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The effect of two finishing and polishing systems on the surface roughness of two composite resins
تأثير نظامي التشطيب والتلميع على خشونة السطح لريتين من الراتنجات المركبة

Authors: Razawa K. Saeed --- Intesar S. Toma --- Media A. Saeed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 3 Pages: 484-489
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of two finishing and polishing systems on the surface roughness of two different types of composite resins.Methods: Fourty samples of 6 mm in diameter and 2 mm in depth were prepared, 2 types of composite resins were used (nanocomposite and hybrid composite resin). Twenty samples of each type of material were prepared and divided into two main groups and then each main group subdivided randomly into two subgroups of 10 samples each. Ten samples of each material were submitted to finishing by finishing disc. While the other 10 samples of each material were submitted to finishing by finishing bur. Both finishing systems were used with a slow-speed hand piece in a dry field and with a light intermittent pressure for about 15 seconds for each disc and bur. After storage of the samples for 48 hours; the analysis of the surface roughness was carried out, three readings were made on each surface using a stylus tip, and the extension of each reading was 2 mm stroke.Results: There was non significant difference between the groups except there was a significant difference between the two finishing systems when used with hybrid composite.Conclusion: Finishing discs gave best results on nano composite and hybrid composite when compared with finishing diamond bur, with highly significant effect on nano composite.


Article
The effect of duration of finishing and polishing on the surface roughness of two composite resins
تأثير مدة التشطيب والتلميع على خشونة السطح لراتينتين مركبتين

Authors: Intesar S. Toma --- Media A. Saeed --- Razawa K. Saeed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 405-410
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of duration of finishing and polishing procedures on the surface roughness of two different types of composite resins.Methods: Forty samples of 6 mm in diameter and 2 mm in depth were prepared, 2 types of composite resins were used (nanocomposite and hybrid composite resin). Twenty samples of each type of material were prepared and divided into two main groups and then each main group subdivided randomly into two subgroups of 10 samples for each subgroup (one). Ten samples of each material were submitted to finishing by using a finishing kit. The available finishing kits used in this study containing discs, cups and points that were used with a slow-speed hand piece in a dry field and with a light intermittent pressure for about 15 seconds. While the other 10 samples of each material were finished for about 30 second; then the analysis of the surface roughness was carried out, three readings were made on each surface using a stylus tip and the extension of each reading was 2 mm stroke.Results: There was non significant difference between the groups that were finished and polished for 15 second and the other groups that were finished and polished for 30 second for the two different types of composite resin.Conclusion: Increasing duration of finishing and polishing has no effect on the surface roughness of The two different types of composite resin.


Article
Coronal sealing ability of different sealers on teeth obturation and the effectiveness of two different obturation techniques
قدرة السد الإكليلي لسدادات مختلفة على تسريب الأسنان وفعالية تقنيتين مختلفتين لسد الأسنان

Authors: Dara H. Saeed --- Intesar S. Toma --- Media A. Saeed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2012 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 180-186
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of two sealers on coronal seal and the coronal sealing ability of two obturation techniques. Methods: Forty extracted single–rooted human teeth were instrumented with the step-back technique and were irrigated with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). The smear layer was removed by washing with 10 ml of 17% ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) and 10 ml of 5.25% (NaOCl). All instrumented root canals were randomly divided into two experimental groups; Group A: 20 roots epoxy resin sealer (AH26) was used, Group B: 20 roots Zinc oxide euginol (ZOE) sealer was used. Each group of main groups were subdivided randomly into two obturation groups; 1. 10 roots obturated by thermo plasticized technique (obtura II), 2. 10 roots obturated by cold lateral compaction technique. The root surfaces were then coated with nail polish except for the coronal, then dye penetration study was conducted and samples were examined under the stereomicroscope. Data had been collected from three independent examiners and statistically analyzed using student t-test. Results: There were significant differences between AH26 with ZOE in group obturated by obtura II and when obtura II technique compared with the cold lateral compaction technique in group of AH26 sealer. Conclusion: Epoxy resin sealer (AH26) and obtura II gave the best results in coronal sealing when compared with Zinc oxide euginol sealer and cold lateral compaction technique.

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