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Article
Breastfeeding Patterns in an Urban Area in Baghdad

Author: Kholod Daher Habib
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2007 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 125-128
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:The World Health Organization (WHO) & UNICEF, have recommended for a decade that mothers breastfeed for at least 2 years .Recently, there has been a stress on exclusive breast feeding for the first four to six months of life .METHODS:By using the 'current status analysis method'. Mothers of 650 infants from 0 to 12 months of age attending a Health Center were interviewed about the current feedingpatterns of the infants and other socioeconomic variables. Month-wise prevalence of feeding patterns was determined.RESULTS:It was observed that breast feeding was maintained at a high level (more than 90%) throughout infancy while exclusive breast feeding showed a rapid decline.At 1st month of age 78% , and at 4th month of age 50 % of infants were exclusively breast-fed.CONCLUSION:Breast feeding as such was maintained at a high level for the first 12 months of life while the practice of exclusive breast feeding was much lower


Article
A Three Years Review of Accidental Poisoning in Children at Fatema Al-Zahra Teaching Hospital, Baghdad.

Author: Kholod Daher Habib
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2006 Volume: 5 Issue: 4 Pages: 431-434
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Accidental poisoning due to ingestion of potentially toxic substances is a major cause of morbidity in children worldwide .The purpose of this Study was to determine the prevalence and patterns of ingestion potentially toxic substances by children in Fatema AL-Zahra teaching hospital which served the eastern parts of Baghdad and to recommend plans for poisoning prevention.METHODS:Medical records of patients admitted to the pediatric medical department (p.m.d) in Fatema Al-Zahra teaching hospital because of accidental poisoning during the last 3 years (January 2004 to December 2006) were reviewed.RESULTS:A total of 13351 children were admitted to the pediatric medical department during the study period .Of these,110 children were reported as cases of accidental poisoning .The highest percentage of poisoning were found in the 1-2 years (yr) age group about 56 cases (50.9%) . Hydrocarbons ingestion accounted for the highest proportion of childhood accidental poisonings 53cases (48%).CONCLUSION:Although one case of death was reported in this study, continuous education of parents and caregivers of young children is recommended, as this would help to reduce the chances and complications of accidental poisoning.


Article
Protein –Calorie Malnutrition in Children with Vitamin D Deficiency Rickets

Author: Kholod Daher Habib Al-Shemari
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2007 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 58-62
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Vitamin D Deficiency rickets(VDDR) had been noticed in children with protein –calorie malnutrition (PCM) in many parts of the world , so we undertook this study to verify the association between the VDDR and PCM in outpatient clinic of a hospital in BaghdadMETHODS:We assessed120 children with rickets in the outpatient clinic at Fatema AL-Zahra Teaching Hospital nutritionally, clinically, and (&) anthropometrically, and they were compared with 120 nonracktic children as a control.RESULTS:We had proved that 46(38.3%) children of the racktic group were malnourished compared to 59(49.16%) malnourished children of the nonracktic group. So we found that the PCM in rachitic children was not significantly different from the PCM in the control group children (p value >0.05).CONCLUSION:Vitamin D deficiency rickets occurred as isolated entity related to environmental deprivation of sunlight among children with no supplementary vitamin D, especially the breast fed children whose mothers had Vitamin D deficiency also.

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