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Effectiveness of Health Education-oriented Program on Parents' Awareness towards Adolescents' Violence Control in Baghdad City

Authors: Mohammed F. Khalifa --- Kareem G. Sajem
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2010 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract:
Objective: This study aims to determine the effectiveness of health education oriented program on parents' awareness towards adolescents' violence control.

Methodology: A quasi-experimental study was carried out in Baghdad city form 1st of April, 2008 to 1st of September, 2009. A purposive "non-probability" sample of 60 parents who have adolescents' violence in their families who were selected according to specific criteria. The researcher divided the samples into two equal groups; the study and control groups. The health education program, as well as a questionnaire was constructed as tools for data collection by the researcher for the purpose of the study. Content validity was determined by a panel of experts in different specialties. Reliability of instrument was determined by the use of test-retest approach through the pilot study which was carried out from October, 1st, 2008 to October, 22nd, 2008. Data were analyzed through the application of the descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage and mean), and inferential statistics (person correlation coefficient and t-test).

Results: Results of the study indicates that there is a significant comparative difference between parents' awareness towards adolescents' violence control in the study and control groups through the pre-test, post-test-Ι and post-test-ΙΙ. (after 3 to 4 weeks of post-test, for these results program is successful and can be considered as an effective means to increase parents' awareness.

Recommendations: The study recommended that such program can be implemented in form of sessions for parents of adolescents in schools or reformation of juveniles to increase their awareness.

Keywords: Parents' Awareness; Adolescents' Violence Control

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Article
Assessment of Types of Violence among Adolescents

Authors: Mohammed F. Khalifa --- Kareem G. Sajem
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2011 Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-11
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract
Objective(s): To assess the types of violence among adolescents in Baghdad City.
A descriptive study which was using the assessment approach was conducted on purposive sample of 60 parents of adolescent for identify types of adolescents violence in their families, was selected according to specific criteria for participating in health education program towards adolescents' violence control in Baghdad city.
Methodology: A questionnaire was constructed for the purpose of the study. It was consisted of two parts; the first part which included the parents' demographic characteristics for parents (sex, age, educational level and socio-economic status); the second part included types of adolescent violence that reported by parents. Data were collected through the interview technique with the parents in the homes, health care centers, and school, from November, 1st 2008 to December, 31st 2008. Data were analyzed through use of descriptive analysis (Frequencies and percentages).

Results: The results of the study indicated that the majority of adolescents had physical and psychological violence. So, there was no sexual violence. The study concluded that adolescents' violence is a problem, because it was definitely impacted on health of adolescents and their families.
Recommendations: The study recommends that studies and programs can be designed and implemented on the parents and adolescents or together for resolve conflicts, problem–solving approaches and how to prevent risk factors which contribute in adolescents' violence.

Keywords: Types of Violence, Adolescents

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