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Article
Dental caries and treatment needs of primary and permanent dentition for children attending pedodontics clinic.

Author: Khawla M Saleh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 80-87
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine the prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent dentition (dmft, DMFT) and to investigate the reason for seeking dental treatment and the type of treatment carried out for children. Material and Method: The study includes (1178) case sheets which represent the total number of children attending the Pedodontics Department during the academic year of (2004 – 2005). The WHO methodology was used to assess the individual tooth status. Results: Indicated that the highest percentage group of attends was 11–12 years group, and the children attended to clinic seeking treatment for painful condition had higher percentage (60.10 %). The DMFT for the total sample was 2.68% and increased with increasing age with a statistically significant age differences, the percentage of caries free children for total sample was 10.3 %, while mean dmft for primary dentition was 3.05% and increasing from the first age group till the third age group and then decreased till the last age with no gender variation. Conclusions: The priority of dental health services for children attending Pedodontic clinic is primary prevention (fluoride application, scaling and polishing) followed by tertiary prevention (extraction) and then secondary prevention as a totally (amalgum, light cure and root canal filling).


Article
A comparative study in dental caries prevalence and treatment needs of pregnant women and single females in Mosul City, Iraq

Authors: Tarik Y Khamrco --- Khawla M Saleh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2003 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 57-64
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

An epidemiological study was carried out to compare the prevalence of dental caries and treatment need of pregnant women and single females in Mosul City, Iraq. A total sample of 666 women (399 pregnant women and 267 single females) selected randomly. Pregnant women were selected from four health care centers, when attending to periodic maternal check up with different stages of pregnancy in Maternal and Child Health Care Center. Single females were selected randomly as control group to compare with pregnant group from health centers. Each group subdivided into 4 subgroups according to the age. Caries experience and the treatment need were diagnosed and recorded according to the criteria suggested by WHO (1997). The results showed a significant difference in the mean Decayed, Missing and Filled Surfaces (DMFS) between pregnant and single females, and the prevalence of dental caries increase with advanced age. The mean DMFS value for pregnant women is 28.78 and for single females 19.09. The study demonstrated that the decay surface component was formed more than the half of DMFS value. Educational programmes to pregnant women through medical and dental centers as well as mass media are suggested to increase the dental awareness and preventive behaviour.


Article
Dental health status of adult population in Yemen (Thamar City)

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Khawla M Saleh --- Aisha A Qasim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 144-150
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the oral health status (dental caries, periodontal disease and treatment needs) in Yemenis adult individuals. Material and Methods: The sample included 471 individuals, age rangingbetween 20–59 years of both sexes using sharp dental caries explorers with WHO periodontal probes to detect periodontal health by the use of DMFT index of WHO (1997) and CPITN by WHO (1987).Results: The mean DMFT for the total sample was 7.33 + 0.3 which was increased with increasing agefor the different age groups with a significant difference but no significant difference in the meanDMFT for total males and females has been found. The results also showed that the total number ofteeth (880) with a mean of 1.81 tooth/person in need of treatment is the most prevalent needed onesurface filling, and 581 teeth with a mean of 1.23 tooth/ person needed two or more surfaces filling.According to the highest CPITN there was significant difference between male and female in calculusat p < 0.05 and shallow pockets at p < 0.01. The results also revealed that the mean number of healthysextants for the total sample was 4.13 while for bleeding and calculus were 1.02 and 0.21, respectively.It means that the treatment needs for periodontal disease is more toward oral hygiene procedure and prophylaxis. Conclusion: Dental health education program is an essential activity for promoting optimal oral health and preventing oral diseases

Keywords

Dental health status --- DMFT --- CPITN.


Article
Oral health status and treatment needs of Iraqi and Yemeni dental students (A comparative study)

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Aisha A Qasim --- Khawla M Saleh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 46-51
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to compare oral health status(dental caries, periodontal disease and treatment needs) of Iraqiand Yemeni dental students.The sample included 100 Iraqi dental students and 90Yemeni dental students of fourth grade, age ranged between22–23 years old of both sexes. The study revealed that therewas a significant difference in the DMFT between Iraqi andYemeni dental students for the total sample at p < 0.05 level,with significant difference between Iraqi and Yemeni dentalstudents for both sexes at p < 0.01 level.The results also revealed that there was no significant differencein the type of treatment required for the total samplebetween females of Iraqi and Yemeni dental students, butwith significant difference in the treatment need between malesof Iraqi and Yemeni dental students. Highest percentageof treatment need for Iraqi and Yemeni students were for 1surface restoration.The highest CPITN code percentage for Iraqi studentswas for code 2 (calculus) followed by code 1 with a significantdifference between Iraqi males and females students atp<0.01 level, while for Yemeni dental students the highestCPITN code percentage was for code 1 followed by code 2.There was a significant difference in the total sample betweenIraqi and Yemeni dental students at p<0.01 level; i.e., Iraqi studentsrequire scaling while Yemenis require oral health instruction.


Article
Effect of the number of pregnancy in the dental health status of mothers.

Authors: Khawla m. saleh B.D.S., M.SC. د.خولة صالح --- Tarik y.khamrco B.D.S.,DDPH (RCS) M,SC د.طارق خمركو
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-6
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The aim of study was to evaluate the effect ofthe number of pregnancy inthe dental health of iraqi women .Three hundred ninety nine pregnant women were included in this study, withan age range of 18-39 years old. They were attending to the Maternal and ChildHealth Care Center (MCHCC) for their monthly periodic checkup with differentpregnancy stages. The sample of the study was randomly selected from four out of 16MCHCCs in the center of Mosul city .Caries experience were diagnosed and recorded according to the criteriasuggested by WHO 1997 using CPI probe. The (DMFS) index was used to assess thedecayed, missing and filled surfaces .The periodontal health status of pregnant women was performed using thefollowing clinical parameters (gingival index, plaque index and calculus index .)To evaluate the effective of number of pregnancy on dental health status, thesample divided into three group (1-3) according to the number of pregnancy (1-3, 4-6 ,)75 respectively .The result indicated an increase in the mean of DMF S score with an increasein the number of pregnancy; also the study indicates a significant increase in the meanof periodontal parameters with an increase in the number of pregnancy


Article
The effect of educational level of females on their dental caries expedence

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Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the influence of education levels of femaleson their dental caries experience.Two hundred sixty seven (267) single females were selected randomly in thisstudy, with an age of 18-39 years old. The educational level were classified to live code(illiterate, primary, intermediate, secondary, college and postgraduate). Caries experiencewere diagnosed and recorded according to the criteria suggested by WHO (1997). Thedecayed, missing and filled surface (DMP S) index was used to assess the cariesexperience.The result show that the females in the high level of education have slightly lowerDMP S seen than other levels of education with no significant differences between them.The study indicated that the mean decay surface in low education level have higher meansignificantly than the high education level. For the missing surface, the result show thatthe high education level (college degree) has lower mean tha.n the other levels with nosignificant differences between them while for the filled surface, the study demonstratedvery high significant difference between low and high education levels

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