pseudpsychopathic and limbic personality epilepsy syndrome were significantly high among toxoplasmosis positive pregnant women. Significant high rate of depression was associated with acquired T. gonii infection. CONCLUSION: These findings might provide evidence supporting role of T. gondii infection in the onset of some behavioral disorders.

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