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Geographical analysis of the impact of industrialization in economic development in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq
التحليل الجغرافي لأثر التصنيع في التنمية الاقتصادية في إقليم كوردستان العراق

Author: Fouad Khaled Said Amin فؤاد خالد سعيد أمين
Journal: Journal of Research Diyala humanity مجلة ديالى للبحوث الانسانية ISSN: 1998104x Year: 2018 Issue: 76 Pages: 623-657
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Manufacturing began a career and to manage with interest those interested in the various science knowledge to be a sector of economic sectors in the state, has a prominent role in the process of national development in the countries, as well as he arrived to attract technological development center, which helps to develop ways and production methods used in the process productivity, as well as its position in the development of other sectors and the capacities and personnel technological skills, and the importance of this sector within the national economy, and the importance of its products for the community, he was chosen for the subject of research and which have been Labelling (for the role of manufacturing in the economic development of the state geographical analysis (interest form some governments of manufacturing and its impact)) as never hold any geographical study in the region of Iraqi Kurdistan modern by her.He tried a researcher to a statement of the importance of the manufacturing process in the life of the state and the level of efficient performance Alajdary for planning and follow-up until it reaches to the public for the development and output states of the deficit in the state, and that a mixed methodology between the way Alastenbatih and inductive and depending on the information and the available field studies data . The research that the results proved that the manufacturing impact on the economic development in many countries since the Old and to this day, including the so-called economists them Tigers Asia four (Four Tigers), includes all of the South Korean countries, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, because they achieved a growth of economically high within a very short period of time and the standard of living of the population between the countries of the world (from the sixties to the nineties of the last century), aid research interest the regional government of Iraqi Kurdistan manufacturing and Thllna the economic peak of the age of the government of the day set up geographically to this day (projects during more than four and a half years from 8/1/2006 to 20/2/2011 m), that projects have been implemented in this period all the economic aspects and reached the 318 project, the industrial sector came second rank with 19.81% of the total executed projects in that period and in terms of size investor capital, it came to rank second after the housing b 2.964 million US dollars, either in terms of industrial type the Mchaaaa implemented consisted of seven species nine manufacturing industries, and that the first type of manufacturing worker is the food industry increased by 34.92% from overall manufacturing executing projects in the area of the impact of these projects on other sectors and income per capita, showing that industrial march in the region in terms of size and quality, and if arranged properly economically confirm that he had a role in Aqsad population and the state, but does not have a significant impact because of the poor method of economic planning and the absence of interference of direct state and even indirectly aspects of guidance and counseling and follow-up by means of economic instruments directly and indirectly, economic decisions are taken for the benefit of the business, for this check every business economic benefits men, this has no role in the economy of the population and the state..

يحاول الباحث تتبع أهمية التصنيع في الإقليم من خلال كفاءة الأداء الإداري والتخطيط وصولا إلى التنمية الشاملة مُتخذًا من الظروف الاقتصادية والمالية الراهنة مُحفزًا ومنطلقًا في دراسته. وقد اتخذ البحث تجارب ناجحة سابقة حققت تنمية اقتصادية كبيرة، فقد ذكر علماء الاقتصاد أنَّ ما يُسمّى بـ( نمور آسيا) (Four Tigers ) وتضم(كوريا الجنوبية، وهونغ كونغ، وسنغافورة، وتايوان)، كانت تنميتهم الاقتصادية في مدة قصيرة من ستينيات إلى تسعينيات القرن العشرين، تمثلت بارتفاع المستوى المعيشي لسكان تلك الدول موازنة بدول آسيا القريبة منهم. وقد حاول الباحث الافادة من هذه التجربة الرائدة من خلال عقد دراسة تُعنى بواقع حكومة إقليم كوردستان، وتجربتها في التصنيع وأثرها على اقتصاد الحكومة، مُحددًا مدة زمنية من عمر الحكومة من 1/8/2006إلى 20/2/2011.وقد نُفذت مشاريع اقتصادية تنموية وصلت إلى (318) مشروعاً، وقد اتضح أنَّ القطاع الصناعي كان بالمرتبة الثانية بعد الاسكان، وبنسبة 19,18% من مجمل المشاريع المنفذة في المدة المذكورة آنفًا، وبرأسمال بلغ(2,964) مليون دولار امريكي، وتمثل النمو الصناعي بمشاريع الصناعات التحويلية، ولا سيما الصناعات الغذائية التي بلغت (34,92%) من مجمل مشاريع الصناعات التحويلية المنفذة، ولو استغلت هذه الصناعات ورُتبت اقتصاديًا لكان لها أثر في دخل الفرد والسكان والدولة، ولكننا لم نر أثرًا لهذه التنمية الاقتصادية بسبب سوء التخطيط الاقتصادي، وغياب تدخل الدولة المباشر وغير المباشر من خلال الارشاد والتوجيه والمتابعة الاقتصادية؛ لذلك فإنا نجد القرارات الاقتصادية تُتخذ لصالح رجال الاعمال الذاتية مما يؤثر سلبًا في التنمية الاقتصادية للسكان والدولة.

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